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11/2013
This public expenditure review (PER 2013) is prepared in response to a request by the Government of Malawi (GOM). It is aligned with the fifth country... 
RECURRENT EXPENDITURE | TRAVEL COSTS | CENTRAL GOVERNMENT | HEALTH PROGRAMS | MEDIUM-TERM EXPENDITURE | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM | EXPENDITURE CONTROL | EXTERNAL DEBT | MINISTRY OF FINANCE | ROAD NETWORK | HEALTH SECTOR | MACROECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT | NATIONAL INCOME | ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE | TOTAL EXPENDITURE | VEHICLE | BUDGET SUPPORT | CASH TRANSFERS | FISCAL DISCIPLINE | INTEREST RATES | PRIVATE SECTOR | BUDGET ALLOCATIONS | REFORM STRATEGY | MEDIUM TERM EXPENDITURE FRAMEWORK | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | HEALTH SERVICES | DOMESTIC BORROWING | HIGHER INFLATION | TRANSPORT EXPENDITURES | TAX EFFORT | AUDIT OFFICE | NET LENDING | PUBLIC ROAD | PATRONAGE | ROAD TRANSPORT | FISCAL CONSOLIDATION | FISCAL RISK | PUBLIC INTEREST | EXTERNAL GRANTS | TRANSPORT SECTOR | PUBLIC EDUCATION | ROAD PROJECTS | PUBLIC FINANCE | EFFICIENCY GAINS | CIVIL SERVICE | HEALTH EXPENDITURES | TRANSPORT MODES | FINANCIAL ACCOUNTABILITY | CASH PLANNING | BUDGET PROCESS | RAILWAYS | DECENTRALIZATION PROCESS | NATIONAL EXPENDITURE | DEBT | FISCAL POLICIES | FISCAL DEFICITS | BUDGET POLICY | PROGRAMS | POLITICIANS | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | RECURRENT EXPENDITURES | FISCAL ADJUSTMENT | SCHOOL IMPROVEMENT | MEDIUM TERM EXPENDITURE | EXTERNAL FINANCING | FINANCE MINISTRY | REFORM PROGRAM | EXTERNAL SHOCKS | FISCAL EXPENDITURES | CIVIL SERVANTS | EXPENDITURE CONTROLS | EXPENDITURE GROWTH | DATA COLLECTION | BUDGET FRAMEWORK | EXTERNAL IMBALANCES | REFORM AGENDA | UNCERTAINTY | FISCAL DEFICIT | RESOURCE ALLOCATION | INVESTMENT EXPENDITURE | BENEFICIARIES | EXPENDITURE PROGRAMMING | DONOR FUNDS | DONOR INFLOWS | MEDICAL TREATMENT | BALANCE OF PAYMENTS | RESOURCE MANAGEMENT | MARKET DEVELOPMENT | INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT | EXCHANGE RATE | ACCOUNTABILITY FRAMEWORK | FOREIGN FINANCING | ACCUMULATION OF ARREARS | DOMESTIC MARKET | SOCIAL PROTECTION EXPENDITURES | PUBLIC EXPENDITURES | ROAD MAINTENANCE | DEBT SERVICE PAYMENTS | HEALTH CARE | CAPITAL SPENDING | ROAD | EDUCATION SYSTEM | DEBT RELIEF | CONTINGENT LIABILITY | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | TOTAL PUBLIC SPENDING | ROAD FUND | MONETARY POLICY | FOREIGN BORROWING | CAPITAL INVESTMENT | ROAD SECTOR | PUBLIC RESOURCES | FISCAL SUSTAINABILITY | POVERTY REDUCTION SUPPORT | TOLL | FISCAL PERFORMANCE | FISCAL IMPACT | PUBLIC HOSPITALS | QUALITY CONTROL | AIR | DECENTRALIZATION | QUALITY OF SERVICES | MEDIUM-TERM EXPENDITURE FRAMEWORK | MACROECONOMIC FRAMEWORK | SECTOR BUDGETS | BUDGET EXECUTION | BUDGETING PROCESS | INTEREST PAYMENTS | PUBLIC HEALTH | TOTAL EXPENDITURES | BUDGET DOCUMENTS | DISABILITIES | FINANCIAL RESOURCES | PUBLIC WORKS | DEBT SERVICE | EDUCATION EXPENDITURES | PERSONNEL EMOLUMENTS | FINANCIAL CRISIS | PUBLIC FUNDS | GOVERNMENT FINANCE | DOMESTIC DEBT | NATIONAL AUDIT | ACCOUNTABILITY MECHANISMS | BUDGET PLANNING | ECONOMIC RECOVERY | FISCAL YEARS | DOMESTIC REVENUE | MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT | PUBLIC SECTOR | SAFETY | FISCAL FRAMEWORK | PUBLIC ENTITIES | AVERAGE DAILY TRAFFIC | SECTOR EXPENDITURE | SOCIAL EXPENDITURES | BENEFIT INCIDENCE ANALYSIS | ROADS | NET BORROWING | ACCOUNTING | GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE | POVERTY PROFILE | PUBLIC UTILITIES | HEALTH FINANCING | DOMESTIC TAX | PUBLIC SERVICES | POVERTY REDUCTION | BUDGET CIRCULARS | CREDIT FACILITY | BUDGET REPORT | RAIL | BUDGET ALLOCATION | SOCIAL PROTECTION | HEALTH EXPENDITURE | INTEREST RATE | TAX REVENUES | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | OVERHEAD COSTS | SOCIAL WELFARE | CONTINGENT LIABILITIES | WEALTH | TAX POLICY | TAX REVENUE | HEALTH SPENDING | EXPENDITURE ENVELOPE | QUALITY MANAGEMENT | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE REVIEW | PUBLIC FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE EFFICIENCY | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT INFORMATION | REGULATORY AUTHORITY | SOCIAL PROTECTION SECTOR | BUDGET DIRECTOR | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE | FINANCING ARRANGEMENTS | SECTORAL POLICIES | HEALTH CARE PROGRAM | BUDGET EXPENDITURE | PUBLIC SECTOR INVESTMENT | FISCAL ACCOUNTS | FREIGHT | EXPENDITURE PLANS | SECTOR BUDGET | HEALTH CLINIC | PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS
Book
06/2014
Generating growth and creating jobs within a sustainable fiscal framework is Georgia s biggest macroeconomic challenge. Although Georgia registered rapid... 
MARGINAL INCREASE | GOVERNMENT FINANCES | CENTRAL GOVERNMENT | MEDIUM-TERM EXPENDITURE | SERVICE DELIVERY | WAGE EXPENDITURES | PRIVATE CONSUMPTION | EXTERNAL DEBT | MINISTRY OF FINANCE | HEALTH SECTOR | FOREIGN CURRENCY | PUBLIC ENTERPRISE | GOVERNMENT DEBT | TOTAL EXPENDITURE | ECONOMIC GROWTH | TAX BASE | INTEREST RATES | PRIVATE SECTOR | BUDGET ALLOCATIONS | MEDIUM TERM EXPENDITURE FRAMEWORK | NATIONAL BANK | LOCAL REVENUE | PUBLIC PENSION SYSTEM | WEAK BUDGET EXECUTION | LOCAL TAXES | TAX SYSTEM | FISCAL EXPENDITURE | CAPITAL PROJECTS | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | HEALTH SERVICES | DOMESTIC BORROWING | TAX RATE | PUBLIC SCHOOLS | MUNICIPAL LEVEL | TAX EXEMPTIONS | NET LENDING | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | CAPITAL INVESTMENTS | GOVERNMENT SPENDING | FISCAL CONSOLIDATION | FISCAL ACTIVITIES | PERSONAL INCOME TAX | ENTITLEMENTS | SOCIAL BENEFIT | HEALTH INSURANCE | INTEREST SUBSIDIES | PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYEES | GROWTH RATE | FISCAL OPERATIONS | HEALTH EXPENDITURES | FINANCIAL ACCOUNTABILITY | NATIONAL SAVINGS | FISCAL BALANCE | HEALTH OUTCOMES | TAX BURDEN | NATIONAL EXPENDITURES | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE POLICY | MINISTRY OF ECONOMY | PRIVATE INSURANCE | MINISTRY OF DEFENSE | EFFICIENT ALLOCATION OF RESOURCES | FISCAL DEFICITS | MUNICIPAL SERVICES | EFFICIENT ALLOCATION | FISCAL POSITION | CREDIT GROWTH | DIVISION OF RESPONSIBILITIES | RECURRENT EXPENDITURES | BUDGET PREPARATION | MEDIUM TERM EXPENDITURE | FINANCE MINISTRY | CAPITAL BUDGETING | QUALITY STANDARDS | EXTERNAL SHOCKS | EXPENDITURE DECENTRALIZATION | PUBLIC INVESTMENT | FISCAL EXPENDITURES | NATIONAL GOVERNMENT | STATE AUDIT OFFICE | CIVIL SERVANTS | PUBLIC INVESTMENTS | BUDGET FORMULATION | REFORM AGENDA | UNCERTAINTY | FISCAL RULES | FISCAL DEFICIT | BENEFICIARIES | FISCAL IMPLICATIONS | FISCAL ANALYSIS | EXPENDITURE COMMITMENTS | SOCIAL SERVICE | CAPITAL EXPENDITURES | EXCHANGE RATE | MILITARY EXPENDITURES | STATE TAX | STATE ENTERPRISES | PUBLIC EXPENDITURES | PUBLIC INFORMATION | SOCIAL ASSISTANCE | HEALTH CARE | TAX ADMINISTRATION | ADMINISTRATIVE STRUCTURE | CAPITAL SPENDING | TAX COLLECTIONS | EDUCATION SYSTEM | FISCAL POLICY | TOTAL PUBLIC EXPENDITURE | CONTINGENT LIABILITY | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | MONETARY POLICY | TAXPAYERS | CAPITAL INVESTMENT | SOCIAL BENEFITS | FISCAL SUSTAINABILITY | FISCAL PERFORMANCE | GOVERNMENT REVENUES | SOCIAL PROGRAMS | PUBLIC LAW | DECENTRALIZATION | MEDIUM-TERM EXPENDITURE FRAMEWORK | FINANCIAL SECTOR | FISCAL AFFAIRS | NATIONAL BUDGET | TOTAL EXPENDITURES | TOTAL SPENDING | PUBLIC SECTORS | FISCAL TRANSFERS | PUBLIC SPENDING | FISCAL COST | EDUCATION BUDGET | PERSONAL INCOME | PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT | FINANCIAL INFORMATION | BUDGET DOCUMENTS | PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION | EXTERNAL LOANS | DEFICIT REDUCTION | TAX BREAKS | PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS | EDUCATION EXPENDITURES | HIGHER EXPENDITURE | FINANCIAL CRISIS | PUBLIC FINANCES | INFLATION | INTERGOVERNMENTAL FISCAL RELATIONS | STATE BUDGET | VOUCHER SYSTEM | INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS | BUDGET PLANNING | SOCIAL SERVICES | COMMERCIAL BANKS | PUBLIC SECTOR | CAPITAL EXPENDITURE | REVENUE SOURCES | CORPORATE INCOME TAX | FISCAL MANAGEMENT | SOCIAL EXPENDITURES | TAX RATES | ACCOUNTING | GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE | PUBLIC SERVICES | PUBLIC CAPITAL | PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYMENT | POVERTY REDUCTION | PRICE INDEX | SOCIAL PROTECTION | NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT | HEALTH EXPENDITURE | INTEREST RATE | EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT | TAX REVENUES | PUBLIC SECTOR DEBT | OVERSIGHT FUNCTION | FISCAL RISKS | PUBLIC FUNDING | CONTINGENT LIABILITIES | TAX REVENUE | PUBLIC PENSION | TRANSPARENCY | EXPENDITURE RESPONSIBILITIES | EXTERNAL AUDIT | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE REVIEW | PUBLIC FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES | PUBLIC DEBT | SUB-NATIONAL GOVERNMENTS | FISCAL SIDE | ECONOMIES OF SCALE | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE | PUBLIC EMPLOYEES | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIATION | CAPITAL MARKETS | HEALTH CARE PROGRAMS | DOMESTIC DEMAND | SECTOR BUDGET | MEDIUM-TERM FISCAL FRAMEWORK | PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS | SIZE OF GOVERNMENT
Book
05/2014
Armenia's small revenue and spending envelopes limit the government's ability to influence the economy, even while its influence through laws, rules, and... 
TRUST FUND | PUBLIC DEMAND | BOND MARKET | EXPENDITURE REPORTING | MEDIUM-TERM EXPENDITURE | PRIVATE INVESTORS | SOCIAL CONTRIBUTIONS | MINISTRY OF FINANCE | REVENUE COLLECTION | POST-CRISIS PERIODS | TAXATION | DOUBLE TAXATION | TAX PAYERS | POLICY ANALYSIS | TAX BASE | REVENUE BASE | CASH TRANSFERS | EXPENDITURE REPORTS | POLICY FRAMEWORK | SUBNATIONAL GOVERNMENTS | TOTAL GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES | TAX REFORM | REDISTRIBUTIVE EFFECTS | TAX RETURNS | CONCENTRATION COEFFICIENTS | SAFETY NET | TAX SYSTEM | CENTRAL BANK | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | TAX RATE | MINISTRIES OF FINANCE | TAX EXEMPTIONS | SUB-NATIONAL ENTITIES | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | GOVERNMENT SPENDING | ROAD TRANSPORT | FISCAL CONSOLIDATION | EXPORTERS | FISCAL ACTIVITIES | TAX PROVISIONS | PERSONAL INCOME TAX | BROKERS | HUMAN RESOURCE | TURNOVER | TAX ADMINISTRATION REFORMS | PENSION SYSTEM | PUBLIC GOODS | REDISTRIBUTION | CIVIL SERVICE | SMALL BUSINESSES | TAX EXPENDITURES | FIXED ASSETS | STOCKS | INTEREST EXPENSE | BUDGET PROCESS | FISCAL BALANCE | HEALTH OUTCOMES | TAX COLLECTION | LIVING STANDARDS | TOTAL EMPLOYMENT | GOVERNMENT POLICY | INCOME TAX | INVENTORY | PENSION REFORM | FISCAL ADJUSTMENT | REVENUE LOSS | BUDGET CONSTRAINTS | TAX OFFICIALS | UNTAXED GOODS | GOVERNMENT BONDS | BUDGET BALANCE | TAX EXPENDITURE | EMERGING ECONOMIES | GOVERNMENT REVENUE | LABOR MARKET | SUB-NATIONAL | INTEREST INCOME | RESOURCE ALLOCATION | DEPOSITORS | EDUCATION SPENDING | BENEFICIARIES | LLC | CIVIL SERVICE PAY | INSURANCE | POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS | SOCIAL INSURANCE | RETURN | LOCAL GOVERNMENT | RESOURCE MANAGEMENT | FISCAL ENVELOPE | BOND | PENSIONS | CAPITAL EXPENDITURES | CURRENCY | COMPOSITION OF EXPENDITURES | CORPORATE TAX RATE | GOVERNMENT BOND | PUBLIC EXPENDITURES | TAX LAWS | ROAD MAINTENANCE | SOCIAL ASSISTANCE | HEALTH CARE | MARGINAL EFFECTS | TAX ADMINISTRATION | TAX REFORMS | MARKET FAILURES | TAX COLLECTIONS | COLLATERAL | EXPENDITURE PROGRAMS | REVENUE INCREASES | FISCAL POLICY | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | CENTRAL BUDGET | DEPOSIT | PENSION | TAXPAYERS | TAX PRODUCTIVITY | DISABILITY PENSIONS | FISCAL SUSTAINABILITY | DEFICITS | DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME | GOVERNMENT REVENUES | TAXABLE INCOME | FISCAL IMPACT | INCOME REDISTRIBUTION | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | TRUST FUNDS | EXPENDITURE PRIORITIES | INVESTMENT PROJECTS | MEDIUM-TERM EXPENDITURE FRAMEWORK | TAX BURDENS | BOND HOLDERS | INTEREST PAYMENTS | PUBLIC HEALTH | ECONOMIC CLASSIFICATION | TOTAL EXPENDITURES | SUBNATIONAL ENTITIES | FISCAL PROJECTIONS | JUDICIAL ENFORCEMENT | PUBLIC SPENDING | PUBLIC SERVICE | CAPITAL MARKET | FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTIONS | EQUIPMENT | PERSONAL INCOME | PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT | INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS | TRANSFER PAYMENTS | PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION | FISCAL SPACE | TAX STRUCTURE | PUBLIC SPENDING PROGRAMS | SUBNATIONAL | FINANCIAL CRISIS | PUBLIC FINANCES | ANALYTICAL CAPACITY | INFLATION | MINISTRY OF LABOR | STATE BUDGET | GOVERNMENT SECURITIES | GOVERNMENT BUDGETARY FRAMEWORK | SAFETY NETS | COMMERCIAL BANKS | BAILIFF | PUBLIC ENTITIES | TAX | CAPITAL EXPENDITURE | INCOME TAXES | REVENUE PERFORMANCE | TAX REVENUE MOBILIZATION | TAX CREDIT | REVENUE SOURCES | INSURANCE COMPANIES | CORPORATE INCOME TAX | SOCIAL EXPENDITURES | TAX RATES | ACCOUNTING | GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE | SECURITIES MARKETS | PUBLIC SERVICES | CONCENTRATION COEFFICIENT | POLICY PRIORITIES | EXPENDITURE POLICIES | POVERTY REDUCTION | DIFFERENTIALS | HOUSEHOLD INCOME | SOCIAL SAFETY NETS | SOCIAL PROTECTION | BUDGET CYCLE | GOVERNMENT GUARANTEES | TAX REVENUES | FINANCIAL STATEMENTS | CONTINGENT LIABILITIES | HUMAN CAPITAL | TAX POLICY | TAX REVENUE | POLICY DECISION | TRANSPARENCY | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE REVIEW | PUBLIC FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | BUDGET DEFICIT | PUBLIC DEBT | TAXPAYER BEHAVIOR | MONETARY FUND | BUDGET SURPLUS | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENTS | BANKING SECTOR | MARKET TRANSACTIONS | TAX EXEMPTION | FINANCIAL OVERSIGHT | TAX DEFERRALS | BUDGET EXPENDITURE | POLICY MAKERS | BUDGETING | MAINTENANCE BUDGET
Book
02/2013
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) is one of the least-developed and crisis-prone provinces in Pakistan. Located in far north of the country, the province covers 10... 
DEBT SERVICING | RECURRENT EXPENDITURE | TOTAL PUBLIC SECTOR | SERVICE DELIVERY | ALLOCATION | GOVERNMENT STRUCTURE | BUDGETARY ALLOCATIONS | HEALTH SECTOR | CLASSIFICATION OF EXPENDITURES | COLLECTED REVENUES | ECONOMIC POLICY | TOTAL EXPENDITURE | ECONOMIC GROWTH | HEALTH DEPARTMENTS | TAX BASE | BUDGET STRATEGY | PRIVATE SECTOR | BUDGET ALLOCATIONS | FEDERAL TRANSFERS | HARD BUDGET CONSTRAINT | FIDUCIARY RISK | TAX SYSTEM | FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | HEALTH SERVICES | EFFICIENCY OF EXPENDITURE | PUBLIC SECTOR BUDGETING | PUBLIC SCHOOLS | TAX EXEMPTIONS | NET LENDING | KEY FISCAL INDICATORS | SANITATION | ADVERSE CONSEQUENCES | FISCAL REFORMS | TAX DESIGN | HEALTH UNIT | LOCAL CURRENCY | INTERGOVERNMENTAL TRANSFERS | FISCAL AUTONOMY | GROWTH RATE | PUBLIC FINANCE | HEALTH EXPENDITURES | FINANCIAL ACCOUNTABILITY | COMMUNITY SERVICES | MISALLOCATION OF RESOURCES | BUDGET PROCESS | HEALTH OUTCOMES | TAX BURDEN | PUBLIC SERVICE DELIVERY | DONOR ASSISTANCE | TAX COLLECTION | ACCOUNTABILITY MECHANISM | DEBT | PENSION FUND | PROVINCIAL FINANCES | FISCAL DEFICITS | INCOME TAX | PROGRAMS | FISCAL POSITION | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM | RECURRENT EXPENDITURES | FISCAL SQUEEZE | FISCAL DECENTRALIZATION | REFORM PROGRAM | DEBT MANAGEMENT | PUBLIC INVESTMENT | EFFECTIVENESS OF GOVERNMENT | OUTCOME INDICATORS | BUDGET FORMULATION | DATA COLLECTION | MATCHING GRANTS | BUDGET FRAMEWORK | PROVINCIAL LEVEL | REFORM AGENDA | SOCIAL OUTCOMES | FISCAL DEFICIT | AMALGAMATION | REFORM PROCESS | RESOURCE ALLOCATION | EDUCATION SPENDING | FEDERAL GRANTS | FISCAL IMPLICATIONS | CASH BALANCES | DONOR FUNDS | EXPENDITURE COMMITMENTS | GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT | EXPENDITURE PLANNING | BASIC SERVICES | PROVINCIAL EXPENDITURE | EXPENDITURES | STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT | ASSIGNMENT OF TAX REVENUES | EXPENDITURE LEVEL | TAX BASES | PUBLIC EXPENDITURES | FINANCIAL HEALTH | HEALTH CARE | ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS | TAX ADMINISTRATION | ADMINISTRATIVE STRUCTURE | BUDGETARY EXPENDITURE | MONETARY INCENTIVES | REVENUE INCREASES | FISCAL POLICY | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | ANNUAL BUDGET PREPARATION | FISCAL SUSTAINABILITY | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE MANAGEMENT | FISCAL IMPACT | GOVERNMENT EMPLOYMENT | PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENTS | REVENUE ASSIGNMENT | BUDGETING PROCESS | INTEREST PAYMENTS | PUBLIC HEALTH | ECONOMIC CLASSIFICATION | ANNUAL BUDGET | REVENUE SHARING | SALES TAX | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | TAX ASSIGNMENT | TOTAL EXPENDITURES | FISCAL TRANSFERS | EFFICIENCY OF PUBLIC SPENDING | PUBLIC SPENDING | PUBLIC SERVICE | PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT | PUBLIC ENTERPRISES | TRANSFER PAYMENTS | BUDGET DOCUMENTS | FISCAL AGGREGATES | POVERTY ASSESSMENT | EDUCATION EXPENDITURES | FISCAL ACTIONS | TAX STRUCTURE | EDUCATION SERVICES | PUBLIC FINANCES | FOREIGN GRANTS | NATURAL DISASTERS | SECTOR POLICY | SOCIAL INDICATORS | FINANCIAL SYSTEMS | FISCAL YEARS | SOCIAL SERVICES | PUBLIC SECTOR | ALLOCATION OF RESOURCES | SALES TAXES | CAPITAL EXPENDITURE | DISCRETIONARY ACTION | BUDGETARY RESOURCES | SECTOR EXPENDITURE | FISCAL MANAGEMENT | TAX RATES | ACCOUNTING | GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE | ANNUAL RATE | HEALTH FINANCING | EXPENDITURE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM | PROVINCIAL LEVELS | FINANCIAL POSITION | PUBLIC SERVICES | PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYMENT | FISCAL REFORM | SECTOR POLICIES | TAXABLE CAPACITY | PROVINCIAL REVENUES | FISCAL CRISIS | OPERATING EXPENSES | BUDGET ALLOCATION | PROVINCIAL GOVERNMENT | SERVICE PROVISION | EXPENDITURE LEVELS | HEALTH EXPENDITURE | TAX REVENUES | WAGE EXPENDITURE | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | FISCAL SOVEREIGNTY | TAX POLICY | DONOR FINANCING | FISCAL ADJUSTMENTS | HEALTH SPENDING | FISCAL PRUDENCE | TRANSPARENCY | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE REVIEW | PUBLIC FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | BUDGETARY REFORMS | QUALITY OF LIFE | PENSION LIABILITIES | APPROPRIATION | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE | DEBT INTEREST | FISCAL STANCE | FISCAL ACCOUNTS | IMPROVING BUDGET PREPARATION | INCOME DIFFERENTIALS | PRIVATE SECTOR GROWTH | SECTOR BUDGET | PROVISION OF HEALTH SERVICES
Book
06/2013
Agriculture remains fundamental for Nicaragua from both a macroeconomic and social view. It is the largest sector of the Nicaraguan economy, and it remains the... 
POVERTY ESTIMATES | POOR | CENTRAL GOVERNMENT | BUDGET TRANSFERS | MEDIUM-TERM EXPENDITURE | ALLOCATION | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM | AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION | DISTRIBUTIONAL EFFECTS | MINISTRY OF FINANCE | PERFORMANCE INDEX | ROAD NETWORK | PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE | REALLOCATIONS | NATIONAL INCOME | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | URBAN POVERTY | SOCIAL RETURNS | ECONOMIC GROWTH | RURAL PRODUCTION | BUDGET SUPPORT | PRIVATE SECTOR | BUDGET ALLOCATIONS | RURAL HOUSEHOLD | CAPACITY-BUILDING | RURAL FINANCE | CENTRAL BANK | HEALTH SERVICES | AGRICULTURAL INPUTS | PUBLIC REVENUES | MUNICIPAL LEVEL | TAX EXEMPTIONS | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | STRATEGIC PRIORITIES | FINANCIAL OPERATIONS | CLIMATE CHANGE | AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY | AGRICULTURAL EMPLOYMENT | AUDIT SYSTEM | FOOD PRICES | POVERTY ALLEVIATION | RURAL INCOMES | PUBLIC GOODS | GROWTH RATE | RURAL | PERFORMANCE BUDGETING | TAX EXPENDITURES | POVERTY LEVELS | PUBLIC SECTOR BUDGET | FINANCIAL SERVICES | FISCAL INCENTIVES | RURAL LABOR MARKET | AGRICULTURAL WAGE | RURAL PUBLIC SPENDING | RURAL WOMEN | RURAL POVERTY | COMMODITY PRICES | AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION | PUBLIC ASSETS | PROGRAMS | LICENSES | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | BUDGET PREPARATION | EXTERNAL FINANCING | EXTERNAL SHOCKS | PUBLIC INVESTMENT | RURAL CREDIT | PUBLIC INVESTMENTS | FISCAL CONSTRAINTS | MACROECONOMIC POLICIES | ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE | BENEFICIARIES | INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY | RURAL PUBLIC | POOR HOUSEHOLDS | BUDGET SYSTEMS | NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN | RURAL AREAS | HOUSEHOLD SURVEY | FOOD INSECURITY | RURAL POPULATION | BASIC SERVICES | RESOURCE MANAGEMENT | AGRICULTURAL INCOMES | AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS | FOOD POLICY | HEALTH MINISTRY | FOOD PRICE | FOOD SAFETY | RURAL STRATEGY | PUBLIC EXPENDITURES | ROAD MAINTENANCE | RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE | SAVINGS | ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS | RURAL FAMILIES | INCOME GROWTH | MACROECONOMIC INDICATORS | LAND OWNERSHIP | TOTAL PUBLIC SPENDING | POVERTY ALLEVIATION STRATEGY | EMPLOYMENT IN AGRICULTURE | INCOME DISTRIBUTION | AGRICULTURAL SERVICES | INTERNAL BUDGET | PROGRAM BUDGETING | EXTREME POVERTY | BENEFITS INCIDENCE | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | AID TO AGRICULTURE | RURAL ROADS | MEDIUM-TERM EXPENDITURE FRAMEWORK | AGRICULTURAL SECTOR | NUTRITION | BUDGET EXECUTION | PUBLIC BUDGETS | FOOD SECURITY | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | DONOR COORDINATION | POVERTY RATES | RURAL HOUSEHOLDS | FARM ACTIVITIES | TAX INCENTIVES | TOTAL SPENDING | FARM INCOME | INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT | POOR INFRASTRUCTURE | PUBLIC SPENDING | PROGRAM STRUCTURE | RURAL HOUSEHOLD INCOME | POVERTY FOCUS | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEMS | HOUSEHOLD HEAD | POVERTY SITUATION | AGRICULTURAL GROWTH | WELFARE LEVEL | FINANCIAL CRISIS | PROGRAM REVIEWS | NATIONAL ECONOMY | SECTOR MINISTRY | NATURAL DISASTERS | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | COMMERCIAL BANKS | PUBLIC SECTOR | PUBLIC BUDGET | RURAL SECTOR | CAPACITY BUILDING | IRRIGATION | PUBLIC ENTITIES | TAX | PRIVATE GOODS | SUSTAINABLE RURAL DEVELOPMENT | AGRICULTURAL TECHNOLOGY | ACCOUNTING | PUBLIC UTILITIES | LAND TITLING | RURAL DEVELOPMENT | PUBLIC SERVICES | DISTRIBUTION OF BENEFITS | DONOR AGENCIES | POVERTY LINE | SECTOR POLICIES | ELASTICITIES | AGRICULTURAL WAGES | RURAL LABOR | RURAL POVERTY REDUCTION | BUDGET ALLOCATION | SOCIAL PROTECTION | NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT | RURAL WELFARE | NATIONAL POLICIES | NONFARM INCOME | EXPENDITURE LEVELS | NATIONAL POVERTY | RURAL ELECTRIFICATION | BUDGET CYCLE | CONFLICT | RURAL POOR | AGRICULTURAL LAND | COMMUNITY FORESTRY | SOCIAL WELFARE | HUMAN CAPITAL | MALNUTRITION | DONOR FINANCING | FISCAL ADJUSTMENTS | FARMERS | NATURAL RESOURCES | TRANSPARENCY | TREASURY | HOUSING | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE REVIEW | PUBLIC FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | PUBLIC DEBT | QUALITY OF LIFE | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT INFORMATION | AGRICULTURAL POLICY | FOREIGN INVESTMENT | MUNICIPALITIES | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE | TARGETING | RURAL INCOME | PUBLIC SECTOR SPECIALIST | AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT | SERVICE PROVIDERS | PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS | AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH
Book
06/2014
Generating growth and creating jobs within a sustainable fiscal framework is Georgia s biggest macroeconomic challenge. Although Georgia registered rapid... 
CHECKS | INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY | INVESTMENT PLANS | RECURRENT EXPENDITURE | CENTRAL GOVERNMENT | MEDIUM-TERM EXPENDITURE | SERVICE DELIVERY | ALLOCATION | NATIONAL INVESTMENT | MINISTRY OF FINANCE | ROAD NETWORK | CREDIBILITY | INFORMAL PROCEDURES | NATIONAL STRATEGY | PROCUREMENT POLICIES | PRIVATE SECTOR | BUDGET ALLOCATIONS | LIABILITY | TENDERING | PROGRAM OBJECTIVES | CAPITAL PROJECTS | SELF-ASSESSMENT | INTERNAL AUDIT FINDINGS | URBAN AREAS | DUTCH AUCTION | DISCOUNT RATE | INVESTING | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | BALANCE SHEET | TENDERS | CASH FLOWS | INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS | SANITATION | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT | INVESTMENT BUDGETING | BENEFICIARY | TURNOVER | INTERNAL CONTROL | PROCUREMENT SYSTEMS | INFORMATION SYSTEM | INVESTMENT NEEDS | BUDGETARY APPROPRIATIONS | BUDGET YEAR | PERFORMANCE AUDITS | DISBURSEMENTS | FINANCIAL ACCOUNTABILITY | CASH PLANNING | REFORM EFFORTS | BUDGET PROCESS | CASH FLOW | STATEMENT | COMPETITIVE BIDDING | PUBLIC PROCUREMENT | CAPITAL BUDGET | WRITTEN RECORDS | CAPITAL ASSETS | INVESTMENT PRIORITIES | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | RECURRENT EXPENDITURES | BUDGET PREPARATION | CAPITAL TRANSFERS | COST ESTIMATES | EXTERNAL FINANCING | FINANCE MINISTRY | BANK POLICY | BUDGET DEPARTMENT | CAPITAL BUDGETING | ANALYTICAL SKILLS | NATIONAL POLICY | CORRECTIVE ACTION | CENTRAL AGENCIES | DECISION-MAKERS | PUBLIC INVESTMENT | CASH INFLOW | RESERVE FUNDS | RESERVE | UNCERTAINTY | COST OF SERVICES | BENEFICIARIES | ANNUAL BUDGETS | ANNUAL REPORT | QUALITY ASSURANCE | FINANCIAL ASSETS | EXPENDITURE PLANNING | EXPENDITURES | INVESTMENT BUDGETS | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | OPPORTUNITIES FOR CORRUPTION | BID | CAPITAL EXPENDITURES | FOREIGN FINANCING | EXPENDITURE IMPLICATIONS | EXTERNAL ASSESSMENT | POSSESSION | FINANCIAL CONTROL | CAPITAL SPENDING | LEGAL FRAMEWORK | EXPENDITURE PROGRAMS | BIDS | INTERNAL AUDIT FUNCTION | ANNUAL BUDGET PREPARATION | INVESTMENT PLANNING | PUBLIC MONEY | CAPITAL INVESTMENT | BIDDERS | SOCIAL BENEFITS | PUBLIC FINANCIAL RESOURCES | PROGRAM BUDGETING | DWELLINGS | DISTRIBUTIONAL IMPACTS | INVESTMENT PROCEDURES | INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT | BUDGET ENTITY | INVESTMENT PORTFOLIOS | CASH MANAGEMENT | EXPENDITURE PRIORITIES | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | INVESTMENT PROJECTS | MEDIUM-TERM EXPENDITURE FRAMEWORK | PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT | ACCOUNTABILITY SYSTEM | INVESTMENT REQUIREMENTS | ANNUAL BUDGET | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | REGIONAL DEVELOPMENT | PERFORMANCE INDICATORS | EQUIPMENT | DECISION-MAKING | INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS | FINANCIAL INFORMATION | PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION | EXPENDITURE POLICY | STREET LIGHTING | FINANCIAL RESOURCES | COST-EFFECTIVENESS | RETURNS | FINANCIAL CRISIS | INTERNAL CONTROL SYSTEMS | BUDGET DOCUMENTATION | PUBLIC FINANCES | ASSET MANAGEMENT | CAPITAL COSTS | STATE BUDGET | DEGREE OF TRANSPARENCY | INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS | BUDGET PLANNING | ROAD TRAFFIC | COMPETITIVE PROCUREMENT | PUBLIC SECTOR | TREASURY SYSTEM | FINANCIAL PLANS | TAX | CAPITAL EXPENDITURE | EXPENDITURE ALLOCATIONS | BUDGETARY PROCESS | PROCUREMENT PROCESS | BUDGETARY RESOURCES | SECTOR EXPENDITURE | ACCOUNTING | ANALYSIS OF SERVICE DELIVERY | INVESTMENT STRATEGIES | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION | PUBLIC SERVICES | BUDGET CODE | DECISION-MAKING PROCESS | PUBLIC CAPITAL | VALUATION | BUDGET ESTIMATES | POVERTY REDUCTION | RECURRENT COST | SUPREME AUDIT INSTITUTIONS | INTERNAL CONTROLS | MONETARY VALUES | EX POST EVALUATIONS | BUDGET ALLOCATION | NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT | PROCUREMENT PLANS | CITIES | INTERNAL AUDIT | FINANCIAL REGULARITY | TRANSPARENCY | TREASURY | HOUSING | INVESTMENT PROGRAM | PERFORMANCE ASSESSMENT | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE REVIEW | PORTFOLIO | SUB-NATIONAL GOVERNMENTS | APPROPRIATION | BUDGET CLASSIFICATION | INTERNAL AUDITS | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE | AUDITORS | BUDGET LAW | BUDGET DECISIONS | PERFORMANCE AUDIT | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS | INSTRUMENT | ARTICLE | PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT SYSTEM | SERVICE PROVIDERS | WELFARE STATE | PUBLIC BUILDINGS | COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS
Book
2012, ISBN 9781616353766, xxi, 226
Despite its vast oil wealth, central Africa still struggles to sustain strong, inclusive economic growth or to generate sufficient employment opportunities,... 
Petroleum industry and trade | Natural resources | Africa, Central Economic policy | Management | Economic development | resource Curse | economic Development | natural Resources | Oil | trade | inclusive Growth | economic Policy | petroleum Industry | Central Africa
Book
03/2014
Samoa's fiscal position and the structure of its budget have evolved markedly in recent years. Samoa had built up sufficient fiscal space in the early to... 
DEBT SERVICING | SECTOR OUTPUT | RECURRENT EXPENDITURE | SPENDING LEVELS | INTERNATIONAL COMPARISONS | CENTRAL GOVERNMENT | SERVICE DELIVERY | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT INFORMATION SYSTEM | EXTERNAL DEBT | MINISTRY OF FINANCE | HEALTH SECTOR | PUBLIC HEALTH PROFESSIONALS | ECONOMIC GROWTH RATES | ECONOMIC POLICY | TOTAL EXPENDITURE | HEALTH PROMOTION | ECONOMIC GROWTH | BUDGET SUPPORT | BUDGET STRATEGY | DIABETES | ADMINISTRATIVE FUNCTIONS | CAPITAL PROJECTS | HEALTH SERVICES | RESOURCE FLOWS | DISASTERS | SERVICE PROVIDER | MORTALITY | TAX EFFORT | PATIENTS | GOVERNMENT PRIORITIES | AUDIT OFFICE | HOSPITALS | FISCAL STRATEGY | SANITATION | FORWARD ESTIMATES | GOVERNMENT SPENDING | ACCOUNTABILITY | FISCAL CONSOLIDATION | OPERATIONAL COSTS | EXPENDITURE MANAGEMENT | SCREENING | EXTERNAL GRANTS | SECONDARY SCHOOLS | GOVERNMENT CONSUMPTION | PUBLIC GOODS | PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYEES | CLINICS | REAL EXCHANGE RATE | CIVIL SERVICE | DONOR FUNDING | COMMUNITY SERVICES | COMMUNITY HEALTH | HEALTH CARE SPENDING | BUDGET PROCESS | GOVERNMENT GRANTS | HEALTH OUTCOMES | TAX BURDEN | AGGREGATE FISCAL | PUBLIC SERVICE DELIVERY | EXPENDITURE PLAN | SECTORAL EXPENDITURE | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE ANALYSIS | CAPITAL BUDGET | COMMODITY PRICES | PENSION FUND | BUDGET POLICY | INCOME TAX | PROGRAMS | FISCAL POSITION | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | MEDIUM TERM EXPENDITURE | EXTERNAL FINANCING | EXTERNAL SHOCKS | DEBT MANAGEMENT | CIVIL SERVANTS | PUBLIC INVESTMENTS | EXPENDITURE GROWTH | BUDGET FORMULATION | BUDGET FRAMEWORK | REFORM AGENDA | FISCAL DEFICIT | COMMUNICABLE DISEASES | RESOURCE ALLOCATION | EDUCATION SPENDING | QUALITY OF EDUCATION | UNIVERSAL ACCESS | ANNUAL BUDGETS | HIGHER INTEREST | CASH BALANCES | COMMUNITY NURSING | DOMESTIC EXPENDITURE | SECTOR PROGRAMS | EXPENDITURE COMMITMENTS | MIDWIFERY | MEDICAL TREATMENT | BASIC SERVICES | DEBT RATIO | EXPENDITURES | ADMINISTRATION COSTS | FISCAL COMMITMENTS | EXCHANGE RATE | FISCAL TARGET | EXOGENOUS SHOCKS | EXPENDITURE PROGRAM | PRUDENT FISCAL MANAGEMENT | BUDGET DEFICITS | PUBLIC HEALTHCARE | CHILDBIRTH | HEALTH CARE | ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS | ECONOMIC SHOCKS | EXPENDITURE ITEM | CAPITAL SPENDING | FISCAL POLICY | PERSONNEL EXPENDITURE | FISCAL PRESSURES | MONETARY POLICY | HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT | CAPITAL INVESTMENT | DEBT BURDEN | CHILD HEALTH SERVICES | NURSES | FISCAL SUSTAINABILITY | PRIMARY SCHOOLS | WORKERS | CENTRAL GOVERNMENT EMPLOYMENT | HIGHER INTEREST PAYMENTS | DECENTRALIZATION | LAWS | EXPENDITURE OUTCOMES | EXPENDITURE PRIORITIES | PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT | NUTRITION | BUDGET EXECUTION | INTEREST PAYMENTS | NATIONAL BUDGET | PUBLIC HEALTH | ANNUAL BUDGET | TOTAL SPENDING | FISCAL PROJECTIONS | PUBLIC SPENDING | PUBLIC SERVICE | EDUCATION BUDGET | AGGREGATE FISCAL DISCIPLINE | PUBLIC ENTERPRISES | EXPENDITURE POLICY | EXTERNAL LOANS | DEBT SERVICE | REVENUE GROWTH | GOVERNMENT BUDGET | HEALTH OUTCOME | EXPENDITURE AREA | DEBT SUSTAINABILITY | FISCAL SYSTEMS | PUBLIC FUNDS | PUBLIC FINANCES | INFLATION | ACCOUNTABILITY MECHANISMS | PATIENT | HEALTH CENTERS | INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS | NATURAL DISASTERS | SECTOR POLICY | BUDGET PLANNING | ECONOMIC RECOVERY | DOMESTIC REVENUE | PUBLIC SECTOR | CAPITAL EXPENDITURE | EXPENDITURE ALLOCATIONS | SECTOR EXPENDITURE | ACCOUNTING | GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE | LIFE EXPECTANCY | PUBLIC UTILITIES | NURSING | FINANCIAL POSITION | PUBLIC SERVICES | PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYMENT | BUDGET ESTIMATES | HOSPITAL SERVICES | SECTOR POLICIES | CREDIT FACILITY | EXTERNAL BORROWING | BUDGET ALLOCATION | SECTORAL POLICY | EXPENDITURE LEVELS | HEALTH EXPENDITURE | TAX REVENUES | TAX POLICY | DONOR FINANCING | HEALTH SPENDING | NATURAL RESOURCES | GOVERNMENT FUNDING | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE REVIEW | BUDGET DEFICIT | PUBLIC DEBT | SUSTAINABILITY ANALYSIS | PUBLIC AGENCIES | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT INFORMATION | DIPHTHERIA | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE | BUDGET PROPOSALS | VACCINATION | COSTS OF GOVERNMENT | PUBLIC SPENDING LEVELS | EXPENDITURE PLANS | SERVICE PROVIDERS | SECTOR BUDGET
Book
12/2014
Kenya is currently in an expansionary phase of its fiscal policy reflected in a widening primary deficit. The fiscal framework is marked by a significant... 
GLOBAL MARKETS | RECURRENT EXPENDITURE | INFLATIONARY PRESSURES | CENTRAL GOVERNMENT | SERVICE DELIVERY | PRIVATE CONSUMPTION | EXTERNAL DEBT | INTEREST RATE SPREAD | T-BILL | HEALTH SECTOR | FOREIGN CURRENCY | CREDIBILITY | AGGREGATE EXPENDITURE | TOTAL EXPENDITURE | TREASURY BILL RATE | ECONOMIC GROWTH | INTEREST RATES | PRIVATE SECTOR | BUDGET ALLOCATIONS | LONG-TERM GOVERNMENT SECURITIES | MEDIUM TERM EXPENDITURE FRAMEWORK | GOVERNMENT BUDGETS | NATIONAL GOVERNMENTS | PUBLIC BORROWING | WEAK BUDGET EXECUTION | TAX SYSTEM | PLEDGES | CENTRAL BANK | DECLINE IN INVESTMENT | DOMESTIC BORROWING | LEVIES | TAX EFFORT | LIQUIDITY | INVESTING | AUDIT OFFICE | GOVERNMENT INVESTMENTS | FISCAL STRATEGY | CAPITAL INVESTMENTS | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT | GOVERNMENT SPENDING | T-BILL RATES | BUDGET POLICY STATEMENT | CURRENT ACCOUNT DEFICIT | T-BILLS | ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENDITURE | INFORMATION SYSTEM | CAPITAL FLOWS | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | REAL EXCHANGE RATE | PUBLIC FINANCE | SHORT-TERM CAPITAL | FINANCIAL ACCOUNTABILITY | TAX EXPENDITURES | AGGREGATE FISCAL | BUDGETARY PRESSURE | FOREIGN INTEREST | PUBLIC PROCUREMENT | GOVERNMENT POLICY | CAPITAL BUDGET | COMMODITY PRICES | BUDGET POLICY | INCOME TAX | PROGRAMS | TREASURY BONDS | INTEREST PAYMENT | FISCAL POSITION | ARREARS | CREDIT GROWTH | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | RECURRENT EXPENDITURES | MEDIUM TERM EXPENDITURE | FISCAL DECENTRALIZATION | DEPOSIT LIABILITIES | NATIONAL POLICY | DEBT MANAGEMENT | PUBLIC INVESTMENT | NATIONAL GOVERNMENT | LABOR MARKET | EXPENDITURE GROWTH | RESERVE | LIQUIDATION | FISCAL DEFICIT | MONEY MARKET | HIGHER INTEREST | MATURITY | BALANCE OF PAYMENTS | LOAN | EXPENDITURES | LONG-TERM INSTRUMENTS | EXCHANGE RATE | FOREIGN FINANCING | DOMESTIC MARKET | CREDIT MARKET | TREASURY BILL | DEBT COMPOSITION | BOND ISSUES | RESERVES | ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS | TAX ADMINISTRATION | TAX COLLECTIONS | CAPITAL STOCK | MACROECONOMIC INDICATORS | REMITTANCES | FISCAL POLICY | FISCAL RETRENCHMENT | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | PRICE VOLATILITY | DEPOSIT | EXPENDITURE | FISCAL PRESSURES | MONETARY POLICY | NET PRESENT VALUE | TAXPAYERS | FOREIGN BORROWING | FISCAL SUSTAINABILITY | DEFICITS | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE MANAGEMENT | NEGATIVE SHOCKS | MARKETABLE ASSETS | DEBT INSTRUMENTS | FOREIGN CURRENCIES | T-BONDS | TOTAL DEBT | INTERNATIONAL TRADE | EXPENDITURE OUTCOMES | AGGREGATE FISCAL FRAMEWORK | BUDGET EXECUTION | INTEREST PAYMENTS | INVESTMENT REQUIREMENTS | RISK FACTORS | MATURITY PERIOD | TAX INCENTIVES | TOTAL SPENDING | INTEREST RATE RISK | TREASURY BILLS | BUDGET REVIEW | FISCAL TRANSFERS | INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT | DOMESTIC CREDIT | DOMESTIC CURRENCY | PUBLIC SPENDING | FISCAL PRESSURE | HIGHER INTEREST RATES | EQUIPMENT | FOREIGN DEBT | MACROECONOMIC MANAGEMENT | REPAYMENT RISK | FINANCIAL RESOURCES | GOVERNMENT INVESTMENT | DEBT SERVICE | BANK INVESTORS | DEBT SUSTAINABILITY | T-BOND | NATIONAL TREASURY | GOVERNMENT FINANCE | PUBLIC FINANCES | DOMESTIC DEBT | DEPOSITS | NATIONAL AUDIT | INFLATION | BUDGET COMMISSION | GOVERNMENT SECURITIES | CREDITORS | INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS | ECONOMIC RECOVERY | COMMERCIAL BANKS | PUBLIC SECTOR | NATIONAL POLICY OBJECTIVES | TAX | INCOME TAXES | INFRASTRUCTURE SECTOR | FISCAL MANAGEMENT | GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE | ADMINISTRATIVE EXPENSES | CURRENCY COMPOSITION | EXTERNAL BORROWING | FIXED INVESTMENT | SHARE OF CREDIT | INTERNATIONAL INTEREST | EUROBOND | BUDGET ALLOCATION | AGGREGATE SPENDING | INTEREST RATE | OUTPUT RATIO | DEBT STOCK | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | INVESTMENT PROCESS | HUMAN CAPITAL | DISBURSEMENT | NATIONAL SECURITY | TAX REVENUE | INVESTMENT DECISION | TREASURY | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE REVIEW | BUDGET DEFICIT | PUBLIC DEBT | SOVEREIGN BOND | SUSTAINABILITY ANALYSIS | PORTFOLIO | LEVY | DEBT LEVEL | MONETARY FUND | LOAN REPAYMENT | BUDGET DATA | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | DEBT INTEREST | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENTS | LIQUID ASSETS | FISCAL STANCE | EXPORT PERFORMANCE | GROWTH POTENTIAL | MAINTENANCE BUDGET
Book
2014, World Bank study, ISBN 9781464802942, 175
The report is organized as follows. Chapter one sets out the strategic context for Iraq, including the evolving political situation, macroeconomic context, and... 
Public investments | Iraq
eBook
05/2014
Weaknesses in the public investment management (PIM) system may limit the gains from higher public sector investments in the Kyrgyz Republic. Capital spending... 
CHECKS | STRATEGIC PLANS | FLOW OF INFORMATION | INVESTMENT DECISIONS | INVESTMENT FINANCING | MEDIUM-TERM EXPENDITURE | SERVICE DELIVERY | ALLOCATION | MINISTRY OF FINANCE | CREDIBILITY | REALLOCATIONS | MICRO-MANAGEMENT | AGGREGATE EXPENDITURE | NATIONAL STRATEGY | TOTAL EXPENDITURE | INVESTMENT POLICY | FISCAL DISCIPLINE | BUDGET MANAGEMENT | FINANCIAL SECTOR DEVELOPMENT | LOCAL BUDGETS | HUMAN RESOURCES | NATIONAL GOVERNMENTS | INVESTMENT CLIMATE | FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE | CENTRAL BANK | GOVERNMENT PRIORITIES | DEMAND FOR SERVICES | COST OF CAPITAL | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | CAPITAL INVESTMENTS | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT | EX POST ASSESSMENT | EXPENDITURE MANAGEMENT | INVESTMENT PORTFOLIO | SHARE OF INVESTMENT | TURNOVER | INTERGOVERNMENTAL TRANSFERS | EX-POST EVALUATION | INFORMATION SYSTEM | INVESTMENT NEEDS | FINANCIAL ACCOUNTABILITY | CASH PLANNING | ACCOUNTABILITY ARRANGEMENTS | REFORM EFFORTS | BUDGET PROCESS | CASH FLOW | PUBLIC SERVICE DELIVERY | DONOR ASSISTANCE | MINISTRY OF ECONOMY | COMPETITIVE BIDDING | PUBLIC PROCUREMENT | GOVERNMENT POLICY | CAPITAL BUDGET | DOMESTIC CAPITAL | BUDGET POLICY | INVESTMENT PRIORITIES | PROGRAM EFFECTIVENESS | INVESTMENT BUDGET | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | BUDGET PREPARATION | COST ESTIMATES | FINANCE MINISTRY | BANK POLICY | BUDGET DEPARTMENT | CAPITAL BUDGETING | BUDGET DECISION | CENTRAL AGENCIES | DECISION-MAKERS | PUBLIC INVESTMENT | FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY | BUDGET ORGANIZATIONS | MEDIUM-TERM PERSPECTIVE | CIVIL SERVANTS | PUBLIC INVESTMENT SPENDING | PUBLIC INVESTMENTS | BUDGET FRAMEWORK | UNCERTAINTY | STATE AGENCY | BENEFICIARIES | DEVELOPMENT BANK | EVALUATION OF PROJECTS | EXPENDITURE CEILING | QUALITY ASSURANCE | BUDGET SYSTEMS | POTENTIAL INVESTMENT | RETURN | LOAN | EXPENDITURES | LOCAL GOVERNMENT | SUPREME AUDIT INSTITUTION | INDEPENDENT ASSESSMENT | INVESTMENT BUDGETS | BUDGET PREPARATION PROCESS | CAPITAL EXPENDITURES | EXCHANGE RATE | CURRENCY | RESOURCE AVAILABILITY | FINANCIAL CONTROL | BUDGET CIRCULAR | RESERVES | DOMESTIC INVESTMENT | CAPITAL SPENDING | LEGAL FRAMEWORK | PUBLIC INVESTMENT PROGRAM | BIDS | EXPENDITURE | PUBLIC MONEY | CAPITAL INVESTMENT | NATIONAL PRIORITIES | PUBLIC RESOURCES | STATE BANK | FISCAL CONSTRAINT | MEDIUM-TERM DEVELOPMENT | PROGRAM BUDGETING | ADMINISTRATIVE CULTURE | QUALITY CONTROL | PERFORMANCE AUDITING | FISCAL REALITIES | INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT | INVESTMENT PROJECTS | MACROECONOMIC FRAMEWORK | PERFORMANCE MANAGEMENT | FINANCIAL SECTOR | LEGAL TRADITION | FINANCIAL PLAN | ANNUAL BUDGET | PERFORMANCE MONITORING | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | DONOR COORDINATION | TOTAL EXPENDITURES | AGGREGATE BUDGET | PERFORMANCE INDICATORS | PUBLIC SERVICE | DECISION-MAKING | BUDGET SUBMISSIONS | PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION | ACCOUNTABILITY FOR PERFORMANCE | FINANCIAL RESOURCES | INVESTMENT SPENDING | COST-EFFECTIVENESS | ADMINISTRATIVE FRAMEWORK | PUBLIC PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS | BUDGET PROPOSAL | DOMESTIC FUNDS | CASH RATIONING | INFORMATION FLOWS | NATIONAL AUDIT | ASSET MANAGEMENT | BUDGET COMMISSION | STATE BUDGET | INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS | SECTOR POLICY | BUDGET PLANNING | PUBLIC SECTOR | TREASURY SYSTEM | CAPACITY BUILDING | PUBLIC ENTITIES | CAPITAL EXPENDITURE | EVALUATION CAN | PROCUREMENT PROCESS | DATA ENTRY | CAPACITY CONSTRAINTS | GOVERNMENT REGULATION | PAYMENT DELAYS | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION | PUBLIC MANAGEMENT | BUDGET CODE | LONG-TERM RESOURCE | POVERTY REDUCTION | APPROPRIATIONS | BUDGET DISCIPLINE | COST EFFECTIVENESS | QUANTITATIVE INDICATORS | BUDGET SYSTEM | STATE OWNED ENTERPRISES | INTERNAL AUDIT | BUDGET PREPARATION CALENDAR | INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT | DISBURSEMENT | TRANSPARENCY | TREASURY | EXTERNAL AUDIT | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE REVIEW | PUBLIC FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | COUNTERPART FUNDING | ECONOMIES OF SCALE | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE | MINISTERIAL DEPARTMENTS | PERFORMANCE MONITORING SYSTEM | AUDITORS | BUDGET LAW | BUDGET EXPENDITURE | BUDGETING | PUBLIC SECTOR SPECIALIST | EXPENDITURE PLANS | COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS
Book
06/2011
The primary objective of the Public Expenditure Review (PER) is to assist the Ministry of Finance (MOF) in identifying opportunities for efficiency gains in... 
Public sector
Book
12/2013
The Government's Plan for Economic and Social Development (PESD) 2012-2015 outlines an ambitious public expenditure program to foster sustainable inclusive... 
DONOR SUPPORT | BUDGETARY DEVELOPMENTS | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE | INCLUSIVE GROWTH | FINANCIAL ACCOUNTABILITY | SUSTAINABILITY | PUBLIC SERVICES DELIVERY | PUBLIC FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT
Book
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