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Accounting Review, ISSN 0001-4826, 09/2018, Volume 93, Issue 5, pp. 245 - 271
Estimating expected credit losses on banks' portfolios is difficult. The issue has become of increasing interest to academics and regulators with the FASB and... 
Credit loss | Banks | Bank failure | Analyst forecast | Standard setting | Loan loss provisions | LOSS PROVISIONS | MANAGEMENT | PRICES | standard setting | banks | COMMERCIAL-BANKS | INFORMATION | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | EARNINGS | VALUATION | analyst forecast | BUSINESS, FINANCE | bank failure | DISCLOSURES | CRISIS | credit loss | loan loss provisions
Journal Article
by Bhat, G and Ryan, SG and Vyas, D
MANAGEMENT SCIENCE, ISSN 0025-1909, 5/2019, Volume 65, Issue 5, pp. 2116 - 2141
Economic policymakers express concern that procyclical lending by banks imperils financial stability. Prior research finds that banks that record timelier loan... 
procyclicality | disclosure | financial crisis | loan loss provisions | timeliness | credit risk modeling | BUSINESS-CYCLE | IMPACT | OPERATIONS RESEARCH & MANAGEMENT SCIENCE | MANAGEMENT | INFORMATION | LOSS RESERVE POLICIES | Bank management | Bad debts | Bank loans | Banks (Finance) | Risk assessment | Financial disclosure | Credit risk | Financial reporting
Journal Article
Journal of Financial Economics, ISSN 0304-405X, 01/2019, Volume 131, Issue 1, pp. 168 - 185
Corporate bond mutual funds increased their selling of credit protection in the credit default swaps (CDS) market during the 2007–2008 financial crisis. This... 
Bond funds | Counterparty risk | Credit default swaps | Crisis | Liquidity provision | MARKET | PERFORMANCE | BUSINESS, FINANCE | IMPACT | CDS | HEDGE FUNDS | ECONOMICS | FLOWS | Usage | Business schools | Financial markets | Bonds | College teachers | Liquidity (Finance) | Liquidity | Mutual funds | Economic crisis
Journal Article
The World Bank Research Observer, ISSN 0257-3032, 10/2006, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp. 207 - 240
This article reviews the evidence on the importance of finance for economic well-being. It provides data on the use of basic financial services by households... 
Bank accounts | Observational research | Credit | World Bank | Bank loans | Microfinance | Finance | Banking services | Financial institutions | Financial services | SMALL BORROWERS | START-UP COSTS | INEQUALITY | ACCESS TO FINANCIAL SERVICES | HOME OWNERSHIP | OUTREACH | ELECTRONIC DEPOSITS | FIXED COSTS | PRIVATE CREDIT | ACCESS TO INTERNATIONAL MARKETS | INFORMATION ASYMMETRIES | ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY | ECONOMIC GROWTH | FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT | PAYMENTS SERVICES | PUBLIC POLICY | INTEREST RATES | USURY LAWS | FINANCIAL SECTOR DEVELOPMENT | INDEBTEDNESS | FORMAL BANK | CREDIT INFORMATION | SMALL BUSINESS | CREDIT UNION | INSTALLMENTS | EQUITY FINANCE | URBAN AREAS | PROVISION OF ACCESS | FORMAL FINANCIAL SERVICES | FEDERAL BENEFITS | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | LITERACY REQUIREMENTS | POSTAL BANK | BAD CREDIT | BANKS | BANKING SERVICES | ACCESS BARRIERS | CREDIT CONSTRAINTS | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | FINANCING OBSTACLES | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | CREDIT HISTORY | SMALL BUSINESSES | CREDIT BUREAU | MULTINATIONALS | HOUSEHOLDS | LENDER | INTERNATIONAL BANK | ELECTRONIC PAYMENTS | INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES | REAL ESTATE | DEBT | E-BANK | FORMAL FINANCIAL SERVICE | MORAL HAZARD | DISCRIMINATION | FORMAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | BARRIERS TO GROWTH | TRADE CREDIT | CAPITAL ADEQUACY | MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS | CREDIT LINES | PROXIMITY BANKS | EXTERNAL FINANCING | BENEFITS OF ACCESS | POSTAL SAVINGS | CREDITWORTHINESS | INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURE | PAYMENT SERVICES | FINANCIAL SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT | DEPOSITORS | DEVELOPMENT BANK | INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY | UNIVERSAL ACCESS | ACCOUNT OWNERS | CROP INSURANCE | E-FINANCE | ENTERPRISE CREDIT | MONEYLENDERS | HIGH INTEREST RATES | INCOME GROUPS | BORROWER | NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS | LOAN | EXPENDITURES | ADMINISTRATIVE BURDENS | CONSUMER CREDIT | INFORMATION SYSTEMS | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | EXCHANGE RATE | FACILITATION | PROFITABLE BANKING | LACK OF ACCESS | FINANCIAL SERVICE PROVIDERS | SAVINGS | SAVINGS BANKS | FEDERAL RESERVE | POOR BORROWERS | COLLATERAL | LOANABLE FUNDS | REMITTANCES | RATES OF RETURN | FORMS OF CREDIT | PRIVATE SAVINGS | DEPOSIT | PAWNSHOPS | EXTERNAL FINANCE | DEPOSIT ACCOUNTS | CONSUMER FINANCE | PRIVATIZATION | FINANCIAL REFORM | BANKING RELATIONSHIP | ELECTRONIC TRANSFERS | CREDIT SCORING | BANKING SYSTEMS | FINANCIAL MARKETS | START-UP | BANK ACCOUNT | BANK ACCESS | ACCESS TO FINANCE | CREDIT INFORMATION BUREAUS | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTIONS | USURY | CREDIT ACCESS | CHAMBERS OF COMMERCE | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | EXCLUSION | BANKING CRISES | CREDIT EXTENSION | POSTAL BANKS | LOAN APPLICATIONS | VOLATILE INCOME | MINIMUM BALANCES | WORKING CAPITAL | ABSENCE OF CREDIT | CREDIT ANALYSIS | FINANCIAL LITERACY | COMMERCIAL BANK | ENTREPRENEURS | PROFITABILITY | SECURITIES | FINANCIAL SERVICES PROVIDERS | LENDING REQUIREMENTS | BANK BRANCH | MUTUAL FUNDS | BARTER | CREDIT REQUIREMENTS | CREDIT UNIONS | DEPOSITS | LENDERS | FINANCIAL PRODUCTS | FINANCIAL SYSTEMS | ELECTRONIC TRANSFER ACCOUNTS | INFORMATION SHARING | FINANCE COMPANIES | SAVINGS BANK ACCOUNT | COMMERCIAL BANKS | FINANCIAL DEPTH | SAVINGS ACCOUNTS | INFORMAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | FORMAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | SOCIAL EXCLUSION | SAVINGS PRODUCT | ELECTRONIC TRANSFER ACCOUNT | ACCESS TO BANK ACCOUNTS | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARIES | RISK MITIGATION | AGRICULTURAL BANK | MICROFINANCE | SAVINGS SERVICES | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION | TRANSACTION COSTS | PUBLIC BANKS | SAVINGS ACCOUNT | SMALL BANK | SOCIAL COMMITMENT | EMPLOYERS | NET WORTH | INFORMAL FINANCE | SAVINGS BANK | COOPERATIVES | STOCK MARKET | ILLITERACY | FINANCIAL EXCLUSION | BANK SERVICES | SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION | SMART CARDS | HOUSING FINANCE | SOCIAL SECURITY | BANKING SYSTEM | INTEREST RATE | REPAYMENT CAPACITY | CREDIT BUREAUS | ELECTRONIC TRANSFER | ACCESS TO PAYMENTS | OVERHEAD COSTS | FINANCES | PROPERTY RIGHTS | RETAIL BANKS | REPAYMENT | ACCESS TO FINANCING | CREDIT ASSOCIATIONS | FINANCIAL SERVICE | BORROWING | ECONOMIES OF SCALE | GROWTH OPPORTUNITIES | COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIATION | CAPITAL MARKETS | GREATER ACCESS | ACCESS TO CREDIT | SMALL ENTERPRISES | STOCK MARKETS | INSURANCE SERVICES | MATTER | ECONOMICS | GROWTH | PLANNING & DEVELOPMENT
Journal Article
Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, ISSN 0167-2681, 11/2013, Volume 95, pp. 270 - 285
► We design a field experiment to test the optimal design of credit bureaus. ► Credit scoring is compared using group versus individual information. ► We... 
Reputation | Public goods | Information | Credit bureaus | Microfinance | INCENTIVES | COOPERATION | PROVISION | GROUP-SIZE | DEMAND | STRATEGIC BEHAVIOR | PUNISHMENT | ECONOMICS | RECIPROCITY | Studies | Reputations | Entrepreneurs
Journal Article
International Review of Law, ISSN 2223-859X, 07/2017, Volume 2017, Issue 3, p. 13
Journal Article
The Journal of Finance, ISSN 0022-1082, 7/1996, Volume 51, Issue 3, pp. 987 - 1019
This article examines the optimal capital structure of a firm that can choose both the amount and maturity of its debt. Bankruptcy is determined endogenously... 
Bank assets | Debt | Long term debt | Financial leverage | Short term debt | Financial instruments | Yield curves | Business structures | Bankruptcy | Capital structure | RISK STRUCTURE | BUSINESS, FINANCE | INTEREST-RATES | DEBT | PROVISIONS | Capital | Analysis | Debt financing (Corporations)
Journal Article
Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, ISSN 1211-8516, 2018, Volume 66, Issue 6, pp. 1627 - 1635
The paper is set to analyse the impact of credit risk management on the financial performance of commercial banks in Uganda for a period of 2006–2015 using... 
Loan provisions | Non-performing loans | Credit risk | non‑performing loans | loan provisions | credit risk
Journal Article
World Bank Research Observer, ISSN 0257-3032, 10/2006, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp. 241 - 265
In the early 1990s the World Bank launched the Regional Program on Enterprise Development (RPED) in several African countries, a key component of which was to... 
Productivity | Manufacturing industries | Trade credit | Observational research | Credit | Investment credit | Corporations | World Bank | Business structures | Financial investments | INDIGENOUS ENTREPRENEURS | BANKING RELATIONSHIPS | RISK AVERSE | OPPORTUNITY COSTS | DEVELOPED COUNTRIES | FIXED COSTS | CREDIBILITY | RISK PREMIUM | ECONOMIC ANALYSIS | CONTRACT ENFORCEMENT | ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | ECONOMIC POLICY | MARKET CONDITIONS | PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH | ENDOGENOUS VARIABLES | INTEREST RATES | CREDIT PROVISION | EARNINGS | MACROECONOMIC VARIABLES | FIRMS | INDEBTEDNESS | HUMAN RESOURCES | TRADING | REGULATORY SYSTEM | SMALL FIRMS | FORMAL BORROWING | INVESTMENT CLIMATE | COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | INVESTING | ENVIRONMENTAL | MANUFACTURERS | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | SUPPLIER | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | ENTERPRISE GROWTH | INFORMATION ON INVESTMENT | INCREASING RETURNS TO SCALE | BANKS | EXPORTERS | FIRM SIZE | ENTERPRISE SIZE | CREDIT CONSTRAINTS | TURNOVER | PRODUCERS | CORPORATION | TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY | LOAN APPLICATION | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | GROWTH RATE | MONOPOLY | STOCK DATA | CREDIT HISTORIES | PRODUCTION FUNCTION | EMPIRICAL EVIDENCE | CASH FLOW | INTERNATIONAL BANK | INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES | LOCAL BUSINESS | CREDIT RATING | BANKING CRISIS | BRIBES | JOB CREATION | INVENTORIES | ENTERPRISE PERFORMANCE | TRADE CREDIT | EFFICIENCY WAGES | MANUFACTURING ENTERPRISES | LACK OF CREDIT | CREDITWORTHINESS | DEVELOPING COUNTRY | FORMAL ANALYSES | CREDIT RELATIONSHIPS | INTERNATIONAL MARKETS | ECONOMIC PROBLEMS | ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE | VALUE ADDED | MIDDLE INCOME COUNTRIES | SUPPLIERS | FORMAL CREDIT | RESOURCE ALLOCATION | ENTRY BARRIERS | ECONOMISTS | WAGES | SOURCE OF INFORMATION | ECONOMIC RENTS | INSURANCE | MACROECONOMIC ANALYSIS | MARKET FAILURE | PHYSICAL CAPITAL | LABOR COSTS | COUNTRY CREDIT | LOAN | EXPENDITURES | STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT | WAGE DIFFERENTIALS | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | EXTERNAL FUNDS | EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS | EXCHANGE RATE | DOMESTIC MARKET | FINANCIAL SECTOR REFORMS | ACCESS TO FORMAL CREDIT | CREDIT MARKET | ENDOWMENTS | LACK OF ACCESS | INCREASING RETURNS | SALES GROWTH | ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT | COMPETITIVENESS | MARKET FAILURES | ENTREPRENEURIAL DEVELOPMENT | CAPITAL STOCK | COMPETITIVE MARKET | RATES OF RETURN | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | CORRUPTION | DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS | EXPENDITURE | BANKING PRACTICES | EXTERNAL FINANCE | GDP | INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICS | LEARNING OPPORTUNITIES | OBSTACLES TO GROWTH | PORTFOLIO CHOICE | CREDIT RISK | FIRM PERFORMANCE | EMPLOYMENT | ETHNIC GROUPS | BANKING RELATIONSHIP | FINANCIAL MARKETS | CREDIT RATING AGENCIES | CREDIT ACCESS | COMPANY | INTERNATIONAL TRADE | BANKING CRISES | INVESTMENT RATES | INVESTMENT PROJECTS | TOTAL COSTS | IRREVERSIBILITY | FINANCIAL SECTOR | FORMAL LOANS | LOAN APPLICATIONS | NEW MARKETS | DEVELOPMENT POLICY | TRANSACTION | ENTERPRISE FINANCING | RED TAPE | INVESTMENT ACTIVITY | ENTREPRENEURS | PROFITABILITY | SUNK COSTS | FORMAL LOAN | EMPLOYEE | POSITIVE EFFECTS | CREDIT CONSTRAINT | EMPLOYER | FINANCIAL REFORMS | INFLATION | CAPITAL COSTS | MANUFACTURING ENTERPRISE | DOMESTIC MARKETS | ENTREPRENEURIAL SUCCESS | TAX | ENTREPRENEUR | MARGINAL COSTS | FIXED CAPITAL | ECONOMIC RISK | ACCOUNTING | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION | TRANSACTION COSTS | SMALL FIRM | PROFIT RATE | CONSTANT RETURNS TO SCALE | FUTURE RESEARCH | TELECOMMUNICATIONS | MINORITY ENTREPRENEURS | CREDIT RATINGS | EXPANSION | LABOUR MARKET | FOREIGN INVESTORS | LABOR FORCE | DEMAND FOR CREDIT | TAX REVENUES | MARGINAL PRODUCT | WEALTH | HUMAN CAPITAL | ELASTICITY | GENDER | EXPORTS | MARKET PARTICIPANTS | PORTFOLIO | BORROWING | FIXED COST | BIASES | PROVISION OF CREDIT | RETURNS TO SCALE | ACCESS TO CREDIT | ECONOMIC THEORIES | PRODUCTIVITY | BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT | ECONOMICS | INVESTMENT RATE | PANEL-DATA | SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA | INVESTMENT | SIZE | GROWTH | EFFICIENCY | DEVELOPING-COUNTRIES | PLANNING & DEVELOPMENT
Journal Article
Economics of Education Review, ISSN 0272-7757, 06/2013, Volume 34, pp. 76 - 84
Journal Article
2010, Law, justice, and development, ISBN 9780821381038, xvi, 300
We live in an age of economic turmoil. The recent crises emphasize the need for modern, sophisticated rules to govern businesses in financial distress in order... 
Bankruptcy | Corporate reorganizations | Debtor and creditor | General Counsel | Personal Property Security | enforcement of security | insolvency process | notice of insolvency | bankruptcy proceeding | commercial debtors | corporate law | Exempt Property | going concern | Debtor | Receivership | legal systems | insolvency law reform | Insolvency Law | going-concern value | Informal Workouts | insolvency case | jurisdictions | Negotiation | insolvency remedy | financial crisis | legislative reforms | Jurisdiction | defaults | creditor | specific assets | Preferential Transfer | insolvency practitioner | Debtors | Personal Property | Corporate Governance | flow of credit | Fraud | sale of property | commencement of insolvency proceedings | Liens | transaction law | debtor's property | individual creditor | Informal Workout | insolvency proceedings | insolvency regime | international bankruptcy | reorganization | Insolvency Code | insolvency regimes | Foreign Proceedings | default judgment | reorganization procedure | Model Law | Derivatives | Statutory Provisions | Insurance Companies | Insolvency Proceeding | reform of insolvency law | business debtor | collateral | administration of insolvency | accountant | Personal Property Securities | court action | free market | Creditors | Effective Insolvency | Debt | Enforcement of Judgments | contractual relationships | insolvency court | creditor interests | Financial Responsibility | judicial system | Officer Liability | valid claim | sale of the collateral | movable property | international insolvency law | trustees | Commencement of Insolvency | insolvency administrator | court judgments | pro-debtor | loan | Dissenting Creditors | property right | Model Law on Cross-Border Insolvency | Comparative Law | lien | civil law | Assets | International Financial Law | legal proceeding | commercial law | Business Law | Wages | general observation | insolvency field | Insolvency Cases | municipal insolvency | Title | transactions laws | negotiations | Possession | Claimants | bankruptcy policy | criminal law | Corporate Insolvency Legislation | Cash Flow | legal system | public registry | equality of distribution | Transnational Insolvency Project | Choice of Law | administrative receiver | Unsecured Debt | provision of credit | Corporate Insolvency | lien on property | Estate | going-concern | Remedies | Preferential Transfers | grace period | intellectual property | Insolvency Procedure | Credit Systems | judgement | Bankruptcy Law | Accurate Information | individual debt | insolvency matters | going concern value | collection procedure | mortgage | Business Insolvency | protection of creditor | debt-collection | Judiciary | liquidation value | financial systems | Rehabilitation Proceedings | out-of-court workouts | court order | credit costs | Insurance | transactions Law | nonpayment | Personal Liability | unsecured creditors | administrative debt | administrative procedure | unsecured creditor | institutional framework | insolvency procedures | Private Law | judgment | enforcement mechanism | claim | credit system | liquidation case | lenders | Creditor Rights Systems | international business | pro-creditor | repossession | rights of creditors | Financial Institutions | concealment of assets | Disposition | Corporate Insolvency Law | judges | leverage | operation of law | Insolvency Laws | transaction laws | Uniform Commercial Code | insolvency regulation | Insolvency Systems | Insolvency Administrators | unsecured credit | lender | liquidation proceeding | foreign judgments | Legislative Guide on Insolvency Law | nonpayment of debt | creditor rights | Liquidation | Certified Public Accountants | secure payment | Administrative Institutions | rights of debtors | debt collection | seizure of property | collusive bidding | international insolvency | Restructuring Plan | specific asset | insolvency system | financial distress | debts | debt collection laws | Assignment of Contracts | procedural law
Book
02/2015
This study starts with a brief analysis of which firms are the main net job creators in Ethiopia and then focuses on the financing constraints of Ethiopian... 
NET LOSS | INVESTMENT DECISIONS | INCOME GROUP | ACCESS TO FINANCIAL SERVICES | MATURITIES | OUTREACH | BUSINESS ACTIVITIES | MACROECONOMIC STABILITY | PRIVATE CREDIT | CONTRACT ENFORCEMENT | ECONOMIC GROWTH | PUBLIC POLICY | INTEREST RATES | PRUDENTIAL REGULATIONS | CREDIT PROVISION | LENDING PORTFOLIO | CREDIT INFORMATION | NATIONAL BANK | SMALL BUSINESS | MICRO FINANCE INSTITUTIONS | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARY | URBAN AREAS | BANK ASSETS | AUDITS | LIQUIDITY | FRAUD | MICRO FINANCE SECTOR | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | CASH FLOWS | LEGISLATION | CREDIT REPORTING | EMPLOYMENT GROWTH | BANKS | BUSINESS MANAGEMENT | REORGANIZATION | BANKING SERVICES | AFFORDABLE PRICE | CREDIT CONSTRAINTS | LIQUIDITY RISK | LOAN DECISIONS | TURNOVER | GROUP GUARANTEES | MICROFINANCE SECTOR | PUBLIC CREDIT | BANKING SECTOR ASSET | RISK MANAGEMENT | CREDIT BUREAU | EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES | FINANCIAL SERVICES | CASH FLOW | INTERNATIONAL BANK | EMPLOYMENT DYNAMICS | DIRECTED CREDIT | DEBT | JOB CREATION | RESERVE REQUIREMENTS | LINES OF CREDIT | BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT | MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS | CREDIT LINES | EXTERNAL FINANCING | FINANCIAL SERVICE ACCESSIBILITY | LINE OF CREDIT | MICRO-ENTERPRISE | EXTERNAL SHOCKS | MFIS | CREDITWORTHINESS | PUBLIC INVESTMENTS | LACK OF COLLATERAL | MICRO ENTERPRISE | LIQUIDATION | CREDIT RISK MANAGEMENT | LACK OF KNOWLEDGE | PAYMENT SERVICES | CREDITOR RIGHTS | DEVELOPMENT BANK | DISINTERMEDIATION | ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS | ENABLING ENVIRONMENT | GOVERNMENT SUPPORT | BORROWER | COLLATERAL SYSTEMS | OUTSTANDING LOANS | DEBT RECOVERY | UNSECURED CREDIT | LOAN | GROUP LOANS | ALTERNATIVE SOURCES OF FUNDING | INFORMAL FINANCING | ALTERNATIVE SOURCES OF FINANCING | CREDIT CONSTRAINED FIRM | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | RISK PROFILES | CREDIT REGISTRY | WOMEN ENTREPRENEURSHIP | CREDIT INFORMATION SYSTEMS | PERSONAL ASSETS | MICRO FINANCING | CREDIT MARKET | FACTORING | VENTURE CAPITAL | LACK OF ACCESS | RETURN ON EQUITY | FINANCIAL SERVICE PROVIDERS | AUDITING | OUTSTANDING DEPOSITS | SAVINGS | SALES GROWTH | FINANCIAL SECTOR REFORM | COLLATERAL | LOAN APPRAISAL | DEPOSIT | EXPENDITURE | COLLATERAL REQUIREMENTS | EXTERNAL FINANCE | LOAN AMOUNT | CREDIT RISK | REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS | CREDIT SCORING | BANKING SYSTEMS | ACCESS TO FINANCE | CREDIT ACCESS | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | LACK OF AWARENESS | LAWS | AGRICULTURAL SECTOR | FINANCING NEEDS | LOAN ANALYSIS | LONG-TERM FINANCE | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | LOAN APPLICATIONS | PRIVATE SECTOR COMMERCIAL BANKS | TRANSACTION | MICRO ENTERPRISES | CREDIT ANALYSIS | ECONOMIC CONTRIBUTION | COMMERCIAL BANK | FINANCIAL PRODUCT | CREDIT FACILITIES | VALUE OF COLLATERAL | PROFITABILITY | CREDIT PROGRAMS | EMPLOYEE | LOAN PORTFOLIOS | RETURNS | OVERDRAFT FACILITY | PRIVATE COMMERCIAL BANKS | CREDIT CONSTRAINT | SUPERVISORY AUTHORITY | IMMOVABLE ASSETS | INCOME LEVELS | DEPOSITS | LENDERS | INFLATION | LIQUIDITY CONSTRAINTS | LOAN SIZE | AUCTION | FINANCIAL PRODUCTS | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | FINANCIAL SYSTEMS | COMMERCIAL BANKS | BANKING SUPERVISION | CAPACITY BUILDING | OVERDRAFT | COLLATERALS | DOCUMENTATION REQUIREMENTS | PRIVATE SECTOR CREDIT | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARIES | MICRO FINANCE | RISK MITIGATION | ACCOUNTING | MICROFINANCE | TRANSACTION COSTS | PUBLIC BANKS | SAVINGS ACCOUNT | EMPLOYERS | MICRO FINANCE INSTITUTION | BUSINESS TRANSACTIONS | ACCOUNT HOLDERS | MICROENTERPRISES | BANK CUSTOMERS | GUARANTEE SCHEMES | BUSINESS ANALYSIS | COLLATERAL REGIME | BANKING SYSTEM | INTEREST RATE | CREDIT GUARANTEE | CREDIT BUREAUS | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | CREDITOR | MFI | LOAN MATURITY | DEPOSIT INSURANCE | FINANCIAL SERVICE | SMALL ENTERPRISE | UNEMPLOYMENT | BORROWING | FLOW OF FUNDS | DIVERSIFICATION | ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT | BANKING SECTOR | PARTIAL CREDIT | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIATION | ASSET PORTFOLIO | CAPITAL MARKETS | BANK BRANCHES | BUSINESS STRATEGY | CREDIT INFORMATION SYSTEM | ACCESS TO CREDIT | PRIVATE BANKS | SMALL ENTERPRISES | PRODUCTIVITY | COLLATERAL REGISTRY | LONG TERM FINANCING
Book
2015, IFC SmartLessons
By increasing access to finance for out-of-reach households and families, microfinance continues to be an essential tool for improving livelihoods at the base... 
FREE LOANS | INCOME STATEMENTS | INEQUALITY | INCOME GROUP | ACCESS TO FINANCIAL SERVICES | FINANCIAL COSTS | OUTREACH | COMMERCIAL LENDING | HOUSING LOANS | TERMS OF LOAN | FOREIGN CURRENCY | PRIVATE CREDIT | CONTRACT ENFORCEMENT | SUBSIDIARIES | LEGAL REQUIREMENT | ECONOMIC GROWTH | INTEREST RATES | PRUDENTIAL REGULATIONS | FINANCIAL SECTOR DEVELOPMENT | INDEBTEDNESS | EQUITY REQUIREMENTS | CREDIT INFORMATION | INCOME-GENERATING PROJECTS | SOURCES OF CREDIT | FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | TRANSPARENT MARKET | URBAN AREAS | BANK ASSETS | FORMAL FINANCIAL SERVICES | CREDIT PROVIDERS | TAX EXEMPTIONS | PRUDENTIAL REQUIREMENTS | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | BALANCE SHEET | CURRENT ACCOUNTS | BANKING LAW | INSIDER LENDING | LEGISLATION | CAPITAL STRUCTURE | CREDIT REPORTING | OPERATIONAL COSTS | CREDIT REPORT | CREDITS | LOAN PROGRAM | GUARANTORS | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | NEW ENTRANTS | LOAN PROVISIONING | BANK CREDIT | PUBLIC CREDIT | SMALL BUSINESSES | DONOR FUNDING | RISK MANAGEMENT | CREDIT BUREAU | LOAN RECOVERY | HOUSEHOLDS | LOAN CLASSIFICATION | BANK GUARANTEES | CASH FLOW | SAVINGS BEHAVIOR | CONVENTIONAL BANKS | REAL ESTATE | DEBT | MONEY TRANSFERS | POSTAL SAVING | LOAN DELINQUENCY | DONOR SUPPORT | INCOME TAX | INVENTORY | PROVIDERS OF CREDIT | LOAN AMOUNTS | CAPITAL ADEQUACY | MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS | CREDIT LINES | MFIS | MARKET VALUE | CREDITWORTHINESS | LOAN TERMS | AFFILIATES | OPERATING COSTS | RESOURCE ALLOCATION | CONSUMER PROTECTION | FINANCE COMPANY | INSURANCE | LOAN PROCESSING TIME | CENTRAL BANKS | CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS | LOAN CONTRACT | LOAN | CREDIT SCORES | SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | CREDIT REGISTRY | EXCHANGE RATE | LOW-INCOME CONSUMERS | MICRO-LENDING | EUROPEAN CENTRAL BANK | LOAN PROCESSING | PAYMENT OBLIGATIONS | REPAYMENT RATES | REPAYMENT PERIOD | PROPENSITY TO SAVE | FINANCIAL SERVICE PROVIDERS | AUDITING | SAVINGS | INCOME-GENERATING PROJECT | FOREIGN ASSETS | FOREIGN BANKS | COLLATERAL | LEGAL FRAMEWORK | UNFAIR COMPETITION | WHOLESALE FUNDING | FINANCIAL LEASING | LEGAL PROVISION | SOURCES OF FUNDS | CUSTOMER RELATIONSHIP | RESERVE REQUIREMENT | DEPOSIT | COLLATERAL REQUIREMENTS | MONETARY POLICY | DEBT BURDEN | LOAN AMOUNT | MONEY LAUNDERING | FORMAL FINANCIAL SECTOR | CREDIT RISK | INEQUALITIES | ACCESS TO FINANCE | FOREIGN CURRENCIES | USURY | DEVELOPMENT CENTER | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | BANK LOANS | LAWS | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | WORKING CAPITAL | MAXIMUM LOAN AMOUNT | COMMERCIAL BANK | MICROCREDIT | FAIR LENDING | FOREIGN INVESTMENTS | FINANCIAL RESOURCES | DONOR RESOURCES | ENTREPRENEURS | PROFITABILITY | ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING | TRADE VOLUME | BALANCE SHEETS | FINANCIAL TRANSACTIONS | SECURITIES | EMPLOYEE | LOAN PORTFOLIOS | FINANCIAL SERVICES PROVIDERS | CURRENT ACCOUNT | PUBLIC FUNDS | CONVENTIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE | EMPLOYER | LEVEL PLAYING FIELD | DEPOSITS | LENDERS | LOAN SIZE | MICROFINANCE INSTITUTION | INFORMATION SHARING | FINANCE COMPANIES | CONVENTIONAL BANK | COMMERCIAL BANKS | COUNTRY COMPARISONS | CAPACITY BUILDING | MICRO-ENTERPRISES | MOVABLE COLLATERAL | FORMAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | BANK LOAN | WOMAN | OVERDRAFT | DOCUMENTATION REQUIREMENTS | LOAN CONTRACTS | INFORMATION GAP | MONEY TRANSFER | MICROFINANCE | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION | EMPLOYERS | STOCK MARKET | TRADE CREDITS | SOURCE OF CREDIT | BANKING SYSTEM | INTEREST RATE | CREDIT BUREAUS | LOAN PORTFOLIO | PRIVATE LENDER | INSURANCE POLICY | PAYMENT SERVICE | MFI | ECONOMIC ACTIVITY | FINANCIAL REGULATOR | REPAYMENT | HOUSEHOLD WELFARE | ACCESS TO FINANCING | LOAN DOCUMENTATION | GOVERNMENT FUNDING | FINANCIAL SERVICE | UNEMPLOYMENT | BORROWINGS | BORROWING | ECONOMIES OF SCALE | FOREIGN INVESTMENT | BUSINESS LOANS | EXTERNAL AUDITORS | BANKING SECTOR | FUNDING SOURCES | LIQUID ASSETS | CREDIT INFORMATION SYSTEM | ACCESS TO CREDIT | PRIVATE BANKS | SMALL ENTERPRISES | PRODUCTIVITY | INSURANCE SERVICES | CAPITAL REQUIREMENT | RISK OF LOSS
Book
01/2015
This review of the Consumer Protection and Financial Literacy Framework (CPFL) in Paraguay was undertaken in response to a request for technical assistance in... 
CHECKS | TRUST FUND | SALARIES | FINANCIAL COSTS | CREDIT PRODUCTS | OUTREACH | PRIVATE FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | COMMERCIAL TRANSACTION | FOREIGN CURRENCY | PENALTY FEES | FINANCIAL REGULATIONS | PRIVATE CREDIT | CONSUMERS | INFORMATION REQUIREMENTS | DISPUTE RESOLUTIONS | EMPOWERMENT | INTEREST RATES | PRUDENTIAL REGULATIONS | FINANCIAL SECTOR DEVELOPMENT | LIABILITY | INDEBTEDNESS | CREDIT INFORMATION | NATIONAL BANK | FORMAL FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARIES | CALCULATION | FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | INSTALLMENTS | RESPONSIBILITIES | CENTRAL BANK | PURCHASES | AUDITS | FORMAL FINANCIAL SERVICES | CREDIT PROVIDERS | FRAUD | MARKET SHARE | CURRENT ACCOUNTS | EXISTING DEBT | COURT SETTLEMENT | CREDIT REPORTING | PRICE TRANSPARENCY | BANKS | VALUABLE | SUPERVISORY AGENCIES | CREDITS | PREDATORY LENDING | STAKEHOLDERS | MARKETING | HEALTH INSURANCE | TOTAL COST | ADVERTISEMENTS | USURY LAW | SMALLHOLDERS | COST OF CREDIT | CREDIT BUREAU | ARBITRATION | ATM | FIXED ASSETS | DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION | MULTIPLE LOANS | FINANCIAL SERVICES | UNION | INTERNATIONAL BANK | FINANCIAL PLAYERS | PRIVATE CREDIT BUREAU | MASS MEDIA | SALARY | FORMAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | ARREARS | MORTGAGE LOANS | DEBT COLLECTION | FINANCIAL COST | LEGAL PROVISIONS | MAINTENANCE CHARGES | CREDIT PROVIDER | MFIS | AFFORDABILITY | FINANCIAL TOPICS | LEGAL FRAMEWORKS | DISCLOSURE REQUIREMENTS | PAYMENT HISTORY | DEPOSITORS | BENEFICIARIES | CREDIT CARDS | DEVELOPMENT BANK | CONSUMER PROTECTION | FINANCIAL REGULATORS | INSURANCE SCHEME | ECONOMIC COOPERATION | SOURCE OF INFORMATION | MONEYLENDERS | INCOME GROUPS | BORROWER | LOAN | CONSUMER CREDIT | CREDIT REGISTRY | ELECTRONIC PAYMENT SYSTEM | CURRENCY | CONSUMER COMPLAINTS | MORTGAGE | ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT | LIFE INSURANCES | FINANCIAL HEALTH | FINANCIAL SERVICE PROVIDERS | SAVINGS | INSURANCE PRODUCTS | LEGAL FRAMEWORK | OVERDRAFTS | PAYROLL DEDUCTIONS | ATMS | LATE PAYMENT | DEPOSIT | GUARANTEE FUND | PAWNSHOPS | DEPOSIT ACCOUNTS | PREMIUM RATES | TERMS OF CREDIT | DISPUTE RESOLUTION | MONEY LAUNDERING | FORMAL FINANCIAL SECTOR | CREDIT RISK | REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS | ELECTRONIC TRANSFERS | INEQUALITIES | FINANCIAL MARKETS | USURY | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | TOTAL COSTS | CONSUMER | FINANCIAL SECTOR | EXCLUSIONS | INSURANCES | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | TRANSACTION | ENTERPRISE FINANCING | SUPERVISORY AUTHORITIES | FINANCIAL LITERACY | CREDIT CARD | MICROCREDIT | INCOME | RECEIPT | FINANCIAL INFORMATION | FINANCIAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS | UNFAIR BUSINESS PRACTICES | SOLVENCY | CONSUMER PROTECTION LAW | SECURITIES | FINANCIAL SERVICES PROVIDERS | CURRENT ACCOUNT | REGULAR INCOME | FINANCIAL CRISIS | INCOME LEVELS | LEVEL PLAYING FIELD | DEPOSITS | MAINTENANCE COSTS | FINANCIAL PRODUCTS | INSTALLMENT | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | INFORMATION SHARING | FINANCE COMPANIES | COMMERCIAL BANKS | PAYMENT SCHEDULE | CAPACITY BUILDING | TAX | FORMAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | TRANSPARENCY OF INFORMATION | INSURANCE COMPANIES | CREDIT CARD DEBT | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARIES | CREDIT OFFICERS | LIFE INSURANCE | ACCOUNTING | MICROFINANCE | TRANSACTION COSTS | PUBLIC BANK | FINANCIAL REGULATION | EMPLOYERS | TELECOMMUNICATIONS | ADVISORY SERVICES | COOPERATIVES | MINIMUM WAGES | DEBIT CARDS | LEGAL REQUIREMENTS | FINANCIAL EDUCATION | LIFE INSURANCE PREMIUMS | LEVEL OF DEBT | FINANCIAL LITERACY INITIATIVES | INTEREST RATE | REPAYMENT CAPACITY | ATM WITHDRAWALS | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | PRICE STABILITY | REGULATORY AUTHORITIES | CREDITOR | PAYMENT SERVICE | INVESTMENT PRODUCTS | ENTRY POINTS | FARMERS | TRANSPARENCY | FINANCIAL REGULATOR | REPAYMENT | DEPOSIT INSURANCE | INSURANCE PREMIUM | FINANCIAL SERVICE | FINANCIAL VIABILITY | MARKET PARTICIPANTS | ADMINISTRATIVE CHARGES | ANNUAL PERCENTAGE RATES | REGULATORY AUTHORITY | ELECTRONIC PAYMENT | BORROWING | BANKING SECTOR | BUDGETING SKILLS | LOAN COOPERATIVES | FINANCIAL CONSUMER | ACCESS TO CREDIT | PRIVATE BANKS | BUDGETING | CHECKING ACCOUNTS | INSURANCE SERVICES | MARKET TRANSPARENCY | INSURANCE PREMIUMS | ADVERTISEMENT
Book