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Physica B: Physics of Condensed Matter, ISSN 0921-4526, 10/2017, Volume 523, pp. 62 - 66
Cu ZnSnS (CZTS) thin films were directly deposited by sputtering with a single target at different temperatures, compared with the sulfurization process after... 
Solar cells | Cu2ZnSnS4 | Magnetron sputtering | Single target | Cu | ZnSnS | QUATERNARY TARGET | PHYSICS, CONDENSED MATTER | SOLAR-CELLS | OPTICAL-PROPERTIES | SULFURIZATION | PRECURSORS
Journal Article
JOURNAL OF ALLOYS AND COMPOUNDS, ISSN 0925-8388, 01/2020, Volume 812
Cu-poor CIGS thin films were fabricated by RF magnetron sputtering from a single quaternary target with the composition of Cu0.7In0.7Ga0.3Se2, in an effort to... 
TEMPERATURE | Quaternary single target | DEPOSITION PROCESS | MATERIALS SCIENCE, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | METALLURGY & METALLURGICAL ENGINEERING | One-step sputtering | CHEMISTRY, PHYSICAL | STRUCTURAL-PROPERTIES | Cu-poor composition | CIGS | THIN-FILM
Journal Article
Ceramics International, ISSN 0272-8842, 10/2016, Volume 42, Issue 13, pp. 14543 - 14547
Cu(In Ga )Se (CIGS) thin films were prepared by RF magnetron sputtering from a single quaternary target at multiple processing parameters. The structural,... 
RF magnetron sputtering | Thin film solar cell | Quaternary target | CIGS | Stoichiometric ratio | THIN-FILMS | RAMAN-SCATTERING | FILM SOLAR-CELLS | CHALCOPYRITE SEMICONDUCTORS | MATERIALS SCIENCE, CERAMICS | MORPHOLOGY | Thin films | Dielectric films | Analysis | Solar energy | Electric properties
Journal Article
Journal of Alloys and Compounds, ISSN 0925-8388, 01/2020, Volume 812, p. 152065
Cu-poor CIGS thin films were fabricated by RF magnetron sputtering from a single quaternary target with the composition of Cu In Ga Se , in an effort to... 
Cu-poor composition | Quaternary single target | CIGS | One-step sputtering | Solar cells | Thin films | Composition | Magnetron sputtering | Photovoltaic cells | Efficiency | Absorbers | Copper indium gallium selenides | Copper | Preferred orientation | Substrates
Journal Article
Thin Solid Films, ISSN 0040-6090, 07/2012, Volume 520, Issue 19, pp. 6068 - 6074
A one-step route was developed to fabricate Cu(In,Ga)Se (CIGS) absorber layers by direct magnetron sputtering from a single quaternary target with the... 
Cu(In,Ga)Se | Magnetron sputtering | Quaternary target | One-step synthesis | THIN-FILMS | PHYSICS, CONDENSED MATTER | PHYSICS, APPLIED | MATERIALS SCIENCE, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | Cu(In,Ga)Se-2 | SOLAR-CELL | MATERIALS SCIENCE, COATINGS & FILMS
Journal Article
by Yang, G and Li, YF and Yao, B and Ding, ZH and Deng, R and Zhao, HF and Zhang, LG and Zhang, ZZ
SUPERLATTICES AND MICROSTRUCTURES, ISSN 0749-6036, 09/2017, Volume 109, pp. 480 - 489
A simple and cost effective method of sputtering a single quaternary target following a rapid thermal process (RTP) was applied to prepare Cu2ZnSn(SxSe1-x)(4)... 
HETEROJUNCTION | PHYSICS, CONDENSED MATTER | SULFUR | Quaternary target | Se supply | Sputtering | SELENIZATION | LAYERS | Solar cell | CONVERSION EFFICIENCY | RAMAN-SCATTERING | TEMPERATURE | CZTSSe | CU2ZNSNS4 | FABRICATION
Journal Article
Superlattices and Microstructures, ISSN 0749-6036, 09/2017, Volume 109, pp. 480 - 489
A simple and cost effective method of sputtering a single quaternary target following a rapid thermal process (RTP) was applied to prepare Cu ZnSn(S Se )... 
Solar cell | CZTSSe | Quaternary target | Se supply | Sputtering
Journal Article
by Hwang, DH and Son, CS and Cho, S
SCIENCE OF ADVANCED MATERIALS, ISSN 1947-2935, 06/2017, Volume 9, Issue 6, pp. 907 - 910
A thin film of Cu(In0.75Ga0.2)Se-2 (CIGS) was deposited by radio frequency magnetron sputtering using a single quaternary target without any additional... 
Single Quaternary Target | PHYSICS, APPLIED | Solar Cell | PULSED-LASER DEPOSITION | MATERIALS SCIENCE, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | GROWTH | NANOSCIENCE & NANOTECHNOLOGY | CIGS Thin Film | RF Magnetron Sputtering
Journal Article
Materials Letters, ISSN 0167-577X, 06/2018, Volume 221, pp. 201 - 205
Cu ZnSnS (CZTS) is highly researched photovoltaic (PV) material in recent years because of resource availability and non-toxicity of its constituents. Radio... 
Thin films | CZTS | Quaternary compound target | Sputtering | Process parameters | PHYSICS, APPLIED | SOLAR-CELLS | MATERIALS SCIENCE, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | FABRICATION
Journal Article
Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Letters, ISSN 1941-4900, 04/2017, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp. 537 - 543
Thin films of kesterite Cu2ZnSnS4 (CZTS) were fabricated at various substrate temperatures from 200 to 500 degrees C using a single quaternary target. Film... 
Secondary phase | ZnSnS | Kesterite | Quaternary target | Sputtering | PHYSICS, APPLIED | Cu2ZnSnS4 | SOLAR-CELLS | PULSED-LASER DEPOSITION | MATERIALS SCIENCE, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | Quaternary Target | NANOSCIENCE & NANOTECHNOLOGY | Secondary Phase | PRECURSORS | Thin films | Hydrogen sulfide | Temperature | Sulfurization | Critical temperature | Copper | Substrates | Copper zinc tin sulfide
Journal Article
Thin Solid Films, ISSN 0040-6090, 07/2012, Volume 520, Issue 19, pp. 6068 - 6074
A one-step route was developed to fabricate Cu(In,Ga)Se (CIGS) absorber layers by direct magnetron sputtering from a single quaternary target with the... 
Magnetron sputtering | Quaternary target | Cu(In,Ga)Se2 | One-step synthesis
Journal Article
SOLAR ENERGY, ISSN 0038-092X, 11/2017, Volume 157, pp. 1074 - 1081
In this study, the influences of doping with antimony sulfide (Sb2S3) and metallic Sb on the properties of Cu(InGa)Se-2 (CIGS) films and devices have been... 
Quaternary | Sb-doped | ENERGY & FUELS | Cu(InGa)Se-2 | DEVICE | CU(IN | SINGLE-TARGET | CU(IN,GA)SE-2 SOLAR-CELLS | Solar cell | QUATERNARY TARGET | Se-free annealing | ABSORBERS | GA)SE-2 THIN-FILMS
Journal Article
Ceramics International, ISSN 0272-8842, 03/2019, Volume 45, Issue 4, pp. 4424 - 4430
We have demonstrated that the use of a one-step sputtering process allowed for the fabrication of copper indium gallium diselenide (CIGS) thin films by RF... 
Quaternary single target | Compound semiconductor | CIGS | One-step sputtering | SOLAR-CELLS | CUINSE2 THIN-FILMS | THERMOCHEMISTRY | FABRICATION | MATERIALS SCIENCE, CERAMICS | SELENIZATION | one-step sputtering | quaternary single target | SOLAR ENERGY | compound semiconductor | CLASSICAL AND QUANTUM MECHANICS, GENERAL PHYSICS
Journal Article
Materials Letters, ISSN 0167-577X, 02/2018, Volume 213, pp. 241 - 244
Cu ZnSnS (CZTS) films applicable to an absorber material in thin film solar cells were prepared at room temperature by pulsed DC magnetron sputtering from a... 
Magnetron sputtering | Sputtering pressure | Single quaternary target | Preferred orientation | Cu2ZnSnS4 film | ZnSnS | film | PHYSICS, APPLIED | MATERIALS SCIENCE, MULTIDISCIPLINARY
Journal Article
SOLAR ENERGY MATERIALS AND SOLAR CELLS, ISSN 0927-0248, 12/2019, Volume 203
Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)(4) (CZTSSe) has gained significant attention as a solar cell absorber material owing to its great long-time application potential. In this study,... 
THIN-FILMS | Annealing atmosphere | PHYSICS, APPLIED | ENERGY & FUELS | MATERIALS SCIENCE, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | Bandgap engineering | SULFUR | SELENIZATION | Single quaternary target sputtering | Cu2ZnSn(S,Se) | PHASE | ABSORBER | TEMPERATURE | S/(S plus Se) ratio controlling | CU2ZNSNS4 | EFFICIENCY | PRECURSORS
Journal Article
Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, ISSN 0927-0248, 12/2019, Volume 203, p. 110167
Cu ZnSn(S,Se) (CZTSSe) has gained significant attention as a solar cell absorber material owing to its great long-time application potential. In this study,... 
Single quaternary target sputtering | Bandgap engineering | Annealing atmosphere | Cu2ZnSn(S,Se)4 | S/(S+Se) ratio controlling | Solar cells | Annealing | Films | Quaternary | Cytology | Composition effects | Sputtering | Open circuit voltage | Thin films | Energy gap | Photovoltaic cells | Morphology | Atmosphere | Antireflection coatings | Absorbers (materials)
Journal Article
MATERIALS LETTERS, ISSN 0167-577X, 12/2016, Volume 184, pp. 69 - 72
In this work, copper indium gallium selenide (CIGS) absorbers were prepared by sputtering from a copper-poor and selenium-rich target. The result shows that... 
Grain size | PHYSICS, APPLIED | SINGLE QUATERNARY TARGET | Selenium-free | Se vacancy | MATERIALS SCIENCE, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | CIGS | THIN-FILM | Sputtering | HIGH-EFFICIENCY | CUINSE2
Journal Article
by Liu, GH and Chen, KX and Li, JT and Li, LF
JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CERAMIC SOCIETY, ISSN 0002-7820, 09/2018, Volume 101, Issue 9, pp. 3857 - 3863
CuIn1-xGaxSe2 and CuIn(SySe1-y)(2) bulk materials with relative densities of 93.4%-96.2% have been prepared by combustion synthesis, from elementary reactants... 
self-propagating high-temperature synthesis | THIN-FILMS | chalcogenides | SINGLE QUATERNARY TARGET | combustion synthesis | OPTICAL-PROPERTIES | DEVICES | MATERIALS SCIENCE, CERAMICS | CUINSE2
Journal Article
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