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Nature medicine, ISSN 1546-170X, 2016, Volume 22, Issue 4, pp. 439 - 445
Tissues with high metabolic rates often use lipids, as well as glucose, for energy, conferring a survival advantage during feast and famine(1). Current dogma... 
MEDICINE, RESEARCH & EXPERIMENTAL | BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY | INSULIN-SECRETION | FATTY-ACIDS | RECEPTOR GPR40 | TUMORS | DEGENERATION | CELL BIOLOGY | INFLAMMATION | RETINOPATHY | NEOVASCULARIZATION | ENERGY-METABOLISM | EXPRESSION | Retina - metabolism | Humans | Retinal Neovascularization - metabolism | Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A - metabolism | Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A - genetics | Lipid Metabolism - genetics | Retinal Neovascularization - genetics | Photoreceptor Cells - pathology | Ketoglutaric Acids - metabolism | Fatty Acids - metabolism | Receptors, LDL - genetics | Oxidation-Reduction | Gene Expression Regulation | Receptors, LDL - metabolism | Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled - biosynthesis | Macular Degeneration - metabolism | Animals | Macular Degeneration - genetics | Photoreceptor Cells - metabolism | Glucose - metabolism | Mice | Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled - genetics | Retina - pathology | Retinal Neovascularization - pathology | Macular Degeneration - pathology | Glucose metabolism | Physiological aspects | Neovascularization | Lipid metabolism | Health aspects | Retinal diseases | Risk factors | Macular degeneration | Endothelial growth factors | Low density lipoproteins | Triglycerides | Instrument industry | Glucose | Fatty acids | Dextrose | Angiogenesis | Retina | Lipids | Sensors | Metabolism
Journal Article
PloS one, ISSN 1932-6203, 2012, Volume 7, Issue 5, p. e36949
Many molecular and cellular abnormalities detected in the diabetic retina support a role for IL-1 beta-driven neuroinflammation in the pathogenesis of diabetic... 
ADHESION MOLECULE-1 | PROTEIN-KINASE-C | MICROGLIAL ACTIVATION | MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES | ENDOTHELIAL-CELLS | GENE-EXPRESSION | RETINOPATHY | INDUCTION | INTERLEUKIN-1 INDUCES INTERLEUKIN-1 | MULLER CELLS | BRAIN | Microglia - metabolism | Up-Regulation | Retina - metabolism | Rats, Wistar | Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental - genetics | Male | Interleukin-1beta - genetics | Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein - metabolism | Hyperglycemia - genetics | Glucose - administration & dosage | Interleukin-1beta - metabolism | Protein Kinase C - metabolism | Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental - metabolism | Interleukin-1beta - antagonists & inhibitors | Retinal Vessels - metabolism | Endothelial Cells - metabolism | Rats | Protein Kinase C - antagonists & inhibitors | Random Allocation | Rats, Sprague-Dawley | Diabetic Retinopathy - metabolism | Diabetic Retinopathy - genetics | Hyperglycemia - metabolism | alpha-Macroglobulins - metabolism | Animals | Endothelium - metabolism | Ceruloplasmin - metabolism | Glucose - metabolism | Neuroglia - metabolism | Astrocytes - metabolism | Ceruloplasmin | Diabetic retinopathy | Protein kinase C | Retinopathy | Pathogenesis | Streptozocin | Retina | Immunoblotting | Glucose | Hyperglycemia | Ischemia | Rodents | Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay | Enzymes | Cytokines | Astrocytes | Abnormalities | Diabetes mellitus | Blood vessels | Inflammation | IL-1β | Endothelial cells | Endothelium | Microglia | Polymerase chain reaction | Brain research | Diabetes | Glia | Laboratory animals | Subcultures | Apoptosis
Journal Article
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences - PNAS, ISSN 1091-6490, 2014, Volume 111, Issue 43, pp. 15579 - 15584
Journal Article
Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, ISSN 1552-5783, 2017, Volume 58, Issue 12, pp. 5043 - 5055
Journal Article
Diabetes (New York, N.Y.), ISSN 1939-327X, 2018, Volume 67, Issue 4, pp. 769 - 781
Journal Article
Circulation, ISSN 0009-7322, 07/2003, Volume 108, Issue 2, pp. 198 - 204
Background-Intravitreal neovascular diseases, as in ischemic retinopathies, are a major cause of blindness. Because inflammatory mechanisms influence vitreal... 
Prostaglandins | Ischemia | Diabetes mellitus | Vasculature | vasculature | APOPTOSIS | CARDIAC & CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEMS | ANGIOGENESIS | OXYGEN-INDUCED RETINOPATHY | diabetes mellitus | OCULAR NEOVASCULARIZATION | ischemia | RETINAL NEOVASCULARIZATION | INHIBITION | IN-VIVO | prostaglandins | PERIPHERAL VASCULAR DISEASE | PLATELET-ACTIVATING-FACTOR | GROWTH-FACTOR | PROSTAGLANDIN E-2 | Retina - drug effects | Endothelial Growth Factors - metabolism | Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors | Humans | Middle Aged | Astrocytes - pathology | Male | Astrocytes - enzymology | Receptors, Lipoprotein - metabolism | Diabetic Retinopathy - complications | Receptors, Prostaglandin E, EP4 Subtype | Retinal Vessels - pathology | Lymphokines - metabolism | Ischemia - pathology | Disease Models, Animal | Enzyme Inhibitors - pharmacology | Rats | Retinal Vessels - drug effects | Rats, Sprague-Dawley | Receptors, Prostaglandin E, EP3 Subtype | Cell Division - drug effects | Dinoprostone - metabolism | Membrane Proteins | Receptors, Scavenger | Neovascularization, Pathologic - drug therapy | Receptors, Immunologic | Mice | Thrombospondin 1 - metabolism | Vitreoretinopathy, Proliferative - enzymology | Retina - pathology | Diabetic Retinopathy - drug therapy | Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A | Vitreoretinopathy, Proliferative - complications | Cyclooxygenase 2 | Ischemia - enzymology | Diabetic Retinopathy - pathology | Neovascularization, Pathologic - pathology | Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins - metabolism | CD36 Antigens - metabolism | Ischemia - complications | Isoenzymes - metabolism | Retina - enzymology | Adult | Female | Astrocytes - drug effects | Vitreoretinopathy, Proliferative - drug therapy | Mice, Inbred C57BL | Vitreoretinopathy, Proliferative - pathology | Cells, Cultured | Receptors, Prostaglandin E - drug effects | Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor-2 - metabolism | Animals | Diabetic Retinopathy - enzymology | Prostaglandin-Endoperoxide Synthases - metabolism | Aged | Isoenzymes - antagonists & inhibitors | Receptors, Prostaglandin E - metabolism | Enzyme Inhibitors | Astrocytes | Antigens, CD36 | Neurons and Cognition | Endothelial Growth Factors | Dinoprostone | Intercellular Signaling Peptides | Life Sciences | Cell Division | Diabetic Retinopathy
Journal Article
Circulation Research, ISSN 0009-7330, 10/2009, Volume 105, Issue 9, pp. 897 - 905
RATIONALE:Insulin-like growth factor binding protein (IGFBP)-3 modulates vascular development by regulating endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) behavior,... 
Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 | Vascular repair | Nitric oxide | Hematopoietic stem cells | nitric oxide | STEM-CELLS | CARDIAC & CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEMS | ANGIOGENESIS | RAT RETINA | LOW-DENSITY-LIPOPROTEIN | RECEPTOR | ENDOTHELIAL-CELL APOPTOSIS | FACTOR-I | CHOROIDAL NEOVASCULARIZATION | vascular repair | SPHINGOSINE 1-PHOSPHATE | RETINOPATHY | PERIPHERAL VASCULAR DISEASE | hematopoietic stem cells | HEMATOLOGY | insulin-like growth factor binding protein-3 | Cell Proliferation | Mesenteric Arteries - physiopathology | Humans | Male | Green Fluorescent Proteins - genetics | Retinal Neovascularization - metabolism | Retinopathy of Prematurity - physiopathology | Vasodilation | Retinal Vessels - pathology | Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 3 - metabolism | Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt - metabolism | Infant, Newborn | Cytoprotection | Disease Models, Animal | Animals, Newborn | Gene Transfer Techniques | Sphingomyelins - metabolism | Retinal Vessels - metabolism | Signal Transduction | Endothelial Cells - metabolism | Rats | Mice, Transgenic | Mesenteric Arteries - metabolism | Cell Adhesion Molecules - metabolism | Rats, Sprague-Dawley | Cerebral Arteries - metabolism | Stem Cells - pathology | Mice | Retinopathy of Prematurity - metabolism | Endothelial Cells - pathology | Retinal Neovascularization - physiopathology | Retinal Neovascularization - pathology | Astrocytes - metabolism | Cell Movement | Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Protein 3 - genetics | Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases - metabolism | Phosphoproteins - metabolism | Stem Cells - metabolism | Cell Death | Female | Microfilament Proteins - metabolism | Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III - metabolism | Ceramides - metabolism | Mice, Inbred C57BL | Cells, Cultured | Cerebral Arteries - physiopathology | Pregnancy | Animals | Retinal Vessels - physiopathology | Scavenger Receptors, Class B - metabolism | Nitric Oxide - metabolism | Retinopathy of Prematurity - pathology | Vascular Repair | Hematopoietic Stem Cells
Journal Article
Journal Article
Investigative ophthalmology & visual science, ISSN 1552-5783, 2012, Volume 53, Issue 6, pp. 2968 - 2977
PURPOSE. Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a leading cause of blindness in children and is, in its most severe form, characterized by uncontrolled growth of... 
RETINAL NEOVASCULARIZATION | BLOCKERS | MOUSE MODEL | RAT RETINA | OPHTHALMOLOGY | INFANTILE HEMANGIOMAS | FACTOR EXPRESSION | PREMATURITY | INFANCY | ENDOTHELIAL GROWTH-FACTOR | Up-Regulation | Cell Proliferation | Angiopoietin-2 - genetics | Humans | Gene Expression Profiling | Retinal Neovascularization - metabolism | Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A - metabolism | Angiopoietin-1 - metabolism | Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A - genetics | Angiopoietin-2 - metabolism | Dose-Response Relationship, Drug | Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor - metabolism | Retina - cytology | Propranolol - administration & dosage | Injections, Subcutaneous | Retinal Neovascularization - prevention & control | Erythropoietin - metabolism | Receptors, Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor - genetics | Drug Evaluation, Preclinical | Receptors, Adrenergic, beta - metabolism | Adrenergic beta-Antagonists - administration & dosage | Infant, Newborn | Disease Models, Animal | RNA - metabolism | Animals, Newborn | Oxygen - toxicity | Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay | Administration, Oral | Injections, Intraperitoneal | Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction | Angiopoietin-1 - genetics | Erythropoietin - genetics | Animals | Retinopathy of Prematurity - prevention & control | Mice | Retinopathy of Prematurity - metabolism | In Vitro Techniques | Endothelial Cells - drug effects | Disease Models | Other Medical Sciences | Endothelial Cells/drug effects | Oxygen/toxicity | Drug Evaluation | Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A/genetics/metabolism | Infant | Propranolol/administration & dosage | Adrenergic | Oral | Intraperitoneal | RNA/metabolism | Receptors | Retinopathy of Prematurity/metabolism/prevention & control | beta/metabolism | Preclinical | Adrenergic beta-Antagonists/administration & dosage | Drug | Administration | Retinal Neovascularization/metabolism/prevention & control | Subcutaneous | Angiopoietin-2/genetics/metabolism | Erythropoietin/genetics/metabolism | Retina/cytology | Angiopoietin-1/genetics/metabolism | Injections | Newborn | Annan medicin och hälsovetenskap | Animal | Dose-Response Relationship | Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor/genetics/metabolism
Journal Article
Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology, ISSN 1442-6404, 03/2009, Volume 37, Issue 2, pp. 223 - 231
Purpose:  The aim of this study is to investigate markers of inflammation and oxidative stress in an early model of diabetic retinopathy, correlate retinal and... 
pericyte | diabetic retinopathy | inflammation | microglia | oxidative stress | Diabetic retinopathy | Oxidative stress | Pericyte | Inflammation | Microglia | CELLS | ANGIOGENESIS | ANTIOXIDANTS | DEATH | DAMAGE | PATHWAY | DISEASE | OPHTHALMOLOGY | RETINOPATHY | Retina - drug effects | Diabetic Retinopathy - drug therapy | Inflammation - pathology | Microglia - metabolism | Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental - drug therapy | Retina - metabolism | Oxidative Stress | Rats, Wistar | Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha - blood | Superoxide Dismutase - blood | Male | Diabetic Retinopathy - pathology | Immunoenzyme Techniques | Inflammation - metabolism | Pericytes - pathology | Microglia - pathology | Free Radical Scavengers - therapeutic use | Acetylcysteine - therapeutic use | Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental - metabolism | Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect | Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay | Macrophages - pathology | Pericytes - metabolism | Rats | Biomarkers - blood | Diabetic Retinopathy - metabolism | Macrophages - metabolism | Animals | Endothelium, Vascular - metabolism | Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental - pathology | Endothelium, Vascular - pathology | Isoprostanes - blood | Pericytes, metabolism | Endothelium, Vascular, metabolism | Microglia, metabolism | Superoxide Dismutase, blood | Diabetic Retinopathy, pathology | Isoprostanes, blood | Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha, blood | Acetylcysteine, therapeutic use | Endothelium, Vascular, pathology | Inflammation, metabolism | Inflammation, pathology | Diabetic Retinopathy, metabolism | Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental, drug therapy | Macrophages, pathology | Retina, drug effects | Retina, metabolism | Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental, pathology | Pericytes, pathology | Diabetic Retinopathy, drug therapy | Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental, metabolism | Biological Markers, blood | Macrophages, metabolism | Microglia, pathology | Free Radical Scavengers, therapeutic use | Streptozocin | Heme | Acetylcysteine | Superoxide dismutase | Superoxide | Ophthalmology | Universities and colleges | Macrophages | Vascular endothelial growth factor | Endothelium
Journal Article
British journal of pharmacology, ISSN 0007-1188, 2011, Volume 164, Issue 1, pp. 170 - 180
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Up‐regulation of thioredoxin interacting protein (TXNIP), an endogenous inhibitor of thioredoxin (Trx), compromises cellular antioxidant... 
peroxynitrite | retina | neuroprotection | verapamil | NMDA | neurodegeneration | TXNIP | apoptosis | retinal ganglion cells | Thioredoxin | DIABETIC-RETINOPATHY | OXIDATIVE STRESS | RAT RETINA | FACTOR-KAPPA-B | CALCIUM-CHANNEL BLOCKERS | NERVE GROWTH-FACTOR | OPEN-ANGLE GLAUCOMA | IN-VIVO | ENDOTHELIAL-CELLS | PHARMACOLOGY & PHARMACY | UP-REGULATED PROTEIN-1 | Retina - drug effects | Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha - metabolism | Inflammation - pathology | Retina - metabolism | Apoptosis - drug effects | Caspase 3 - metabolism | Male | NF-kappa B - metabolism | Retinal Ganglion Cells - metabolism | Tyrosine - analogs & derivatives | Inflammation - metabolism | MAP Kinase Kinase 4 - metabolism | Neuroprotective Agents - pharmacology | Interleukin-1beta - metabolism | MAP Kinase Kinase 4 - antagonists & inhibitors | Thioredoxins - metabolism | Thioredoxins - antagonists & inhibitors | p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases - metabolism | MAP Kinase Kinase Kinase 5 - metabolism | MAP Kinase Kinase Kinase 5 - antagonists & inhibitors | Eye Diseases - pathology | Interleukin-1beta - antagonists & inhibitors | NF-kappa B - antagonists & inhibitors | Carrier Proteins - biosynthesis | Carrier Proteins - antagonists & inhibitors | Rats | Eye Diseases - metabolism | Up-Regulation - genetics | Caspase Inhibitors | Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase Inhibitors | Rats, Sprague-Dawley | Verapamil - pharmacology | Carrier Proteins - genetics | Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerases - metabolism | Tyrosine - metabolism | Animals | Carrier Proteins - metabolism | Eye Diseases - genetics | p38 Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases - antagonists & inhibitors | Inflammation - genetics | Neuroglia - metabolism | Oxidative Stress - drug effects | Retinal Ganglion Cells - drug effects | Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha - antagonists & inhibitors | Index Medicus | Research Papers
Journal Article