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2009, ISBN 9780821376799, xxxiii, 115
This evaluation reviews the World Bank Group's (WBG's) experience with guarantee instruments during 1990-2007. Although these instruments have been an... 
Surety and fidelity insurance | World Bank Group Evaluation | Bank insurance | BOND MARKET | ACCESS TO FINANCIAL SERVICES | MATURITIES | MARKETING STRATEGY | OUTREACH | PRIVATE INVESTORS | COMMERCIAL TRANSACTION | ISSUANCE | CREDIBILITY | TRANSFER RISK | COMMERCIAL FINANCE | LOAN PRODUCTS | BANK GUARANTEE | INFORMATION ASYMMETRIES | ECONOMIC GROWTH | URBAN DEVELOPMENT | INTEREST RATES | PRIVATE BORROWERS | EARNINGS | LIABILITY | INDEBTEDNESS | PLEDGES | BONDS | CREDIT ENHANCEMENT | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | BUSINESS VOLUMES | EQUITY INVESTMENTS | COMMERCIAL TRANSACTIONS | LIQUIDITY | HOST COUNTRIES | TRANCHE | INVESTMENT CORPORATION | MARKET SHARE | RISK PERCEPTIONS | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | BALANCE SHEET | PRIVATE SECTOR FINANCING | CASH FLOWS | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | ACCOUNTABILITY | DEVALUATION | BANK POLICIES | FLOW OF INVESTMENT | POLITICAL RISKS | GUARANTEE PRODUCT | BENEFICIARY | CREDITS | LOAN PROGRAM | LOCAL CURRENCY | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | UNDERLYING ASSETS | CAPITAL FLOWS | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | LETTERS OF CREDIT | FINANCIAL INNOVATION | INVESTMENT GUIDELINES | RISK MANAGEMENT | EXTERNAL FUNDING | SETTLEMENT | INDEBTED COUNTRIES | BANK LENDING | FINANCIAL SERVICES | LENDER | UNION | BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES | ADB | BANK GUARANTEES | SHAREHOLDERS | INTERNATIONAL BANK | GLOBAL PRIVATE SECTOR | PRIVATE DEBT MARKETS | DEBT | MARKET DEVELOPMENTS | COMMODITY PRICES | COMMERCIAL PAPER | MORAL HAZARD | MARKET DATA | PRIVATE CAPITAL | BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT | SHORT-TERM FINANCE | DOMESTIC FINANCIAL MARKETS | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL MARKETS | INSURANCE AGENCY | BANK POLICY | DIRECT LOANS | PRIVATE FINANCE | DEBT MANAGEMENT | CREDIT GUARANTEES | VILLAGE | MULTINATIONAL | LIABILITY SIDE | EXPORTER | BENEFICIARIES | DEVELOPMENT BANK | DERIVATIVE CONTRACT | ADVICE TO GOVERNMENTS | FINANCIAL ASSETS | INSURANCE | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENT | CONFLICT OF INTEREST | MATURITY | BORROWER | RETURN | LOAN | EXCHANGE RATES | GLOBAL TRADE | CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS | BID | BOND | LIQUID MARKETS | PORTFOLIO RISK | NEW MARKET | GUARANTEE AGENCY | PAYMENT OF INTEREST | BOND ISSUES | PROBABILITY OF DEFAULT | COUPON | PARTIAL RISK | INSURANCE PRODUCTS | MARKET FAILURES | OUTREACH EFFORTS | COLLATERAL | DOMESTIC LIQUIDITY | MARKET PLAYERS | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | ENTERPRISE ACCESS | MARKET INDEXES | CREDIT RISK | DERIVATIVES | TRADE FINANCE | ACCESS TO FINANCE | GROUP GUARANTEE | DEBT INSTRUMENTS | COUPON RATE | MATURITY MISMATCHES | DEBT SERVICE PAYMENT | DUE DILIGENCE | PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS | TIMELY PAYMENT | PRIVATE DEBT | SUBNATIONAL FINANCE | INTEREST PAYMENTS | FINANCING NEEDS | SUBSIDIARY | RISK PROFILE | ECONOMIC POLICIES | TRANSACTION | PERFORMANCE BOND | MANDATES | CAPITAL MARKET | INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS | DEBT OBLIGATIONS | FOREIGN INVESTMENTS | ENTREPRENEURS | DEBT SERVICE | SECURITIES | INVESTMENT FLOWS | CURRENT ACCOUNT | LOAN SYNDICATIONS | GUARANTOR | LENDERS | SOVEREIGN GUARANTEES | DEVELOPMENT BANKS | FINANCIAL PRODUCTS | POLITICAL RISK | INFORMATION SHARING | COUNTRY RISK | POLITICAL UNCERTAINTY | INVESTOR CONFIDENCE | PORTFOLIOS | BANK LOAN | WOMAN | ENTREPRENEUR | SOVEREIGN COUNTER-GUARANTEE | GENERAL GUARANTEES | DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE | DOMESTIC BANKS | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARIES | RISK MITIGATION | GUARANTEE PRODUCTS | DEBT CRISES | FINANCIAL FLOWS | CONTRACTUAL RELATIONSHIP | TRANSACTION COSTS | BANK MANAGEMENT | PRIVATE INVESTMENTS | DERIVATIVE | ADVISORY SERVICES | EXPLOITATION | SWAP | GUARANTEE SCHEMES | EMERGING MARKETS | EXPROPRIATIONS | CURRENT ACCOUNT SURPLUSES | MARKET COMPETITION | CREDIT DERIVATIVE | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | HOUSING FINANCE | ARBITRAL AWARDS | POOR ACCESS | EQUITY CAPITAL | CREDIT GUARANTEE | CREDIT RISKS | LOAN PORTFOLIO | CAPITAL MARKET DEVELOPMENT | INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT | CREDITOR | PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP | TRANSPARENCY | TREASURY | ACCESS TO FINANCING | ACCESS TO INFORMATION | HOUSING | LOCAL BANKS | PUBLIC AGENCIES | FOREIGN INVESTMENT | BUSINESS COMMUNITY | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | PARTIAL CREDIT | INSTRUMENT | DEBTORS | PARTIAL GUARANTEE | LONG-TERM CAPITAL | CONFLICTS OF INTEREST
Book
IEEE Transactions on Robotics, ISSN 1552-3098, 06/2016, Volume 32, Issue 3, pp. 583 - 599
This paper introduces a motion-planning framework for a hybrid system with general continuous dynamics to satisfy a temporal logic specification consisting of... 
hybrid systems | motion planning | Buildings | Dynamics | US Government | formal methods | Control synthesis | temporal logic | Safety | Planning | Robots | partial satisfaction | REVISION | ROBOTICS | SAFETY | GOALS | LOGIC SPECIFICATIONS | MOTION | SPECIFICATION AUTOMATA | DYNAMICS | SYSTEMS | Usage | Research | Mobile robots | Iterative methods (Mathematics) | Obstacles | Effectiveness | Specifications | Constrictions | Strategy | Trajectories
Journal Article
Journal of the Royal Statistical Society: Series B (Statistical Methodology), ISSN 1369-7412, 09/2015, Volume 77, Issue 4, pp. 803 - 825
Journal Article
Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, 10/2014, Volume 43, Issue 3, pp. 711 - 724
Journal Article
International Journal of Modern Physics B, ISSN 0217-9792, 11/2012, Volume 26, Issue 27n28, pp. 1243008 - 1243013
Journal Article
Insurance Mathematics and Economics, ISSN 0167-6687, 11/2018, Volume 83, pp. 93 - 109
Journal Article
Journal of Fourier Analysis and Applications, ISSN 1069-5869, 6/2019, Volume 25, Issue 3, pp. 751 - 784
Journal Article
Optimization Letters, ISSN 1862-4472, 10/2017, Volume 11, Issue 7, pp. 1293 - 1302
As a part of a heuristic for the fast detection of new word combinations in text streams, we consider the NP-hard Partial Set Cover of Pairs problem. There we... 
Extremal set family | Computational Intelligence | Greedy approximation | Partial set cover | Operations Research/Decision Theory | Mathematics | Numerical and Computational Physics, Simulation | Optimization | Novelty detection | MATHEMATICS, APPLIED | OPERATIONS RESEARCH & MANAGEMENT SCIENCE
Journal Article
Communications in Computational Physics, ISSN 1815-2406, 07/2017, Volume 22, Issue 1, pp. 228 - 258
Partial differential equations (PDE) on manifolds arise in many areas, including mathematics and many applied fields. Due to the complicated geometrical... 
point cloud | Point integral method | convergence | Laplace-Beltrami operator | LAPLACIAN | SPACE | PARTIAL-DIFFERENTIAL-EQUATIONS | REPRESENTATION | PHYSICS, MATHEMATICAL | SURFACES
Journal Article
Computers & Industrial Engineering, ISSN 0360-8352, 09/2019, Volume 135, pp. 440 - 455
This study investigates two supply chain finance models with partial credit guarantee (PCG) provided by a third-party or a supplier when a retailer borrows... 
Supply chain finance | Supply chain management | Partial credit guarantee | Supplier guarantee | Third-party guarantee | COMPUTER SCIENCE, INTERDISCIPLINARY APPLICATIONS | INVENTORY | EQUILIBRIUM | ENGINEERING, INDUSTRIAL | SMES
Journal Article
12/2010
The Government of Indonesia has expressed interest in the World Bank's help in determining the best options for financing mechanisms to support public-private... 
BOND INVESTORS | SALARIES | JUDICIAL SYSTEM | PRIVATE FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | PRIVATE INVESTORS | ISSUANCE | FOREIGN CURRENCY | GOVERNMENT FINANCING | CREDIBILITY | GUARANTEE FEES | USER CHARGES | MARKET CONDITIONS | BANK GUARANTEE | ECONOMIC GROWTH | GOOD GOVERNANCE | GUARANTEE PAYMENTS | BONDHOLDERS | GOVERNANCE ISSUE | COMMERCIAL BORROWING | DEBT INVESTMENTS | CALL DATE | PUBLIC BORROWING | FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | BONDS | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | SUPPORT INFRASTRUCTURE | EQUITY INVESTMENTS | ELIGIBLE BORROWERS | LIQUIDITY | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | BALANCE SHEET | CLAIM PAYMENTS | CASH FLOWS | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT | BANK POLICIES | FIXED INCOME SECURITIES | EQUITY STAKE | DEBT INSTRUMENT | POLITICAL RISKS | SENIOR DEBT | LIQUIDITY RISK | BENEFICIARY | FINANCIAL REPORTING | LOCAL CURRENCY | ADVISORY WORK | RISK OF DEBT | DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION | COUNTRY RISKS | RISK MANAGEMENT | ARBITRATION | SETTLEMENT | STOCKS | BANK DEPOSITS | ADB | BANK GUARANTEES | INTERNATIONAL CAPITAL MARKETS | FISCAL SUPPORT | GOVERNANCE STRUCTURE | EQUITY INVESTORS | INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES | FINANCING REQUIREMENTS | COMPETITIVE BIDDING | CREDIT RATING | DEBT | GOVERNMENT OBLIGATIONS | APPROVAL PROCESS | DEBT GUARANTEES | DONOR SUPPORT | PRIVATE CORPORATE DEBT | CAPITAL ASSETS | PRIVATE CAPITAL | INTEREST PAYMENT | FINANCIAL CAPACITY | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | FINANCIAL RISKS | NONPAYMENT | PUBLIC FINANCING | RATE OF RETURN | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL MARKETS | AMOUNT OF DEBT | DIRECT LOANS | GUARANTEE FEE | DEBT MANAGEMENT | PUBLIC INVESTMENT | CREDITWORTHINESS | DEVELOPING COUNTRY | CREDIT GUARANTEES | LOCAL DEBT | GUARANTEE SUPPORT | INTERNATIONAL MARKETS | COMMERCIAL LENDERS | LOAN TERMS | BUSINESS PEOPLE | LEVERAGE | FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE | FISCAL CONSTRAINTS | ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA | PRINCIPAL PAYMENT | GUARANTEE] PAYMENT | OPERATING COSTS | LIABILITY SIDE | BOND ISSUANCE | LOCAL DEBT MARKETS | BENEFICIARIES | CREDIT WORTHINESS | GOVERNMENT SUPPORT | MATURITY | BORROWER | PRIVATE FINANCING | LOAN | PRIVATE SECTOR DEBT | PRESENT VALUE | CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS | DEBT MATURITY | BID | BOND | JOINT STOCK COMPANY | PAYMENT OBLIGATIONS | RISK MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES | ELIGIBLE LOANS | GOVERNMENT GUARANTEE | PARTIAL RISK | FIXED INCOME | FOREIGN BANKS | CONTINGENT LIABILITY | NEGOTIATION | PRIVATE INFRASTRUCTURE | DEPOSIT | DEBT FINANCING | EXPENDITURE | SPECIFIC DEBT | GUARANTEE FUND | BANK EXPOSURE | CREDIT RISK | REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS | RISK CAPITAL | JUDICIAL PROCESS | AMORTIZATION | BANKING MARKET | BANK LOANS | INVESTMENT PROJECTS | DUE DILIGENCE | RISK SHARING | INTEREST PAYMENTS | TRANSACTION | WORKING CAPITAL | PAYMENT OBLIGATION | INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT | CLAIM PAYMENT | EXPROPRIATION | FINANCIAL INFORMATION | ISSUANCE OF GUARANTEES | FINANCIERS | DEFAULTS | LEASE AGREEMENT | SOLVENCY | DONOR RESOURCES | WATER SUPPLY | DEBT SERVICE | DEBT SERVICES | CONCESSION | GUARANTOR | LENDERS | RECEIVABLES | CREDITORS | INSURANCE CORPORATION | POLITICAL RISK | COMMERCIAL CREDITORS | ACCOUNTING PRINCIPLES | GOVERNMENT OWNERSHIP | BANK LOAN | PRIVATE EQUITY | GUARANTEE FUNDS | RISK MITIGATION | ACCOUNTING | SHAREHOLDER | GUARANTEE PRODUCTS | INSURER | TRANSACTION COSTS | FACE AMOUNT | FINANCIAL POSITION | PUBLIC SERVICES | BANK MANAGEMENT | CAPITALIZATION | LIQUIDITY RISKS | INSURERS | CASH PAYMENTS | PARTIAL GUARANTEES | COMMERCIAL DEBT | GOVERNMENT SUBSIDIES | CREDIT RATINGS | INTERNATIONAL CAPITAL | MATURITY DATE | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | EVENT OF DEFAULT | COVERAGE RATIO | GOVERNMENT GUARANTEES | INTEREST RATE | CREDIT GUARANTEE | CREDIT RISKS | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | SOCIAL WELFARE | CONTINGENT LIABILITIES | BOND OBLIGATIONS | CLAIM | CREDITOR | DISBURSEMENT | BANK ASSISTANCE | FINANCES | TRANSPORT | REPAYMENT | DEPOSIT INSURANCE | FINANCIAL VIABILITY | EXCESSIVE RISKS | PORTFOLIO | DIVERSIFICATION | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENTS | PARTIAL CREDIT | PRINCIPAL REPAYMENT | LIQUID ASSETS | INSTRUMENT | BUDGETING | SEIZURE | AMOUNT DUE
Book
Journal of Service Research, ISSN 1094-6705, 02/2008, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp. 207 - 219
Most e-tailers offer money-back guarantees (MBGs) on product returns, but coverage and durations of different policies vary significantly across e-tailers... 
Restocking fee | Partial refund | Nonrefundable shipping and handling fee | Return policy | Money-back guarantee | MULTIPLE-ITEM SCALE | PRICE | SERVICE QUALITY | restocking fee | nonrefundable shipping and handling fee | CONJOINT-ANALYSIS | BUSINESS | return policy | partial refund | SATISFACTION | IMPACT | PRODUCT RETURNS | money-back guarantee
Journal Article
Risks, ISSN 2227-9091, 09/2018, Volume 6, Issue 3, p. 103
Variable annuities, as a class of retirement income products, allow equity market exposure for a policyholder’s retirement fund with optional guarantees to... 
Variable annuity guarantees | Dynamic programming | Management fees | Pricing | Economics | Fees & charges | Partial differential equations | Hedging | Mathematics | Guarantees | International finance | Cost control | Insurance premiums | Numerical analysis | Variable annuities | Behavior | Portfolio management | dynamic programming | variable annuity guarantees | management fees | pricing
Journal Article
Journal of Financial Stability, ISSN 1572-3089, 2010, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp. 26 - 35
Journal Article
Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, ISSN 0888-5885, 12/2013, Volume 52, Issue 50, pp. 18014 - 18021
In this work, a control strategy to guarantee a minimum dissolved oxygen concentration in aerobic fed-batch bioprocesses is proposed. The strategy is equally... 
ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | COLI | GROWTH-RATE | PICHIA-PASTORIS | ADAPTIVE-CONTROL | ONLINE | BIOREACTORS | Algorithms | Decentralized control | Shortages | Strategy | Mathematical models | Dissolution | Culture | Feeding
Journal Article
2011, World Bank Studies, ISBN 0821387812, xii, 61
Examining innovative ways to address Africa?s infrastructure deficit is at the heart of this analysis. Africa?s infrastructure stock and quality is among the... 
INVESTMENT FUND | SECURITY STRUCTURES | REGULATORY BARRIERS | WITHDRAWAL OF FUNDS | MATURITIES | NATIONAL INVESTMENT | PRIVATE INVESTORS | ISSUANCE | FOREIGN CURRENCY | SHORT-TERM DEPOSITS | LOCAL MARKET | PRIVATE CREDIT | TRANSITION ECONOMIES | LIABILITY | BONDS | CENTRAL BANK | CREDIT ENHANCEMENT | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | PENSION FUND INVESTMENTS | INVESTING | INVESTMENT CORPORATION | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | BALANCE SHEET | CASH FLOWS | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT | LIFE INSURANCE COMPANIES | STOCK EXCHANGES | INFRASTRUCTURE BOND | BOURSE | LONG-TERM DEBT | POLITICAL RISKS | ISSUANCE OF BONDS | LOCAL CURRENCY | LIFE INSURANCE POLICIES | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | BANK CREDIT | LENDING LIMIT | INVESTMENT GUIDELINES | PENSION FUND INVESTMENT | CREDIT AGENCY | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL STATISTICS | RISK MANAGEMENT | CORPORATE BOND | ASSET-LIABILITY MISMATCH | STOCKS | BANK LENDING | GOVERNMENT GRANTS | SOVEREIGN LENDING | GOVERNMENT BOND MARKET | INTERNATIONAL BANK | INVESTMENT BANK | FINANCING REQUIREMENTS | COMPETITIVE BIDDING | CREDIT RATING | PENSION FUND | INSURANCE POLICIES | MORAL HAZARD | LONG-TERM YIELDS | ALTERNATIVE INVESTMENTS | FINANCIAL RISKS | ILLIQUIDITY | SOVEREIGN RATING | CREDIT LINES | BOND ISSUANCES | ASSET CLASSES | GOVERNMENT BONDS | PRIVATE FINANCE | RESERVE BANK | MEZZANINE DEBT | PUBLIC INVESTMENT | PENSION FUNDS | LOCAL DEBT | CAPITAL MOVEMENTS | INVESTMENT ASSET | INVESTMENT REGULATIONS | INFRASTRUCTURE BONDS | RESERVE | BOND ISSUANCE | DIRECT INVESTMENT | EQUITY FUNDS | DEVELOPMENT BANK | MONEY MARKET |