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Annals of Botany, ISSN 0305-7364, 10/2013, Volume 112, Issue 6, pp. 1003 - 1014
• Background and Aims Condensed tannins (also called proanthocyanidins) are widespread polymers of catechins and are essential for the defence mechanisms of... 
Tannins | Chloroplasts | Polymerization | Thylakoids | Plants | Vascular plants | Diameters | Vacuoles | Chlorophylls | Plant cells | polymerization | tonoplast | proanthocyanidins | vascular plants | chloroplast | vacuole | organelle | condensed tannins | Tannosome | Tracheophyta | LOCALIZATION | UV-B RADIATION | LEAVES | PROANTHOCYANIDIN BIOSYNTHESIS | PHENOLIC-STORING CELLS | PLANT SCIENCES | CHALCONE SYNTHASE | ULTRASTRUCTURE | GRAPE BERRY DEVELOPMENT | ENDOPLASMIC-RETICULUM | ARABIDOPSIS | Organelles - chemistry | Tracheophyta - chemistry | Vacuoles - ultrastructure | Vitis - chemistry | Chloroplasts - chemistry | Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid | Vitis - ultrastructure | Proanthocyanidins - chemistry | Ebenaceae - chemistry | Organelles - ultrastructure | Vacuoles - chemistry | Ebenaceae - ultrastructure | Cell Membrane - metabolism | Catechin - metabolism | Fruit - ultrastructure | Fruit - metabolism | Plant Leaves - chemistry | Microscopy, Electron, Transmission | Chloroplasts - ultrastructure | Fruit - chemistry | Proanthocyanidins - metabolism | Ginkgo biloba - metabolism | Ginkgo biloba - ultrastructure | Cell Membrane - ultrastructure | Ginkgo biloba - chemistry | Chlorophyll - metabolism | Tracheophyta - metabolism | Chloroplasts - metabolism | Ebenaceae - metabolism | Microscopy, Confocal | Animals | Plant Leaves - metabolism | Models, Biological | Vacuoles - metabolism | Tracheophyta - ultrastructure | Vitis - metabolism | Organelles - metabolism | Plant Leaves - ultrastructure | Proanthocyanidins - isolation & purification | Life Sciences | Vegetal Biology | 2013 | Original
Journal Article
Plant Physiology, ISSN 0032-0889, 1/2012, Volume 158, Issue 1, pp. 200 - 224
Journal Article
The Plant Cell, ISSN 1040-4651, 4/2011, Volume 23, Issue 4, pp. 1536 - 1555
Journal Article
Journal Article
Journal of Functional Foods, ISSN 1756-4646, 03/2014, Volume 7, Issue 1, pp. 43 - 53
Proanthocyanidins are found in fruits, tree nuts, cereals, legumes, wine, and chocolate. They affect nutritional value, appearance, taste, and texture of these... 
Microbial metabolism | Absorption | Proanthocyanidins | HUMAN PLASMA | FOOD SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY | URINARY-EXCRETION | PHENOLIC-ACIDS | GUT MICROBIOTA | PROCYANIDIN DIMERS | DIETARY PROCYANIDINS | IN-VITRO | B2 EPICATECHIN-(4-BETA-8)-EPICATECHIN | NUTRITION & DIETETICS | TARGETED ANALYSIS | COCOA PROCYANIDINS
Journal Article
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, ISSN 0021-8561, 04/2017, Volume 65, Issue 13, pp. 2677 - 2685
Journal Article
Journal Article
Plant Physiology, ISSN 0032-0889, 4/2015, Volume 167, Issue 4, pp. 1448 - 1470
Journal Article
European Journal of Nutrition, ISSN 1436-6207, 10/2011, Volume 50, Issue 7, pp. 507 - 522
Journal Article
The Plant Journal, ISSN 0960-7412, 12/2018, Volume 96, Issue 5, pp. 949 - 965
The phenylpropanoid pathway leads to the production of many important plant secondary metabolites including lignin, chlorogenic acids, flavonoids, and phenolic... 
  | Populus tremula | transcriptional repressor | plant secondary metabolism | tremuloides | gene regulatory network | phenolic metabolism | Populus tremula × tremuloides | Populus tremula x tremuloides | MYB TRANSCRIPTION FACTOR | FUNCTIONAL-CHARACTERIZATION | GENE ENCODES | ANTHOCYANIN BIOSYNTHESIS | PLANT SCIENCES | REGULATES PROANTHOCYANIDIN SYNTHESIS | PATHWAY | POPULUS-TRICHOCARPA | ARABIDOPSIS | EXPRESSION | GRAPEVINE | Promoter Regions, Genetic | Proanthocyanidins - metabolism | Repressor Proteins - genetics | Gene Expression Profiling | Populus - genetics | Phenols - metabolism | Phylogeny | Anthocyanins - metabolism | Propanols - metabolism | Plant Proteins - genetics | Two-Hybrid System Techniques | Sequence Alignment | Metabolic Networks and Pathways | Flavonoids - metabolism | Plants, Genetically Modified | Populus - metabolism | Gene Expression Regulation, Plant | Plant Proteins - metabolism | Repressor Proteins - metabolism | Anthocyanin | Lignin | Enzymes | Analysis | Physiological aspects | Amino acids | DNA binding proteins | Genetic transcription | Plant metabolites | Isoflavones | Transcription factors | Yeast | Genes | Esters | Activation | Biosynthesis | Metabolism | Gene expression | Subgroups | Proteins | Flavonoids | Secondary metabolites | Metabolites | Acids | Repressors | Phenols | Glycosides | Poplar | Anthocyanins | Phenylpropanoids | Proanthocyanidins
Journal Article
The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry, ISSN 0955-2863, 10/2016, Volume 36, pp. 81 - 88
Hypoxia-induced oxidative stress and excessive proliferation of pulmonary artery smooth muscle cells (PASMCs) play important roles in the pathological process... 
Reactive oxygen species | Proliferation | Grape seed procyanidin extract | Hypoxic pulmonary hypertension | NADPH OXIDASE | SUPEROXIDE | PROANTHOCYANIDINS | BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY | MECHANISMS | OXIDASE SUBUNIT NOX4 | PREVENTS | SUPPLEMENTATION | NUTRITION & DIETETICS | REACTIVE OXYGEN | INFLAMMATION | HEALTH | Grape Seed Extract - therapeutic use | Vascular Remodeling | Cell Proliferation | Reactive Oxygen Species - metabolism | Muscle, Smooth, Vascular - metabolism | Oxidative Stress | Antioxidants - metabolism | Hypertension, Pulmonary - diet therapy | Grape Seed Extract - adverse effects | NADPH Oxidases - metabolism | Male | Reperfusion Injury - diet therapy | Hypertension, Pulmonary - prevention & control | Respiratory Mucosa - pathology | Pulmonary Artery - metabolism | NADPH Oxidases - genetics | Lung - metabolism | Dietary Supplements - adverse effects | Reperfusion Injury - metabolism | Biomarkers - metabolism | Lung - pathology | Respiratory Mucosa - blood supply | Reperfusion Injury - pathology | Proanthocyanidins - metabolism | NADPH Oxidases - antagonists & inhibitors | Cells, Cultured | Hypertension, Pulmonary - metabolism | Proanthocyanidins - therapeutic use | NADPH Oxidase 4 | Random Allocation | Rats, Sprague-Dawley | Proanthocyanidins - adverse effects | Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic | Grape Seed Extract - metabolism | Antioxidants - therapeutic use | Muscle, Smooth, Vascular - pathology | Reactive Oxygen Species - antagonists & inhibitors | Animals | Reperfusion Injury - prevention & control | Antioxidants - adverse effects | Respiratory Mucosa - metabolism | Lipid Peroxidation | Lung - blood supply | Hypertension, Pulmonary - pathology | Muscle, Smooth, Vascular - enzymology | Pulmonary Artery - pathology | Antioxidants | Oxidative stress | Smooth muscle | RNA | Analysis | Pulmonary hypertension
Journal Article
The Plant Journal, ISSN 0960-7412, 03/2006, Volume 45, Issue 6, pp. 895 - 907
Journal Article
Brain Research Bulletin, ISSN 0361-9230, 10/2017, Volume 135, pp. 40 - 46
Journal Article