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2012, Theories of institutional design, ISBN 1107022428, x, 195
Over fifty years ago, Albert Hirschman argued that dissatisfied consumers could either voice complaint or exit when they were dissatisfied with goods or... 
Consumer satisfaction | Total quality management in human services | Human services | Public welfare administration
Book
2011, ISBN 9780821384794, 108
Two years into the deepest global financial crisis in the post-war era, the world economy is still experiencing uneven economic recovery and financial... 
Country risk | Political aspects | Investments, Foreign | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTORS | INVESTMENT DECISIONS | INVESTMENT PLANS | INFORMATION CONSTRAINT | CROSS-BORDER CAPITAL | PORTFOLIO INVESTMENT FLOWS | UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | FOREIGN CAPITAL FLOWS | INTEREST RATES | LIABILITY | HUMAN RESOURCES | CAPITAL FORMATION | PRIVATE CREDITORS | GROUP OF INVESTORS | INVESTMENT DISPUTES | INVESTING | HOST COUNTRIES | TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER | INVESTMENT CORPORATION | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | POLITICAL STABILITY | EQUITY INVESTMENT | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | INTANGIBLE ASSETS | GOVERNMENT SPENDING | INVESTOR INTERESTS | TRANSITION COUNTRIES | BANKS | HOME COUNTRIES | INVESTMENT INSURANCE | FOOD PRICES | POLITICAL RISKS | POVERTY ALLEVIATION | EQUITY FLOWS | DEVELOPING ECONOMIES | TREATY | LOCAL GOVERNMENTS | CAPITAL FLOWS | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | GROWTH RATE | PUBLIC FINANCE | PORTFOLIO INVESTMENT | CREDIT AGENCY | RISK MANAGEMENT | ARBITRATION | INSTITUTIONAL INVESTOR | SETTLEMENT | BANK LENDING | FINANCIAL SERVICES | BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES | INTERNATIONAL BANK | STATISTICAL ANALYSIS | INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES | COMMODITY | CONFIDENCE INDEX | DEBT | GLOBAL ECONOMY | COMMODITY PRICES | INVENTORY | PRIVATE CAPITAL | ARREARS | REINSURANCE | HUMAN RIGHTS | GLOBAL FINANCIAL STABILITY | OUTPUT | DEBT DEFAULT | LARGE-SCALE INVESTMENTS | INTERNATIONAL MARKETS | AFFILIATES | CREDIT AGENCIES | NET DEBT | ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE | BOND ISSUANCE | MARKET SIZE | INSURANCE | MARKET FAILURE | LONG-TERM INVESTMENT | RETURN | ECONOMIC CRISIS | INSURANCE MARKET | GLOBAL TRADE | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | INSURANCE INDUSTRY | BOND | EXCHANGE RATE | CURRENCY | BORROWING POLICY | REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT | INTERNATIONAL DEBT MARKETS | CONSOLIDATION | EXPORT CREDIT | CREDIT DEFAULT | INVESTOR PERCEPTIONS | MULTILATERAL INVESTMENT GUARANTEE AGENCY | MARKET CONFIDENCE | REMITTANCES | RATES OF RETURN | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | INTERNATIONAL CAPITAL FLOWS | DEBT FINANCING | FOREIGN FIRMS | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE | CONTRACT RENEGOTIATIONS | INTANGIBLE | CIVIL WARS | DEFICITS | INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS | REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS | EMPLOYMENT | FINANCIAL MARKETS | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTIONS | JOINT VENTURES | AMORTIZATION | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | INTERNATIONAL DEBT | LAWS | ECONOMIC DOWNTURN | POLITICAL RISK INSURANCE | COINSURANCE | FINANCIAL SECTOR | PRIVATE DEBT | DEBT FLOWS | SUBSIDIARY | MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRIES | INVESTOR PREFERENCE | NEW MARKETS | FOREIGN CAPITAL | INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT | CONVERTIBILITY RESTRICTIONS | MANDATES | EXPROPRIATION | RED TAPE | NATURAL RESOURCE | INCOME | INVESTOR BEHAVIOR | INCOMES | PROFITABILITY | HOST GOVERNMENT | TREATIES | RETURNS | PRIVATE CAPITAL FLOWS | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE CENTER | INVESTMENT FLOWS | FINANCIAL CRISIS | DOMESTIC DEBT | DEPOSITS | INTERNATIONAL BANKING | MARKET ECONOMIES | SOVEREIGN GUARANTEES | CREDIT DEFAULT SWAPS | LIBERALIZATION | COMMODITIES | FINANCIAL SYSTEMS | HOLDING | VIRTUOUS CYCLE | POLITICAL RISK | SOCIAL SERVICES | COUNTRY RISK | EMERGING MARKET ECONOMIES | OWNERSHIP STRUCTURE | MACROECONOMIC INSTABILITY | RISK MITIGATION | ACCOUNTING | TERRORISM | FINANCIAL FLOWS | PUBLIC UTILITIES | LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION | SECURITY CONCERNS | INSURERS | INVESTMENT FLOW | MACROECONOMIC DATA | TELECOMMUNICATIONS | GLOBAL EXPORTS | LOCAL ECONOMIES | INTERNATIONAL CAPITAL | CIVIL WAR | EXPROPRIATIONS | FOREIGN INVESTORS | BANKING SYSTEM | GLOBAL ECONOMIC PROSPECTS | INTEREST RATE | LOCAL CURRENCIES | EMERGING MARKET | INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT | PRIVATE DEBT FLOWS | JOINT VENTURE | FOREIGN OWNERSHIP | NATURAL RESOURCES | TRANSPARENCY | HOST GOVERNMENTS | PUBLIC DEBT | PORTFOLIO | CURRENT PRICES | RECAPITALIZATION | MONETARY FUND | STATE INTERVENTION | FOREIGN INVESTMENT | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | LOCAL ENTERPRISES | WORLD ECONOMY | PRIVATE MARKET | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTOR | PRODUCTIVITY | BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT | INVESTMENT LOCATION DECISIONS | LEVEL OF RISK
Book
The Journal of world investment & trade, ISSN 1660-7112, 2004
Journal
2011, World Bank Studies, ISBN 0821387812, xii, 61
Examining innovative ways to address Africa?s infrastructure deficit is at the heart of this analysis. Africa?s infrastructure stock and quality is among the... 
INVESTMENT FUND | SECURITY STRUCTURES | REGULATORY BARRIERS | WITHDRAWAL OF FUNDS | MATURITIES | NATIONAL INVESTMENT | PRIVATE INVESTORS | ISSUANCE | FOREIGN CURRENCY | SHORT-TERM DEPOSITS | LOCAL MARKET | PRIVATE CREDIT | TRANSITION ECONOMIES | LIABILITY | BONDS | CENTRAL BANK | CREDIT ENHANCEMENT | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | PENSION FUND INVESTMENTS | INVESTING | INVESTMENT CORPORATION | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | BALANCE SHEET | CASH FLOWS | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT | LIFE INSURANCE COMPANIES | STOCK EXCHANGES | INFRASTRUCTURE BOND | BOURSE | LONG-TERM DEBT | POLITICAL RISKS | ISSUANCE OF BONDS | LOCAL CURRENCY | LIFE INSURANCE POLICIES | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | BANK CREDIT | LENDING LIMIT | INVESTMENT GUIDELINES | PENSION FUND INVESTMENT | CREDIT AGENCY | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL STATISTICS | RISK MANAGEMENT | CORPORATE BOND | ASSET-LIABILITY MISMATCH | STOCKS | BANK LENDING | GOVERNMENT GRANTS | SOVEREIGN LENDING | GOVERNMENT BOND MARKET | INTERNATIONAL BANK | INVESTMENT BANK | FINANCING REQUIREMENTS | COMPETITIVE BIDDING | CREDIT RATING | PENSION FUND | INSURANCE POLICIES | MORAL HAZARD | LONG-TERM YIELDS | ALTERNATIVE INVESTMENTS | FINANCIAL RISKS | ILLIQUIDITY | SOVEREIGN RATING | CREDIT LINES | BOND ISSUANCES | ASSET CLASSES | GOVERNMENT BONDS | PRIVATE FINANCE | RESERVE BANK | MEZZANINE DEBT | PUBLIC INVESTMENT | PENSION FUNDS | LOCAL DEBT | CAPITAL MOVEMENTS | INVESTMENT ASSET | INVESTMENT REGULATIONS | INFRASTRUCTURE BONDS | RESERVE | BOND ISSUANCE | DIRECT INVESTMENT | EQUITY FUNDS | DEVELOPMENT BANK | MONEY MARKET | DIRECT INVESTMENTS | ENABLING ENVIRONMENT | POTENTIAL INVESTOR | GOVERNMENT SUPPORT | INSURANCE | MATURITY | LONG-TERM INVESTMENT | BORROWER | CENTRAL BANKS | PRIVATE FINANCING | LONG-TERM DEBT MARKET | RETURN | DEPOSIT MONEY BANKS | LOAN | INSURANCE MARKET | EXPENDITURES | PRIVATE PARTIES | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | INSURANCE INDUSTRY | BOND | PENSIONS | BOND MARKETS | CURRENCY | FOREIGN FINANCING | PENSION SYSTEMS | MORTGAGE | STOCK EXCHANGE | GOVERNMENT BOND | FUND MANAGERS | COUPON | FIXED INTEREST RATE | MONEY MARKET INSTRUMENTS | PARTIAL RISK | FIXED INCOME | FOREIGN BANKS | MARKET FAILURES | YIELD CURVE | MARKET MAKER | IMMOVABLE PROPERTY | DEPOSIT | LONG TERM DEBT | PENSION | DEBT FINANCING | GUARANTEE FUND | CAPITAL INVESTMENT | LONG-TERM COST | FIXED INTEREST | CREDIT RISK | BOND RATING | TOTAL DEBT | COUPON RATE | BANK LOANS | INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCE | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | DUE DILIGENCE | RISK SHARING | BOND HOLDERS | RISK PREMIUMS | LONG-TERM FINANCE | RISK PROFILE | LOCAL MARKETS | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCING | PENSION ASSETS | TRANSACTION | INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT | SECONDARY BOND MARKETS | CAPITAL MARKET | TRANSFER RISKS | RISK DIVERSIFICATION | GRACE PERIODS | BALANCE SHEETS | SECURITIES | RETURNS | GOVERNMENT BUDGET | FINANCIAL CRISIS | GROUP BORROWER | MUNICIPAL BONDS | PUBLIC FUNDS | MUTUAL FUNDS | CORPORATE BONDS | LONG-TERM LOANS | ASSET MANAGEMENT | INFLATION | EQUITY MARKETS | ALTERNATIVE ASSET | GOVERNMENT SECURITIES | WITHDRAWAL | INSURANCE CORPORATION | POLITICAL RISK | COUNTRY RISK | COMMERCIAL BANKS | INFRASTRUCTURE CONCESSION | CAPACITY BUILDING | TAX | PRIVATE EQUITY | LIFE INSURANCE | SUBORDINATED DEBT | ACCOUNTING | PRINCIPAL REPAYMENTS | GUARANTEE PRODUCTS | CORPORATE BOND MARKET | LOAN EXPOSURE | PENSION FUND ASSET | LONG-TERM RESOURCE | TELECOMMUNICATIONS | GOVERNMENT SUBSIDIES | RECOURSE FINANCING | CREDIT RATINGS | ASSET CLASS | MARKET CONSTRAINTS | FOREIGN EXCHANGE RISK | CREDIT GUARANTEE | CREDIT RATING AGENCY | INSTITUTIONAL INVESTORS | INVESTMENT PROCESS | INTERNATIONAL INSURANCE | CAPITAL MARKET DEVELOPMENT | CREDITOR | TRANSPARENCY | TREASURY | LOCAL BANKS | RISK MEASUREMENT | PORTFOLIO | INSURANCE INDUSTRIES | MONETARY FUND | REGULATORY AUTHORITY | HOLDINGS | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENTS | BANKING SECTOR | PARTIAL CREDIT | SOVEREIGN DEBT | CAPITAL MARKETS | LOCAL FINANCIAL MARKETS | LONG-TERM RESOURCES
Book
2011, ISBN 0821384708, xvi, 343
And key messages -- Key principles of governance and investment management -- Governance of public pension assets -- Governance structures and accountabilities... 
Pension trusts | Investments | Financial crises | 21st century | INVESTMENT DECISIONS | INVESTMENT FUND | GLOBAL MARKETS | PENSION CONTRIBUTIONS | AUDIT COMMITTEE | INVESTMENT STRATEGY | INVESTMENT RISK | EQUITY MARKET VOLATILITY | OPPORTUNITY COSTS | FOREIGN CURRENCY | LIQUIDITY MANAGEMENT | MACROECONOMIC STABILITY | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | TRANSITION ECONOMIES | FISCAL BURDENS | INVESTMENT POLICY | GOOD GOVERNANCE | SAFER ASSETS | INTEREST RATES | HEDGES | LIABILITY | PUBLIC ACCOUNTABILITY | TRADING | RESERVE FUND | REPLACEMENT RATE | POLICY RESPONSES | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | HEDGE FUNDS | EQUITY INVESTMENTS | INVESTMENT CAPABILITIES | MUTUAL FUND | AUDITS | REGULATORY STANDARDS | EQUITY INDEX | LIQUIDITY | INVESTING | INVESTMENT CORPORATION | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | EXPOSURE TO RISKS | CASH FLOWS | RISK AVERSION | CURRENCY HEDGING | DISCOUNT RATES | GLOBAL PENSIONS | GOVERNANCE MECHANISMS | MARKET VALUES | POLITICAL RISKS | RETIREMENT AGE | TURNOVER | LOCAL CURRENCY | HEDGE FUND | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | PENSION SYSTEM | INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENTS | RISK MANAGEMENT | HEDGE RATIOS | PURCHASING POWER | INTERNATIONAL BANK | INVESTMENT HORIZON | INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES | FAIR VALUE | REAL ESTATE | RISK POOLING | PENSION FUND ASSETS | PENSION FUND | PENSION ASSET | DOMESTIC CAPITAL | FOREIGN EXCHANGE MARKETS | INVENTORY | TRUSTEE | DEMOGRAPHIC | ILLIQUIDITY | ASSET CLASSES | GOVERNMENT BONDS | OUTPUT | REFORM PROGRAM | FIDUCIARY RESPONSIBILITY | PENSION FUNDS | RESERVE FUNDS | RETIREMENT SYSTEM | REPLACEMENT RATES | RESERVE | RETIREMENT SAVINGS | BENEFICIARIES | FINANCIAL ASSETS | INSURANCE | CODE OF CONDUCT | CONFLICT OF INTEREST | PENSION PRODUCT | ASSET-LIABILITY MANAGEMENT | REGULATORY AGENCIES | RETURN | PRIVATE PENSIONS | PENSIONS | PORTFOLIO RISK | EXPOSURE | CURRENCY | FOREIGN CURRENCY EXPOSURES | PRODUCTIVE INVESTMENT | REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT | INSTITUTIONAL INVESTMENT | PENSION SYSTEMS | FINANCIAL CRISES | PAYMENT OBLIGATIONS | FUND MANAGERS | HOME CURRENCY | PENSION PROVISION | RESERVES | SAVINGS | EQUITY MARKET | PRUDENTIAL REGULATION | COLLATERAL | GLOBAL PRIVATE EQUITY | RATES OF RETURN | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | PENSION | INVESTMENT MARKETS | INVESTMENT RISKS | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE | MONETARY AUTHORITIES | PORTFOLIO ALLOCATION | HEDGE RATIO | ASSET MANAGERS | CREDIT RISK | DEFICITS | RISK MANAGEMENT POLICIES | DERIVATIVES | TRUSTEES | PROVIDENT FUND | FINANCIAL MARKETS | FINANCIAL STABILITY | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT | INFORMATIONAL ASYMMETRY | FLEXIBLE EXCHANGE RATE | INFLATION RATE | INVESTMENT PORTFOLIOS | RISK PREMIUMS | EMPLOYEES RETIREMENT | OLD-AGE INCOME | RISK PROFILE | RISK FACTORS | INVESTMENT MANAGER | PENSION ASSETS | TRANSACTION | DOMESTIC CURRENCY | CAPITAL MARKET | PUBLIC COMPANY | RISKY ASSETS | INVESTMENT FUNCTIONS | EMPLOYEES PENSION | RISK DIVERSIFICATION | CURRENCY RISK | SOLVENCY | OUTSOURCING | SECURITIES | RETURNS | INSTITUTIONAL FUNDS | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE CENTER | REGULATORY CONSTRAINTS | FINANCIAL CRISIS | INTERNATIONAL DIVERSIFICATION | CORPORATE BONDS | ASSET MANAGEMENT | EQUITY RETURNS | INFLATION | EQUITY MARKETS | ALTERNATIVE ASSET | DEGREE OF TRANSPARENCY | HOLDING | PRICE DISCOVERY | SAFETY NETS | RISK MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS | SAVINGS ACCOUNTS | ACCOUNTING STANDARDS | PORTFOLIOS | INVESTMENT CHOICES | TAX | FUND MANAGEMENT | PRIVATE EQUITY | VALUATIONS | SWAPS | DOMESTIC CAPITAL MARKETS | FOREIGN MARKETS | ACCOUNTING | INVESTMENT STRATEGIES | TRANSACTION COSTS | TRADING COSTS | PENSION FUND ASSET | VALUATION | INTERNAL CONTROLS | ASSET CLASS | SWAP | INTEREST RATE | LOCAL CURRENCIES | TRADING VOLUME | INSTITUTIONAL INVESTORS | INVESTMENT PROCESS | INVESTMENT GOVERNANCE | HUMAN CAPITAL | INVESTMENT POLICIES | USE OF DERIVATIVES | INVESTMENT CAPITAL | PUBLIC PENSION | PENSION PRODUCTS | TRANSPARENCY | ASSET VALUES | TREASURY | REGULATORS | BASIS POINTS | PORTFOLIO | PENSION LIABILITIES | HOLDINGS | INVESTMENT MANAGERS | EQUITIES | FOREIGN INVESTMENT | BANKING SECTOR | ASSET GROWTH | OPTIMAL INVESTMENT | INVESTMENT PROFESSIONALS | LEVEL OF RISK
Book
2009, World Bank working paper, ISBN 9780821378618, Volume no. 159, vii, 38
The purpose of this note is to provide policy insights to decision makers, academics, and researchers on the trends in investment in Southeast Europe (SEE). A... 
Investments | COMPETITIVENESS | FOREIGN BANKS | SMALL FARMS | LEGAL FRAMEWORK | CAPITAL STOCK | HOUSEHOLD BORROWING | BANK CONSOLIDATION | REMITTANCES | PRIVATE SAVINGS | CORRUPTION | NATIONAL SAVING | FOREIGN FIRMS | OPPORTUNITY COSTS | GDP | PUBLIC SAVINGS | CAPITAL INVESTMENT | BUSINESS ACTIVITIES | PRIVATIZATION | FISCAL SUSTAINABILITY | BUSINESS CLIMATE | TRANSITION ECONOMIES | TELECOMMUNICATIONS EQUIPMENT | PROSPERITY | UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY | AFFILIATED ORGANIZATIONS | ECONOMIC GROWTH | FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT | MARGINAL PRODUCTIVITY | TRADE FINANCE | ACCESS TO SERVICES | FINANCIAL MARKETS | AGRICULTURE | ECONOMETRIC ANALYSIS | PUBLIC POLICY | AFFORDABILITY OF ACCESS | FINANCIAL AFFAIRS | ACCESS TO FINANCE | NEW ENTREPRENEURS | TRADING | CREDIT CRUNCH | CONTRIBUTION | INVESTMENT RATES | INVESTMENT PROJECTS | FINANCIAL OBLIGATIONS | FINANCIAL SECTOR | FINANCING OF INVESTMENT | STOCK MARKET CAPITALIZATION | LIQUIDITY | INVESTING | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | PRIVATE INVESTMENT RATES | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | FOREIGN LOANS | POLITICAL STABILITY | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | INVESTMENT PATTERNS | PORTFOLIO FLOWS | PUBLIC SPENDING | CAPITAL MARKET | STOCK EXCHANGES | AVERAGE PRODUCTIVITY | INCOME | TRANSITION COUNTRIES | BANKS | ECONOMIC JUSTIFICATION | HEAVY INVESTMENTS | MARKET DEEPENING | VALUABLE | CAPITAL BASE | INVESTMENT ACTIVITY | PRODUCTION COSTS | RAPID GROWTH | INVESTMENT SPENDING | HOST ECONOMIES | SALE | PROFITABILITY | SHARE OF INVESTMENT | TURNOVER | CAPACITY UTILIZATION | CAPITAL MARKET DEVELOPMENTS | EMPLOYEE | RETURNS | INVESTMENT FLOWS | POSITIVE EFFECTS | TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY | CAPITAL FLOWS | INVESTMENT NEEDS | DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION | CAPITAL ACCUMULATION | PUBLIC FINANCE | TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH | CORPORATE BOND | PRODUCTION FUNCTION | FIXED ASSETS | RULE OF LAW | FINANCIAL SERVICES | UNION | NATIONAL SAVINGS | SOCIAL SERVICES | STATEMENT | WORTH | FINANCIAL DEPTH | UNDERDEVELOPED FINANCIAL SECTOR | INTERNATIONAL BANK | INVESTMENT BY SECTOR | LIVING STANDARDS | REAL ESTATE | CAPITAL EXPENDITURE | DEBT | MARKET DEVELOPMENTS | SUPPLY CHAINS | DOMESTIC CAPITAL | FIXED CAPITAL | GROSS FIXED CAPITAL FORMATION | PRIVATE SECTOR CREDIT | INVENTORY | PUBLIC ASSETS | INITIAL PUBLIC OFFERING | PRIVATE CAPITAL | DOMESTIC BANKS | CREDIT GROWTH | INITIAL CAPITAL | ENTERPRISE PERFORMANCE | AVAILABILITY OF CREDIT | GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE | RATE OF RETURN | TRADING COSTS | SAVINGS RATES | PRIVATE INVESTMENTS | PUBLIC INVESTMENT | AFFORDABILITY | FOREIGN COMPANIES | TELECOMMUNICATIONS | ECONOMIC RESEARCH | MARKET CAPITALIZATION | PUBLIC INVESTMENTS | BUSINESS ACTIVITY | FISCAL CONSTRAINTS | STOCK MARKET | LIQUIDITY CRISIS | FUTURE GROWTH | ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE | STATISTICAL DATA | INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURE | EDUCATION PROGRAMS | INVESTMENT GROWTH | VALUE ADDED | FOREIGN INVESTORS | LABOR FORCE | ENABLING ENVIRONMENT | HUMAN CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT | INSURANCE | PHYSICAL CAPITAL | ACCESS TO EXTERNAL FINANCE | CENTRAL BANKS | CONTINGENT LIABILITIES | ADVISORY SERVICE | HUMAN CAPITAL | FOREIGN OWNERSHIP | SPECULATION | EXPENDITURES | ECONOMIC ACTIVITY | NATURAL RESOURCES | FINANCIAL SECTORS | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | LOCAL BANKS | CAPITAL EXPENDITURES | PORTFOLIO | UNEMPLOYMENT | LEVY | MONETARY FUND | PRODUCTIVITY INCREASES | FOREIGN INVESTMENT | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | TOTAL OUTPUT | BANKING SECTOR | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIATION | VENTURE CAPITAL | CAPITAL MARKETS | LACK OF ACCESS | REMITTANCE | KNOWLEDGE ECONOMY | PRODUCTIVITY | SAVINGS | CORPORATE BOND ISSUES | STOCK MARKETS | DOMESTIC INVESTMENT | CAPITAL OUTLAYS | GOVERNMENT POLICIES | GROWTH POTENTIAL
Book
2011, ISBN 9780821387030, xiv, 124
This study aims to help governments design sustainable Public-Private Partnership (PPP) strategies and projects in the context of the changed circumstances... 
Infrastructure (Economics) | Public-private sector cooperation | CHECKS | DEBT SERVICING | TOLL ROAD | INVESTMENT DECISIONS | SOVEREIGN BONDS | TRUST FUND | GOVERNMENT FINANCES | CONTRACT DESIGN | BOND MARKET | INVESTMENT STRATEGY | MATURITIES | PRIVATE INVESTORS | MARKET RISKS | FOREIGN CURRENCY | GOVERNMENT FINANCING | CREDIBILITY | CURRENCY DEPRECIATION | MARKET CONDITIONS | EIB | BASIS POINT | VEHICLE | GOVERNMENT BOND YIELDS | INTEREST RATES | CURRENCY DEVALUATION | PUBLIC BORROWING | BONDS | CAPITAL PROJECTS | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | PASSENGERS | LONG-TERM INVESTORS | PRODUCTIVE INVESTMENTS | TUNNEL | LIQUIDITY | INVESTING | REGULATORY OVERSIGHT | HIGHWAYS | TRAFFIC DEMAND | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | BALANCE SHEET | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | SANITATION | LEGISLATION | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT | GOVERNMENT SPENDING | ACCOUNTABILITY | LOCAL DEBT MARKET | CAPITAL GRANT | EXPORTERS | LONG-TERM DEBT | SHARE OF INVESTMENT | TRANSPORT SECTOR | LOCAL CURRENCY | TREATY | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | DRIVERS | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | TRANSPORT PROJECTS | ROAD PROJECTS | PUBLIC FINANCE | VEHICLES | RISK MANAGEMENT | ADB | CASH FLOW | INTERNATIONAL BANK | INVESTMENT BANK | RAILWAYS | CREDIT RATING | FINANCIAL MARKET | DEBT | OIL PRICES | SHARES OF INVESTMENT | FISCAL DEFICITS | INVESTMENT FUNDS | PRIVATE CAPITAL | TREASURY BONDS | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL MARKETS | RATES OF INFLATION | MARKET BORROWING | PUBLIC INVESTMENT | TRANSPORT RESEARCH | LOCAL DEBT | FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY | PSP | GOVERNMENT REVENUE | PUBLIC INVESTMENTS | FISCAL CONSTRAINTS | HIGHWAY | LIGHT RAIL | FISCAL DEFICIT | TOLLS | DEVELOPMENT BANK | INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY | FOREIGN EXCHANGE RESERVES | GOVERNMENT SUPPORT | INSURANCE | DEFAULT RISK | MATURITY | BRIDGE | LONG-TERM INVESTMENT | POTENTIAL INVESTMENT | HIGHWAY MAINTENANCE | PRIVATE FINANCING | RETURN | LOAN | LEGAL ENVIRONMENT | LOCAL GOVERNMENT | EXCHANGE RATES | PRESENT VALUE | BID | INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT | EXCHANGE RATE | CURRENCY | INFRASTRUCTURE FUNDING | URBAN TRANSPORT | DRIVING | CREDIT MARKET | INFRASTRUCTURE COSTS | RAIL LINKS | GOVERNMENT BOND | TRAFFIC | TAX SYSTEMS | LEGAL FRAMEWORK | AIRPORT | ROAD | FINANCE INFRASTRUCTURE | BIDS | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | EXPENDITURE | SHORT-TERM BORROWING | CAPITAL INVESTMENT | ROAD SECTOR | PRIVATIZATION | PRIVATE INVESTOR | DEFICITS | REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS | TOLL | MOTORWAYS | FINANCIAL MARKETS | FOREIGN CURRENCIES | HIGHWAY PROJECT | RAILWAY | LAWS | INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCE | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | RISK PREMIUMS | CAPITAL GRANTS | SUBSIDIARY | INVESTMENT REQUIREMENTS | BALANCE­SHEET | MARKET LIQUIDITY | INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCING | AIRPORTS | TRANSACTION | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | CAPITAL INVESTMENT PROGRAM | HIGHWAY REHABILITATION | INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT | JUDICIAL ENFORCEMENT | PUBLIC SPENDING | CAPITAL MARKET | INVESTMENT SPENDING | AIRPORT EXPANSION | BALANCE SHEETS | DEBT SERVICE | ROAD TUNNEL | GOVERNMENT BUDGET | SHORT-TERM DEBT | FINANCIAL CRISIS | PUBLIC FUNDS | SOVEREIGN GUARANTEE | LONG-TERM LOANS | LENDERS | DEBT RATIOS | INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS | BOND INDEX | COUNTRY RISK | SAFETY NETS | UNDERGROUND | MINISTRY OF TRANSPORT | COMMERCIAL BANKS | INVESTOR CONFIDENCE | SAFETY | STATE GUARANTEES | TAX | BOND ISSUE | RAIL PROJECTS | MARKET RISK | CAPACITY CONSTRAINTS | DEBT EXCHANGE | ROADS | ACCOUNTING | PRIVATE LOANS | PUBLIC BANKS | LANES | EMERGING MARKET BOND | HIGH-SPEED RAIL | TRANSPORT INVESTMENTS | CREDIT RATINGS | GOVERNMENT CAPACITY | GOVERNMENT BORROWING | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | GOVERNMENT GUARANTEES | INTEREST RATE | FOREIGN EXCHANGE RISK | LOCAL CURRENCIES | EMERGING MARKET | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | TRANSPORT INVESTMENT | CONTINGENT LIABILITIES | FINANCES | TRANSPORT | TRANSPARENCY | HIGHWAY PROJECTS | TREASURY | GOVERNMENT FUNDING | HIGHWAY PROGRAM | BUDGET DEFICIT | GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES | LOCAL BANKS | BASIS POINTS | PUBLIC DEBT | MONETARY FUND | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENTS | PUBLIC SECTOR INVESTMENT | SOVEREIGN DEBT | INSTRUMENT | NATIONAL HIGHWAYS | BUDGETING | LONG-TERM CAPITAL | SOVEREIGN ENTITIES
Book
2016, ISBN 9780231172981, viii, 358
Governments often use direct subsidies or tax credits to encourage investment and promote economic growth and other development objectives. Properly designed... 
Investments, Foreign | Taxation | Investments | Law and legislation | International business enterprises | Government policy | Business & Economics, Political Science, Public Policy | Economics | Business | Political Science
Book