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2014, Directions in development. Trade, ISBN 1464802645, xiii, 104 pages
This report analyzes the paths by which developing country labor markets adjust to permanent trade-related shocks. Trade shocks can bring about reallocation of... 
Business cycles | Labor market | Labor mobility | Developing countries | Developing countries Commerce | Commerce | Wages | INFORMAL SECTOR | JOB SEPARATION | LABOR MARKETS | WAGE EFFECTS | BUSINESS CYCLE | DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS | INDUSTRY WAGE | GDP | CAPITAL INVESTMENT | LABOR SHARE | AGGREGATE EMPLOYMENT | WAGE BILL | LABOR MARKET RIGIDITIES | EMPLOYMENT | ECONOMIC GROWTH | JOB DISPLACEMENT | EMPLOYMENT LEVELS | LABOR ALLOCATIONS | DISPLACED WORKER | POLITICAL ECONOMY | WELL-FUNCTIONING LABOR MARKETS | AGRICULTURE | SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT | WORKERS | LAYOFFS | REAL WAGES | AGGREGATE PRODUCTIVITY | ADJUSTMENT ASSISTANCE | INTERNATIONAL TRADE | JOB SEARCH | TOTAL COSTS | PRODUCTION WORKERS | HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS | AVERAGE WAGE | INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT | WAGE GAP | ON-THE-JOB TRAINING | LABOR ADJUSTMENT COSTS | SEARCH COSTS | SEVERANCE PAY | LAID-OFF WORKERS | SOCIAL CAPITAL | WAGE DATA | LABOR MARKET IMPACT | ECONOMIC FLUCTUATIONS | INCOME | INDUSTRY WAGES | EMPLOYMENT GROWTH | ACTIVE LABOR | FIRM SIZE | TRADE POLICY | RETRAINING PROGRAMS | EMPLOYMENT SHARE | PROFITABILITY | LOCAL GOVERNMENTS | FORMAL SECTOR WORKERS | HOURS OF WORK | NEW ENTRANTS | PLANT CLOSURE | TRADE REFORMS | FINANCIAL CRISIS | LABOR ECONOMICS | TRADE LIBERALIZATION | EXOGENOUS SHOCK | FIRM ENTRY | JOBS | DISPLACED WORKERS | LEGAL STATUS | AGGREGATE GROWTH | EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES | OCCUPATION | PRODUCTION FUNCTION | INTERNATIONAL MARKET | LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES | PURCHASING POWER | SAFETY NETS | ECONOMIC COSTS | FIRING COSTS | SERVICE SECTOR | SAFETY | EMPLOYMENT DYNAMICS | GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM | WAGE INCREASE | WORKER | JOB CREATION | ANALYTICAL APPROACH | PASSIVE LABOR | LABOR MARKET CHARACTERISTICS | PREVIOUS WAGE | NOMINAL WAGES | PRODUCTIVITY GAINS | TRADE POLICIES | ECONOMIC STABILITY | LABOUR MARKET REGULATIONS | WAGE SUBSIDIES | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET | LABOR REGULATIONS | LABOR ADJUSTMENT | WORKING | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION | LABOR MOBILITY | EMPLOYMENT OUTCOMES | INTERNATIONAL MARKETS | WAGE LEVEL | PRODUCTIVE ACTIVITIES | LABOR MARKET | LABOR POLICIES | ECONOMIC RESEARCH | WORK EXPERIENCE | CREATIVE DESTRUCTION | SOCIAL SAFETY NETS | FIRM DYNAMICS | PREVIOUS STUDIES | DISCOUNTED VALUE | LABOR MARKET REGULATIONS | PLANT CLOSURES | LABOUR MARKET | CRISES | OPEN ECONOMY | LABOR FORCE | ADJUSTMENT COST | EXPECTED WAGES | JOB SECURITY | ECONOMIC COOPERATION | EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT | LABOR REALLOCATION | REAL WAGE | INSURANCE | MACROECONOMIC ANALYSIS | AVERAGE WAGES | ENTRY COSTS | HOUSEHOLD SURVEY | LABOR COSTS | HUMAN CAPITAL | WAGE DIFFERENTIALS | NET EMPLOYMENT | OCCUPATIONAL CHOICE | EMPLOYMENT INCREASES | REGRESSION ANALYSIS | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET POLICY | EQUILIBRIUM UNEMPLOYMENT | LABOR REGULATION | FACTOR DEMAND | UNEMPLOYMENT | MIGRATION | LABOR DEMAND | JOB TURNOVER | FINANCIAL CRISES | UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS | WAGE DIFFERENTIAL | PLANT CLOSING | CAPITAL MARKETS | EXPORT MARKETS | GDP PER CAPITA | LABOR MARKET ADJUSTMENT | ADJUSTMENT POLICIES | DEREGULATION | EQUILIBRIUM ANALYSIS | MICROECONOMIC ANALYSIS | LABOR ALLOCATION | OPTIMIZATION | ECONOMIC SHOCKS | LABOUR
Book
2007, OUP Catalogue, ISBN 9780199234059, 260
The analysis in this book disputes entrenched interpretations of the comparative political economy of industrialized democracies. It questions, in particular,... 
Labor market | Politics & government | comparative politics | Economic policy | Labor policy | Political aspects | OECD countries | Socialism | Active | Netherlands | Comparative political economy | Passive | Labour market policy | Industrialized democracies | Social democracy | Insider-outsider model | Labour | Employment protection | Spain
eBook
08/2013
Turkey's economic performance during the 2000s is a global success story; high-income status is now within reach but this will require creating more and better... 
IN SERVICE COURSES | LABOR MARKETS | ACCREDITATION | FINDING EMPLOYMENT | MALE TRAINEES | SKILL SHORTAGES | TERTIARY EDUCATION | LIFE SKILLS | TRAINING POLICIES | JOB-SEARCH ASSISTANCE | EMPLOYABILITY | AGGREGATE EMPLOYMENT | LABOR SHORTAGES | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | TRAINING PROGRAM | EMPLOYMENT | ETHICS | UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | EMPLOYMENT LEVELS | FEMALE EMPLOYMENT | BASIC EDUCATION | PRIVATE SECTOR | LABOR MARKET NEEDS | PRIOR WORK EXPERIENCE | PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT SERVICES | JOB SEARCH | JOB COUNSELING | HIGHER LEVELS OF EDUCATION | LEADERSHIP | AVERAGE WAGE | LABOR MARKET SERVICES | PUBLIC SCHOOLS | TEACHER | VOCATIONAL EDUCATION | ON-THE-JOB TRAINING | CURRICULA | UNEMPLOYED | WAGE EMPLOYMENT | COMPLETION RATES | COUNSELORS | VOCATIONAL TRAINING | VOCATIONAL TRAINING PROGRAMS | LABOR MARKET DEMAND | PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT | UNEMPLOYED PEOPLE | EMPLOYMENT PROSPECTS | AGE GROUP | EMPLOYMENT GROWTH | ACTIVE LABOR | BASIC SKILLS | LITERACY | PUBLIC WORKS | ACTIVE LABOUR | NUMERACY | ACHIEVEMENTS | EMPLOYEE | TRAINING PROGRAMS | PRIVATE PROVIDER | NEW ENTRANTS | FINDING JOBS | EMPLOYMENT SERVICES | ACTIVE LABOUR MARKET POLICY | LABOR ECONOMICS | OCCUPATIONS | JOBS | LOW EMPLOYMENT | STUDENT ASSESSMENT | ACTIVE LABOUR MARKET | LEVEL OF EDUCATION | HIGH SCHOOL | TEACHERS | EDUCATION REFORMS | PRIMARY EDUCATION | TRAINEES | HIGHER EDUCATION | JOB OFFERS | SKILL ACQUISITION | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET PROGRAMS | EDUCATION LEVEL | PRIVATE PROVISION | MENTAL HEALTH | DISADVANTAGED YOUTH | INTERVENTIONS | HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT | PASSIVE LABOR | UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE | CURRICULA CONTENT | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET | TRAINING COURSE | EMPLOYMENT OUTCOMES | EMPLOYMENT IMPACT | LABOR PRODUCTIVITY | PRIVATE PROVIDERS | EDUCATORS | PASSIVE LABOR MARKET PROGRAMS | WORK EXPERIENCE | HOUSEHOLD INCOME | YOUTH | TRAINING IMPACTS | COLLEGE GRADUATES | LABOR FORCE | TRAINING PROVIDERS | ECONOMICS OF EDUCATION | SKILLS TRAINING | PRIVATE EMPLOYMENT | JOB PLACEMENT | HUMAN CAPITAL | EMPLOYMENT INCENTIVES | SECONDARY EDUCATION | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET PROGRAM | OCCUPATIONAL CHOICE | AGE GROUPS | TRAINING COURSES | PRESENT STUDY | UNEMPLOYMENT | TEACHING | JOB TRAINING | SKILLED WORKERS | LABOR MARKET CONDITIONS | SCHOOL EDUCATION | LOW UNEMPLOYMENT | YOUNG WORKERS | STUDENT LEARNING | UNEMPLOYMENT RATE | SERVICE PROVIDERS | PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS
Book
2012, Directions in Development, ISBN 0821389041, 154
A Primer on Policies for Jobs 
Economics | Labor market | Krise | Migration | Produktivitätsentwicklung | Bildungspolitik | Niedriglohn | Institution | Globalisierung | Soziale Ungleichheit | Armut | Lohnentwicklung | Arbeitsmarktindikator | Arbeitsmarktpolitik | Unternehmensgründung | Finanzwirtschaft | Arbeitsmarkt | Arbeitsmarktentwicklung | Berufsbildung | Welt | Konjunkturaufschwung | Arbeitslosenquote | Wissensgesellschaft | Ausland | Zusätzlicher Arbeitsplatz | Atypische Beschäftigung | Beschäftigungspolitik | Internationaler Vergleich | Erwerbsbeteiligung | Informeller Sektor | Industriestaat | Beschäftigungsentwicklung | Beschäftigungseffekt | Arbeitsmigration | Entwicklungsland | Geschlechtsspezifik | Kündigungsschutz | Auswirkung | Outsourcing | Manpower policy | Economic development | Entrepreneurship | LABOR MARKETS | GENDER DIFFERENCES | INCOME GROUP | LABOR PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH | OUTREACH | COMPETITIVE PRESSURE | PROGRAM DESIGN | FEMALE ENTREPRENEURS | TAXATION | MACROECONOMIC STABILITY | YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT RATE | CONTRACT ENFORCEMENT | TRANSITION ECONOMIES | MINIMUM WAGE | PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH | UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | WORKING POOR | ECONOMIC GROWTH | SERVICE EMPLOYMENT | PUBLIC POLICY | LAYOFFS | PRIVATE SECTOR | EARNINGS | WAGE RATE | SMALL BUSINESS | MONETARY POLICIES | GENDER GAP | SAFETY NET | INFORMAL LABOR MARKET | ADVERSE EFFECTS | INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT | FEMALE LABOR FORCE | PRODUCTIVE WORK | JOB OPPORTUNITIES | LONG-TERM UNEMPLOYMENT | SOCIAL COHESION | EMPLOYMENT GROWTH | PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS | OPERATING PERMITS | ACTIVE LABOR | EMPLOYMENT SHARE | LABOR MARKET INDICATORS | TRAINING PROGRAMS | COLLECTIVE BARGAINING | CAPITAL FLOWS | TRADE LIBERALIZATION | JOBS | SMALL BUSINESSES | LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES | YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT | GENDER INEQUALITIES | SKILLS DEVELOPMENT | UNION | PURCHASING POWER | EMPLOYMENT GENERATION | INTERNATIONAL BANK | RECESSION | LIVING STANDARDS | INNOVATION | TOTAL EMPLOYMENT | DEBT | GOVERNMENT POLICY | BRIBES | INCOME INEQUALITIES | JOB CREATION | MORAL HAZARD | HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT | EMPLOYMENT SUBSIDIES | PASSIVE LABOR | SERVICE INDUSTRIES | UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE | RENTS | MANPOWER POLICY | JOB SEEKERS | LABOR MARKET SITUATION | EMPLOYMENT IMPACT | COMPETITIVE PRESSURES | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | WAGE LEVEL | LABOR MARKET | MARKET ENTRY | LABOR MARKET REGULATIONS | DEVELOPMENT BANK | LABOR SUPPLY | AVERAGE WAGES | UNEMPLOYMENT ASSISTANCE | CENTRAL BANKS | LABOR MARKET PERFORMANCE | EXTERNALITIES | LOAN | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | FEMALE ENTREPRENEURSHIP | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET POLICY | WAGE INEQUALITY | MIGRATION | DOMESTIC MARKET | EMPLOYMENT POLICIES | JOB MATCHES | UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS | HOUSEHOLD DEBT | WORKING HOURS | UNEMPLOYMENT RATE | YOUTH EMPLOYMENT | SAVINGS | TAX ADMINISTRATION | GOVERNMENT POLICIES | INFORMAL SECTOR | MARKET FAILURES | FISCAL POLICY | WAGE PREMIUM | CORRUPTION | DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS | TRAINING POLICIES | MONETARY POLICY | LABOR MARKET ISSUES | CAPITAL INVESTMENT | INCOME DISTRIBUTION | EMPLOYABILITY | DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME | FIRM PERFORMANCE | EMPLOYMENT | REAL INTEREST RATES | EXTREME POVERTY | POLITICAL ECONOMY | WORKERS | REAL WAGES | CREDIT ACCESS | ADVANCED ECONOMIES | EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENTS | INDUSTRIAL WAGE | LAWS | EMPLOYMENT PROTECTION LEGISLATION | AGRICULTURAL SECTOR | BANK FINANCING | PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS | MANPOWER | SUBSIDIARY | FEMALE LABOR | UNEMPLOYED | LABOR MARKET REGULATION | TEMPORARY WORKERS | INCOME INEQUALITY | ECONOMIC DOWNTURNS | PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT | REGULATORY POLICY | WORKING CONDITIONS | GENDER ROLES | LABOR MARKET POLICIES | PUBLIC WORKS | WAGE DETERMINATION | EMPLOYEE | INFORMAL ECONOMY | EMPLOYMENT SERVICES | WAGE RATES | OCCUPATIONS | INFLATION | MARKET ECONOMIES | EMPLOYMENT TRENDS | ECONOMIC RECOVERY | SAFETY NETS | SERVICE SECTOR | SAFETY | EMERGING MARKET ECONOMIES | UNPAID FAMILY WORKERS | WORKER | ENTREPRENEURIAL ACTIVITY | ACCOUNTING | VENTURE CREATION | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET | LABOR REGULATIONS | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION | LABOR MOBILITY | DOWNSIDE RISKS | PUBLIC SERVICES | LABOR POLICIES | LABOR PRODUCTIVITY | TRADE UNIONS | KEY CHALLENGES | MINIMUM WAGES | HOUSEHOLD INCOME | EMERGING MARKETS | MACROECONOMICS | WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS | LABOR FORCE | EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS | SOCIAL SECURITY | EMPLOYMENT RATE | LABOR MARKET OUTCOME | REAL WAGE | DISADVANTAGED GROUPS | PRIVATE EMPLOYMENT | ENTREPRENEURSHIP | HUMAN CAPITAL | PROPERTY RIGHTS | TRANSPORT | AGGREGATE DEMAND | NATURAL RESOURCES | ACCESS TO FINANCING | GENDER | HOUSING | LABOR REGULATION | UNEMPLOYMENT | JOB TRAINING | ECONOMIES OF SCALE | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET POLICIES | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | LABOR DEMAND | LABOR MARKET INSTITUTIONS | LABOR MARKET CONDITIONS | CAPITAL MARKETS | LABOUR TURNOVER | KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY | SMALL ENTERPRISES | JOB MATCH | LABOUR
eBook
2012, Directions in Development, ISBN 9780821388976, 374
The Cash Dividend 
Transfer payments | Case studies | Economic assistance | Africa, Sub-Saharan | LABOR MARKETS | GENDER DIFFERENCES | INCOME GROUP | LABOR PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH | OUTREACH | COMPETITIVE PRESSURE | PROGRAM DESIGN | FEMALE ENTREPRENEURS | TAXATION | MACROECONOMIC STABILITY | YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT RATE | CONTRACT ENFORCEMENT | TRANSITION ECONOMIES | MINIMUM WAGE | PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH | UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | WORKING POOR | ECONOMIC GROWTH | SERVICE EMPLOYMENT | PUBLIC POLICY | LAYOFFS | PRIVATE SECTOR | EARNINGS | WAGE RATE | SMALL BUSINESS | MONETARY POLICIES | GENDER GAP | SAFETY NET | INFORMAL LABOR MARKET | ADVERSE EFFECTS | INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT | FEMALE LABOR FORCE | PRODUCTIVE WORK | JOB OPPORTUNITIES | LONG-TERM UNEMPLOYMENT | SOCIAL COHESION | EMPLOYMENT GROWTH | PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS | OPERATING PERMITS | ACTIVE LABOR | EMPLOYMENT SHARE | LABOR MARKET INDICATORS | TRAINING PROGRAMS | COLLECTIVE BARGAINING | CAPITAL FLOWS | TRADE LIBERALIZATION | JOBS | SMALL BUSINESSES | LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES | YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT | GENDER INEQUALITIES | SKILLS DEVELOPMENT | UNION | PURCHASING POWER | EMPLOYMENT GENERATION | INTERNATIONAL BANK | RECESSION | LIVING STANDARDS | INNOVATION | TOTAL EMPLOYMENT | DEBT | GOVERNMENT POLICY | BRIBES | INCOME INEQUALITIES | JOB CREATION | MORAL HAZARD | HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT | EMPLOYMENT SUBSIDIES | PASSIVE LABOR | SERVICE INDUSTRIES | UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE | RENTS | MANPOWER POLICY | JOB SEEKERS | LABOR MARKET SITUATION | EMPLOYMENT IMPACT | COMPETITIVE PRESSURES | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | WAGE LEVEL | LABOR MARKET | MARKET ENTRY | LABOR MARKET REGULATIONS | DEVELOPMENT BANK | LABOR SUPPLY | AVERAGE WAGES | UNEMPLOYMENT ASSISTANCE | CENTRAL BANKS | LABOR MARKET PERFORMANCE | EXTERNALITIES | LOAN | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | FEMALE ENTREPRENEURSHIP | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET POLICY | WAGE INEQUALITY | MIGRATION | DOMESTIC MARKET | EMPLOYMENT POLICIES | JOB MATCHES | UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS | HOUSEHOLD DEBT | WORKING HOURS | UNEMPLOYMENT RATE | YOUTH EMPLOYMENT | SAVINGS | TAX ADMINISTRATION | GOVERNMENT POLICIES | INFORMAL SECTOR | MARKET FAILURES | FISCAL POLICY | WAGE PREMIUM | CORRUPTION | DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS | TRAINING POLICIES | MONETARY POLICY | LABOR MARKET ISSUES | CAPITAL INVESTMENT | INCOME DISTRIBUTION | EMPLOYABILITY | DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME | FIRM PERFORMANCE | EMPLOYMENT | REAL INTEREST RATES | EXTREME POVERTY | POLITICAL ECONOMY | WORKERS | REAL WAGES | CREDIT ACCESS | ADVANCED ECONOMIES | EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENTS | INDUSTRIAL WAGE | LAWS | EMPLOYMENT PROTECTION LEGISLATION | AGRICULTURAL SECTOR | BANK FINANCING | PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS | MANPOWER | SUBSIDIARY | FEMALE LABOR | UNEMPLOYED | LABOR MARKET REGULATION | TEMPORARY WORKERS | INCOME INEQUALITY | ECONOMIC DOWNTURNS | PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT | REGULATORY POLICY | WORKING CONDITIONS | GENDER ROLES | LABOR MARKET POLICIES | PUBLIC WORKS | WAGE DETERMINATION | EMPLOYEE | INFORMAL ECONOMY | EMPLOYMENT SERVICES | WAGE RATES | OCCUPATIONS | INFLATION | MARKET ECONOMIES | EMPLOYMENT TRENDS | ECONOMIC RECOVERY | SAFETY NETS | SERVICE SECTOR | SAFETY | EMERGING MARKET ECONOMIES | UNPAID FAMILY WORKERS | WORKER | ENTREPRENEURIAL ACTIVITY | ACCOUNTING | VENTURE CREATION | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET | LABOR REGULATIONS | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION | LABOR MOBILITY | DOWNSIDE RISKS | PUBLIC SERVICES | LABOR POLICIES | LABOR PRODUCTIVITY | TRADE UNIONS | KEY CHALLENGES | MINIMUM WAGES | HOUSEHOLD INCOME | EMERGING MARKETS | MACROECONOMICS | WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS | LABOR FORCE | EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS | SOCIAL SECURITY | EMPLOYMENT RATE | LABOR MARKET OUTCOME | REAL WAGE | DISADVANTAGED GROUPS | PRIVATE EMPLOYMENT | ENTREPRENEURSHIP | HUMAN CAPITAL | PROPERTY RIGHTS | TRANSPORT | AGGREGATE DEMAND | NATURAL RESOURCES | ACCESS TO FINANCING | GENDER | HOUSING | LABOR REGULATION | UNEMPLOYMENT | JOB TRAINING | ECONOMIES OF SCALE | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET POLICIES | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | LABOR DEMAND | LABOR MARKET INSTITUTIONS | LABOR MARKET CONDITIONS | CAPITAL MARKETS | LABOUR TURNOVER | KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY | SMALL ENTERPRISES | JOB MATCH | LABOUR
eBook
11/2016, Routledge frontiers of political economy, ISBN 9781138237568, 256
Marx claims that unselfishness is a child of (workplace) culture, whereas the gene is selfish. If Marx is right then the prerequisite for overthrowing... 
Politics & government | Producer cooperatives | Industrial Economics | Economic Theory & Philosophy | Political Economy | Marxism & Communism | ECONOMIC GROWTH | MATERIALISM | marxism | CORPORATE LIMITED LIABILITY | PRODUCER COOPERATIVES | socialism | DARWINISM | DEMOCRATIC FIRM MANAGEMENT | PASSIVE REVOLUTION | INCOME DISTRIBUTION | UNEMPLOYMENT | Capitalism
eBook
03/2011, Directions in Development - General, ISBN 9780821387429, 109
The financial crisis, which began in the United States and Western Europe swiftly expanded into an economic crisis throughout developing countries. The Eastern... 
Europe, Eastern | Social policy | Manpower policy | Recessions | LABOR MARKETS | STRUCTURAL REFORMS | POOR | MACROECONOMIC CRISIS | OPPORTUNITY COSTS | MEDICAL INSURANCE | PROGRAM DESIGN | WAGE LEVELS | PUBLIC SAVINGS | YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT RATE | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | MINIMUM WAGE | MARKET ECONOMY | ECONOMIC GROWTH | FISCAL DISCIPLINE | LAYOFF | LAYOFFS | PRIVATE SECTOR | INCOME LOSSES | WAGE RATE | EMPLOYMENT REDUCTION | SHOCK | SAFETY NET | POLICY RESPONSES | HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS | INFORMAL SAFETY NETS | MINISTRIES OF FINANCE | LONG-TERM UNEMPLOYMENT | CAPITAL INVESTMENTS | LABOR MARKET POLICY | UNEMPLOYED PEOPLE | EMPLOYMENT GROWTH | ACTIVE LABOR | HUMAN CAPITAL INVESTMENTS | FAMILY LABOR | HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | SOCIAL POLICY | SOCIAL FUND | UNEMPLOYED WORKERS | LOCAL GOVERNMENTS | HEALTH INSURANCE | NEW ENTRANTS | CAPITAL FLOWS | MEDICAL CARE | PREVENTIVE CARE | CREDIT MARKETS | DURABLE GOODS | JOBS | HEALTH EXPENDITURES | LEAVE OF ABSENCE | STRUCTURAL UNEMPLOYMENT | JOB VACANCY | YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET PROGRAMS | FIRING COSTS | INTERNATIONAL BANK | POCKET EXPENSES | PRODUCT MARKETS | TOTAL EMPLOYMENT | DEBT | FISCAL DEFICITS | MORAL HAZARD | HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT | PASSIVE LABOR | UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE | SOCIAL IMPACTS | COUNTRY-SPECIFIC FACTORS | LABOR ADJUSTMENT | VULNERABLE GROUPS | INCOME SHOCKS | MANPOWER POLICY | RETIREMENT | JOB SEEKERS | SELF EMPLOYMENT | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | LABOR MARKET | FISCAL CONSTRAINTS | ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA | EDUCATION PROGRAMS | LABOR MARKET REGULATIONS | PENALTIES | PRIMARY SCHOOL | BENEFICIARIES | DEVELOPMENT BANK | LABOR SUPPLY | EDUCATIONAL SERVICES | WAR | LABOR COSTS | FLEXIBLE LABOR MARKETS | LOCAL GOVERNMENT | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET PROGRAM | PUBLIC WORKS PROGRAMS | PENSIONS | UNEMPLOYMENT OFFICE | ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS | HIGH EMPLOYMENT | FINANCIAL CRISES | UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS | SKILLED WORKERS | BUDGET DEFICITS | WORKING HOURS | CONSOLIDATION | SOCIAL ASSISTANCE | LABOR PROGRAMS | SAVINGS | COPING STRATEGIES | CENTRAL GOVERNMENTS | INFORMAL SECTOR | INFLEXIBLE LABOR | CHILD LABOR | MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES | REMITTANCES | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | PENSION | INCOME SUPPORT | GROSS WAGES | EMPLOYABILITY | WAGE BILL | SOCIAL BENEFITS | FOREIGN LABOR | ETHNIC GROUPS | BANK FAILURES | FOOD EXPENDITURES | PREVENTATIVE HEALTH | FINANCIAL MARKETS | WORKERS | REAL WAGES | SOCIAL PROGRAMS | HOUSEHOLD WEALTH | TOTAL WORKERS | ECONOMIC DOWNTURN | EMPLOYMENT PROTECTION LEGISLATION | NUTRITIONAL STATUS | LABOR LAWS | MANPOWER | PRODUCT MARKET | SUBSIDIARY | YOUNGER WORKERS | FOOD SECURITY | SEVERANCE PAY | UNEMPLOYED | PART-TIME EMPLOYMENT | LABOR UNION | EMPLOYMENT OFFICES | PUBLIC SPENDING | ECONOMIC CRISES | ECONOMIC DOWNTURNS | PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT | EMPLOYMENT PROSPECTS | AUTOMATIC STABILIZER | INFORMAL CREDIT | SOCIAL INVESTMENT | YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | PUBLIC WORKS | PROFITABILITY | INSURANCE PROGRAM | FINANCIAL CRISIS | JOB LOSS | WAGE RATES | WAGE SUBSIDY | WAGE SUBSIDY PROGRAMS | INFLATION | LOW EMPLOYMENT | MARKET ECONOMIES | NATURAL DISASTERS | JOBS CRISES | ECONOMIC RECOVERY | UNEMPLOYMENT FIGURES | SAFETY NETS | MITIGATION STRATEGIES | SERVICE SECTOR | SAFETY | WAGE WORKERS | WORKER | ETHNIC MINORITIES | INFORMAL TRANSFERS | INFLATION RATES | COVARIATE SHOCKS | MACROECONOMIC SHOCKS | WAGE SUBSIDIES | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET | LABOR REGULATIONS | MINIMUM INCOME | JOB LOSSES | RECESSIONS | POVERTY REDUCTION | SAFETY NET PROGRAMS | HOUSEHOLD ENTERPRISE | PASSIVE LABOR MARKET PROGRAMS | WORK EXPERIENCE | HOUSEHOLD INCOME | SOCIAL SAFETY NETS | SOCIAL TRANSFERS | SOCIAL PROTECTION | LABOR FORCE | SOCIAL SECURITY | VULNERABLE HOUSEHOLDS | EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT | UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE BENEFITS | REAL WAGE | ACCRUALS | HOUSEHOLD SAVINGS | HUMAN CAPITAL | MACROECONOMIC CONDITIONS | HOUSEHOLD WELFARE | UNEMPLOYMENT | JOBS CRISIS | MONETARY FUND | TEMPORARY EMPLOYMENT | BORROWING | HOUSEHOLD CHARACTERISTICS | LABOR DEMAND | IDIOSYNCRATIC SHOCKS | TARGETING | LABOR MARKET CONDITIONS | REMITTANCE | LABOR MARKET ADJUSTMENT | LABOUR | GOVERNMENT HEALTH
eBook
06/2009, Latin America and the Caribbean Region (LCR) Crisis Briefs
Countries in Latin America and the Caribbean are experiencing the impact of the international financial crisis on labor markets across different dimensions,... 
INFORMAL SECTOR | PRIVATE SERVICES | LABOR MARKETS | EXPENDITURE | UNEMPLOYMENT SPELLS | INFORMAL SECTOR WORKERS | EMPLOYABILITY | PRELIMINARY ANALYSIS | MINIMUM WAGE | EMPLOYMENT | UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | ECONOMIC GROWTH | PUBLIC POLICY | WORKERS | PRIVATE SECTOR | REAL WAGES | EMPLOYMENT REDUCTION | SOCIAL PROGRAMS | POLICY DIALOGUE | URBAN AREAS | INFORMAL LABOR MARKET | UNEMPLOYMENT COMPENSATION | INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT | AVERAGE UNEMPLOYMENT | LABOR MARKET INTERVENTIONS | LABOR OFFICE | SALARIED WORKERS | UNEMPLOYED | TECHNICAL TRAINING | UNPAID WORKERS | URBAN EMPLOYMENT | LABOR MARKET POLICY | PRIVATE SECTORS | NET JOB LOSSES | EMPLOYMENT GROWTH | LABOR MARKET POLICIES | LABOR STATISTICS | ACTIVE LABOR | EMPLOYMENT CREATION | LABOR MARKET INDICATORS | PUBLIC WORKS | SOCIAL POLICY | REAL INCOME | TRANSPORTATION | COMMERCE | UNEMPLOYED WORKERS | DRIVERS | MATERNITY BENEFITS | HEALTH INSURANCE | LABOR MARKET ARRANGEMENTS | AVERAGE UNEMPLOYMENT RATE | LABOR CONTRACTS | OCCUPATIONS | WAGE SUBSIDY | JOBS | INFLATION | LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES | YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT | PURCHASING POWER | SOCIAL SERVICES | UNEMPLOYMENT FIGURES | EMPLOYMENT GENERATION | SERVICE SECTOR | NET JOB CREATION | TOTAL EMPLOYMENT | DISMISSAL | RESPECT | JOB DESTRUCTION | TRAINING INSTITUTION | EMPLOYMENT SUBSIDIES | PASSIVE LABOR | NOMINAL WAGES | ACCOUNTING | UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE | EMPLOYMENT GROWTH RATE | WAGE SUBSIDIES | VULNERABLE GROUPS | RETIREMENT | JOB LOSSES | WAGE INCREASES | LABOR MARKET | LABOR POLICIES | POLICY RESPONSE | PASSIVE LABOR MARKET PROGRAMS | MINIMUM WAGES | HOUSEHOLD INCOME | EMPLOYMENT PROGRAM | SOCIAL PROTECTION | LABOR FORCE | EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS | SOCIAL SECURITY | ECONOMIC SLOWDOWN | UNEMPLOYED INDIVIDUALS | LABOR COST | LABOR MARKET PERFORMANCE | RATES OF GROWTH | SECONDARY EDUCATION | NET EMPLOYMENT | PRIVATE SECTOR WORKERS | PURCHASING | SALARIED EMPLOYMENT | UNEMPLOYMENT | TEMPORARY EMPLOYMENT | RETAIL | LABOR DEMAND | NUMBER OF WORKERS | LABOR MARKET CONDITIONS | RISING UNEMPLOYMENT | OPEN UNEMPLOYMENT | WORKING POPULATION | POLICY MAKERS | UNEMPLOYMENT RATE | PAYROLL TAX | SMALL ENTERPRISES | YOUTH EMPLOYMENT | EMPLOYMENT SUBSIDY
Book
Midwifery, ISSN 0266-6138, 11/2019, Volume 78, pp. 8 - 15
To explore midwives’ experiences of the management of the second stage of labour in women with epidural analgesia. Descriptive qualitative study using... 
Midwives | Second stage of labour | Experience | Regional anesthesia | Midwifery practice | Epidural analgesia | METAANALYSIS | PROLONGED 2ND-STAGE | NURSING | INFUSION | PASSIVE 2ND-STAGE | DESCENT | DELIVERY | TRIAL | NULLIPAROUS WOMEN | BOLUS | OUTCOMES | Women | Midwifery | Analgesia | Anesthesia | Obstetrics
Journal Article
12/2012, Europe and Central Asia knowledge brief
Active labor market programs (ALMPs) aim to keep workers employed, bring them into employment, increase their productivity and earnings, and improve the... 
SAFETY NETS | REEMPLOYMENT PROBABILITY | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET PROGRAMS | EMPLOYMENT EFFECTS | LABOR MARKETS | SAFETY | TOTAL EMPLOYMENT | UNSKILLED WORKERS | UNEMPLOYMENT SPELLS | INCOME SUPPORT | OLDER WORKERS | EMPLOYABILITY | HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT | EMPLOYMENT SUBSIDIES | PASSIVE LABOR | SHORT-TERM UNEMPLOYMENT | EFFICIENCY OF LABOR | UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE | UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | WAGE SUBSIDIES | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET | MASSIVE LAYOFFS | SUBSTITUTE | WORKERS | DISADVANTAGED WORKERS | JOB SEARCH | SAFETY NET | ACTIVE LABOR MARKETS | WORK EXPERIENCE | DISPLACEMENT | CRISES | JOB SEARCH ASSISTANCE | ON-THE-JOB TRAINING | UNEMPLOYED | WAGES | LABOR SUPPLY | LABOR REALLOCATION | LONG-TERM UNEMPLOYMENT | LABOR COSTS | REGULAR EMPLOYMENT | CLASSROOM TRAINING | ECONOMIC CRISES | ENTREPRENEURSHIP | HUMAN CAPITAL | EMPLOYMENT INCENTIVES | EMPLOYMENT PROSPECTS | EXPENDITURES | INCOME | EMPLOYMENT GROWTH | LABOR MARKET POLICIES | ACTIVE LABOR | EMPLOYMENT IMPACTS | NET EMPLOYMENT | PUBLIC WORKS PROGRAMS | UNEMPLOYMENT | PUBLIC WORKS | SUBSIDIZED EMPLOYMENT | UNEMPLOYMENT SPELL | UNEMPLOYED WORKER | LABOR DEMAND | TRAINING PROGRAMS | UNEMPLOYED WORKERS | PUBLIC WORKS SCHEMES | SKILLED EMPLOYEES | ATTRITION | LABOR MARKET CONDITIONS | DEADWEIGHT | JOBS | LOW EMPLOYMENT | PRODUCTIVITY | LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES | PROGRAM DURATION | SKILLS DEVELOPMENT | ECONOMIC RECOVERY
Book
12/2009
The shortage of skills sought by key export-oriented and import competing industries in Bosnia and Herzegovina (henceforth, 'BH') is substantial and if left... 
CURRICULUM | GLOBAL MARKETS | LABOR MARKETS | FINDING EMPLOYMENT | SKILL SHORTAGES | HIGHLY EDUCATED PEOPLE | PRIMARY SCHOOL EDUCATION | WAGE LEVELS | TERTIARY ENROLLMENT | SOCIAL WORK | SKILLED LABOR | WAGE GROWTH | CONTINUING EDUCATION | ACADEMIC QUALIFICATIONS | UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | FIRM SURVEY | BASIC EDUCATION | PRIVATE SECTOR | ENTREPRENEURIAL ACTIVITIES | UNIVERSITY DEGREE | HUMAN RESOURCES | VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS | AVERAGE EDUCATION LEVEL | PUBLIC UNIVERSITY | SKILLED PEOPLE | FIRM SURVEYS | TUITION | UNEMPLOYED PERSONS | VOCATIONAL EDUCATION | STAFF SALARIES | SCHOOLS | LONG-TERM UNEMPLOYMENT | LABOR MARKET POLICY | UNEMPLOYED PEOPLE | AGE GROUP | EMPLOYMENT GROWTH | EMPLOYER CONTRIBUTIONS | ACTIVE LABOR | ADULT EDUCATION | EMPLOYMENT SERVICE | TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS | PRIVATE COST | TRAINING PROGRAMS | SECONDARY SCHOOLS | FORMAL EMPLOYEE TRAINING | DRIVERS | HEALTH INSURANCE | PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYEES | PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS | JOBS | PROBLEM SOLVING | EDUCATION SYSTEMS | SECONDARY SCHOOL EDUCATION | EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES | LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES | TEACHERS | PRIMARY EDUCATION | HIGHER EDUCATION | SCIENTISTS | TOTAL EMPLOYMENT | INTERNSHIPS | UNSKILLED LABOR | TUITION FEES | RESEARCH PROGRAMS | TRAINING SERVICES | JOB CREATION | HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT | PASSIVE LABOR | LEARNING PROGRAMS | EDUCATED WORKFORCE | STUDENT LOAN | PRIVATE UNIVERSITIES | PUBLIC UNIVERSITIES | PRIVATE TRAINING | DISCIPLINES | JOB SEEKERS | HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT RATE | INSTITUTIONAL ACCREDITATION | EDUCATORS | PRIMARY SCHOOL | LIFE-LONG LEARNING | ECONOMIC SLOWDOWN | TERTIARY EDUCATION SYSTEM | QUALITY ASSURANCE | SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH | LABOR SUPPLY | CONSUMER PRICE INDEX | AVERAGE WAGES | SCIENCE DEGREES | JOB PLACEMENT | DOCTORAL DEGREES | STUDENT POPULATION | EXPENDITURES | SECONDARY EDUCATION | UNIVERSITY GRADUATES | ACADEMIC YEAR | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET POLICY | DOMESTIC MARKET | RESEARCHERS | SKILLED EMPLOYEES | UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS | LEARNING OUTCOMES | UNEMPLOYMENT RATE | QUALITY OF INSTRUCTION | ACCREDITATION | TERTIARY EDUCATION | PRIVATE TRAINING PROVIDERS | SECONDARY SCHOOL GRADUATES | SCIENTIST | GROSS WAGES | FOREIGN LANGUAGES | PRIVATE SECTOR INVOLVEMENT | CAREER GUIDANCE | LABOR MARKET RIGIDITIES | TRAINING PROGRAM | EMPLOYMENT | DIPLOMAS | DISADVANTAGED STUDENTS | JOB PLACEMENT SERVICES | PROFESSORS | TERTIARY EDUCATION REFORM | UNIVERSITY ADMINISTRATORS | EDUCATION OUTCOMES | WORKERS | REAL WAGES | LABOR MARKET NEEDS | PRIVATE UNIVERSITY | HIGHER EDUCATION FINANCING | UNIVERSITY BUDGET | HIGHER EDUCATION DEVELOPMENT | HIGHER EDUCATION LAW | COMPUTER TRAINING | TEACHER | CAREER COUNSELING | CURRICULA | UNEMPLOYED | EDUCATION BUDGET | ACTIVE EMPLOYMENT POLICIES | PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT | BASIC SKILLS | EARLY RETIREMENT | LITERACY | PRIVATE SECTOR ACTIVITY | GROSS WAGE | HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS | FACULTIES | LEARNING | EMPLOYEE | INFORMAL ECONOMY | MINISTRY OF EDUCATION | CAREER | OCCUPATIONS | CAREER DEVELOPMENT | UNIVERSITIES | DIASPORA | GENERAL SECONDARY EDUCATION | SKILL SHORTAGE | ACTIVE EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS | PRIVATE PROVISION | PRIVATE SECTOR FIRMS | WORKER | VOCATIONAL PROGRAMS | PRIVATE SECTOR COMPANIES | PUPILS | LABOR MARKET CHARACTERISTICS | UNIVERSITY EDUCATION | TERTIARY ENROLLMENT RATE | EDUCATIONAL LEVEL | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET | CERTIFICATION PROCESSES | HIGHER EDUCATION REFORM | LABOR MOBILITY | KNOWLEDGE BASE | UNEMPLOYED LABOR | FINDING WORK | SKILLED WORKFORCE | TRADE UNIONS | FURTHER EDUCATION | PRIVATE EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS | LOCAL LABOR MARKET | BRAIN DRAIN | LITERATURE | LABOR FORCE | ACTIVE EMPLOYMENT | EDUCATED CITIZENS | QUALITY TEACHING | EDUCATION MINISTRIES | EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT | TERTIARY GRADUATES | REAL WAGE | PRIVATE EMPLOYMENT | HUMAN CAPITAL | MATHEMATICS | TECHNICAL SKILLS | AGE GROUPS | UNEMPLOYMENT | TEACHING | EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET POLICIES | SCHOOLING | LABOR DEMAND | LABOR MARKET INSTITUTIONS | PRIVATE MARKET | EXPORT-ORIENTED INDUSTRIES | DEGREES | ADULT TRAINING
Book
07/2007
The report aims to assist the Bulgarian authorities in identifying options for policies and reforms that would help to boost productivity and employment and... 
LABOR MARKETS | ACCOUNTING FRAMEWORK | LABOR MARKET DYNAMICS | LABOR PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH | LABOR SHARE | TRANSITION ECONOMIES | CONSUMERS | SKILLED LABOR | SKILL LEVELS | PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH | UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES | ECONOMIC GROWTH | PRIVATE SECTOR | AGGREGATE PRODUCTIVITY | AVERAGE GROWTH | HUMAN RESOURCES | NATIONAL BANK | TERTIARY EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS | VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS | LABOR POOL | CONTRIBUTION | LEARNING ENVIRONMENT | INVESTMENT CLIMATE | FACTOR MARKETS | ECONOMIC MANAGEMENT | AVERAGE PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH | OLDER PEOPLE | INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT | TAX RATE | TUITION | VOCATIONAL EDUCATION | RATE OF GROWTH | TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER | PRODUCT MARKET REGULATIONS | CAPITAL INVESTMENTS | AGGREGATE PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH | AGE GROUP | EMPLOYMENT GROWTH | BANKS | ACTIVE LABOR | ADULT EDUCATION | EMPLOYMENT SERVICE | LABOR MARKET INDICATORS | RAPID GROWTH | SALES | LABOR MARKET FLEXIBILITY | CREDITS | TERTIARY INSTITUTIONS | HUMAN RESOURCE | PRIMARY SOURCE | TRAINING PROGRAMS | SECONDARY SCHOOLS | CAPITAL GROWTH | DRIVERS | FORMAL EDUCATION | NEW ENTRANTS | TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY | PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS | PUBLIC FINANCE | FIRM ENTRY | PRODUCTION FUNCTION | STOCKS | TEACHERS | YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT | INNOVATIONS | PRIMARY EDUCATION | HIGHER EDUCATION | PRODUCT MARKET POLICIES | ECONOMIC CONDITIONS | WORTH | LABOR SUBSTITUTION | SELF-EMPLOYMENT | CONSTANT PRICES | LIVING STANDARDS | PRODUCT MARKETS | UNEMPLOYMENT PROBLEM | INNOVATION | REAL ESTATE | TUITION FEES | RESEARCH PROGRAMS | TRAINING SERVICES | PASSIVE LABOR | RESEARCH CENTERS | INITIAL CAPITAL | PRODUCTIVITY GAINS | STUDENT FINANCE | STUDENT LOAN | STUDENT COSTS | STUDENT LOAN SCHEME | PRODUCT MARKET REFORMS | UNDER EMPLOYMENT | WORLD TRADE | COMPETITIVE PRESSURES | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | LABOR MARKET | WORKING AGE | PRODUCTIVE SECTOR | CREATIVE DESTRUCTION | OPERATING COSTS | SUBSIDIZED JOB | EDUCATION PROGRAMS | DIRECT INVESTMENT | RESOURCE ALLOCATION | TERTIARY EDUCATION SYSTEM | WAGES | QUALITY ASSURANCE | INSURANCE | AVERAGE WAGES | LABOR COSTS | SOCIAL INSURANCE | FLEXIBLE LABOR MARKETS | LABOR MARKET PERFORMANCE | MACROECONOMIC PERFORMANCE | SECONDARY EDUCATION | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | PENSIONS | FIRM LEVEL | PRODUCTIVITY LEVELS | RESEARCHERS | ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT | PENSIONERS | PUBLIC EXPENDITURES | SERVICE SECTORS | CONSOLIDATION | SOCIAL ASSISTANCE | YOUNG PEOPLE | HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT | COMMUNITY COLLEGES | BUSINESS LICENSES | WAGE | INFLEXIBLE LABOR | MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES | TERTIARY EDUCATION | WORKING AGE POPULATION | PRIVATIZATION | EMPLOYMENT | SECONDARY SCHOOL | PROSPERITY | TERTIARY EDUCATION REFORM | WORKERS | AUTONOMY | BANK RESTRUCTURING | TEACHER | PRODUCT MARKET | ON-THE-JOB TRAINING | UNEMPLOYED | TRAINING CENTERS | PART-TIME EMPLOYMENT | ADEQUATE INFRASTRUCTURE | VOCATIONAL TRAINING | PUBLIC SERVICE | EDUCATION SECTOR | PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT | INCOME | LABOR MARKET POLICIES | LIFELONG LEARNING | ACCESS TO TERTIARY EDUCATION | FIRM LEVEL ANALYSIS | PRODUCT MARKET REGULATION | LOW EMPLOYMENT | TEACHER TRAINING | TERTIARY LEVEL | LEVEL OF EDUCATION | REALLOCATION EFFECT | UNIVERSITIES | BANKING SUPERVISION | SERVICE SECTOR | INVESTMENT CLIMATE ASSESSMENT | VOCATIONAL PROGRAMS | ANNUAL SAVINGS | GLOBAL COMPETITIVENESS | PRODUCTIVITY IMPROVEMENTS | ACCOUNTING | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET | LABOR REGULATIONS | SAVINGS RATES | OUTPUTS | LABOR PRODUCTIVITY | MINIMUM WAGES | EMPLOYMENT PROGRAM | LEATHER INDUSTRY | LABOR FORCE | SOCIAL SECURITY | EMPLOYMENT RATE | UNIVERSITY GOVERNANCE | LABOR COST | ENTREPRENEURSHIP | HUMAN CAPITAL | MATHEMATICS | PROPERTY RIGHTS | TRANSPORT | INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS | HOUSING | CALCULATIONS | MONTHLY INCOMES | UNEMPLOYMENT | HIGHER PRODUCTIVITY | JOB TRAINING | DIVERSIFICATION | MUNICIPALITIES | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET POLICIES | PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT SERVICE | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIATION | GLOBAL ENVIRONMENT | LABOR UTILIZATION | NEW JOBS | KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY | PRODUCTIVITY | INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY | ECONOMICS
Book
01/2007
This report reviews Sri Lanka's social protection programs and proposes strategic options for enhancing their role in promoting growth with equity. Well... 
FORMAL INCOME | INEQUALITY | POOR | COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION | PROTECTION SYSTEM | SOUTH ASIAN | JOB DESTRUCTION RATE | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | ECONOMIC GROWTH | SERVICE EMPLOYMENT | INJURIES | MEANS TEST | CASH TRANSFERS | POLICY FRAMEWORK | PUBLIC POLICY | LAYOFF | PRIVATE SECTOR | PAYING JOBS | SHOCK | INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT | SCHOOL ATTENDANCE | PER CAPITA CONSUMPTION | POOR FAMILIES | SUPPORT NETWORKS | VULNERABILITY | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | AGE GROUP | SERVANTS | EMPLOYMENT GROWTH | ACTIVE LABOR | SOCIAL POLICY | SOCIAL RISK | UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE PROGRAMS | PASSIVE LABOR MARKET PROGRAM | UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE SYSTEM | TRAINING PROGRAMS | AGING | COLLECTIVE BARGAINING | HEALTH INSURANCE | LABOR MARKET PROGRAMS | PUBLIC SECTOR WORKERS | JOBS | LABOR REDEPLOYMENT | EDUCATION SYSTEMS | DISABILITY PAYMENTS | RISK MANAGEMENT | EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES | LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES | DRUG ABUSE | LIMITED ACCESS | PRIMARY EDUCATION | WORKFARE | LATIN AMERICAN | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET PROGRAMS | CASH TRANSFER | UNEMPLOYED YOUTH | JOB CREATION | SUPPORT SYSTEM | HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT | JOB DESTRUCTION | PASSIVE LABOR | WORK INCENTIVES | DISABILITY | FINANCIAL CAPACITY | INFANT | PRIVATE SECTOR JOBS | EARTHQUAKE | PRODUCTIVITY GAINS | UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE | CONTRIBUTORY PENSIONS | CASH TRANSFER PROGRAMS | INCOME SUPPORT SYSTEMS | INCOME SUPPORT SYSTEM | VULNERABLE GROUPS | INCOME SHOCKS | RETIREMENT | EMPLOYMENT IMPACT | GENDER PARITY | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | LABOR MARKET | CONSUMPTION SMOOTHING | FISCAL CONSTRAINTS | ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA | SOCIAL SAFETY NET | BASIC NUTRITION | DISABILITY INSURANCE | FOOD ASSISTANCE | BENEFICIARIES | JOB SECURITY | CASH BENEFIT | CIVIL CONFLICT | CONSUMPTION EXPENDITURES | LABOR SUPPLY | RURAL AREAS | WELFARE BENEFITS | JOB-SEEKERS | URBANIZATION | LABOR COSTS | SOCIAL INSURANCE | INFORMAL WORKERS | NON-WAGE COSTS | PROGRAM COVERAGE | PROGRESS | SECONDARY EDUCATION | INFORMATION SYSTEMS | PRIVATE SECTOR WORKERS | PENSIONS | LABOR STANDARDS | MIGRATION | PERMANENT SETTLEMENT | SEVERANCE PAY SYSTEMS | STREET CHILDREN | LEGAL RIGHTS | UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS | UNEMPLOYMENT RATE | SOCIAL ASSISTANCE | HEALTH CARE | SAVINGS | ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS | INFORMAL SECTOR | MARKET FAILURES | CHILD LABOR | CONDITIONAL CASH | PARTICIPATION RATE | REMITTANCES | LABOR LEGISLATION | WAGE PREMIUM | CORE LABOR STANDARDS | PENSION | INFORMAL SECTOR WORKERS | INCOME SUPPORT | BENEFIT LEVELS | DISABILITY ALLOWANCE | INFANT MORTALITY RATES | EMPLOYABILITY | INCOME TRANSFERS | ECONOMIC PRODUCTIVITY | LABOR MARKET RIGIDITIES | DISASTER RELIEF | WORKFORCE | POLITICAL ECONOMY | CHRONIC POVERTY | POORER PEOPLE | MALNOURISHED CHILDREN | GENDER DISCRIMINATION | JOB COUNSELING | EMPLOYMENT PROTECTION LEGISLATION | LARGE FAMILIES | POLITICAL SUPPORT | DISPLACEMENT | EQUITY GOALS | UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE PROGRAM | SEVERANCE PAY | UNEMPLOYED | INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS | QUALITY EDUCATION | INCOME | SOCIAL RISKS | PUBLIC WORKS | REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH INDICATORS | UNFUNDED LIABILITY | ELDERLY | INSURANCE PROGRAM | OCCUPATIONS | SCHOOL CHILDREN | INFORMAL SUPPORT | ILL HEALTH | MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS | NATURAL DISASTERS | INDIVIDUAL RISKS | TRANSFER PROGRAMS | DROUGHT | WORKER | REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH | RESPECT | BENEFIT PACKAGE | TRANSFER PROGRAM | INCOME RISKS | EMERGENCIES | WAGE SUBSIDIES | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET | INSURANCE SCHEMES | LABOR MOBILITY | POVERTY REDUCTION | SAFETY NET PROGRAMS | TRADE UNIONS | PASSIVE LABOR MARKET PROGRAMS | MINIMUM WAGES | UNIVERSAL HEALTH | SOCIAL SAFETY NETS | SOCIAL PROTECTION | SOCIAL NETWORKS | LABOR FORCE | SOCIAL SECURITY | CONFLICT | UNIVERSAL PRIMARY EDUCATION | FOOD EXPENDITURE | INEQUITIES | DISCRIMINATORY PRACTICES | OLD AGE | SOCIAL WELFARE | MALNUTRITION | REHABILITATION ASSISTANCE | INCOME LOSS | UNEMPLOYMENT | INCOME TRANSFER | NATIONAL ACTION | LABOR DEMAND | LABOR MARKET INSTITUTIONS | TARGETING | TAX EXEMPTION | VOLUNTARY SECTOR | INFANT MORTALITY | POLICY MAKERS | AGING POPULATIONS
Book
European Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, ISSN 0301-2115, 10/2011, Volume 158, Issue 2, pp. 167 - 172
OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk of severe postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) according to the durations of the passive and active phases of the second stage of labour.... 
Life Sciences | Santé publique et épidémiologie
Journal Article
Journal Article