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Renewable Energy, ISSN 0960-1481, 01/2020, Volume 145, pp. 2121 - 2129
This work investigated the washing pre-treatment in order to upgrade a low grade biomass (greenhouse crop residue). Characteristics of biomass and biomass... 
Waste valorization | Demineralization | Biomass | Pre-treatment | Ash
Journal Article
Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, ISSN 1932-104X, 09/2008, Volume 2, Issue 5, pp. 438 - 454
Journal Article
Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, 03/2015, Volume 143, pp. 318 - 326
The preferential oxidation (PROX) of CO is a promising strategy for trace CO clean up in H -rich stream to fuel cells. In the present study, a series of TiO... 
Preferential oxidation | Reconstruction | Ru/TiO | Pre-treatment
Journal Article
Energy, ISSN 0360-5442, 2008, Volume 33, Issue 8, pp. 1206 - 1223
The pre-treatment step has a significant influence on the performance of bioenergy chains, especially on logistics. Torrefaction, pelletisation and pyrolysis... 
Torrefaction | Pyrolysis | Pre-treatment | TOP | Pelletisation | Bioenergy | Biomass | biomass | COMBUSTION | pyrolysis | COSTS | THERMODYNAMICS | pre-treatment | ENERGY & FUELS | pelletisation | bioenergy | torrefaction
Journal Article
Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, 2010, Volume 89, Issue 12, pp. 3911 - 3918
The process of torrefaction alters the physical properties of biomass, reducing its fibrous tenacious nature. This could allow increased rates of co-milling... 
Torrefaction | Thermal pre-treatment | Energy crops | Biomass | Grindability | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | ENERGY & FUELS | FUEL | GRASS
Journal Article
Food Chemistry, ISSN 0308-8146, 08/2019, Volume 288, pp. 291 - 296
Potato starch was pre-treated with CaCl solutions prior to modification with octenyl succinic anhydride (OSA). Starch pre-treated with 1.0 M CaCl showed higher... 
CaCl | Functional properties | OSA-starch | Succinylation | pre-treatment
Journal Article
Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, ISSN 2213-3437, 03/2016, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp. 1156 - 1165
The use of biochar for the recovery of phosphate has potential for environmental and socio-economic benefits but it is often characterised by relatively low... 
Biomass pre-treatment | Biochar modification | Phosphate sorption
Journal Article
Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, 2008, Volume 87, Issue 6, pp. 844 - 856
Torrefaction is a treatment which serves to improve the properties of biomass in relation to thermochemical processing techniques for energy generation; for... 
Torrefaction | Reed canary grass | Biomass | Pre-treatment | Combustion properties | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | biomass | pre-treatment | ENERGY & FUELS | BEHAVIOR | torrefaction | combustion properties | reed canary grass | Methane | Combustion | Wheat | Analysis
Journal Article
Ecotoxicology and environmental safety, ISSN 0147-6513, 02/2020, Volume 189, p. 109984
In this study, we analyzed the effects of sludge aging pre-treatment on the stabilization mechanisms of heavy metals during sludge pyrolysis. First, the form... 
Journal Article
Radiocarbon, ISSN 0033-8222, 2013, Volume 55, Issue 2-3, pp. 491 - 500
Journal Article
Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, ISSN 2213-3437, 09/2014, Volume 2, Issue 3, pp. 1821 - 1830
Food waste with high decomposition potential can be successfully digested anaerobically for the production of biogas. As the fossil-fuel reserves decline... 
Food waste anaerobic digestion | Food waste pre-treatment | Anaerobic reactors | Biogas from wastes
Journal Article
Acta Horticulturae, ISSN 0567-7572, 04/2018, Volume 1201, pp. 99 - 106
Conference Proceeding
Journal of Supercritical Fluids, ISSN 0896-8446, 03/2018, Volume 133, pp. 716 - 725
A study on hemicellulose extraction from 10 different tree species was performed using a batchwise operated cascade reactor constituted by 5 units of 200 mL... 
Hydrothermal pre-treatment | Hemicellulose | Biorefinery | Biomass | Subcritical | Molecular weight
Journal Article
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, ISSN 1364-0321, 08/2014, Volume 36, pp. 412 - 427
Journal Article
Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, 04/2020, Volume 244, p. 125466
Journal Article
Journal of Hazardous Materials, ISSN 0304-3894, 02/2020, Volume 384, p. 121363
Thiosulfinates, a natural antibiotic, existed in all parts of , therefore might be accumulated in large amounts in food waste (FW). FW was often added into... 
Food waste | Anaerobic co-digestion | Waste activated sludge | Thiosulfinates | Methane production | Pre-treatment method
Journal Article
Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, 03/2020, Volume 242, p. 125119
Many industries located in coastal areas use a large amount of seawater. Algal biofouling can be a major problem that hinders the efficiency of these... 
Seawater pre-treatment | Visible light | Microalgae | Photocatalysis | Biofouling | Chlorella vulgaris
Journal Article
Zairyo/Journal of the Society of Materials Science, Japan, ISSN 0514-5163, 02/2019, Volume 68, Issue 2, pp. 174 - 179
Journal Article
Materials and Design, ISSN 0264-1275, 02/2014, Volume 54, pp. 196 - 206
Friction Spot Joining is a promising alternative joining technology for polymer–metal hybrid structures. In this work, the feasibility of Friction Spot Joining... 
Carbon-fiber reinforced poly(phenylene sulfide) | Surface pre-treatment | Polymer composite | Hybrid structure | Friction Spot Joining | Aluminum alloy | POLYMERS | BEHAVIOR | MATERIALS SCIENCE, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | HYBRID JOINTS | Sulfides | Polymers | Alloys
Journal Article
The Journal of Supercritical Fluids, ISSN 0896-8446, 03/2018, Volume 133, pp. 716 - 725
A study on hemicellulose extraction from 10 different tree species was performed using a batchwise operated cascade reactor constituted by 5 units of 200 mL... 
Hemicellulose | Hydrothermal pre-treatment | Biorefinery | Subcritical | Biomass | Molecular weight
Journal Article