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07/2014, Policy Research Working Paper, Volume 6976
Firms very rarely cut nominal wages, even in the face of considerable negative economic shocks. This paper uses a unique survey of fourteen European countries... 
LABOR MARKETS | BUSINESS CYCLE | LABOUR REGULATION | ADVERSE SELECTION | WHITE COLLAR WORKERS | RETAIL TRADE | WAGE BILL | CLERKS | LABOUR MARKET REFORM | MONITORING COSTS | LABOUR MARKET INSTITUTIONS | FIRM SURVEY | POLITICAL ECONOMY | WORKERS | LAYOFFS | REAL WAGES | FIRMS | EFFICIENCY WAGE THEORY | HUMAN RESOURCES | COMPANY | WORKER MORALE | LABOUR RELATIONS | AVERAGE WAGE | PRODUCT MARKET | LABOUR COST | LONG-TERM EMPLOYMENT | INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS | PRODUCT MARKET COMPETITION | TEMPORARY WORKERS | BARGAINING SYSTEM | WORKING CONDITIONS | INCOME | PRODUCTION PROCESS | WAGE BARGAINING SYSTEMS | FIRM SIZE | LABOR MARKET FLEXIBILITY | EMPLOYMENT CONTRACTS | IMPLICIT CONTRACTS | EFFICIENCY WAGE THEORIES | LABOR MARKET REFORM | WAGE DETERMINATION | EMPLOYEE | EXPANSIONS | COLLECTIVE BARGAINING | LABOR ECONOMICS | LABOR CONTRACTS | WAGE RIGIDITIES | JOB EXPERIENCE | JOBS | STAFF | UNION DENSITIES | TRAINING COST | WAGE BARGAINING | WAGE INCREASE | TOTAL EMPLOYMENT | WORKER | DISMISSAL | LABOUR REGULATIONS | NOMINAL WAGES | EFFICIENCY WAGES | UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE | LABOUR UNIONS | RECRUITMENT | LABOR TURNOVER | LABOR MARKET REFORMS | EMPLOYERS | LABOUR COSTS | MOTIVATION | WAGE LEVEL | LABOR MARKET | LABOR PRODUCTIVITY | TRADE UNIONS | PREVIOUS STUDIES | HIRING | TRAINING COSTS | LABOUR MARKET | LABOR FORCE | COMPETITIVE MARKETS | PROBIT REGRESSIONS | COLLECTIVE BARGAINING AGREEMENTS | REAL WAGE | EXPLICIT CONTRACTS | EXISTING WORKFORCE | HIGH WAGES | HUMAN CAPITAL | BARGAINING POWER | FOREIGN OWNERSHIP | EMPLOYMENT TURNOVER | EFFICIENCY WAGE MODELS | LABOUR MARKETS | EQUILIBRIUM UNEMPLOYMENT | LABOR REGULATION | UNEMPLOYMENT | FIRM LEVEL | WAGE RIGIDITY | LABOR RELATIONS | SKILLED EMPLOYEES | SKILLED WORKERS | UNDEREMPLOYMENT | COLLECTIVE AGREEMENTS | FIRING | RISING UNEMPLOYMENT | WAGE DISPERSION | WAGE FLEXIBILITY | EMPLOYEE TURNOVER | LABOUR TURNOVER | WORKER PRODUCTIVITY | LABOUR FORCE | LABOUR MARKET PARTICIPANTS | BARGAINING INSTITUTIONS | COLLECTIVE AGREEMENT | REMUNERATION | ECONOMIC SHOCKS | LABOUR | UNIONIZATION
Paper
2007
The Chile Country gender assessments (CGAs) identify gender-responsive policies and actions are strategic for poverty reduction, economic growth, human... 
INDUSTRIAL DEVELOPMENT | LABOR MARKETS | PROFESSIONAL WOMEN | FEMALE ENTREPRENEURS | HOUSEHOLD WORK | INSTITUTIONAL STRUCTURES | SKILLED LABOR | UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | ECONOMIC GROWTH | EMPLOYMENT LEVELS | PUBLIC POLICY | PRIVATE SECTOR | PROMOTING GENDER EQUALITY | WORK SCHEDULES | ACCESS TO EDUCATION | HUMAN RESOURCES | MARITAL STATUS | SMALL BUSINESS | CULTURAL VALUES | POLICY DIALOGUE | EMPLOYMENT COMPOSITION | GENDER GAP | EARLY CHILDHOOD | EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY BETWEEN WOMEN | OLDER WOMEN | URBAN AREAS | HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS | MORTALITY | LABOR OFFICE | FEMALE LABOR FORCE | WAGE EMPLOYMENT | CHILD CARE | PRODUCTIVE WORK | SEX | INFORMATION ON WOMEN | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | FERTILITY | LABOR MARKET DEMAND | JOB MARKET | AGE GROUP | HOUSEHOLD LEVEL | INCIDENCE OF POVERTY | PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS | FAMILY STRUCTURE | POVERTY ALLEVIATION | EQUALITY POLICY | RETURNEES | SOCIAL POLICY | POPULATION GROWTH | TRAINING PROGRAMS | FORMAL EDUCATION | FORMAL LABOR MARKET | INDIGENOUS WOMEN | FEMALE EMPLOYEES | JOBS | FAMILY STRUCTURES | JOB TENURE | EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES | OCCUPATION | FEMALE WORK | GENDER INEQUALITIES | PARTICIPATION OF WOMEN | URBAN WOMEN | GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM | RURAL WOMEN | PRODUCT MARKETS | MALE COUNTERPARTS | INNOVATION | RURAL POVERTY | TOTAL LABOR FORCE | GENDER MAINSTREAMING STRATEGY | DEMOGRAPHERS | CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATIONS | GENDER MAINSTREAMING | WHITE HOUSE | FEMALE LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | GENDER PARITY | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | WORKING WOMEN | LABOR MARKET | LABOR MARKET REGULATIONS | LIFE-LONG LEARNING | WORK FORCE | UNDP | POOR HOUSEHOLDS | LABOR SUPPLY | GENDER INEQUALITY | RURAL AREAS | HOUSEHOLD SURVEY | LABOR COSTS | PROGRESS | SECONDARY EDUCATION | PENSIONS | GENDER SEGREGATION | PRODUCTIVITY LEVELS | FERTILITY RATE | GENDER STEREOTYPES | SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT | YOUNG WORKERS | WORKING HOURS | POLITICAL PARTICIPATION | UNEMPLOYMENT RATE | CHILDBIRTH | CHILD LABOR | ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY | TERTIARY EDUCATION | CITIZENS | INCOME DISTRIBUTION | EMPLOYABILITY | GENDER EQUITY | LABOR MARKET EFFICIENCY | MALE WORKERS | EMPLOYMENT | WORKFORCE | EQUAL OPPORTUNITY | SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT | WORKERS | REAL WAGES | WAGE STRUCTURE | DEMOGRAPHIC FACTORS | MARKET WAGE | EQUAL PAY | GENDER DISCRIMINATION | FEMALE WORKER | DIVISION OF LABOR | DISSEMINATION | ACCESS TO JOBS | AVERAGE WAGE | GIRLS | WAGE GAP | DOMESTIC WORKERS | ECONOMIC POLICIES | FEMALE LABOR | ON-THE-JOB TRAINING | RURAL HOUSEHOLDS | COUNTRY GENDER ASSESSMENT | RIGHTS OF WOMEN | PREVIOUS SECTION | FEMALE WORKERS | INCOME INEQUALITY | QUALITY EDUCATION | EDUCATION OF WOMEN | YOUNG WOMEN | GENDER ROLES | MOBILITY FOR WOMEN | OPPORTUNITIES FOR WOMEN | PUBLIC WORKS | EMPLOYEE | EQUALITY IN EDUCATION | ELDERLY | MINISTRY OF EDUCATION | TRADE REFORMS | OCCUPATIONS | JOB EXPERIENCE | EQUAL OPPORTUNITIES | MILLENNIUM DEVELOPMENT GOALS | POLICY DISCUSSIONS | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | PRIVATE FIRMS | EFFECTS OF GENDER | EQUALITY BETWEEN WOMEN | WORKER | WOMAN | MATERNITY LEAVE | LEVELS OF EDUCATION | RESPECT | MARKET WAGES | EDUCATED WOMEN | LABOR MARKET CHARACTERISTICS | GENDER PERSPECTIVE | ROLE OF GENDER | GENDER GAPS | EDUCATIONAL LEVEL | GENDER GAP IN EDUCATION | FEMALE WAGE EMPLOYMENT | ISSUES OF POVERTY | WAGE DISCRIMINATION | DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION | DEVELOPMENT EFFECTIVENESS | INTEGRATION OF GENDER | FAMILY COMPOSITION | POVERTY REDUCTION | WAGE INCREASES | WORK EXPERIENCE | EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY | HOUSEHOLD INCOME | GENDER EQUALITY | WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS | SOCIAL TRANSFORMATIONS | SOCIAL SECURITY | EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT | SEXES | DISCRIMINATORY PRACTICES | LABOR FORCE GROWTH | INSTITUTIONAL FRAMEWORK | HUMAN CAPITAL | CSE | NUMBER OF CHILDREN | GENDER | AGE GROUPS | LABOR REGULATION | UNEMPLOYMENT | JOB TRAINING | LABOR DEMAND | PRESENT EVIDENCE | COUNTRY GENDER ASSESSMENTS | WOMEN WORKERS | PARTICIPATION IN DECISION | GENDER ISSUES | GENDER CONSIDERATIONS | PRODUCTIVITY | AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT | LABOUR | ACCESS OF WOMEN | FAMILY RESPONSIBILITY
Book
01/2014, Directions in Development - Trade, ISBN 1464802637, 114
The analysis in this report confirms the findings of previous studies that trade liberalization improves aggregate welfare and is in the long run associated... 
Developing countries | Labor mobility | Commerce | Business cycles | Labor market | Wages | INFORMAL SECTOR | JOB SEPARATION | LABOR MARKETS | WAGE EFFECTS | BUSINESS CYCLE | DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS | INDUSTRY WAGE | GDP | CAPITAL INVESTMENT | LABOR SHARE | AGGREGATE EMPLOYMENT | WAGE BILL | LABOR MARKET RIGIDITIES | EMPLOYMENT | ECONOMIC GROWTH | JOB DISPLACEMENT | EMPLOYMENT LEVELS | LABOR ALLOCATIONS | DISPLACED WORKER | POLITICAL ECONOMY | WELL-FUNCTIONING LABOR MARKETS | AGRICULTURE | SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT | WORKERS | LAYOFFS | REAL WAGES | AGGREGATE PRODUCTIVITY | ADJUSTMENT ASSISTANCE | INTERNATIONAL TRADE | JOB SEARCH | TOTAL COSTS | PRODUCTION WORKERS | HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS | AVERAGE WAGE | INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT | WAGE GAP | ON-THE-JOB TRAINING | LABOR ADJUSTMENT COSTS | SEARCH COSTS | SEVERANCE PAY | LAID-OFF WORKERS | SOCIAL CAPITAL | WAGE DATA | LABOR MARKET IMPACT | ECONOMIC FLUCTUATIONS | INCOME | INDUSTRY WAGES | EMPLOYMENT GROWTH | ACTIVE LABOR | FIRM SIZE | TRADE POLICY | RETRAINING PROGRAMS | EMPLOYMENT SHARE | PROFITABILITY | LOCAL GOVERNMENTS | FORMAL SECTOR WORKERS | HOURS OF WORK | NEW ENTRANTS | PLANT CLOSURE | TRADE REFORMS | FINANCIAL CRISIS | LABOR ECONOMICS | TRADE LIBERALIZATION | EXOGENOUS SHOCK | FIRM ENTRY | JOBS | DISPLACED WORKERS | LEGAL STATUS | AGGREGATE GROWTH | EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES | OCCUPATION | PRODUCTION FUNCTION | INTERNATIONAL MARKET | LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES | PURCHASING POWER | SAFETY NETS | ECONOMIC COSTS | FIRING COSTS | SERVICE SECTOR | SAFETY | EMPLOYMENT DYNAMICS | GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM | WAGE INCREASE | WORKER | JOB CREATION | ANALYTICAL APPROACH | PASSIVE LABOR | LABOR MARKET CHARACTERISTICS | PREVIOUS WAGE | NOMINAL WAGES | PRODUCTIVITY GAINS | TRADE POLICIES | ECONOMIC STABILITY | LABOUR MARKET REGULATIONS | WAGE SUBSIDIES | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET | LABOR REGULATIONS | LABOR ADJUSTMENT | WORKING | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION | LABOR MOBILITY | EMPLOYMENT OUTCOMES | INTERNATIONAL MARKETS | WAGE LEVEL | PRODUCTIVE ACTIVITIES | LABOR MARKET | LABOR POLICIES | ECONOMIC RESEARCH | WORK EXPERIENCE | CREATIVE DESTRUCTION | SOCIAL SAFETY NETS | FIRM DYNAMICS | PREVIOUS STUDIES | DISCOUNTED VALUE | LABOR MARKET REGULATIONS | PLANT CLOSURES | LABOUR MARKET | CRISES | OPEN ECONOMY | LABOR FORCE | ADJUSTMENT COST | EXPECTED WAGES | JOB SECURITY | ECONOMIC COOPERATION | EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT | LABOR REALLOCATION | REAL WAGE | INSURANCE | MACROECONOMIC ANALYSIS | AVERAGE WAGES | ENTRY COSTS | HOUSEHOLD SURVEY | LABOR COSTS | HUMAN CAPITAL | WAGE DIFFERENTIALS | NET EMPLOYMENT | OCCUPATIONAL CHOICE | EMPLOYMENT INCREASES | REGRESSION ANALYSIS | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET POLICY | EQUILIBRIUM UNEMPLOYMENT | LABOR REGULATION | FACTOR DEMAND | UNEMPLOYMENT | MIGRATION | LABOR DEMAND | JOB TURNOVER | FINANCIAL CRISES | UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS | WAGE DIFFERENTIAL | PLANT CLOSING | CAPITAL MARKETS | EXPORT MARKETS | GDP PER CAPITA | LABOR MARKET ADJUSTMENT | ADJUSTMENT POLICIES | DEREGULATION | EQUILIBRIUM ANALYSIS | MICROECONOMIC ANALYSIS | LABOR ALLOCATION | OPTIMIZATION | ECONOMIC SHOCKS | LABOUR
eBook
04/2013, Policy Research Working Paper, Volume 6421
This paper investigates the differential impacts of foreign ownership on wages for different types of workers (in terms of educational background and gender)... 
INFORMAL SECTOR | STRUCTURAL CHANGE | WAGE EFFECT | EMPLOYMENT EFFECTS | LABOR MARKETS | FOREIGN FIRM | MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES | WAGE EFFECTS | WAGE PREMIUM | GENDER DISTRIBUTION | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | LABOUR REGULATION | NEGOTIATION | DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS | ECONOMIC STRUCTURE | INDUSTRIAL ECONOMICS | FOREIGN FIRMS | INDUSTRY WAGE | WAGE LEVELS | GDP | WTO | PRIVATIZATION | MALE WORKERS | EMPLOYMENT STATUS | UNCTAD | EMPLOYMENT | WAGE GROWTH | AGRICULTURE | DEPENDENT | EXPORT PROCESSING ZONES | WORKERS | PRIVATE SECTOR | DEFLATORS | WAGE STRUCTURE | HUMAN RESOURCES | MARITAL STATUS | INTERNATIONAL TRADE | FEMALE WORKER | GENDER GAP | INVESTMENT CLIMATE | COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | EXPORT PROCESSING ZONE | FOREIGN ENTERPRISES | HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS | AVERAGE WAGE | WAGE SECTOR | CROSS-SECTIONAL DATA | WAGE GAP | EDUCATIONAL ACHIEVEMENT | FEMALE LABOR | UNEMPLOYED | WAGE EMPLOYMENT | DEVELOPMENT POLICY | EARNING | WAGE DATA | FEMALE WORKERS | WAGE PREMIUMS | EMPLOYMENT EFFECT | OWNERSHIP INFORMATION | PRIVATE SECTORS | WORKING CONDITIONS | FEMALE INTENSITY | EMPLOYMENT GROWTH | MIGRANTS | FIRM SIZE | INDUSTRIALIZATION | OPPORTUNITIES FOR WOMEN | REGRESSION ANALYSES | INDUSTRY CHARACTERISTICS | UNSKILLED MEN | ECONOMICS RESEARCH | EMPLOYEE | PERFORMANCE PAY | INFORMAL SECTORS | WAGE RATES | GROWTH RATE | OCCUPATIONS | JOBS | SURPLUS LABOR | FEMINIST ECONOMICS | HOUSEHOLD ENTERPRISES | DOMESTIC MARKETS | FINANCIAL SERVICES | PRIVATE FIRMS | FIRM-LEVEL ANALYSES | PRIMARY EDUCATION | WORLD TRADE ORGANIZATION | MALE COUNTERPART | FOREIGN-OWNED FIRMS | LIVING STANDARDS | WAGE INCREASE | ECONOMIC HISTORY | MALE COUNTERPARTS | TOTAL EMPLOYMENT | UNSKILLED WORKERS | WORKER | UNSKILLED LABOR | JOB CREATION | HIGH-TECH INDUSTRIES | SINGLE WOMEN | SKILL PREMIUM | ACCOUNTING | EFFICIENCY WAGES | GENDER GAPS | EDUCATIONAL LEVEL | TAKEOVER | PRIVATE ENTERPRISES | TELECOMMUNICATIONS | SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | LABOR MARKET | EARNINGS REGRESSIONS | HOUSEHOLD INCOME | STATE-OWNED ENTERPRISES | PREVIOUS STUDIES | LABOUR MARKET | FOREIGN INVESTORS | LABOR FORCE | EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT | INTERNAL MIGRATION | WAGE GAINS | LABOR REALLOCATION | AVERAGE WAGES | CORPORATE GOVERNANCE | HOUSEHOLD SURVEY | HUMAN CAPITAL | FOREIGN OWNERSHIP | WAGE DIFFERENTIALS | HIGH-WAGE AREAS | GENDER | EXPORTS | CHANGES IN OWNERSHIP | EXCHANGE RATE | WAGE INEQUALITY | FOREIGN INVESTMENT | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | LABOR DEMAND | WAGE DIFFERENTIAL | SKILLED WORKERS | BILATERAL TRADE | WORKING HOURS | SERVICE SECTORS | EXPORT MARKETS | FIRM-LEVEL ANALYSIS | HIGH WAGE | PRODUCTIVITY | MANUFACTURING WAGES | UNSKILLED WOMEN | LABOR ALLOCATION | LABOUR
Paper
12/2012
This report develops a strategy to support employment creation in Lebanon and improve labor market opportunities for its work force. The analysis is based on a... 
INVESTMENT DECISIONS | LABOR MARKETS | OLDER WORKERS | ABUSE | PRIVATE CREDIT | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | EMPLOYMENT STATUS | ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE | MINIMUM WAGE | SKILLED LABOR | UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | EMPLOYMENT LEVELS | PRIVATE SECTOR | EARNINGS | PREVIOUS SUBSECTION | HUMAN RESOURCES | CAPITAL FORMATION | FOREIGN LANGUAGE | EARLY CHILDHOOD | PRIVATE SECTOR EMPLOYEES | HEALTH SERVICES | AVERAGE PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH | CONTRIBUTION RATE | HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS | INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT | WAGE EMPLOYMENT | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | FERTILITY | AGE GROUP | EMPLOYMENT OFFICE | BANKS | ACTIVE LABOR | TRANSPORTATION | BANKRUPTCY | POPULATION GROWTH | TRAINING PROGRAMS | FORMAL EDUCATION | HEALTH INSURANCE | TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY | INFORMATION SYSTEM | ADULT WORKERS | JOBS | LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES | VOUCHER | HOUSEHOLDS | SKILLS DEVELOPMENT | PRIMARY EDUCATION | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET PROGRAMS | GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM | INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES | INNOVATION | REAL ESTATE | DEBT | JOB SEARCH PROCESS | TRAINING SERVICES | INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES | INCOME TAX | JOB CREATION | INSURANCE POLICIES | HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT | CIVIL SOCIETY ORGANIZATIONS | JOB OPPORTUNITY | CREDIT LINES | CHILDBEARING | RETIREMENT | PUBLIC INVESTMENT | JOB SEEKERS | SELF EMPLOYMENT | SELF EMPLOYED | HIGH ENTRY RATES | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | PRODUCTIVE ACTIVITIES | PUBLIC INVESTMENTS | TRANSPARENT SYSTEM | WORK FORCE | QUALITY OF EDUCATION | INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY | JOB SECURITY | HOUSEHOLD SURVEY | ENROLLMENT | EXPENDITURES | WAGE DIFFERENTIALS | SECONDARY EDUCATION | PENSIONS | EXCHANGE RATE | MIGRATION | PROPERTY AS COLLATERAL | FERTILITY RATE | UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS | SKILLED WORKERS | YOUNG WORKERS | WORKING HOURS | UNEMPLOYMENT RATE | PAYROLL TAX | YOUTH EMPLOYMENT | SAVINGS | INTERNATIONAL LABOR ORGANIZATION | LABOR MARKET EXPERIENCE | INFORMAL SECTOR | CREATING JOBS | FERTILITY RATES | TERTIARY EDUCATION | EDUCATION SYSTEM | FISCAL POLICY | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | POLICY IMPLICATIONS | CORRUPTION | UNEMPLOYMENT SPELLS | INFORMAL SECTOR WORKERS | RETAIL TRADE | EMPLOYABILITY | ENROLLMENTS | FEMALE POPULATION | FOREIGN LABOR | EMPLOYMENT | POLITICAL ECONOMY | IMMIGRANTS | WORKERS | ACCESS TO FINANCE | REAL WAGES | UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFIT SYSTEM | INTERNATIONAL TRADE | JOB SEARCH | POPULATION GROWTH RATE | FLOW OF MIGRANTS | PUBLIC HEALTH | EARLY CHILDHOOD EDUCATION | ECONOMIC POLICIES | UNEMPLOYED | TRAINING CENTERS | JOBS CREATION | EMPLOYMENT OFFICES | LABOR MARKET SUCCESS | VOCATIONAL TRAINING | PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT | WORKING CONDITIONS | YOUNG WOMEN | EMPLOYMENT IMPACTS | EMPLOYMENT CREATION | PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE | ENTREPRENEURS | UNEMPLOYMENT SPELL | EMPLOYEE | CURRENT ACCOUNT | MINISTRY OF EDUCATION | EMPLOYMENT SERVICES | LABOR ECONOMICS | EMPLOYER | DEPOSITS | TERTIARY LEVEL | LEVEL OF EDUCATION | SOURCES OF INCOME | SAVINGS ACCOUNTS | EDUCATION DEVELOPMENT | SAFETY | NET JOB CREATION | TARGETING PROGRAMS | WORKER | DISMISSAL | FIRST UNEMPLOYMENT SPELL | LEVELS OF EDUCATION | EXPLICIT SUBSIDIES | FIXED CAPITAL | RESPECT | IMMIGRATION | FISCAL RESOURCES | UNIVERSITY EDUCATION | ACCOUNTING | LIFE EXPECTANCY | LIVING CONDITIONS | WAGE SUBSIDIES | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET | LABOR REGULATIONS | DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION | LABOR MOBILITY | PUBLIC SERVICES | PRIVATE INVESTMENTS | EMPLOYERS | MOTIVATION | PRIVATE PROVIDERS | KEY CHALLENGES | MINIMUM WAGES | HOUSEHOLD INCOME | EMPLOYMENT PROGRAM | LABOUR MARKET | HEALTH REFORM | LABOR FORCE | SOCIAL SECURITY | TRAINING PROVIDERS | EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT | UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFIT | LABOR FORCE GROWTH | CREDIT BUREAUS | HIGH ENTRY RATE | SOCIAL WELFARE | BARGAINING | FINANCES | BARGAINING POWER | LABOR ORGANIZATION | NUMBER OF CHILDREN | ECONOMIC ACTIVITY | EMPLOYMENT TRAINING | GENDER | TECHNICAL SKILLS | AGE GROUPS | UNEMPLOYMENT | ENTRY RATE | BORROWING | DIVERSIFICATION | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | NUMBER OF MIGRANTS | LABOR DEMAND | ADULT WORKER | MULTIPLIER EFFECT | SERVICE PROVIDERS | LABOUR | SOCIAL AFFAIRS
Book
2012, ISBN 9780821388488, 342
Nonfinancial Defined Contribution (NDC) schemes are now in their teens. The new pension concept was born in the early 1990s, implemented from the mid-1990s in... 
Finance & Accounting | Defined contribution pension plans | Pensions | PENSION AGE | LABOR MARKETS | NEWBORN | PENSION COVERAGE | GENDER DIFFERENCES | RETIREMENT BEHAVIOR | INCOME GROUP | INVESTMENT RISK | WORLD DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS | GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION | COUNTRY OF ORIGIN | WAGE LEVELS | CHANGES IN FERTILITY | OLDER WORKERS | CITIZENSHIP | SOCIAL PENSIONS | PUBLIC DEFICIT | MARKET CONDITIONS | ECONOMIC GROWTH | CASH TRANSFERS | INTEREST RATES | SOCIAL INSURANCE PROGRAMS | PRIVATE SECTOR | ELDERLY POPULATION | INVOLUNTARY UNEMPLOYMENT | REPLACEMENT RATE | GENDER GAP | BASIC PENSION | AVERAGE WAGE GROWTH | NATIONAL LEVEL | OLDER PEOPLE | ACCRUAL RATE | INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION | MORTALITY | PENSION PLANS | SEX | CENTER FOR HEALTH | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | FERTILITY | CONTINUED EMPLOYMENT | GOVERNMENT SPENDING | AGE GROUP | POPULATION CENSUSES | SERVANTS | NUMBER OF DEATHS | LABOR MARKET INDICATORS | RETIREMENT AGE | LIVE BIRTHS | BENEFICIARY | MANDATORY SAVING | HUMAN RESOURCE | PUBLIC SCHEME | DEVELOPING ECONOMIES | PENSION WEALTH | PENSION SYSTEM | PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYEES | GROWTH RATE | PRIVATE INSTITUTIONS | PUBLIC SECTOR WORKERS | POPULATION AGEING | OCCUPATION | BANK LENDING | DEFINED BENEFIT SCHEMES | CONTRACTUAL SAVINGS | CONTRIBUTION RECORDS | PENSION SAVINGS | DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES | INSURANCE POLICIES | MARKET DATA | DISABILITY | PENSION REFORM | DEMOGRAPHIC | INFANT | SOCIAL INSURANCE CONTRIBUTION | DEFINED BENEFIT | LIFE EXPECTANCIES | CHILDBEARING | RETIREMENT | POPULATION CENSUS | CHILD REARING | SELF EMPLOYMENT | AGE CATEGORIES | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | WAGE LEVEL | LABOR MARKET | PENSION DEBT | REPLACEMENT RATES | PENSION FRAMEWORK | BENEFICIARIES | SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEMS | LABOR SUPPLY | BENEFIT INDEXATION | NATIONAL PENSION | PENSION PROGRAMS | RURAL AREAS | CORESIDENCE | SOCIAL INSURANCE | PENSION EXPENDITURES | RURAL POPULATION | NORMAL RETIREMENT AGE | AGE DISTRIBUTION | PRESENT VALUE | PROGRESS | URBAN POPULATION | SOCIAL SECURITY REFORMS | PENSION INDICATORS | PENSIONS | MIGRATION | WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION | FERTILITY RATE | DEPENDENCY RATIO | PENSION SYSTEMS | DEFINED CONTRIBUTION PENSIONS | PENSIONERS | PAYROLL TAX | PENSION PROVISION | SOCIAL ASSISTANCE | RESERVES | BASIC PENSIONS | PRIVATE PENSION | INFORMAL SECTOR | ACCRUAL RATES | FERTILITY RATES | PENSION | INFORMAL SECTOR WORKERS | CITIZENS | GROSS WAGES | RETIREMENT INVESTMENT | FAMILY POLICIES | WAGE BILL | MORTGAGES | PENSION SCHEME | PROVIDENT FUND | WORKFORCE | MANDATORY SYSTEMS | SOCIAL PROGRAMS | DIVISION OF LABOR | AVERAGE WAGE | PENSION POLICY | REFUGEES | UNEMPLOYED | MULTIPILLAR PENSION SYSTEMS | PERFORMANCE INDICATORS | EARNING | PREVIOUS SECTION | BENEFIT FORMULAE | INCOME LEVEL | MANDATES | PUBLIC SERVICE | ADVANCED COUNTRIES | BENEFIT FORMULAS | RETIREMENT INCOME | RETIREMENT INCOME PROVISION | MIGRANTS | EARLY RETIREMENT | ANNUITY | DEMOGRAPHIC PROJECTIONS | EMPLOYEE | FUNDED BASIS | ELDERLY | RETIREMENT-INCOME | DEATH RATES | FINANCIAL CRISIS | MUTUAL FUNDS | PROVIDENT FUNDS | INFORMAL LABOR MARKETS | LEGAL STATUS | PENSION SPENDING | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | CHANGE IN POPULATION | RETIREMENT AGES | PENSION BENEFITS | POPULATION PROJECTIONS | PENSION EXPENDITURE | PENSION ENTITLEMENT | PENSION LIABILITY | DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATIONS | WORKER | WOMAN | PENSION INCOME | SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEM | PENSION SCHEMES | LIFE INSURANCE | UNFUNDED PENSION | LIFE EXPECTANCY | DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION | INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNTS | MULTIPILLAR SYSTEMS | BANK ACCOUNTS | POPULATION DATA | DEPENDENCY RATIOS | RETIREES | SOCIAL PROTECTION | ASYLUM | LABOR FORCE | SOCIAL SECURITY | INTEREST RATE | PENSION BENEFIT | CONTRIBUTION RATES | OLD AGE | PUBLIC PENSION | NUMBER OF CHILDREN | VOLUNTARY PENSIONS | PRICE INDEXATION | POPULATION FORECASTS | PUBLIC DEBT | PENSION LIABILITIES | UNEMPLOYMENT | INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNT | NUMBER OF PEOPLE | POPULATION DIVISION | NUMBER OF WORKERS | GROSS NATIONAL INCOME | LABOR MARKET CONDITIONS | PENSIONABLE AGE | TAX FINANCING | INFANT MORTALITY | GROSS REPLACEMENT RATES | LABOUR
eBook
12/2008
Reducing unemployment is a top priority of the Government of Jordan, as expressed in its principal strategies, "we are all Jordan" and the national agenda.... 
PREVIOUS WORK EXPERIENCE | LABOR MARKETS | GENDER DIFFERENCES | POPULATION INCREASES | OLDER WORKERS | EDUCATIONAL QUALIFICATION | SOCIAL MARKETING | PERMANENT WORKERS | UNEMPLOYED POPULATION | EMPLOYMENT STATUS | MINIMUM WAGE | CIVIL SERVICE SALARY | WAGE GROWTH | PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH | MARRIED WOMEN | UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | WORKING POOR | ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES | ECONOMIC GROWTH | PRIVATE SECTOR | EARNINGS | PURCHASING POWER PARITY | AVERAGE GROWTH | PAYING JOBS | ELDERLY POPULATION | PERSISTENT GAPS | CONTRIBUTION | INVESTMENT CLIMATE | RESPONSIBILITIES | JOB INSECURITY | PURCHASES | MAJOR ASSET | UNEMPLOYED PERSONS | FEMALE LABOR FORCE | INVESTING | YOUNG MEN | SEX | ACCURATE INFORMATION | LABOR LAW | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | SANITATION | SERVANTS | EMPLOYMENT GROWTH | BANKS | LARGE ENTERPRISES | VALUABLE | EMPLOYMENT SERVICE | SALES | SHORT TERM BORROWING | HUMAN RESOURCE | TRANSPORTATION | POPULATION GROWTH | TRAINING PROGRAMS | UNEMPLOYED WORKERS | MARKETING | LABOR MARKET PROGRAMS | TRAINING SYSTEM | JOBS | SMALL BUSINESSES | COMMUNITY SERVICES | OCCUPATION | YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT | PURCHASING POWER | SOCIAL STATUS | ECONOMIC CONDITIONS | WORTH | JOB OFFERS | LIVING STANDARDS | UNEMPLOYMENT PROBLEM | REAL ESTATE | UNEMPLOYED YOUTH | UNSKILLED LABOR | INCOME TAX | AGE CATEGORY | DISCRIMINATION | HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT | FAMILY MEMBERS | PENSION REFORM | ADULT POPULATION | SERVICE INDUSTRIES | UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE | DISPOSABLE INCOME | RENTS | EXTERNAL FINANCING | HOUSEWIVES | SICK LEAVE | INTERNATIONAL MARKETS | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | LABOR MARKET | WORKING AGE | PREVIOUS WORK | DIRECT INVESTMENT | WAGES | POOR HOUSEHOLDS | LABOR SUPPLY | JOB-SEEKERS | AGE DISTRIBUTION | SECONDARY EDUCATION | NET EMPLOYMENT | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | PENSIONS | SAVINGS RATE | EXCHANGE RATE | EDUCATIONAL QUALIFICATIONS | WORKING HOURS | UNEMPLOYMENT RATE | YOUNG PEOPLE | HEALTH CARE | SAVINGS | HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT | SCARCE RESOURCES | INFORMAL SECTOR | BIRTH RATES | CREATING JOBS | MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES | REMITTANCES | PENSION | UNEMPLOYMENT REDUCTION | INCOME SUPPORT | CAPITAL INVESTMENT | RETAIL TRADE | EMPLOYABILITY | OUTSTANDING DEBT | MALE WORKERS | FOREIGN LABOR | TERMINATION | SEVERANCE PAY SYSTEM | FEMALE EMPLOYMENT | MINORITY | WORKFORCE | HOUSEHOLD RESPONSIBILITIES | SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT | MATH | PREVIOUS PARAGRAPH | DISSEMINATION | FINANCIAL SECTOR | LABOR LAWS | NATIONALS | CAREER COUNSELING | ECONOMIC POLICIES | FEMALE LABOR | YOUNGER WORKERS | SEVERANCE PAY | UNEMPLOYED | ANNUAL LEAVE | UNPAID WORKERS | ADDITIONAL CONTRIBUTIONS | EARNING | PREVIOUS SECTION | TEMPORARY WORKERS | VOCATIONAL TRAINING | WAGE DATA | CURRENT JOBS | FEMALE WORKERS | QUALITY EDUCATION | YOUNG WOMEN | EMPLOYMENT PROSPECTS | SOCIAL SCIENCES | INCOMES | FOREIGN INVESTMENTS | EMPLOYEE | ELDERLY | DEATH RATES | YOUNGER COHORT | EMPLOYMENT SERVICES | WAGE RATES | OCCUPATIONS | TOTAL UNEMPLOYMENT | JOB EXPERIENCE | PREVIOUS JOB EXPERIENCE | INFLATION | MARKET ECONOMIES | EMPLOYMENT TRENDS | FINANCIAL SYSTEMS | WORK HOURS | DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN | SAFETY NETS | EFFICIENT LABOR MARKET | NATIONAL AGENDA | SAFETY | LABOR POLICY | NET JOB CREATION | PREVIOUS JOB | UNPAID FAMILY WORKERS | UNSKILLED WORKERS | WORKER | MATERNITY LEAVE | IMMIGRATION | UNIVERSITY EDUCATION | TAX RATES | EDUCATIONAL LEVEL | LABOR REGULATIONS | PERSISTENT UNEMPLOYMENT | DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION | LARGE BUSINESSES | MEDIUM ENTERPRISES | WAGE INCREASES | LABOR PRODUCTIVITY | GENERAL PUBLIC | HOUSEHOLD INCOME | SOCIAL PROTECTION | FOREIGN WORKERS | LABOR FORCE | UNEMPLOYED INDIVIDUALS | REAL WAGE | LABOR COST | SOCIAL WELFARE | ECONOMIC ACTIVITY | INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION | TECHNICAL SKILLS | CALCULATIONS | JOB VACANCIES | DIVERSIFICATION | FOREIGN INVESTMENT | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | LABOR DEMAND | MULTIPLIER EFFECT | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIATION | LOCAL DEVELOPMENT | HIGH WAGE | POLICY MAKERS | NEW JOBS | KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY | WORK ACTIVITIES | WATER SUPPLIES
Book
12/2015
Growth moderated throughout 2015, affected by a slowdown in private consumption and weak export growth. The authorities have generally managed the downturn in... 
LABOUR LAWS | SKILL SHORTAGES | DISPLACEMENT EFFECTS | WAGE EFFECTS | WAGE PREMIUM | LABOUR REGULATION | UNSKILLED WORKER | LABOUR FORCE GROWTH | RETAIL TRADE | SEASONAL FLUCTUATIONS | INCOME DISTRIBUTION | DISCIPLINE | WAGE BILL | LABOUR MARKET INFORMATION | LOW-SKILLED LABOUR | EMPLOYMENT STATUS | PRIMARY OBJECTIVE | MINIMUM WAGE | FOREIGN LABOR | EMPLOYMENT | WAGE GROWTH | TOTAL WAGES | PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH | UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | WORKERS | SUBSTITUTION EFFECT | LABOUR SHORTAGES | PRIVATE SECTOR | LABOUR SUPPLY | REAL WAGES | PRODUCTIVITY EFFECT | INCOME REDISTRIBUTION | HUMAN RESOURCES | JOB SEARCH | TOTAL WORKERS | EMPLOYEES | PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT | DISPLACEMENT | LOCAL EMPLOYERS | AVERAGE WAGE | MANPOWER | SKILLED LABOUR | WAGE GAP | DOMESTIC WORKERS | UNEMPLOYED | INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS | SEASONAL WORKERS | FORCED LABOUR | PREVIOUS SECTION | HUMAN RESOURCE STRATEGY | WAGE DATA | EARNING | INCOME INEQUALITY | JOB MARKET | PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT | LABOUR SHARE | WORKING CONDITIONS | SERVANTS | PRODUCTION PROCESS | SKILL UPGRADING | PRODUCTION PROCESSES | FIRM SIZE | LABOR | INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION | LABOUR FORCE PARTICIPATION | HUMAN RESOURCE | HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION | PRIMARY SOURCE | SKILLED OCCUPATIONS | EMPLOYEE | UNEMPLOYED WORKERS | LABOUR LAW | FIRM LEVEL ANALYSIS | LABOUR PRODUCTIVITY | HEALTH INSURANCE | EMPLOYMENT SERVICES | LABOR ECONOMICS | LOW UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | OCCUPATIONS | CLERICAL WORKERS | LABOUR MARKET NEEDS | PREVIOUS ONES | JOBS | SMALL BUSINESSES | EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES | JOB VACANCY | OCCUPATION | REALLOCATION EFFECT | PRIMARY EDUCATION | LABOUR STANDARDS | EDUCATIONAL DISTRIBUTION | REASONABLE ASSUMPTION | NET JOB CREATION | TOTAL EMPLOYMENT | WORKER | UNSKILLED WORKERS | LABOUR REGULATIONS | DISMISSAL | TOTAL LABOR FORCE | LABOUR POLICY | LABOUR MARKET CONDITIONS | LABOUR MOBILITY | JOB CREATION | REASONABLE ASSUMPTIONS | SKILL PREMIUM | JOB | PRODUCTIVITY IMPROVEMENTS | LABOUR UNIONS | LOCAL LABOUR MARKET | EDUCATIONAL LEVEL | EDUCATIONAL LEVELS | EMPLOYMENT… SHARE | LABOR MOBILITY | PUBLIC SERVICES | JOB LOSSES | LABOUR COSTS | SKILLED WORKER | WAGE LEVEL | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | LABOR MARKET | SKILLED WORKFORCE | PREVIOUS WORK | WORK EXPERIENCE | STATE-OWNED ENTERPRISES | FOREIGN WORKERS | PRIMARY SCHOOL | LABOUR MARKET | SUPPLIERS | LABOR FORCE | UNSKILLED JOBS | ECONOMIC SLOWDOWN | EMPLOYMENT RATE | LABOR SUPPLY | REAL WAGE | DOWNWARD PRESSURE | AVERAGE WAGES | HOUSEHOLD SURVEY | PRIVATE EMPLOYMENT | HUMAN CAPITAL | LABOUR CONTRACTS | WAGE DISTRIBUTION | WAGE DIFFERENTIALS | LABOUR DEMAND | LABOUR MARKETS | EMPLOYMENT INCREASES | ECONOMIC NEEDS | UNEMPLOYMENT | LABOUR MARKET OUTCOMES | TEMPORARY EMPLOYMENT | EDUCATIONAL QUALIFICATIONS | FIRM LEVEL | JOB VACANCIES | PRODUCTIVITY LEVELS | MANAGEMENT | UNEMPLOYMENT FIGURE | ADJUSTMENT PROCESS | SKILLED WORKERS | LOW UNEMPLOYMENT | SERVICE SECTORS | UNEMPLOYMENT RATE | WORKERS HEALTH INSURANCE | LABOUR FORCE | EMPLOYMENT PERFORMANCE | ECONOMIC INTEGRATION | MANUFACTURING WAGES | SERVICE PROVIDERS | EMPLOYMENT RATES | HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT | WAGE IMPACT | FIRM PRODUCTIVITY | LABOUR
Report
07/2012, Policy Research working paper, Volume 6147
Using survey data from the Indonesian manufacturing industry, this paper investigates the impact of minimum wage on employment and wages offered by Indonesian... 
INFORMAL SECTOR | WAGE EFFECT | EMPLOYMENT EFFECTS | MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES | PRIMARY SCHOOL EDUCATION | MINIMUM WAGE HIKES | WAGE LEVELS | TERTIARY ENROLLMENT | WAGE BILL | MALE WORKERS | PRODUCTION WORKER | MINIMUM WAGE | EMPLOYMENT | WAGE GROWTH | SKILL LEVELS | MINIMUM WAGE LAW | ECONOMIC GROWTH | FIRM SURVEY | INTEREST RATES | WORKERS | WAGE RATE | FIRMS | JOB GAINS | SMALL FIRMS | PRODUCTION WORKERS | AVERAGE WAGE | MANPOWER | INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT | WAGE GAP | FEMALE LABOR | ON-THE-JOB TRAINING | EMPLOYMENT LEVEL | UNEMPLOYED | UNPAID WORKERS | BALANCE SHEET | WAGE DATA | EMPLOYMENT EFFECT | FEMALE PARTICIPATION | INCOME | PRODUCTION PROCESS | MONOPSONY POWER | FIRM SIZE | PAPERS | EFFICIENCY WAGE THEORIES | EMPLOYEE | FORMAL SECTOR WORKERS | LABOR ECONOMICS | WAGE RATES | MINIMUM WAGE HIKE | JOBS | LABOR MOVEMENTS | MULTINATIONALS | OCCUPATION | PREVIOUS RESULTS | PRIMARY EDUCATION | ECONOMIC CONDITIONS | SERVICE SECTOR | WAGE INCREASE | LABOR MARKET CONDITION | TOTAL WAGE | SOCIAL POLICIES | LEVELS OF EDUCATION | JOB CREATION | MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY | NOMINAL WAGES | TERTIARY ENROLLMENT RATE | EFFICIENCY WAGES | EQUILIBRIUM WAGES | EMPLOYMENT IMPACT | JOB LOSSES | PRIMARY_EDUCATION | WAGE INCREASES | WAGE LEVEL | LABOR MARKET | LABOR PRODUCTIVITY | PRODUCTION WAGES | MINIMUM WAGES | PREVIOUS STUDIES | LITERATURE | LABOUR MARKET | PRIMARY SCHOOL | LABOR FORCE | EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT | LABOR SUPPLY | REAL WAGE | INSURANCE | AVERAGE WAGES | HOUSEHOLD SURVEY | PAID WORKERS | HIGH WAGES | WAGE DISTRIBUTION | EXPENDITURES | LABOR STANDARDS | UNEMPLOYMENT | WAGE INEQUALITY | WAGE POLICIES | FIRM LEVEL | MONOPSONY | PRODUCTIVITY LEVELS | LABOR RELATIONS | JOB TURNOVER | RESEARCHERS | MULTIPLIER EFFECT | SKILLED WORKERS | LABOR MARKET CONDITIONS | OPEN ACCESS | YOUNG WORKERS | WORKER PRODUCTIVITY | WOMEN WORKERS | WAGE POLICY | LABOUR
Paper
03/2010
Informality in Turkey, using various definitions, and despite the signs of a recent decline in certain segments of the economy, is widespread. The level of... 
CHECKS | INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY | EMPLOYMENT EFFECTS | LABOR MARKETS | BASE YEAR | OLDER WORKERS | TAXATION | SAFETY STANDARDS | CLERKS | EMPLOYMENT STATUS | MINIMUM WAGE | SKILLED LABOR | ECONOMIC GROWTH | FIRM SURVEY | PRODUCTIVITY EFFECTS | LAYOFFS | PRIVATE SECTOR | EMPLOYMENT COMPOSITION | SAFETY NET | TAX SYSTEM | INVESTMENT CLIMATE | CRAFTSMEN | HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS | INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT | FIRM SURVEYS | AUDITS | POTENTIAL OUTPUT | REGULAR WORKERS | WAGE EMPLOYMENT | LABOR LAW | REGULAR EMPLOYMENT | SOCIAL COHESION | AGE GROUP | ACTIVE LABOR | FIRM SIZE | MICRO DATA | LABOR MARKET FLEXIBILITY | RETIREMENT AGE | DEVELOPING ECONOMIES | FORMAL SECTOR WORKERS | PENSION SYSTEM | DRIVERS | HEALTH INSURANCE | TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY | EMPLOYMENT LEGISLATION | BANK CREDIT | GROWTH RATE | JOBS | REGULATORY BODY | AGGREGATE INCOME | OCCUPATION | RULE OF LAW | PRIMARY EDUCATION | PURCHASING POWER | PAID WORKER | ECONOMIC CONDITIONS | TAX COLLECTION | CASH TRANSFER | INNOVATION | REAL ESTATE | TOTAL EMPLOYMENT | UNSKILLED LABOR | BANKING CRISIS | BUSINESS REGULATIONS | TOTAL LABOR FORCE | INCOME TAX | ENTERPRISE PERFORMANCE | PRODUCTIVITY GAINS | UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE | TAX OBLIGATIONS | INCOME SHOCKS | OUTPUT | FREE RIDER | LABOR MARKET REFORMS | LABOR UNIONS | SELF EMPLOYMENT | POWER PARITY | GOVERNMENT REVENUE | PRODUCTIVE ACTIVITIES | LABOR MARKET | PREVIOUS WORK | SOCIAL SAFETY NET | VALUE ADDED | LABOR MARKET REGULATIONS | SUPPLIERS | CREDIT CARDS | BANKING REGULATION | WAGES | ECONOMIC COOPERATION | LABOR SUPPLY | COMPENSATORY POLICIES | URBANIZATION | LABOR COSTS | FLEXIBLE LABOR MARKETS | ECONOMIC CRISIS | PRIVATE FIRM | WAGE DIFFERENTIALS | NET EMPLOYMENT | CURRENCY | PRODUCTIVITY LEVELS | WAGE DIFFERENTIAL | SKILLED WORKERS | YOUNG WORKERS | FIRM-LEVEL ANALYSIS | GDP PER CAPITA | WORKER PRODUCTIVITY | SEMISKILLED WORKERS | INCOME GROWTH | INFORMAL SECTOR | UNFAIR COMPETITION | FACTORS OF PRODUCTION | LABOR LEGISLATION | MARKET PLAYERS | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | DEPOSIT | PENSION | EXPENDITURE | SUSTAINABLE GROWTH | GDP | RAPID EXPANSION | MALE WORKERS | FIRM PERFORMANCE | EMPLOYMENT | EXPECTED VALUE | UNDERVALUATION | TAX POLICIES | GOVERNMENT REVENUES | AGRICULTURE | WORKERS | SECRETARIES | EMPLOYMENT PROTECTION LEGISLATION | NET EMPLOYMENT EFFECTS | PRODUCTIVITY GAP | MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRIES | WAGE GAP | FEMALE LABOR | YOUNGER WORKERS | SALARIED WORKERS | SEVERANCE PAY | CASUAL WORKERS | PERFORMANCE INDICATORS | SOCIAL CAPITAL | JOB OFFER | INCOME LEVEL | PUBLIC SPENDING | INCENTIVE EFFECTS | CASH PAYMENT | PERSONAL INCOME | WORKING CONDITIONS | TRACK RECORD | INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS | EARLY RETIREMENT | INCOMES | GROSS WAGE | SEVERANCE PAYMENTS | REAL INCOME | TAX LIABILITIES | MACROECONOMIC STABILIZATION | EMPLOYEE | INFORMAL ECONOMY | RETURNS | TAX STRUCTURE | OCCUPATIONS | INCOME LEVELS | LEVEL PLAYING FIELD | MARKET ECONOMIES | HOLDING | SAFETY NETS | SERVICE SECTOR | SAFETY | EMERGING MARKET ECONOMIES | UNPAID FAMILY WORKERS | UNSKILLED WORKERS | WORKER | INCOME TAXES | BENEFICIAL EFFECTS | TAX RATES | LABOR REGULATIONS | BUSINESS PRACTICES | PUBLIC SERVICES | JOB LOSSES | CASH PAYMENTS | ECONOMIC RESEARCH | FREE TRADE | LABOR PRODUCTIVITY | TRADE UNIONS | POLICY RESPONSE | DIVIDEND | HOUSEHOLD INCOME | SOCIAL SAFETY NETS | PREVIOUS STUDIES | SOCIAL PROTECTION | LABOR FORCE | CORPORATE TAXES | EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT | TAX REVENUES | UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE BENEFITS | EMERGING MARKET | PAID WORKERS | HUMAN CAPITAL | TAX POLICY | ELASTICITY | LABOR ORGANIZATION | RURAL EMPLOYMENT | ECONOMIC ACTIVITY | TRANSPARENCY | TREASURY | AGE GROUPS | LABOR REGULATION | UNEMPLOYMENT | REGULATORY AUTHORITY | ECONOMIES OF SCALE | SEVERANCE BENEFITS | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | LABOR DEMAND | PUBLIC UTILITY | BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT | INSURANCE PREMIUMS | GROWTH POTENTIAL
Book
06/2008
This report assesses the prospects for Turkey's youth by examining the 'school-to-work transition'. Turkey needs to invest in its young people to capture the... 
PENSION CONTRIBUTIONS | EMPLOYER PENSION | OLDER WORKERS | YOUTH LABOR | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | EMPLOYMENT STATUS | MINIMUM WAGE | EMPLOYER CONTRIBUTION | VOCATIONAL SCHOOL | UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | ECONOMIC GROWTH | CENSUSES | PRIVATE SECTOR | EARNINGS | CULTURAL VALUES | INVESTMENT CLIMATE | SOCIAL SECURITY CONTRIBUTIONS | RESPONSIBILITIES | FAMILY RESPONSIBILITIES | URBAN AREAS | SCHOOL-AGE POPULATION | WAGE SECTOR | CROSS-SECTIONAL DATA | MORTALITY | REGULAR WORKERS | VOCATIONAL EDUCATION | FEMALE LABOR FORCE | INVESTING | YOUNG MEN | ADULT MALES | LACK OF INFORMATION | PRIVATE TRAINING INSTITUTIONS | JOB OPPORTUNITIES | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | FERTILITY | WAGE PREMIUMS | LABOR MARKET POLICY | AGE GROUP | EMPLOYMENT GROWTH | EMPLOYER CONTRIBUTIONS | ACTIVE LABOR | ADULT EDUCATION | LABOR MARKET INDICATORS | WORKING-AGE POPULATION | HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | TRAINING PROGRAMS | SECONDARY SCHOOLS | STAKEHOLDERS | UNIVERSAL BASIC EDUCATION | FORMAL EDUCATION | FORMAL LABOR MARKET | TRAINING SYSTEM | PREVIOUS ONES | JOBS | DEMOGRAPHIC TRENDS | EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES | JOB VACANCY | STAKEHOLDER | TEENS | LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES | PRIMARY EDUCATION | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET PROGRAMS | RURAL WOMEN | EMPLOYABLE SKILLS | COMMODITY | JOB CREATION | HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT | ANNUAL POPULATION GROWTH RATE | QUESTIONNAIRE | UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE | PRIVATE TRAINING | HOUSEWIVES | LABOR MARKET REFORMS | LABOR MARKET SITUATION | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | LABOR MARKET | WORKING AGE | LABOR MARKET ASSESSMENTS | PRIMARY SCHOOL | YOUNG ADULTS | QUALITY OF EDUCATION | JOB SEARCH ASSISTANCE | JOB SECURITY | WAGES | LABOR SUPPLY | YOUTH PARTICIPATION | RURAL AREAS | JOB-SEEKERS | LABOR COSTS | SOCIAL INSURANCE | LABOR MARKET PERFORMANCE | WAGE DISTRIBUTION | SECONDARY EDUCATION | URBAN POPULATION | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | LOCAL COMMUNITY | EXCHANGE RATE | CURRENCY | FAMILY INCOME | DEMOGRAPHIC PROFILE | UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS | SKILLED WORKERS | YOUNG WORKERS | SKILL GROUPS | LOW-INCOME FAMILIES | UNEMPLOYMENT RATE | LABOUR FORCE | EMPLOYMENT PERFORMANCE | POLICY RESEARCH | YOUNG PEOPLE | YOUTH EMPLOYMENT | EMPLOYMENT RATES | COMMUNITY COLLEGES | INFORMAL SECTOR | INFORMED DECISIONS | FERTILITY RATES | RATES OF RETURN | WAGE PREMIUM | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | SUSTAINABLE GROWTH | INCOME SUPPORT | EMPLOYABILITY | AGGREGATE EMPLOYMENT | EMPLOYMENT | SECONDARY SCHOOL | FEMALE EMPLOYMENT | WORKFORCE | HOUSEHOLD RESPONSIBILITIES | SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT | VOCATIONAL QUALIFICATION | WORKERS | MATH | CONSULTATION PROCESS | JOB SEARCH | LOWER-INCOME FAMILIES | CAREER COUNSELING | LOW EARNINGS | WAGE GAP | FEMALE LABOR | ON-THE-JOB TRAINING | CURRICULA | UNEMPLOYED | PART-TIME EMPLOYMENT | LOW COSTS | EARNING | PREVIOUS SECTION | VOCATIONAL TRAINING | INCOME LEVEL | FEMALE WORKERS | YOUNG WOMEN | EMPLOYMENT PROSPECTS | INCOME | EDUCATIONAL OPPORTUNITIES | JOB FAIRS | EMPLOYMENT IMPACTS | LITERACY | EMPLOYMENT CREATION | STATE PLANNING | FINANCIAL RESOURCES | SEVERANCE PAYMENTS | LABOR MARKET REFORM | EMPLOYMENT ORGANIZATION | OCCUPATIONS | PROBABILITY | CAREER DEVELOPMENT | LOW EMPLOYMENT | LEVEL OF EDUCATION | POPULATION PROJECTIONS | WITHDRAWAL | SERVICE SECTOR | LOW-INCOME | POPULATION DYNAMICS | INVESTMENT CLIMATE ASSESSMENT | INCOME TAXES | LEVELS OF EDUCATION | RESPECT | ACCOUNTING | WAGE SUBSIDIES | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET | DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION | EMPLOYMENT OUTCOMES | POVERTY REDUCTION | TRADE UNIONS | GENERAL PUBLIC | PRIVATE PROVIDERS | FUTURE GROWTH | LOCAL LABOR MARKET | ILLITERACY | LABOR FORCE | EMPLOYMENT PROGRAMS | SOCIAL SECURITY | EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT | UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE BENEFITS | EMPLOYMENT AGENCIES | INFORMATION CAMPAIGNS | LABOR COST | PRIVATE EMPLOYMENT | HUMAN CAPITAL | HOUSEWIFE | SECOND JOB | ACCESS TO INFORMATION | YOUTH ORGANIZATIONS | CALCULATIONS | AGE GROUPS | TRAINING COURSES | UNEMPLOYMENT | TEMPORARY EMPLOYMENT | PROTECTING WORKERS | ECONOMIC IMPLICATIONS | LABOR DEMAND | NUMBER OF PEOPLE | ENTRY POINT | LABOR CODE | WORLD POPULATION | LABOUR
Book
2011
This study was carried out in three stages during 2009 through April 2011. The main objective of the study is to determine, on the basis of usage of... 
INFORMAL SECTOR | PERMANENT EMPLOYMENT | ELDERLY PEOPLE | FINDING EMPLOYMENT | LAND OWNERSHIP | FARMING ACTIVITIES | REGIONAL IMPORTANCE | WORKING EXPERIENCE | WAGE LEVELS | PEOPLE WITH DISABILITIES | SOCIAL BENEFITS | PRIVATE COMPANIES | REGIONAL TERMS | COPING MECHANISMS | MINIMUM WAGE | EMPLOYMENT | LAYOFF | WORKERS | PRIVATE SECTOR | COMPONENTS | WAGE RATE | PAYING JOBS | JOB SEARCH | PRICE CONTROLS | AGRICULTURAL SECTOR | LABOR LAWS | AVERAGE WAGE | REGIONAL CENTER | POOR FAMILIES | RURAL REGIONS | UNEMPLOYED | LABOR CONDITIONS | SEASONAL WORKERS | CLIMATE CHANGE | EARNING | QUALITATIVE DATA | EQUIPMENT | UNEMPLOYED PEOPLE | WORKING CONDITIONS | REGIONAL CENTERS | CONSUMER PRICES | FOOD PRICES | E-MAIL | COMPUTERS | EMPLOYEE | DRIVERS | UNEMPLOYMENT LEVEL | EMPLOYMENT SERVICES | LABOR MARKET PROBLEMS | WAGE RATES | BONUSES | PUBLIC SECTOR WORKERS | HOUSEHOLD INCOMES | JOBS | WORKPLACE | SMALL BUSINESSES | EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES | JOB VACANCY | ECONOMIC RECOVERY | JOB OFFERS | SAFETY | INCOME-GENERATING ACTIVITIES | LIVING STANDARDS | WORKER | DISMISSAL | WORKING TIME | DISABILITY | MEDIA | FAMILY MEMBERS | LAND REFORM | SUBSISTENCE | PREVIOUS LEVEL | ACCOUNTING | PRODUCTION FACILITIES | ACCESS TO HEALTH CARE | MASSIVE LAYOFFS | WORKING | VULNERABLE GROUPS | RETIREMENT | JOB SEEKERS | JOB LOSSES | SICK LEAVE | PRIVATE ENTERPRISES | AGE CATEGORIES | HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES | LABOR MARKET | WORKLOAD | JOB SEEKER | MINIMUM WAGES | WORK EXPERIENCE | HOUSEHOLD INCOME | STATE-OWNED ENTERPRISES | FINDING JOB | SOCIAL PROTECTION | PLANT CLOSURES | CRISES | NEW TECHNOLOGIES | POOR HOUSEHOLDS | MASS LAYOFFS | RURAL AREAS | WORK LOAD | GEOGRAPHICAL REGION | BASIC | FULL EMPLOYMENT | RURAL POPULATION | WORK PLACE | FARMERS | PRIVATE FIRM | HOUSING | PRIVATE SECTOR WORKERS | VEGETABLES | AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS | QUALITY OF LIFE | PENSION PAYMENTS | UNEMPLOYMENT | JOB VACANCIES | REGIONAL EMPLOYMENT | BORROWING | RURAL VILLAGES | RIGHT TO WORK | VULNERABLE SEGMENTS | UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS | EMPLOYMENT SITUATION | MEAT | WORKING HOURS | PRODUCTION VOLUMES | PERSONNEL | PERMANENT JOB | RURAL RESIDENTS | ECONOMICS | ECONOMIC SHOCKS | FOOD PRODUCTS | LABOUR | ENGINEERING
Book
10/2012, Policy Research Working Paper, Volume 6237
Green growth policies confront firms and workers with adjustments that may create welfare costs for different segments of the population and cause reductions... 
EMPLOYMENT EFFECTS | LABOR MARKETS | SELLING PRICE | ENVIRONMENTAL POLICIES | EXPORT MARKET | INDUSTRY WAGE | WAGE LEVELS | OLDER WORKERS | TAXATION | MINIMUM WAGE | CONSUMERS | WAGE GROWTH | JOB DISPLACEMENT | EMPLOYMENT LEVELS | LABOR ALLOCATIONS | ADJUSTMENT ASSISTANCE | HOME COUNTRY | SAFETY NET | POLLUTION | INVESTMENT CLIMATE | NEW MARKET OPPORTUNITIES | COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE | FACTOR MARKETS | PROTECTED INDUSTRIES | HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS | INSURANCE MARKETS | FIRM SURVEYS | DISCOUNT RATE | ENVIRONMENTAL | CLIMATE CHANGE | ENERGY EFFICIENCY | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | WAGE PREMIUMS | WELFARE EFFECTS | TRADE POLICY | LABOR MARKET FLEXIBILITY | CREDIT CONSTRAINTS | ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGES | DEVELOPING ECONOMIES | PRODUCERS | UNEMPLOYED WORKERS | DRIVERS | DEADWEIGHT | TRADE LIBERALIZATION | JOBS | AGGREGATE INCOME | DISPLACED WORKERS | CODES OF CONDUCT | PRODUCTION FUNCTION | EXPORT-ORIENTED INDUSTRY | VERTICAL INTEGRATION | UTILITY FUNCTION | EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE | FAIR TRADE | FIRING COSTS | EMISSIONS | WAGE BARGAINING | GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM | WAGE INCREASE | PROFIT SHARING | UNSKILLED LABOR | VALUE OF OUTPUT | UNEMPLOYMENT TRANSITION | EMPLOYMENT SUBSIDIES | HUMAN RIGHTS | DEMOGRAPHIC | PRODUCTIVITY GAINS | EFFICIENCY WAGES | UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE | RENTS | LABOUR MARKET REGULATIONS | MARKET DISTORTION | LABOR ADJUSTMENT | TERMS OF TRADE | WORLD TRADE | LONG-RUN EMPLOYMENT | LABOR MARKET REFORMS | LABOR UNIONS | DAMAGES | PRODUCTIVE ACTIVITIES | LABOR MARKET | ENVIRONMENTAL STANDARDS | DISCOUNTED VALUE | VOLATILITY | WAGES | LABOR SUPPLY | LABOR REALLOCATION | AVERAGE WAGES | HOUSEHOLD SURVEY | EXTERNALITIES | STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT | WAGE DIFFERENTIALS | PRESENT VALUE | WAGE INEQUALITY | UNEMPLOYED WORKER | NEW MARKET | SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT | YOUNG WORKERS | ADJUSTMENT POLICIES | LABOR ALLOCATION | ADJUSTMENT COSTS | CAPITAL STOCK | CHILD LABOR | FACTORS OF PRODUCTION | RATIONAL EXPECTATIONS | WAGE PREMIUM | DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS | MARKET DISTORTIONS | EMPLOYMENT RESEARCH | GDP | WTO | COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE | POLLUTION TAX | SOCIAL BENEFITS | LABOR MARKET RIGIDITIES | OPTION VALUE | DEADWEIGHT LOSS | INTANGIBLE | PRODUCTION WORKER | HUMAN RIGHTS ISSUES | MARGINAL PRODUCTIVITY | POLITICAL ECONOMY | AGRICULTURE | POTENTIAL GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | URUGUAY ROUND | WORKERS | REAL WAGES | GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM MODELS | WAGE STRUCTURE | INTERNATIONAL TRADE | BENCHMARK | EQUILIBRIUM | IRREVERSIBILITY | UNPROTECTED SECTOR | AVERAGE WAGE | UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE PROGRAM | MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRIES | LABOR MARKET TURNOVER | LABOR ADJUSTMENT COSTS | UNEMPLOYED | DEVELOPMENT POLICY | EARNING | PREVIOUS SECTION | INCOME INEQUALITY | CAPITAL MARKET | MARKET LIBERALIZATION | WORKING CONDITIONS | INCOME | INPUT PRICES | LABOR MARKET POLICIES | SKILL UPGRADING | FOSSIL FUELS | INCOMES | CARBON | ENVIRONMENTAL RESOURCES | LABOR MARKET REFORM | SKILL PREMIUMS | EMPLOYEE | TRADE REFORMS | CAPITAL ACCUMULATION | EXTERNALITY | PROTECTED INDUSTRY | LABOR DISPLACEMENT | SAFETY | COAL | COMPLIANCE COSTS | UNSKILLED WORKERS | ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY | FIXED CAPITAL | WELFARE GAINS | SKILL PREMIUM | NOMINAL WAGES | TRADE POLICIES | IMPROVED WORKING CONDITIONS | TARGETED EMPLOYMENT SUBSIDY | WAGE SUBSIDIES | LABOR REGULATIONS | LABOR MOBILITY | PRODUCTIVE FIRMS | FRICTIONAL UNEMPLOYMENT | WAGE INCREASES | OUTPUTS | ECONOMIC RESEARCH | FREE TRADE | LABOR PRODUCTIVITY | EXPLOITATION | FIXED INVESTMENT | LABOUR ADJUSTMENT | MINIMUM WAGES | HOUSEHOLD INCOME | TRAINING COSTS | GROWTH POLICIES | LABOUR MARKET | LABOR FORCE | ADJUSTMENT COST | DEMOGRAPHICS | REAL WAGE | PROFIT MAXIMIZATION | MARGINAL PRODUCT | HUMAN CAPITAL | ELASTICITY | LABOUR MOVEMENTS | BARGAINING POWER | ECONOMIC ACTIVITY | EMPLOYMENT TURNOVER | GROWTH MODELS | CARBON ENERGY | EXPORTS | UNEMPLOYMENT | JOB TRAINING | ADJUSTMENT PROCESS | LABOR DEMAND | PRODUCTIVITY GAIN | STARTUP | CAPITAL MARKETS | ECONOMETRICS | QUOTAS | POLICY MAKERS | LABOR MARKET ADJUSTMENT | PRODUCTIVITY | OPTIMIZATION | GROWTH POLICY | LABOUR
Paper
2010, ISBN 9786028411370
The effects of the global economic slowdown on peoples' employment and earnings are at the core of its social impacts, manifested largely through increased job... 
LABOR MARKETS | STRUCTURAL REFORMS | FINDING EMPLOYMENT | INEQUALITY | POOR | PROTECTION SYSTEM | URBAN WORKERS | PROGRAM BENEFICIARIES | SHORT-TERM UNEMPLOYMENT | MINIMUM WAGE | SKILLED LABOR | WAGE GROWTH | PROTECTION MECHANISMS | UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | ECONOMIC GROWTH | FIRM SURVEY | CASH TRANSFERS | SOCIAL INSURANCE PROGRAMS | INCOME LOSSES | PUBLIC CLINICS | WAGE RATE | RICE SUBSIDY | HUMAN RESOURCES | SMALL BUSINESS | SELF-TARGETING NATURE | SHOCK | SAFETY NET | TARGETING MECHANISMS | HEALTH SERVICES | JOB INSECURITY | WORK PROGRAMS | HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS | INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT | SCHOOL ATTENDANCE | TAX RELIEF | VULNERABLE REGIONS | LABOR MARKET DEMAND | FOOD SUBSIDY | HOUSEHOLD LEVEL | SERVANTS | PROGRAM ELIGIBILITY | ACTIVE LABOR | LABOR INTENSITY | HUMAN CAPITAL INVESTMENTS | POVERTY ALLEVIATION | SOCIAL POLICY | SOCIAL RISK | PROTECTION POLICIES | BENEFICIARY | TRAINING PROGRAMS | FORMAL SECTOR WORKERS | HEALTH INSURANCE | LABOR MARKET PROGRAMS | JOBS | RISK MANAGEMENT | EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES | UNEMPLOYMENT STATISTICS | SKILLS DEVELOPMENT | PURCHASING POWER | EMPLOYMENT GENERATION | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET PROGRAMS | CHRONICALLY POOR | CASH TRANSFER | TOTAL EMPLOYMENT | JOB CREATION | SERVICE INDUSTRIES | UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE | DAY LABORERS | CASH TRANSFER PROGRAMS | SOCIAL IMPACTS | MIGRANT LABOR | VULNERABLE GROUPS | UNEMPLOYMENT LEVELS | LABOR MARKET | CONSUMPTION SMOOTHING | FISCAL CONSTRAINTS | FOOD-FOR-WORK | LEAKAGE OF BENEFITS | BENEFICIARIES | ECONOMIC SLOWDOWN | INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY | PROTECTION SYSTEMS | CASH BENEFIT | FUTURE PRODUCTIVITY | TRUCK DRIVERS | HOUSEHOLD SURVEY | BENEFIT SYSTEM | PROGRAM DELIVERY | SOCIAL INSURANCE | INFORMAL WORKERS | LABOR MARKET PERFORMANCE | ECONOMIC CRISIS | HUMAN CAPITAL INVESTMENT | PROGRAM COVERAGE | SCHOOL FEEDING PROGRAMS | PUBLIC WORKS PROGRAMS | ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS | INSURANCE SYSTEMS | ACTIVE LABOR POLICIES | FINANCIAL CRISES | UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS | SKILLED WORKERS | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET INTERVENTIONS | RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE | UNEMPLOYMENT RATE | FOOD SAFETY NET | SOCIAL ASSISTANCE | ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS | LABOUR MARKET POLICIES | COPING STRATEGIES | INFORMAL SECTOR | OPTIMAL TARGETING | CONDITIONAL CASH | SOCIAL SPENDING | RETAIL TRADE | JOB RETENTION | GENDER DIMENSIONS | MALE WORKERS | GRANTS TO SCHOOLS | REAL WAGES | UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFIT SYSTEM | HUMAN RESOURCES DEVELOPMENT | SUBSIDIZING | JOB SEARCH | CONDITIONAL TRANSFER | PUBLIC SUBSIDIES | LABOR MARKET INTERVENTIONS | DOMESTIC WORKERS | UNEMPLOYED | LAID-OFF WORKERS | EARNING | PREVIOUS SECTION | PUBLIC SPENDING | SKILLED LABORERS | FREE HEALTH | ECONOMIC DOWNTURNS | JOB CHURNING | INCOME | SHORT-TERM CRISIS | LABOR MARKET POLICIES | LABOR STATISTICS | EMPLOYMENT IMPACTS | FOOD DISTRIBUTION | SOCIAL INVESTMENT | ECONOMIC VOLATILITY | PUBLIC WORKS | VULNERABLE POPULATIONS | REAL WAGE DECLINES | CREDIT PROGRAMS | EMPLOYEE | RETRENCHED WORKERS | FINANCIAL CRISIS | JOB LOSS | HOUSEHOLD INCOMES | NATURAL DISASTERS | SOCIAL SERVICES | UNEMPLOYMENT FIGURES | NET JOB CREATION | UNPAID FAMILY WORKERS | WORKER | SOCIAL POLICIES | TRANSFER PROGRAM | POVERTY MITIGATION | WAGE SUBSIDIES | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET | PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYMENT | JOB LOSSES | POVERTY REDUCTION | SAFETY NET PROGRAMS | POVERTY LINE | PIECE RATES | HOUSEHOLD LEVELS | HOUSEHOLD INCOME | SOCIAL SAFETY NETS | EMPLOYMENT PROGRAM | SOCIAL PROTECTION | FOREIGN WORKERS | LABOUR MARKET | LABOR FORCE | SOCIAL SECURITY | SCHOOL FEEDING | UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE BENEFITS | UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFIT | REAL WAGE | COMMUNITY PROJECT | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | OLD AGE | SOCIAL WELFARE | FOOD SUBSIDIES | PROTECTION POLICY | SCHOOL ENROLLMENT | HUMAN CAPITAL | HEALTH FACILITIES | LABOR ORGANIZATION | ACTIVE LABOR PROGRAMS | AGGREGATE DEMAND | LABOUR MARKETS | HOUSEHOLD WELFARE | UNEMPLOYMENT | TEMPORARY EMPLOYMENT | HEALTH CARDS | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET POLICIES | LABOR RELATIONS | MEANS TESTING | TARGETING | ABSOLUTE POVERTY | CASH BENEFITS | OPEN UNEMPLOYMENT | FEE WAIVERS | LABOUR
Book
09/2011
This study explores how labor markets have adjusted to temporary business cycle fluctuations since (at least) the 1990s. It focuses on how changes in... 
COMPETITIVENESS | ECONOMIC SHOCK | INFORMAL SECTOR | INCOME RISK | LABOR MARKETS | BUSINESS CYCLE | RISK AVERSE | MONETARY POLICY | DEVELOPED COUNTRIES | GDP | WAGE ADJUSTMENT | WAGE BILL | LABOR MARKET RIGIDITIES | EFFICIENCY OF LABOR | MINIMUM WAGE | EMPLOYMENT | WAGE GROWTH | EMPIRICAL STUDIES | LAYOFF | WORKERS | LAYOFFS | PRIVATE SECTOR | FIRING RESTRICTIONS | REAL WAGES | EMPLOYMENT SECURITY | DECENTRALIZATION | INTERNATIONAL TRADE | SAFETY NET | INFLATION RATE | BENCHMARK | TROUGH | DEMAND CURVE | INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT | YOUNGER WORKERS | SALARIED WORKERS | UNEMPLOYED | MANDATED BENEFITS | EARNING | URBAN EMPLOYMENT | WAGE DATA | DEVELOPMENT POLICIES | ECONOMIC DOWNTURNS | ECONOMIC FLUCTUATIONS | INCOME | INDUSTRY WAGES | FIRM SIZE | AUTOREGRESSION | BENCHMARKS | ENTITLEMENTS | MACROECONOMIC STABILIZATION | EMPLOYEE | UNEMPLOYED WORKERS | URBAN EMPLOYMENT SURVEY | FINANCIAL CRISIS | GROWTH RATE | LABOR CONTRACTS | WAGE RIGIDITIES | JOBS | INFLATION | SMALL BUSINESSES | LABOR INCOME | CPI | SAFETY NETS | FIRING COSTS | WAGE FLOOR | SAFETY | RECESSION | WAGE BARGAINING | WAGE INCREASE | BUSINESS CYCLES | LABOR MARKET INDICATOR | PREVIOUS JOB | UNSKILLED WORKERS | WORKER | MIDDLE INCOME | UNION DENSITY | JOB CREATION | ESTIMATED PROBABILITY | WAGE NEGOTIATIONS | INFLATION RATES | NOMINAL WAGES | ACCOUNTING | ENVIRONMENTS | LABOR TURNOVER | TERMS OF TRADE | INCOME SHOCKS | RETIREMENT | JOB SEEKERS | FUTURE RESEARCH | SELF EMPLOYED | WAGE INCREASES | LABOR MARKET | LABOR POLICIES | MACROECONOMIC POLICIES | MINIMUM WAGES | MACROECONOMICS | LABOR MARKET REGULATIONS | CRISES | OPEN ECONOMY | LABOR FORCE | FORECASTS | REAL WAGE | CONSUMER PRICE INDEX | INSURANCE | AVERAGE WAGES | MIDDLE INCOME COUNTRY | HOUSEHOLD SURVEY | LABOR COSTS | ELASTICITY | PRODUCTIVITY DATA | BARGAINING POWER | MACROECONOMIC CONDITIONS | MACROECONOMIC PERFORMANCE | ECONOMIC ACTIVITY | EXCHANGE RATES | RIGID WAGES | PRIVATE SECTOR WORKERS | EXPORTS | UNEMPLOYMENT | FIRM LEVEL | WAGE RIGIDITY | LABOR MARKET INSTITUTIONS | DISINFLATION | JOB MATCHES | EMPLOYMENT MEASURE | INDEXATION | WAGE FLEXIBILITY | WORKING HOURS | UNEMPLOYMENT RATE | RECESSIONARY PERIODS | LABOR MARKET ADJUSTMENT | FIRM PRODUCTIVITY | ECONOMIC SHOCKS | FORMAL SECTOR WAGES
Report
10/2011, Policy Research working paper, Volume WPS 5863
This paper examines the consequences of rapid disinflation for downward wage rigidities in two emerging countries, Brazil and Uruguay, relying on high quality... 
LABOR MARKETS | WAGE BARGAINING | WAGE INCREASE | BUSINESS CYCLES | WORKER | DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS | BASE YEAR | ADVERSE SELECTION | UNION DENSITY | WHITE COLLAR WORKERS | MONETARY POLICY | WAGE LEVELS | DEVELOPED COUNTRIES | SALARY | ESTIMATED PROBABILITY | WAGE NEGOTIATIONS | INFLATION RATES | NOMINAL WAGES | PRICE CHANGES | MINIMUM WAGE | EFFICIENCY WAGES | EMPLOYMENT | WAGE GROWTH | LABOR TURNOVER | MENU COSTS | POLITICAL ECONOMY | AGRICULTURE | TAXABLE INCOME | WORKERS | LAYOFFS | PRIVATE SECTOR | DOWNWARD BIAS | FUTURE RESEARCH | WAGE INCREASES | WAGE LEVEL | LABOR MARKET | WHITE COLLAR WORKER | DECENTRALIZATION | PRICE SETTING | INFLATION RATE | MINIMUM WAGES | BENCHMARK | CENTRAL BANK | PREVIOUS STUDIES | MACROECONOMICS | TROUGH | INCOME COUNTRIES | LABOR FORCE | YOUNGER WORKERS | EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT | DEVELOPMENT POLICY | REAL GDP | FORECASTS | REAL WAGE | LABOR CONTRACT | LABOR COST | EARNING | PREVIOUS SECTION | WAGE DATA | HUMAN CAPITAL | WAGE DISTRIBUTION | BARGAINING POWER | FISHING | INCOME | ECONOMIC ACTIVITY | PRIVATE SECTOR WORKERS | FORESTRY | EQUILIBRIUM UNEMPLOYMENT | UNEMPLOYMENT | EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS | AGED WORKERS | SEVERANCE PAYMENTS | FIRM LEVEL | PAYING JOB | EXPECTED WAGE | MACROECONOMIC STABILIZATION | WAGE DETERMINATION | EMPLOYEE | POLICY ENVIRONMENT | WAGE RIGIDITY | LABOR MARKET INSTITUTIONS | DISINFLATION | MACROECONOMIC EFFECTS | INDEXATION | WAGE FLEXIBILITY | YOUNG WORKERS | LABOR ECONOMICS | GROWTH RATE | LABOR CONTRACTS | WAGE RIGIDITIES | PREVIOUS DISCUSSION | JOBS | PRODUCTIVITY | OCCUPATION | CPI | EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE
Paper