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2003, OUP Catalogue, ISBN 9780199253630, xx, 252
This book is about the demographic and funding crises that threaten systems of pension and retirement income in continental Europe. The book argues that... 
Pension trusts | Old age pensions | Social security | Retirement income | International finance | Finance | Pension | Global finance | Europe | Funding crisis | Social justice | Social solidarity | Globalisation | Nation-state
Book
Book
2011, ISBN 0821384708, xvi, 343
And key messages -- Key principles of governance and investment management -- Governance of public pension assets -- Governance structures and accountabilities... 
Pension trusts | Investments | Financial crises | 21st century | INVESTMENT DECISIONS | INVESTMENT FUND | GLOBAL MARKETS | PENSION CONTRIBUTIONS | AUDIT COMMITTEE | INVESTMENT STRATEGY | INVESTMENT RISK | EQUITY MARKET VOLATILITY | OPPORTUNITY COSTS | FOREIGN CURRENCY | LIQUIDITY MANAGEMENT | MACROECONOMIC STABILITY | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | TRANSITION ECONOMIES | FISCAL BURDENS | INVESTMENT POLICY | GOOD GOVERNANCE | SAFER ASSETS | INTEREST RATES | HEDGES | LIABILITY | PUBLIC ACCOUNTABILITY | TRADING | RESERVE FUND | REPLACEMENT RATE | POLICY RESPONSES | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | HEDGE FUNDS | EQUITY INVESTMENTS | INVESTMENT CAPABILITIES | MUTUAL FUND | AUDITS | REGULATORY STANDARDS | EQUITY INDEX | LIQUIDITY | INVESTING | INVESTMENT CORPORATION | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | EXPOSURE TO RISKS | CASH FLOWS | RISK AVERSION | CURRENCY HEDGING | DISCOUNT RATES | GLOBAL PENSIONS | GOVERNANCE MECHANISMS | MARKET VALUES | POLITICAL RISKS | RETIREMENT AGE | TURNOVER | LOCAL CURRENCY | HEDGE FUND | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | PENSION SYSTEM | INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENTS | RISK MANAGEMENT | HEDGE RATIOS | PURCHASING POWER | INTERNATIONAL BANK | INVESTMENT HORIZON | INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES | FAIR VALUE | REAL ESTATE | RISK POOLING | PENSION FUND ASSETS | PENSION FUND | PENSION ASSET | DOMESTIC CAPITAL | FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKETS | INVENTORY | TRUSTEE | DEMOGRAPHIC | ILLIQUIDITY | ASSET CLASSES | GOVERNMENT BONDS | OUTPUT | REFORM PROGRAM | FIDUCIARY RESPONSIBILITY | PENSION FUNDS | RESERVE FUNDS | RETIREMENT SYSTEM | REPLACEMENT RATES | RESERVE | RETIREMENT SAVINGS | BENEFICIARIES | FINANCIAL ASSETS | INSURANCE | CODE OF CONDUCT | CONFLICT OF INTEREST | PENSION PRODUCT | ASSET-LIABILITY MANAGEMENT | REGULATORY AGENCIES | RETURN | PRIVATE PENSIONS | PENSIONS | PORTFOLIO RISK | EXPOSURE | CURRENCY | FOREIGN CURRENCY EXPOSURES | PRODUCTIVE INVESTMENT | REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT | INSTITUTIONAL INVESTMENT | PENSION SYSTEMS | FINANCIAL CRISES | PAYMENT OBLIGATIONS | FUND MANAGERS | HOME CURRENCY | PENSION PROVISION | RESERVES | SAVINGS | EQUITY MARKET | PRUDENTIAL REGULATION | COLLATERAL | GLOBAL PRIVATE EQUITY | RATES OF RETURN | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | PENSION | INVESTMENT MARKETS | INVESTMENT RISKS | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE | MONETARY AUTHORITIES | PORTFOLIO ALLOCATION | HEDGE RATIO | ASSET MANAGERS | CREDIT RISK | DEFICITS | RISK MANAGEMENT POLICIES | DERIVATIVES | TRUSTEES | PROVIDENT FUND | FINANCIAL MARKETS | FINANCIAL STABILITY | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT | INFORMATIONAL ASYMMETRY | FLEXIBLE EXCHANGE RATE | INFLATION RATE | INVESTMENT PORTFOLIOS | RISK PREMIUMS | EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT | OLD-AGE INCOME | RISK PROFILE | RISK FACTORS | INVESTMENT MANAGER | PENSION ASSETS | TRANSACTION | DOMESTIC CURRENCY | CAPITAL MARKET | PUBLIC COMPANY | RISKY ASSETS | INVESTMENT FUNCTIONS | EMPLOYEES PENSION | RISK DIVERSIFICATION | CURRENCY RISK | SOLVENCY | OUTSOURCING | SECURITIES | RETURNS | INSTITUTIONAL FUNDS | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE CENTER | REGULATORY CONSTRAINTS | FINANCIAL CRISIS | INTERNATIONAL DIVERSIFICATION | CORPORATE BONDS | ASSET MANAGEMENT | EQUITY RETURNS | INFLATION | EQUITY MARKETS | ALTERNATIVE ASSET | DEGREE OF TRANSPARENCY | HOLDING | PRICE DISCOVERY | SAFETY NETS | RISK MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS | SAVINGS ACCOUNTS | ACCOUNTING STANDARDS | PORTFOLIOS | INVESTMENT CHOICES | TAX | FUND MANAGEMENT | PRIVATE EQUITY | VALUATIONS | SWAPS | DOMESTIC CAPITAL MARKETS | FOREIGN MARKETS | ACCOUNTING | INVESTMENT STRATEGIES | TRANSACTION COSTS | TRADING COSTS | PENSION FUND ASSET | VALUATION | INTERNAL CONTROLS | ASSET CLASS | SWAP | INTEREST RATE | LOCAL CURRENCIES | TRADING VOLUME | INSTITUTIONAL INVESTORS | INVESTMENT PROCESS | INVESTMENT GOVERNANCE | HUMAN CAPITAL | INVESTMENT POLICIES | USE OF DERIVATIVES | INVESTMENT CAPITAL | PUBLIC PENSION | PENSION PRODUCTS | TRANSPARENCY | ASSET VALUES | TREASURY | REGULATORS | BASIS POINTS | PORTFOLIO | PENSION LIABILITIES | HOLDINGS | INVESTMENT MANAGERS | EQUITIES | FOREIGN INVESTMENT | BANKING SECTOR | ASSET GROWTH | OPTIMAL INVESTMENT | INVESTMENT PROFESSIONALS | LEVEL OF RISK
Book
2008, Directions in development. Finance, ISBN 9780821374948, xviii, 215
Risk-Based Supervision of Pension Funds provides a review of the design and experience of risk-based pension fund supervision in countries that have been... 
Pension trusts | Risk | Management | Cross-cultural studies | ASSET ALLOCATION | SUPERVISION OF BANKS | PENSION CONTRIBUTIONS | INVESTMENT RISK | SUPERVISION OF PENSION FUNDS | LONG-TERM INTEREST RATE | FOREIGN CURRENCY | MINIMUM CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | BUSINESS PLAN | INCOME INSTRUMENTS | MARKET CONDITIONS | DERIVATIVE TRANSACTIONS | GOVERNMENT BOND YIELDS | SUPERVISION OF PENSION FUND | INTEREST RATES | PENSION PLAN | EARNINGS | LIABILITY | ADVERSE PRICE MOVEMENTS | MARKET DISCIPLINE | CONTRIBUTION | OTHER ASSETS | CALCULATION | FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | RESPONSIBILITIES | CENTRAL BANK | INTEREST RATE SWAPS | EQUITY INVESTMENTS | PENSION FUND ADMINISTRATORS | ASSET BASE | REGULATORY STANDARDS | LIQUIDITY | DISCOUNT RATE | INTEREST RATE RISKS | PENSION SECTORS | PENSION PLANS | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | BALANCE SHEET | INVESTMENT PATTERNS | LIFE INSURANCE COMPANIES | RISK CONTROLS | VALUABLE | MARKET VALUES | SUPERVISORY AGENCIES | PENSION COMPANIES | RESEARCH ASSISTANCE | STAKEHOLDERS | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | PENSION SYSTEM | CONTRIBUTIONS | INFORMATION SYSTEM | RISK MANAGEMENT | CAPITAL ALLOCATION | PORTFOLIO VALUATION | MARKET YIELD | FINANCIAL SERVICES | INVESTMENT REGIME | INTERNATIONAL BANK | DOMESTIC EQUITIES | RISK FACTOR | RISK EXPOSURE | MARKET DEVELOPMENTS | PENSION FUND | CALL OPTIONS | EURO MARKET | RISK EXPOSURES | MORTGAGE LOANS | FINANCIAL RISKS | CAPITAL ADEQUACY | RATE OF RETURN | ASSET CLASSES | LONG-TERM INTEREST | GOVERNMENT BONDS | MARKET ANALYSTS | RETIREMENT | MARKET VALUE | PENSION FUNDS | BOND PORTFOLIO | LABOR MARKET | INVESTMENT PERFORMANCE | FOREIGN EQUITIES | PENSION PROVIDERS | RETIREMENT SAVINGS | DISCLOSURE REQUIREMENTS | INSURANCE | CORPORATE GOVERNANCE | MATURITY | SOCIAL INSURANCE | ASSET-LIABILITY MANAGEMENT | RETURN | MORTGAGE BONDS | INFORMATION SYSTEMS | INSURANCE INDUSTRY | PENSIONS | CURRENCY | TRADITIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | PENSION SYSTEMS | MORTGAGE | GOVERNMENT BOND | FUND MANAGERS | PENSIONERS | TAX LAWS | INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENTS | REGULATORY STRUCTURE | RISK MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES | SUPERVISORY AGENCY | PRIVATE PENSION | FIXED INCOME | EQUITY MARKET | PRUDENTIAL REGULATION | YIELD CURVE | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | RISK SCORES | PENSION | SPECIAL SAVINGS | MORTGAGES | CREDIT RISK | DERIVATIVES | RISK CAPITAL | FINANCIAL MARKETS | ASSET-LIABILITY MISMATCHES | CREDIT STANDING | DEFINED-BENEFIT PENSION | FINANCIAL SERVICES AUTHORITY | FINANCIAL STABILITY | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | FINANCIAL SECTOR | PENSION POLICY | RISK PROFILE | MARKET LIQUIDITY | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | RISK FACTORS | PENSION ASSETS | INTEREST RATE RISK | RISK ASSESSMENT PROCESS | RISK CONTROL | INVESTMENT REGULATION | RISK ASSESSMENT | RETIREMENT INCOME | LEGAL OBLIGATION | SOLVENCY | BALANCE SHEETS | SOCIAL INSURANCE SYSTEMS | COMPLIANCE · REPORTING | RETURNS | SUPERVISORY AUTHORITY | FINANCIAL CRISIS | INVESTMENT RETURNS | PRIVATE PENSION PLANS | PROBABILITY | CONTRIBUTION SYSTEMS | DEPOSITS | EQUITY RETURNS | GOVERNMENT SECURITIES | OCCUPATIONAL FUNDS | WITHDRAWAL | RISK MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS | ACCOUNTING STANDARDS | PORTFOLIOS | ASSET QUALITY | TAX | ASSET PORTFOLIOS | EFFICIENT INVESTMENT | MARKET RISK | PENSION SCHEMES | INSURANCE COMPANIES | PRIVATE PENSION FUNDS | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARIES | LIFE INSURANCE | ACCOUNTING | PRIVATE LOANS | LIFE EXPECTANCY | SWAP CURVE | INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNTS | INVESTMENT STRATEGIES | SENIOR | PENSION FUND ASSET | VALUATION | FAIR VALUATION | DERIVATIVE | ASSET CLASS | SWAP | ASSET LIABILITY MANAGEMENT | DEFINED-CONTRIBUTION PENSION | LABOR FORCE | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | BANKING SYSTEM | INTEREST RATE | RISK MANAGEMENT SYSTEM | SMALLER FUNDS | CREDIT RISKS | ASSET PRICES | FINANCIAL STATEMENTS | INVESTMENT POLICIES | USE OF DERIVATIVES | MINIMUM CAPITAL REQUIREMENT | TRANSPARENCY | FULL-TIME EMPLOYEES | FINANCIAL SERVICE | MARKET PARTICIPANTS | PUBLIC DEBT | PORTFOLIO | REGULATORY AUTHORITY | HOLDINGS | EQUITIES | INTERNAL AUDITS | DOMESTIC BONDS | FINANCIAL RISK | LIQUID ASSETS | PENSION FUND SUPERVISION | MARGIN REQUIREMENTS | CAPITAL REQUIREMENT
Book
2009, ISBN 0821379712, xv, 225
Closing the Coverage Gap discusses how social pensions and other retirement income transfers can be used to close the coverage gap of mandatory pension... 
Old age pensions | Social security | Retirement income | Government policy | PENSION AGE | LABOR MARKETS | PENSION COVERAGE | INCOME GROUP | NATIONAL POPULATION | HEALTH ECONOMICS | SOCIAL PENSIONS | ECONOMIC ANALYSIS | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | MINIMUM WAGE | POLICY ANALYSIS | SOCIAL RETURNS | ECONOMIC GROWTH | LOW INCOME | CASH TRANSFERS | POLICY FRAMEWORK | PUBLIC POLICY | SOCIAL INSURANCE PROGRAMS | MINIMUM PENSION | PENSION PLAN | PERIODS OF UNEMPLOYMENT | ELDERLY POPULATION | COMMUNITY ORGANIZATIONS | SOCIAL PENSION | CONTRIBUTION | SAFETY NET | SOCIAL SECURITY CONTRIBUTIONS | BASIC PENSION | OLDER WOMEN | TAKE-UP RATE | URBAN AREAS | HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS | OLDER PEOPLE | TAX RATE | POOR FAMILIES | CHILD CARE | MANDATORY CONTRIBUTION | ADMINISTRATIVE DATA | PENSION ACCOUNT | MINIMUM PENSIONS | VULNERABILITY | CLIMATE CHANGE | INCOME SECURITY | PUBLIC PENSIONS | RISK AVERSION | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | PENSION ISSUES | POLICY GUIDANCE | DISCOUNT RATES | RETIREMENT AGE | PUBLIC PENSION SCHEMES | SOCIAL POLICY | CREDITS | MARGINAL TAX RATES | PENSION REFORM PRIMER | PENSION WEALTH | PENSION SYSTEM | HEALTH INSURANCE | CONTRIBUTIONS | ELDERLY PERSONS | FAMILY STRUCTURES | POPULATION AGEING | POVERTY LEVELS | TRADITIONAL FAMILY | WORTH | SELF-EMPLOYMENT | CASH TRANSFER | LIVING STANDARDS | COMMODITY | OLD-AGE | SALARY | LONG-TERM SAVING | FAMILY ALLOWANCES | WITHDRAWAL RATE | DISABILITY | OLD-AGE PENSION | HUMAN RIGHTS | PENSION REFORM | COST ESTIMATES | RETIREMENT | LABOR MARKET TRANSITIONS | LOW-INCOME WORKERS | NATIONAL COMMITTEE | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | AVERAGE BENEFIT | LABOR MARKET | WORKING AGE | REPLACEMENT RATES | FINANCIAL PLANNER | LOW FERTILITY | BENEFICIARIES | DEVELOPMENT BANK | INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY | WAGES | LABOR SUPPLY | NATIONAL PENSION | PENSION PROGRAMS | RURAL AREAS | URBANIZATION | SOCIAL INSURANCE | NORMAL RETIREMENT AGE | GLOBAL POPULATION | INFORMATION SYSTEMS | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | PENSIONS | CITIZEN | MIGRATION | PENSION SYSTEMS | ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT | SKILLED WORKERS | PUBLIC EXPENDITURES | PENSION REFORMS | SOCIAL ASSISTANCE | POLICY RESEARCH | BASIC PENSIONS | SAVINGS | ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS | PRIVATE PENSION PROVIDERS | SOCIAL RISK MANAGEMENT | PRIVATE PENSION | LOW-INCOME INDIVIDUALS | FERTILITY RATES | RATES OF RETURN | CONTINGENCIES | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | PENSION | CITIZENS | PRACTITIONERS | FAMILY POLICIES | INDIGENOUS PEOPLE | PENSION SCHEME | NATIONAL PLAN | MINORITY | PENSION PROVISIONS | LIMITED RESOURCES | CHRONIC POVERTY | QUALITY OF SERVICES | DISSEMINATION | NUTRITION | PROBABILITIES | PUBLIC ECONOMICS | ECONOMIC POLICIES | POVERTY RATES | PENSION ARRANGEMENTS | ORPHANS | INVESTMENTS IN EDUCATION | INCOME LEVEL | MANDATES | BENEFIT FORMULAS | RETIREMENT INCOMES | RETIREMENT INCOME | EARLY RETIREMENT | PENSION TRANSFERS | POVERTY RATE | SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATIONS | IMPORTANT POLICY | BEST PRACTICES | PENSION RIGHTS | GENERAL POPULATION | ELDERLY | RETIREMENT-INCOME | MINISTRY OF EDUCATION | CURRENT PROGRAMS | POOR INDIVIDUALS | VOLUNTARY SAVINGS | INCOME LEVELS | PROBABILITY | FAMILY SUPPORT | LEGAL STATUS | MARKET ECONOMIES | SOURCES OF INCOME | RETIREMENT AGES | PENSION BENEFITS | PENSION REGULATION | WITHDRAWAL | SAFETY NETS | ECONOMIC COSTS | LOW-INCOME | SOUND FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | IMPACTS OF POPULATION | AVERAGE EARNINGS | PENSION INCOME | MATERNITY LEAVE | PENSION SCHEMES | SAVINGS INSTRUMENTS | SOCIAL EXPENDITURES | POPULATION GROUPS | LIFE EXPECTANCY | LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES | SENIOR | BABIES | PRIVATE INVESTMENTS | VALUATION | POVERTY REDUCTION | POLICY DEVELOPMENT | RETIRED | HOUSEHOLD INCOME | SOCIAL PROTECTION | LABOR FORCE | SOCIAL SECURITY | ASSET HOLDINGS | INTEREST RATE | CONTRIBUTION RATES | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | OLD AGE | SOCIAL WELFARE | KNOWLEDGE GAP | PUBLIC PENSION | FINANCIAL ASPECTS | NATURAL RESOURCES | INVESTMENT DECISION | CALCULATIONS | ADMINISTRATIVE CHARGES | LONG-TERM SAVINGS | FIXED COST | TRADE UNION | FINANCIAL POLICY | POLICY MAKERS | HUMAN RIGHT | SMALL ENTERPRISES | BUDGETING | OLDER MEN | SOCIAL AFFAIRS | DEFINED CONTRIBUTIONS
Book
2008, World Bank working paper, ISBN 0821373692, Volume no. 129, v, 40
This study finds that pension reforms in recent years have improved the efficiency and sustainability of pension systems in the new member states of the... 
Pensions | European Union countries | Croatia | NET ASSET | ASSET ALLOCATION | FINANCIAL BENEFITS | PENSION AGE | ASSET ALLOCATIONS | PENSION CONTRIBUTIONS | INVESTMENT RISK | YOUNGER PEOPLE | RETIREMENT BENEFITS | SOCIAL CONTRIBUTIONS | OLDER WORKERS | MINIMUM CONTRIBUTION | MINIMUM WAGE | INFORMATION ON PENSION | WAGE GROWTH | UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | INDIVIDUAL SAVINGS | RETIREMENT ELIGIBILITY | CONTRIBUTION BASE | MINIMUM PENSION | EARNINGS | LIFETIME | EARNINGS INDEXATION | REPLACEMENT RATE | CONTRIBUTION | SOCIAL SECURITY CONTRIBUTIONS | BASIC PENSION | BONDS | BENEFIT FORMULA | OLD-AGE PENSIONS | ECONOMIC MANAGEMENT | CONTRIBUTION RATE | VALUE OF MONEY | MORTALITY | PENSION PLANS | PUBLIC PENSIONS | FERTILITY | BENEFIT RATES | PENSION ENTITLEMENTS | FISCAL CONSOLIDATION | VALUABLE | INSURANCE COMPANY | CONTRIBUTION BASES | RETIREMENT AGE | PENSION COMPANIES | SOCIAL INSURANCE AGENCIES | INVESTMENT PORTFOLIO | INFLATION INDEXATION | PENSION SYSTEM | HEALTH INSURANCE | CONTRIBUTIONS | GROWTH RATE | PUBLIC FINANCE | POPULATION AGEING | SOCIAL CONTRIBUTION | ENVIRONMENTAL BENEFITS | INTERNATIONAL BANK | INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES | LIVING STANDARDS | GROWTH RATES | FINANCIAL MARKET | DEBT | PENSION FUND ASSETS | PENSION SAVINGS | DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES | PENSION FUND | AVERAGE PENSION | SALARY | DISABILITY | OLD-AGE PENSION | PENSION REFORM | DEMOGRAPHIC | DEFINED BENEFIT | RATE OF RETURN | LIFE EXPECTANCIES | CURRENT PENSIONERS | SECOND PENSION | GOVERNMENT BONDS | PORTFOLIO MANAGERS | RETIREMENT | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | AVERAGE BENEFIT | LABOR MARKET | WORKING AGE | RAPID ECONOMIC GROWTH | REPLACEMENT RATES | DISABILITY INSURANCE | FUND ASSETS | INSURANCE SCHEME | ASSET VALUE | FINANCIAL SITUATION | WAGES | SOCIAL INSURANCE | PENSION EXPENDITURES | SOCIAL INSURANCE FUND | NORMAL RETIREMENT AGE | PRESENT VALUE | RATES OF RETURNS | PENSIONS | SHARE OF EARNINGS | DEPENDENCY RATIO | PENSION SYSTEMS | EARLY RETIREMENT PRIVILEGES | FUND MANAGERS | PENSION REFORMS | UNEMPLOYMENT RATE | PENSION PROVISION | BASIC PENSIONS | PRIVATE PENSION | AVERAGE BENEFITS | INFORMAL SECTOR | MINIMUM PERIOD | ACCRUAL RATES | FERTILITY RATES | RATES OF RETURN | PRIVATE SAVINGS | PENSION | WORKING AGE POPULATION | EARNINGS MEASURES | RETIREMENT PENSIONS | YEARS OF SERVICE | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE | BENEFIT LEVELS | TYPE OF WORK | PRIVATIZATION | DISABILITY PENSIONS | PENSION SCHEME | PRIVATE EQUITIES | TAXABLE INCOME | OLD-AGE PENSIONERS | INVESTMENT RATES | INFLATION RATE | CONSUMER | CONTRIBUTION PERIODS | AVERAGE WAGE | INCOME SOURCE | YOUNGER WORKERS | UNEMPLOYED | TRANSACTION | INCOME LEVEL | CAPITAL MARKET | BENEFIT FORMULAS | INCOME | EARLY RETIREMENT | RISK DIVERSIFICATION | ANNUITY | FUND PERFORMANCE | INCOMES | PUBLIC SYSTEM | SECURITIES | EMPLOYEE | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE CENTER | ELDERLY | RETIREMENT-INCOME | PENSION SYSTEM REFORMS | DOMESTIC ECONOMIES | INCOME LEVELS | PROBABILITY | PUBLIC FINANCES | SUPPLEMENTARY PENSION | DEPOSITS | ASSET MANAGEMENT | INFLATION | NATIONAL ECONOMY | GOVERNMENT SECURITIES | PENSION SPENDING | RETIREMENT AGES | WORKING PENSIONERS | WITHDRAWAL | POLITICAL RISK | PENSION EXPENDITURE | PENSION LAW | PENSION ENTITLEMENT | TAX | AVERAGE EARNINGS | OCCUPATIONAL PENSION | MARKET RISK | PENSION SCHEMES | PRIVATE PENSION FUNDS | LIFE EXPECTANCY | TRANSACTION COSTS | PENSION CONTRIBUTION | TRADE UNIONS | RETIRED | DEPENDENCY RATIOS | RETIREES | SOCIAL PROTECTION | LABOR FORCE | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | SOCIAL SECURITY | INTEREST RATE | NORMAL RETIREMENT AGES | PENSION BENEFIT | CONTRIBUTION RATES | CAPITAL MARKET DEVELOPMENT | HEALTH INSURANCE FUND | FINANCES | FUNDED ACCOUNT | PUBLIC PENSION | STATE PENSION | CURRENT PENSION | NATURAL RESOURCES | CALCULATIONS | PENSION SECURITY | MARKET PARTICIPANTS | PUBLIC DEBT | UNEMPLOYMENT | ADMINISTRATIVE CHARGES | BORROWING | EQUITIES | INDIVIDUAL ACCOUNT | DIVERSIFICATION | FOREIGN INVESTMENT | PENSIONABLE AGE | PRIVATE PENSION FUND | EARNINGS HISTORY | PENSION INSURANCE | BOOM GENERATION | AGING POPULATIONS | PRODUCTIVITY | DEBT SECURITIES
Book
2016, ISBN 9780773547872, viii, 304 pages
"Workplace pensions are a vital part of Canada's retirement income system, but these plans have reached a state of crisis as a result of their low coverage and... 
Law and legislation | Pensions
Book
2003, OUP Catalogue, ISBN 9780199261765, xxvi, 281
This book focuses on how Europe and the United States are dealing with the demographic, financial, and political pressures on pension security. It seeks to... 
Economic assistance, Domestic | Pensions | Public-private sector cooperation | financial markets | European Union countries | Pension policies | Pension reform | United States | Europe | Pension security
Book
2008, ISBN 0230219322, xiv, 282
How should Japan cope with the challenges posed by a shrinking and ageing population and the quickening pace of globalization? Japan has largely overcome the... 
Japan Economic conditions | Japan Economic policy
Book
2007, Occasional paper, ISBN 1589066146, Volume 258., xii, 135
Robust GDP growth, declining unemployment, low and stable inflation, and a string of fiscal and current account surpluses -- it's a record to be envied. These... 
Monetary policy | Fiscal policy | Economic policy | Economic conditions | Pension | Energy | Growth | Banking | Inflation Targeting | Macroeconomics | Economic Growth
Book
2005, ISBN 9780821361689, ix, 232
The past decade has brought an increasing recognition to the importance of pension systems to the economic stability of nations and the security of their aging... 
Old age pensions | Aging | Economic aspects | Income maintenance programs | Social security | Government policy | INFORMAL SECTOR | LABOR MARKETS | PENSION COVERAGE | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | PENSION REFORM DESIGN | CIVIL SERVICE PENSIONS | DEVELOPED COUNTRIES | GDP | INCOME DISTRIBUTION | SOCIAL PENSIONS | MACROECONOMIC STABILITY | DISABILITY PENSIONS | ECONOMIC OUTCOMES | FISCAL CONDITIONS | TRANSITION ECONOMIES | ASSET MANAGERS | MIDDLE EAST | DEFICITS | ASSETS | ANNUITIES | ECONOMIC GROWTH | POLITICAL ECONOMY | FINANCIAL MARKETS | INTEREST RATES | PENSION PLAN | PRIVATE SECTOR | INCOME SMOOTHING | INTERNATIONAL TRADE | BANK LOANS | LAWS | TAX TREATMENT | BENCHMARK | OLD-AGE PENSIONS | FINANCIAL SECTOR | SUBSIDIARY | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | RETIREMENT INCOME SECURITY | LEGISLATION | ACCOUNTABILITY | CONSUMPTION LEVELS | RETIREMENT INCOME | PUBLIC SYSTEM | POVERTY ALLEVIATION | SOCIAL POLICY | SUPPLEMENTARY SCHEMES | PENSION RIGHTS | FUNDED BASIS | FUNDED SCHEMES | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | PENSION SYSTEM | FUNDED SYSTEMS | INVESTMENT RETURNS | CENTRALIZATION | CONTRIBUTION SYSTEMS | ASSET MANAGEMENT | CIVIL SERVICE | CLEARINGHOUSE | RISK MANAGEMENT | MARKET ECONOMIES | EXTERNALITY | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | BANK LENDING | EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE | FINANCIAL SYSTEMS | ECONOMIC CONDITIONS | TAX COLLECTION | SAVINGS ACCOUNTS | CAPACITY BUILDING | COMPETITIVE BIDDING | DEBT | PENSION SAVINGS | PENSION SCHEMES | POSITIVE EXTERNALITIES | INSURANCE COMPANIES | INVENTORY | PRIVATE MANAGEMENT | PENSION REFORM | ANALYTICAL METHODS | PERSONAL PENSION PLANS | VOLUNTARY PENSION SCHEMES | BUDGET CONSTRAINTS | LIFE EXPECTANCY | LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES | NORTH AFRICA | TRANSACTION COSTS | RETIREMENT | PENSION FUNDS | REPLACEMENT RATES | MACROECONOMIC POLICIES | OPERATING COSTS | RETIREMENT SAVINGS | SOCIAL PROTECTION | SOCIAL SECURITY | SOCIAL SECURITY SYSTEMS | PENSION WORK | LABOR SUPPLY | DEFINED BENEFITS | CONTRIBUTION RATES | INCOME GROUPS | FUNDED PENSIONS | SOCIAL INSURANCE | PROPERTY RIGHTS | EXPENDITURES | HOUSING | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | PENSIONS | PENSION LIABILITIES | UNEMPLOYMENT | PENSION SYSTEMS | ASSET VALUATION | PENSION REFORMS | SOCIAL ASSISTANCE | AGING POPULATIONS | HEALTH CARE | SURVIVOR PENSIONS | ECONOMICS | DEFINED CONTRIBUTIONS
Book
2004, ISBN 9781589063167, vii, 84
One of the most complex issues in tax policy today is the treatment of the institutions, products, and services that make up the financial sector. It can be... 
Value-added tax | Fiscal policy | Taxation | Financial instruments | Securities | Insurance | Financial Sector
Book
2005, ISBN 1589064208, xiv, 117
Following some historical background, this paper describes how corruption is manifested in Paraguay. The paper distinguishes between factors that explain the... 
Foreign exchange rates | Paraguay Economic conditions | Financial crises | Financial Systems | Economic Reforms
Book