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IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, ISSN 1949-3029, 10/2012, Volume 3, Issue 4, pp. 713 - 723
Power systems with high wind penetration experience increased variability and uncertainty, such that determination of the required additional operating reserve is attracting a significant amount... 
wind power | Power system management | power system operation | reserve requirements | Wind power generation | power systems | Power system reliability | Forecasting | Operating reserves | power system reliability | GREEN & SUSTAINABLE SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY | ENERGY & FUELS | SYSTEMS | ENGINEERING, ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONIC | WIND ENERGY | POWER TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION
Journal Article
Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, 06/2017, Volume 196, pp. 218 - 228
•A novel control strategy for the aggregation model of air conditioners (AC) is proposed.•A series of indexes are proposed to evaluate the operating reserve performance provided by ACs... 
Aggregation model | Control strategy | Quantitative evaluation | Operating reserve | Air conditioner | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | MANAGEMENT | ENERGY & FUELS | POWER-SYSTEMS | DEMAND-RESPONSE | MODEL | DIRECT LOAD CONTROL | Air conditioning | Analysis | Equipment and supplies | Electrical engineering | Energy consumption | Electric utilities | Electric power systems | Electric properties
Journal Article
Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, 04/2016, Volume 168, pp. 444 - 456
Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, ISSN 0885-8950, 05/2011, Volume 26, Issue 2, pp. 594 - 603
Journal Article
Energy, ISSN 0360-5442, 2011, Volume 36, Issue 8, pp. 4959 - 4973
.... We develop a co-optimized Compressed Air Energy Storage (CAES) dispatch model to characterize the value of providing operating reserves in addition to energy arbitrage in several U.S. markets... 
CAES | Arbitrage | Investment decisions | Energy storage | Operating reserves | THERMODYNAMICS | ENERGY & FUELS | ELECTRICITY | Energy management systems | Reserves | Design engineering | Revenues | Financing | Markets | Optimization | Investment | arbitrage | ENERGY STORAGE | operating reserves | investment decisions | compressed air energy storage | ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY, AND ECONOMY
Journal Article
IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution, ISSN 1751-8687, 2/2016, Volume 10, Issue 2, pp. 366 - 373
In this study, the economic benefits of using a probabilistic-dynamic approach (PDA) in the quantification of operating reserves are investigated and compared... 
Research Articles | DISPATCH | SYSTEMS | PENETRATION | GENERATION | SPINNING RESERVE | FORECAST | ENGINEERING, ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONIC | Reserves | Economics | Costs | Categories | Operating costs | Wind power generation | Wind power | PDA
Journal Article
IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution, ISSN 1751-8687, 5/2015, Volume 9, Issue 8, pp. 779 - 787
.... To account for the uncertainty induced by wind in day-ahead planning, system operators provide additional reserve by scheduling controllable generators at a less than optimal output, therefore... 
Research Articles | REQUIREMENTS | POWER | SYSTEMS | SPINNING RESERVE | ENGINEERING, ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONIC | Reserves | Economics | Uncertainty | Methodology | Operating costs | Unit commitment | Wind power generation | Optimization
Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Power Systems, ISSN 0885-8950, 01/2014, Volume 29, Issue 1, pp. 476 - 488
... all ramp constraints. The formulation represents in detail the operating reserves (online and offline), their time deployment limits (e.g., 15 min), their potential... 
Schedules | operating reserves | Mixed-integer programming | Production | startup and shutdown ramps | UC-based market-clearing | Real-time systems | Trajectory | Power systems | Face | Indexes | UNIT COMMITMENT | SYSTEMS | ANCILLARY SERVICES | ENGINEERING, ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONIC | Integer programming | Electric utilities | Mathematical analysis
Journal Article
International Journal of Electrical Power and Energy Systems, ISSN 0142-0615, 01/2018, Volume 94, pp. 203 - 212
•A novel and fast power system reserve technology is proposed.•A rapid generator acceleration and synchronisation algorithm is described... 
Hydraulic power | AC synchronisation | Compressed air energy storage | Nonlinear control | Power system operating reserve | ENGINEERING, ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONIC | Systems and data security software | Algorithms | Electric power systems | Security systems
Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Sustainable Energy, ISSN 1949-3029, 04/2016, Volume 7, Issue 2, pp. 614 - 624
Journal Article
Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, 01/2015, Volume 138, pp. 590 - 597
... up to 1.5GW of reserve in GB power system.•Peak load created by load recovery is mitigated by randomizing reconnection time... 
Power system | Smart appliances | Demand response | Ancillary services | Operating reserves | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | ENERGY & FUELS | Home appliances | Analysis
Journal Article
Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, 10/2018, Volume 121, pp. 112 - 123
.... Deterministic unit commitment (DUC) models with exogenous reserve requirements, as often used in today's adequacy studies to represent day-to-day power system operations, do not account for the contribution of operating reserves... 
Adequacy indices | Probabilistic unit commitment | Power system model | Generation adequacy assessment | Operating reserves | UNIT COMMITMENT | REQUIREMENTS | RESOURCES | ENERGY | PROBABILISTIC SPINNING RESERVE | ENERGY & FUELS | MARKETS | WIND POWER-GENERATION | ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES | INTEGRATION | SYSTEMS | ECONOMICS | ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES | JOINT
Journal Article
Economics of Energy & Environmental Policy, ISSN 2160-5882, 9/2013, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp. 65 - 86
.... An operating reserve demand curve developed from first principles would improve reliability, support adequate scarcity pricing, and be straightforward to implement within the framework of economic dispatch... 
Economic models | SYMPOSIUM ON ‘CAPACITY MARKETS’ | Energy resources | Bidding | Electricity | Energy | Environmental policy | Market prices | Wholesale trade | Scarcity | Demand curves | Electricity scarcity pricing | Resource adequacy | Operating reserves | ECONOMICS | ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES | Prices and rates | Electric utilities | Markets (Economics) | Analysis | First principles | Incentives | Adequacy | Power dispatch | Electricity pricing
Journal Article
Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, 01/2019, Volume 124, pp. 272 - 285
Journal Article
Computers & Industrial Engineering, ISSN 0360-8352, 01/2019, Volume 127, pp. 709 - 721
Journal Article
Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, 04/2018, Volume 216, pp. 338 - 347
....•Consumer satisfaction is considered in the decision making process by fuzzy set method.•Operating reserve capacity (ORC... 
Consumer satisfaction | Fuzzy set method | Operating reserve capacity | Kernel density estimation | Thermostatically controlled loads | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | MANAGEMENT | MARKET | ENERGY & FUELS | POWER-SYSTEMS | DEMAND-RESPONSE | MODEL
Journal Article