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Energy & Fuels, ISSN 0887-0624, 03/2017, Volume 31, Issue 3, pp. 2896 - 2906
We provide a direct and detailed comparison of the chemical composition of petroleum crude oil (from the Gulf of Mexico), shale oil, and three biocrudes (i.e.,... 
ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | NANNOCHLOROPSIS-SALINA | RESONANCE MASS-SPECTROMETRY | DEGREES F DISTILLATE | TEMPERATURE | ENERGY & FUELS | BIO-OIL | BIOMASS | RESOLUTION | NITROGEN | ICR MS | OXYGEN COMPOUND TYPES | 04 OIL SHALES AND TAR SANDS
Journal Article
by Yang, TH and Zhou, B and Li, RD and Li, BS and Zhang, WQ and Kai, XP
OIL SHALE, ISSN 0208-189X, 2018, Volume 35, Issue 3, pp. 279 - 289
Oil shale was liquefied in supercritical ethanol in an autoclave. The effects of reaction temperature and residence time on the liquefaction of oil shale were... 
ENERGY & FUELS | BIO-OIL | supercritical ethanol | residence time | reaction temperature | oil shale liquefaction | ENGINEERING, PETROLEUM | Alcohol | Alcohol, Denatured | Properties | Oil-shales
Journal Article
Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, 03/2015, Volume 144, pp. 180 - 187
•A synergy occurs in the yields of oil shale and willow co-liquefaction products.•The synergies are proportional with product of the shares of the components... 
Synergy | Oil shale | Willow | Hydrous pyrolysis | YIELD | ENERGY & FUELS | PYROLYTIC CHARACTERISTICS | RANK COALS | BLENDS | WOOD BIOMASS | MIXTURES | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | OLIVE RESIDUE | PINE WOOD | KINETICS | PART 1 | Shale oils | Oil-shales
Journal Article
Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, ISSN 0165-2370, 07/2014, Volume 108, pp. 265 - 273
•We submit various fuels to liquefaction and gasification with supercritical water.•We compare the yield and composition of the products obtained in... 
Liquid and gaseous products | Biomass | Skeletal nickel catalyst | Oil shale | Peat | Supercritical water conversion | CHEMISTRY, ANALYTICAL | ENERGY & FUELS | SUPERCRITICAL WATER | PHASE-EQUILIBRIA | CATALYST | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | EXTRACTION | PRODUCTS | HYDROGEN-PRODUCTION | PART 1 | KUKERSITE OIL-SHALE | BIOMASS GASIFICATION | CELLULOSE | Catalysis | Shale oils | Oil-shales | Methods
Journal Article
Energy & Fuels, ISSN 0887-0624, 06/2016, Volume 30, Issue 6, pp. 4520 - 4528
Efficient recovery of coal liquids from direct coal liquefaction residue (DCLR) is beneficial for improving the economics of the direct coal liquefaction... 
ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | COMPONENTS | OIL-SHALE | IONIC LIQUIDS | ENERGY & FUELS
Journal Article
ENERGY & FUELS, ISSN 0887-0624, 08/2019, Volume 33, Issue 8, pp. 7424 - 7435
The co-hydrothermal liquefaction of black pine wood (BPW) with Kukersite oil shale (KOS) at different blend ratios of BPW/KOS (1:1, 1:2, and 2:1) was conducted... 
ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | RESOURCES | MICROALGAE | CHEMICAL CONVERSION | PRODUCTS | ENERGY & FUELS | BIO-OIL | SYNERGY | PYROLYSIS | SUPERCRITICAL METHANOL | ESTONIAN KUKERSITE | WATER
Journal Article
Energy, ISSN 0360-5442, 10/2016, Volume 113, pp. 1042 - 1050
To export natural gas to overseas, it has to be liquefied and transported by the LNG tankers. Some LNG plants will receive their natural gas from different... 
Robust optimization | APCI | LNG | Refrigerant mixture | Natural gas compositions variation | LNG plant | DESIGN | THERMODYNAMICS | ENERGY & FUELS | OPTIMIZATION | Gas industry | International economic relations | Liquefied natural gas | Shale oils | Mechanical engineering | Mathematical optimization | Refrigerants | Analysis | Natural gas
Journal Article
Energy, ISSN 0360-5442, 09/2016, Volume 111, pp. 642 - 652
Journal Article
Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, ISSN 0165-2370, 01/2016, Volume 117, pp. 247 - 256
•Effects of blend composition, water/blend ratio, water density, and pyrolysis duration on the yields of gas, consecutive extracts with hexane, benzene and... 
Pine sawdust | Synergy | Co-pyrolysis | Synergy factor | Oil shale | Hydrothermal pyrolysis | CHEMISTRY, ANALYTICAL | SPECTROSCOPY | SHALE | SUPERCRITICAL WATER | CO-LIQUEFACTION | Pyrolysis | Shale oils | Analysis | Oil-shales | Benzene
Journal Article
Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolysis, ISSN 0165-2370, 01/2014, Volume 105, pp. 342 - 347
•Effect of inherent and additional pyrite on oil shale pyrolysis was investigated.•Inherent pyrite leads to higher oil yield.•Additional pyrite promotes the... 
Pyrolysis | Pyrite | Oil | Oil shale | CATALYSIS | CHEMISTRY, ANALYTICAL | KEROGEN | DECOMPOSITION | MINERAL MATRIX | THERMOGRAVIMETRY | COAL-LIQUEFACTION | DEMINERALIZATION | SPECTROSCOPY | PRODUCTS | KINETICS | TURKISH GOYNUK | Sulfur compounds | Shale oils | Oil-shales | Analysis | Fine chemicals
Journal Article
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, ISSN 0360-3199, 10/2019, Volume 44, Issue 47, pp. 25335 - 25346
Journal Article
The Journal of Supercritical Fluids, ISSN 0896-8446, 2011, Volume 60, pp. 127 - 136
TG analysis of bitumen before treatment by using supercritical water or subcritical BZA (TG/DTA; SII nanotechnology; EXSTAR-6000). [Display omitted] ► Pentane,... 
Liquefaction | Solvothermal | Hydrothermal | Bitumen | OIL-SHALE | HYDROCARBONS | SONOCHEMISTRY | SUPERCRITICAL WATER | COAL | HYDROLYSIS | CHEMISTRY, PHYSICAL | THERMAL-DECOMPOSITION | FREE-RADICALS | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | CHEMICAL-REACTIONS | ORGANIC-COMPOUNDS | Bituminous materials | Analysis | Nanotechnology | Residues | Solvents | Petroleum refining | Hazardous wastes | Bitumens | Upgrading | Decomposition reactions | Chemical industries
Journal Article
The Journal of Supercritical Fluids, ISSN 0896-8446, 03/2016, Volume 109, pp. 157 - 165
•Conversion of sulfur-rich oil shale in a flow of water vapor and SCW under non-isothermal conditions has been studied.•The maximum yield of the liquid... 
Desulfurization | Pyrite | Oil shale | Liquefaction | Supercritical water | SUB | BENZENE | CHEMISTRY, PHYSICAL | PHASE-EQUILIBRIA | HIGH-TEMPERATURE CHEMISTRY | CARBOCYCLES | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | HYDROGEN | PRESSURE | EXTRACTION | HETEROCYCLES | Sulfur compounds | Hydraulic measurements | Shale oils | Oil-shales
Journal Article
Oil Shale, ISSN 0208-189X, 2012, Volume 29, Issue 3, pp. 222 - 236
Kukersite oil shale + pine bark, kukersite oil shale + peat as well as kukersite, bark and peat individually were submitted to thermochemical liquefaction in... 
Kukersite | Biomass | Co-processing | Synergistic effect | Peat | WOODY BIOMASS | kukersite | biomass | VACUUM RESIDUE | WASTE PLASTICS | ENERGY & FUELS | SUPERCRITICAL WATER | BROWN-COAL | PYROLYTIC CHARACTERISTICS | LIGNITE | ENGINEERING, PETROLEUM | COAL/BIOMASS BLENDS | GASIFICATION | co-processing | peat | synergistic effect | FUELS | Oxides | Shale oils | Benzene | Oil-shales
Journal Article