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2007, Directions In Development - Human Development, ISBN 9780821370117, xvi, 132
Offering evidence from both detailed individual country studies and homogenized statistics across the Latin American and Caribbean region, this book examines... 
Latin America Social policy | Minimum wage | Social policy | Latin America | INFORMAL SECTOR | SALARIED WORKER | COMPETITIVE MARKET | EMPLOYMENT EFFECTS | LABOR MARKETS | WAGE EFFECTS | LABOR LEGISLATION | SALARIES | LABOR SUPPLY INCENTIVES | HOUSEHOLD INCOME INEQUALITY | PENSION | INFORMAL SECTOR WORKERS | DEMOGRAPHIC GROUPS | WAGE LEVELS | OLDER WORKERS | INCOME DISTRIBUTION | WAGE ADJUSTMENT | WAGE BILL | SOCIAL BENEFITS | MALE WORKERS | MINIMUM WAGE | EARNINGS OF WOMEN | EMPLOYMENT | SKILLED LABOR | SECONDARY SCHOOL | LARGE FIRMS | MINIMUM WAGE LAW | SEVERANCE PAY SYSTEM | WORKING POOR | ECONOMIC GROWTH | POLITICAL ECONOMY | CASH TRANSFERS | WORKERS | LAYOFFS | EARNINGS | REAL WAGES | GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM MODELS | WORLD MARKET | WAGE STRUCTURE | INCOME REDISTRIBUTION | HOUSEHOLD WEALTH | MARKET WAGE | LABOR LAWS | AVERAGE WAGE | WAGE SECTOR | WAGE GAP | DOMESTIC WORKERS | SALARIED WORKERS | SEVERANCE PAY | UNEMPLOYED | POVERTY RATES | WAGE EMPLOYMENT | INCREASE IN INCOMES | RURAL WORKERS | EARNING | DOMESTIC CURRENCY | LABOR MINISTRIES | FEMALE WORKERS | WESTERN EUROPE | LOW INCOMES | MONOPSONY POWER | VALUABLE | FIRM SIZE | SEVERANCE | LABORERS | INCOMES | POVERTY ALLEVIATION | PUBLIC WORKS | ECONOMIC THEORY | RESEARCH ASSISTANCE | HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION | UNEMPLOYED POOR | WAGE DETERMINATION | EMPLOYEE | GENERAL POPULATION | COLLECTIVE BARGAINING | FORMAL EDUCATION | MARITIME WORKERS | JOB LOSS | OCCUPATIONS | WAGE EARNERS | JOB EXPERIENCE | TRADE LIBERALIZATION | JOBS | INFLATION | PENSION ISSUE | LABOR INCOME | MARKET ECONOMIES | OCCUPATION | YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT | PRIMARY EDUCATION | PURCHASING POWER | LATIN AMERICAN | POVERTY LINES | SAFETY NETS | DISMISSED WORKERS | WAGE FLOOR | LOW-INCOME | SAFETY | SELF-EMPLOYMENT | DEMOGRAPHIC GROUP | GENERAL EQUILIBRIUM | LIVING STANDARDS | WAGE INCREASE | UNSKILLED WORKERS | WORKER | MANUFACTURING WAGE | MARKET WAGES | CLOSED ECONOMIES | FAMILY MEMBERS | WAGE GAIN | EFFICIENCY WAGES | GINI COEFFICIENT | RENTS | LABOR TURNOVER | JOB LOSSES | MOTIVATION | WAGE BOARDS | POVERTY LINE | WAGE INCREASES | WAGE LEVEL | LABOR MARKET | TRADE UNIONS | MINIMUM WAGES | WAGE SET | HOUSEHOLD INCOME | PRICE INDEX | SOCIAL PROTECTION | TRINIDAD AND TOBAGO | PRIMARY SCHOOL | RESOURCE ALLOCATION | LABOR FORCE | BENEFICIARIES | UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFIT | WAGE GAINS | LABOR SUPPLY | AVERAGE WAGES | SOCIAL WELFARE | SOCIAL INSURANCE | HUMAN CAPITAL | EXTERNALITIES | WAGE DISTRIBUTION | FINANCES | BARGAINING POWER | LABOR ORGANIZATION | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | LABOR STANDARDS | UNEMPLOYMENT | LABOR SHORTAGE | WAGE INEQUALITY | CURRENCY | WAGE POLICIES | MONOPSONY | FAMILY INCOME | PRODUCTIVITY LEVELS | FORMAL SECTOR WAGE | LABOR DEMAND | LABOR MARKET CONDITIONS | PUBLIC EXPENDITURES | YOUNG WORKERS | HIGH WAGE | YOUNG PEOPLE | MAXIMUM WAGE | PRODUCTIVITY | WAGE POLICY | ECONOMICS | LABOUR | FORMAL SECTOR WAGES
Book
2008, Directions in development. Poverty, ISBN 0821375318, xiv, 139
Poor people derive most of their income from work -- however, there is insufficient understanding of the role of employment and earnings as a linkage between... 
Poverty | Labor productivity | Labor market | Wages | Madagascar | LABOR MARKETS | PENSION CONTRIBUTIONS | RURAL POVERTY RATE | URBAN POVERTY | EMPLOYMENT STATUS | NATIONAL POVERTY LINE | UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | WORKING POOR | ECONOMIC GROWTH | URBAN DEVELOPMENT | EXPORT PROCESSING ZONES | PRIVATE SECTOR | EARNINGS | SOCIAL PROTECTION MECHANISMS | ACCESS TO EDUCATION | ELDERLY POPULATION | CONTRIBUTION | GENDER GAP | SAFETY NET | CALCULATION | AGRICULTURAL WORKERS | URBAN AREAS | HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS | IMPLICATIONS FOR POVERTY REDUCTION | RATE OF GROWTH | WAGE EMPLOYMENT | VULNERABILITY | AID EFFECTIVENESS | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | INCIDENCE OF POVERTY | VALUABLE | AGRICULTURAL EMPLOYMENT | EMPLOYMENT SHARE | LABOR MARKET INDICATORS | WORKING-AGE POPULATION | FAMILY LABOR | EARNINGS INEQUALITY | HOUSEHOLD CONSUMPTION | POVERTY DATA | WORKING ADULTS | LOCAL CURRENCY | POPULATION GROWTH | HOUSEHOLD PARTICIPATION | DRIVERS | FORMAL EDUCATION | TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY | CONTRIBUTIONS | ADULT WORKERS | RURAL | JOBS | RURAL AREA | AGRICULTURAL OUTPUT | EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES | LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES | PRIMARY EDUCATION | DEPRECIATION | EMPLOYMENT GENERATION | SELF-EMPLOYMENT | CONSTANT PRICES | LIVING STANDARDS | TOTAL EMPLOYMENT | INCREASE IN INCOME | PACE OF URBANIZATION | RURAL POVERTY | UNSKILLED LABOR | DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGES | AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION | JOB CREATION | POVERTY IMPACT | ADULT POPULATION | PREVIOUS LEVEL | JOBLESS GROWTH | POVERTY IMPACT OF GROWTH | POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY | WORKING CHILDREN | POPULATION CENSUS | DOWNWARD BIAS | EQUAL ACCESS | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | LABOR MARKET | PRODUCTIVE SECTOR | PUBLIC INVESTMENTS | RURAL POVERTY RATES | HOUSEHOLD EXPENDITURES | JOB SECURITY | WAGES | POOR HOUSEHOLDS | ASSESSING LABOR MARKET | CONSUMER PRICE INDEX | RURAL AREAS | LOW LABOR PRODUCTIVITY | HOUSEHOLD SURVEY | RURAL INHABITANTS | URBANIZATION | LABOR COSTS | ACCESS TO EMPLOYMENT | RURAL POPULATION | DAILY WAGE | PROGRESS | SECONDARY EDUCATION | URBAN POPULATION | LIVING STANDARD | NET EMPLOYMENT | AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS | LABOR STANDARDS | PACE OF POPULATION GROWTH | SALARIED EMPLOYMENT | MIGRATION | DEPENDENCY RATIO | SKILLED WORKERS | WORKING POPULATION | RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE | SUBSISTENCE FARMERS | UNEMPLOYMENT RATE | DEVELOPMENT PLANS | SAVINGS | EMPLOYMENT RATES | INTERNATIONAL LABOR ORGANIZATION | INCOME GROWTH | POPULATION ESTIMATES | INFORMAL SECTOR | MARKET FAILURES | MIGRANT | WAGE | CHILD LABOR | LABOR MARKET FUNCTIONS | RURAL URBAN POVERTY | REMITTANCES | WAGE PREMIUM | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | POVERTY LEVEL | PENSION | PRIMARY SCHOOLING | EMPLOYMENT IN AGRICULTURE | LOW-INCOME COUNTRY | EMPLOYMENT | IMPACT ON POVERTY | WORKFORCE | WORKERS | DISSEMINATION | AGRICULTURAL SECTOR | CONSUMER | EXPORT PROCESSING ZONE | POPULATION GROWTH RATE | INCOME SOURCE | LOW EARNINGS | SALARIED WORKERS | UNEMPLOYED | RURAL HOUSEHOLDS | RURAL WORKERS | EARNING | URBAN EMPLOYMENT | INCOME PROFILE | EMPLOYMENT CREATION | LABORERS | PUBLIC WORKS | AGRICULTURAL GROWTH | ELDERLY | INCOME LEVELS | PROBABILITY | INFLATION | POVERTY REDUCTION STRATEGY PAPER | LEGAL STATUS | LEVEL OF EDUCATION | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | LOW-INCOME | UNSKILLED WORKERS | WORKER | COMPARABILITY ISSUES | LEVELS OF EDUCATION | LABOR MARKET CHARACTERISTICS | POPULATION GROUPS | LIFE EXPECTANCY | LIVING CONDITIONS | DEMOGRAPHIC TRANSITION | LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES | LARGE CITIES | CASH PAYMENTS | FOOD PROCESSING | POVERTY REDUCTION | LABOR PRODUCTIVITY | HOUSEHOLD ENTERPRISE | POPULATION DATA | HOUSEHOLD INCOME | GENDER EQUALITY | SOCIAL PROTECTION | LABOR FORCE | NATIONAL POVERTY | SOCIAL SECURITY | UNEMPLOYED INDIVIDUALS | EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT | EMPLOYMENT RATE | RURAL POOR | URBAN CENTERS | PRODUCTIVITY DATA | LABOR ORGANIZATION | NUMBER OF CHILDREN | RURAL EMPLOYMENT | SECOND JOB | UNEMPLOYMENT | CURRENT PRICES | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | HOUSEHOLD CHARACTERISTICS | NUMBER OF PEOPLE | NUMBER OF WORKERS | LABOR MARKET CONDITIONS | OPEN UNEMPLOYMENT | PERMANENT JOB | QUESTIONNAIRES | HOUSEHOLD EXPENDITURE
Book
2010, Directions in development. Human development, ISBN 9780821383988, xiv, 121
Slow progress in improving the coverage of Latin America and the Caribbean's (LAC's) traditional social protection (SP) programs, combined with the deepening... 
Economic assistance, Domestic | Social security | Public welfare | LABOR MARKETS | PERMANENT EMPLOYMENT | STRUCTURAL REFORMS | ANTIPOVERTY PROGRAMS | INEQUALITY | POOR | HEALTH PROGRAMS | LABOR PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH | RETIREMENT BENEFITS | PROTECTION SYSTEM | SOCIAL PENSIONS | ECONOMIC ANALYSIS | TAXATION | DISABILITY BENEFITS | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH | EMPLOYMENT LEVELS | CASH TRANSFERS | SOCIAL INSURANCE PROGRAMS | PRIVATE SECTOR | BENEFIT SYSTEMS | HEALTH SYSTEMS | SAFETY NET | HEALTH SERVICES | CONTRIBUTION RATE | HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS | OLDER PEOPLE | HOSPITALS | INCOME SECURITY | TEMPORARY ASSISTANCE | LABOR MARKET DEMAND | SERVANTS | EMPLOYMENT GROWTH | EMPLOYER CONTRIBUTIONS | ACTIVE LABOR | RETIREMENT AGE | SOCIAL POLICY | PROTECTION POLICIES | BENEFICIARY | DEMOCRACY | TRAINING PROGRAMS | UNEMPLOYED WORKERS | FORMAL SECTOR WORKERS | PENSION SYSTEM | HEALTH INSURANCE | LABOR MARKET PROGRAMS | CLINICS | JOBS | HEALTH EXPENDITURES | RISK MANAGEMENT | POVERTY LEVELS | PUBLIC WELFARE | INNOVATIONS | LIMITED ACCESS | MARGINAL TAX RATE | SKILLS DEVELOPMENT | PURCHASING POWER | WORKFARE | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET PROGRAMS | CONTRIBUTORY PENSION | CASH TRANSFER | PRODUCTION UNITS | WORK REFORMS | RISK POOLING | INCOME SUPPORT PROGRAMS | MORAL HAZARD | FAMILY ALLOWANCES | RATE OF RETURN | UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE | CONTRIBUTORY PENSIONS | CASH TRANSFER PROGRAMS | VULNERABLE GROUPS | RETIREMENT | HEALTH SYSTEM | SOCIAL CONTRACT | POWER PARITY | UNEMPLOYMENT LEVELS | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | ECONOMIC VULNERABILITY | CONSUMPTION SMOOTHING | SOCIAL SAFETY NET | ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE | EDUCATION PROGRAMS | LONGTERM UNEMPLOYMENT | CRISES | BENEFICIARIES | ECONOMIC SLOWDOWN | PROTECTION SYSTEMS | WAGES | ATTENDANCE RATES | LABOR SUPPLY | HOUSEHOLD SURVEY | UNEMPLOYMENT ASSISTANCE | SOCIAL INSURANCE | WORK REQUIREMENTS | ECONOMIC CRISIS | HUMAN CAPITAL INVESTMENT | PROGRAM COVERAGE | PRESENT VALUE | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET PROGRAM | PUBLIC WORKS PROGRAMS | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | PRIVATE SECTOR WORKERS | UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFIT SYSTEMS | PENSIONS | ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS | RISK-POOLING | INSURANCE SYSTEMS | PENSION SYSTEMS | UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS | HEALTH SERVICE | ECONOMIC ASSISTANCE | MANDATORY CONTRIBUTIONS | PENSION REFORMS | PAYROLL TAX | SOCIAL ASSISTANCE | HEALTH CARE | SAVINGS | ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS | TEMPORARY SHOCKS | INFORMAL SECTOR | CONDITIONAL CASH | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | POVERTY LEVEL | INFORMAL SECTOR WORKERS | INCOME SUPPORT | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE | BENEFIT LEVELS | INCOME DISTRIBUTION | EMPLOYABILITY | INCOME TRANSFERS | PUBLIC RESOURCES | SOCIAL BENEFITS | DISABILITY PENSIONS | TRAINING PROGRAM | POLITICAL ECONOMY | JOB SEARCH | LAWS | DISABILITY PENSION | NUTRITION | DISPLACEMENT | FORMAL EMPLOYMENT | SALARIED WORKERS | SEVERANCE PAY | UNEMPLOYED | LABOR CONTRACT | PUBLIC PROVIDER | DISPLACEMENT EFFECT | TRANSFER SYSTEMS | INCOME | LABOR MARKET POLICIES | EARLY RETIREMENT | INTERVENTION | PAYROLL TAXES | FAMILY ALLOWANCE | PUBLIC WORKS | EMPLOYEE | TARGETED TRANSFERS | SERVICE QUALITY | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE CENTER | FINANCIAL PROTECTION | PRICE SUBSIDIES | EMPLOYMENT SERVICES | FINANCIAL CRISIS | JOB LOSS | SOCIAL INCLUSION | HEALTH CENTERS | SAFETY NETS | ECONOMIC COSTS | SAVINGS ACCOUNTS | TRANSFER PROGRAMS | SAFETY | UNSKILLED WORKERS | WORKER | TOTAL WAGE | MARKET RISK | UNFUNDED LIABILITIES | DISTORTED INCENTIVES | TRANSFER PROGRAM | COVARIATE SHOCKS | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET | HEALTH FINANCING | MINIMUM INCOME | LABOR MOBILITY | POVERTY REDUCTION | SAFETY NET PROGRAMS | LABOR PRODUCTIVITY | ANTI-POVERTY PROGRAMS | HOUSEHOLD INCOME | SOCIAL SAFETY NETS | SOCIAL PROTECTION | LABOR FORCE | SOCIAL SECURITY | TRAINING PROVIDERS | CHILD BENEFITS | HUMAN CAPITAL DEVELOPMENT | UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFIT | OLD AGE | PAID WORKERS | SCHOOL ENROLLMENT | HUMAN CAPITAL | NEEDY FAMILIES | PROGRAM CONDITIONAL | HEALTH FACILITIES | INSURANCE ACCESS | UNEMPLOYMENT | INCOME TRANSFER | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET POLICIES | IDIOSYNCRATIC SHOCKS | TARGETING | ABSOLUTE POVERTY | PROGRAM COSTS | SERVICE PROVIDERS
Book
2006, World Bank Latin American and Caribbean studies, ISBN 9780821365113, xv, 221
That raising income levels alleviates poverty, and that economic growth can be more or less effective in doing so, is well known and has received renewed... 
Poverty | Latin America Economic policy | Government policy | Latin America Economic conditions | Economic policy | Economic conditions | 1945 | Latin America | COMPETITIVENESS | INFORMAL SECTOR | PRIVATE SERVICES | EMPLOYMENT EFFECTS | LABOR MARKETS | LABOR LEGISLATION | INFORMAL SECTOR WORKERS | GDP | INCOME DISTRIBUTION | AGGREGATE EMPLOYMENT | LABOR MARKET RIGIDITIES | OPPORTUNITY COST | MINIMUM WAGE | PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH | ECONOMIC GROWTH | POLITICAL ECONOMY | PRODUCTIVITY EFFECTS | FIRING RESTRICTIONS | REAL WAGES | HUMAN RESOURCES | LABOR CODES | SMALL BUSINESS | JOB SEARCH | SAFETY NET | EMPLOYMENT PROTECTION LEGISLATION | INFORMAL LABOR MARKET | HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS | INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT | MORTALITY | SALARIED WORKERS | CAREERS | INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS | LABOR CONTRACT | INCOME SECURITY | LONG-TERM UNEMPLOYMENT | DISMISSALS | LABOR MARKET POLICY | AVERAGE PRODUCTIVITY | EMPLOYMENT GROWTH | ACTIVE LABOR | DECISION MAKING | EMPLOYMENT CREATION | LABOR MARKET INDICATORS | SEVERANCE PAYMENTS | PRIMARY SOURCE | EMPLOYEE | COLLECTIVE BARGAINING | MEDICAL CARE | JOBS | DISCOURAGED WORKERS | LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES | LATIN AMERICAN | SAFETY NETS | FIRING COSTS | DISMISSAL | JOB CREATION | MORAL HAZARD | HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT | JOB DESTRUCTION | FIRING COST | INFLATION RATES | ECONOMIC SITUATION | PRODUCTIVITY GAINS | FOREIGN COMPETITION | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET | LABOR REGULATIONS | JOBLESS GROWTH | LABOR TURNOVER | ECONOMIC INSECURITY | SELF EMPLOYMENT | SELF EMPLOYED | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | LABOR MARKET | LABOR PRODUCTIVITY | MINIMUM WAGES | HOUSEHOLD INCOME | HIRING | SOCIAL PROTECTION | DISCUSSIONS | LABOR FORCE | ADVERSE IMPACTS | INDIGENOUS WORKERS | OPEN ECONOMIES | EMPLOYMENT RATE | MARGINAL PRODUCT | HUMAN CAPITAL | ELASTICITY | LABOR ORGANIZATION | NON-WAGE COSTS | SKILL ACCUMULATION | NET EMPLOYMENT | EXPORTS | LABOR REGULATION | SALARIED EMPLOYMENT | AGED WORKERS | SELF EMPLOYED WORKERS | FIRM LEVEL | PROTECTING WORKERS | JOB TRAINING | PRODUCTIVITY INCREASES | ECONOMIES OF SCALE | PRODUCTIVITY LEVELS | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET POLICIES | ADJUSTMENT PROCESS | LABOR MARKET INSTITUTIONS | FIRING
Book
2008, Directions in development. Poverty, ISBN 9780821375334, xi, 72
Poor people derive most of their income from work -- however, there is insufficient understanding of the role of employment and earnings as a linkage between... 
Poverty | Labor productivity | Labor market | Wages | Bangladesh | PRODUCTIVITY COMPONENTS | LABOR MARKETS | INEQUALITY | POOR | EDUCATION FOR GIRLS | INCOME SHARES | COMPETITIVE PRESSURE | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | EMPLOYMENT STATUS | MINIMUM WAGE | WAGE GROWTH | PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH | ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES | ECONOMIC GROWTH | LABOR MARKET SEGMENTATION | EXPORT PROCESSING ZONES | PRIVATE SECTOR | EARNINGS | WAGE RATE | ACCESS TO EDUCATION | CAPITAL GOODS | COMMUNITY ORGANIZATIONS | CONTRIBUTION | GENDER GAP | OTHER ASSETS | INVESTMENT CLIMATE | AGRICULTURAL WORKERS | HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS | CHILD WORKERS | WAGE SECTOR | WAGE EMPLOYMENT | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | SANITATION | FERTILITY | PRIVATE TRANSFERS | EMPLOYMENT GROWTH | BUYERS | LABOR MARKET INDICATORS | RAPID GROWTH | WORKING-AGE POPULATION | LIVE BIRTHS | RESEARCH ASSISTANCE | POPULATION GROWTH | SOCIOECONOMIC INEQUALITIES | COLLECTIVE BARGAINING | DRIVERS | FORMAL EDUCATION | TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY | CONTRIBUTIONS | RURAL | JOBS | HOUSEHOLD ENTERPRISES | ANNUAL INCOME | EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES | OCCUPATION | PRIVATE SECTOR INVESTMENT | PRIMARY EDUCATION | DEPRECIATION | EMPLOYMENT GENERATION | POVERTY LINES | FIRING COSTS | SELF-EMPLOYMENT | LIVING STANDARDS | PRODUCT MARKETS | COMMODITY | REAL ESTATE | TOTAL EMPLOYMENT | DEBT | WORK INCOME | AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION | JOB CREATION | SALARY | AGE CATEGORY | FAMILY MEMBERS | INFANT | PRODUCTIVITY GAINS | RENTS | PUBLIC INVESTMENT | PRIVATE ENTERPRISES | LABOR MARKET | WORKING AGE | STATE-OWNED ENTERPRISES | LABOR MARKET REGULATIONS | DIRECT INVESTMENT | DEVELOPMENT BANK | POOR HOUSEHOLDS | CONSUMER PRICE INDEX | INSURANCE | WAR | RURAL AREAS | UNION ACTIVITY | URBANIZATION | LABOR COSTS | POOR PEOPLE | RURAL POPULATION | BALANCE OF PAYMENTS | DAILY WAGE | INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTION | PRODUCTIVE EMPLOYMENT | PROGRESS | SAVING BEHAVIOR | SECONDARY EDUCATION | URBAN POPULATION | LIVING STANDARD | SALARIED EMPLOYMENT | PRESENT STUDY | EXCHANGE RATE | CURRENCY | MIGRATION | LANDLESS WORKERS | TERM CONTRACT | FEMALE EDUCATION | PUBLIC EXPENDITURES | SKILL GROUPS | RURAL INFRASTRUCTURE | SUBSISTENCE FARMERS | UNEMPLOYMENT RATE | SOCIAL ASSISTANCE | SAVINGS | PRODUCTIVITY IMPROVEMENT | EMPLOYMENT RATES | INCOME INCREASES | INCOME GROWTH | POVERTY MEASURES | INFORMAL SECTOR | SALARIED WORKER | FERTILITY RATES | LAND OWNERSHIP | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | PENSION | WORKING AGE POPULATION | EMPLOYMENT IN AGRICULTURE | INCOME SOURCES | INCOME DISTRIBUTION | POVERTY REDUCTION EFFORTS | TERMINATION | EMPLOYMENT | TOTAL PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH | FIRING RESTRICTIONS | SOCIAL PROGRAMS | CROP PRODUCTION | CHILDREN PER WOMAN | DISSEMINATION | AGRICULTURAL SECTOR | CONSUMER | EXPORT PROCESSING ZONE | PRODUCTIVITY INCREASE | AVERAGE WAGE | LOW EARNINGS | SALARIED WORKERS | POVERTY RATES | EARNING | UNION ACTIVITIES | SYSTEM OF PREFERENCES | LABOR STATISTICS | LITERACY | LABORERS | INCOMES | POVERTY ASSESSMENT | POVERTY RATE | ESTIMATES OF POVERTY | MACROECONOMIC STABILIZATION | PRIVATE SECTOR WAGE | CURRENT ACCOUNT | OCCUPATIONS | INCOME LEVELS | MARKET ANALYSIS | INFLATION | LEGAL STATUS | LEVEL OF EDUCATION | SOURCES OF INCOME | LOW-INCOME | IRRIGATION | INVESTMENT CLIMATE ASSESSMENT | WORKER | AVERAGE EARNINGS | LABOR MARKET CHARACTERISTICS | ECONOMIC TRANSITION | ACCOUNTING | LIFE EXPECTANCY | POVERTY PROFILE | LABOR REGULATIONS | JOB LOSSES | POVERTY REDUCTION | POVERTY LINE | LABOR PRODUCTIVITY | TRADE UNIONS | HOUSEHOLD ENTERPRISE | INFLOW OF REMITTANCES | MINIMUM WAGES | POVERTY INCIDENCE | HOUSEHOLD INCOME | TERM CONTRACTS | SOCIAL PROTECTION | LABOR FORCE | SOCIAL SECURITY | PRODUCTIVITY COMPONENT | EMPLOYMENT RATE | LABOR FORCE GROWTH | HOUSEHOLD BUDGET | POVERTY ANALYSIS | LABOR COST | OLD AGE | PRIVATE EMPLOYMENT | CHILD MORTALITY | HUMAN CAPITAL | MALNUTRITION | ECONOMIC ACTIVITY | NATURAL RESOURCES | UNEMPLOYMENT | DIVERSIFICATION | BUSINESS COMMUNITY | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | LABOR RELATIONS | OPEN UNEMPLOYMENT | INFANT MORTALITY | NEW JOBS | QUESTIONNAIRES | AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT | INVESTMENT CLIMATE ASSESSMENTS | LABOUR
Book
The World Bank Economic Review, ISSN 0258-6770, 1/2006, Volume 20, Issue 3, pp. 389 - 419
A rich panel data set from Mexico is used to study the patterns of entry, exit, and growth of microenterprises and to compare these with the findings of the... 
Self employment | Credit | Employment | World Bank | Entrepreneurs | Labor markets | Developing countries | Employment statistics | Business structures | Unemployment | INFORMAL SECTOR | SALARIED WORKER | LABOR MARKETS | MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES | DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS | UNEMPLOYMENT SPELLS | URBAN WORKERS | OLDER WORKERS | EMPLOYMENT STATUS | EMPLOYMENT | ENTREPRENEURIAL ABILITY | PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH | EMPLOYMENT LEVELS | POLITICAL ECONOMY | SURVIVAL ANALYSIS | PRIVATE SECTOR | FIRMS | DISADVANTAGED WORKERS | SMALL BUSINESS | EMPLOYMENT COMPOSITION | FIRM EXIT | SMALL FIRMS | HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS | WAGE SECTOR | INTERNATIONAL LABOUR ORGANIZATION | MORTALITY | FIRM SURVIVAL | SALARIED WORKERS | UNEMPLOYED | MANUFACTURERS | UNPAID WORKERS | EARNING | URBAN EMPLOYMENT | FIRM GROWTH | INTERNATIONAL LABOUR OFFICE | SIZE OF FIRM | AGE GROUP | EMPLOYMENT GROWTH | LABOUR OFFICE | LABOR MARKET POLICIES | LARGE ENTERPRISES | FIRM SIZES | FIRM SIZE | ENTREPRENEURS | PROFITABILITY | EMPLOYEE | UNEMPLOYED WORKERS | ATTRITION | NEW ENTRANTS | TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY | URBAN EMPLOYMENT SURVEY | LABOR ECONOMICS | DISGUISED UNEMPLOYMENT | JOBS | INFORMAL LABOR MARKETS | SMALL BUSINESSES | OCCUPATION | PRIMARY EDUCATION | COLLEGE EDUCATION | EMPLOYMENT DYNAMICS | NET JOB CREATION | TOTAL EMPLOYMENT | UNPAID FAMILY WORKERS | WORKER | DEBT | COMPETITORS | ENTREPRENEUR | ETHNIC MINORITIES | LABOR TURNOVER | BUSINESS FAILURE | SEES | SMALL FIRM | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | LABOR MARKET | COOPERATIVES | CREATIVE DESTRUCTION | EXPANSION | HOUSEHOLD INCOME | MICROENTERPRISES | FIRM DYNAMICS | EMPLOYMENT PROGRAM | DISCUSSIONS | SUPPLIERS | COLLEGE GRADUATES | EMPLOYMENT ALTERNATIVES | LABOR FORCE | WORK FORCE | SOCIAL SECURITY | UNEMPLOYED INDIVIDUALS | WAGES | EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT | EMPLOYMENT RATE | SURVIVAL PROBABILITY | PAID WORKERS | ENTREPRENEURSHIP | HUMAN CAPITAL | EMPLOYMENT REPORT | LOAN | PRODUCTIVE EMPLOYMENT | LABOR REGULATION | SALARIED EMPLOYMENT | MIGRATION | MUNICIPALITIES | AFFILIATE | EMPLOYMENT SIZE | SKILLED WORKERS | YOUNG WORKERS | ECONOMETRICS | SMALL ENTERPRISES | EMPLOYMENT GROWTH RATES | EMPLOYMENT RATES | LABOR MARKET EXPERIENCE | LABOUR | UNITED-STATES | EMPIRICAL-ANALYSIS | ENTRY | SELF-EMPLOYMENT | PLANNING & DEVELOPMENT | BUSINESS, FINANCE | ECONOMICS | TRANSITIONS | MANUFACTURING-INDUSTRIES | SOUTHERN AFRICA
Journal Article
2008, Directions in development. Human development, ISBN 9780821375105, xi, 96
Contents: The conceptual framework -- Educational outcomes and their impact on labor market outcomes -- Employment outcomes and links to the broader economic... 
Labor supply | Education | Economic development | Effect of education on | Bildungsabschluss | Arbeitsplatzangebot | Bildungsertrag | Ghana | Pakistan | Entwicklungsland | Developing countries | CURRICULUM | INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY | LABOR MARKETS | FINDING EMPLOYMENT | EDUCATED WORKERS | PROGRAM DESIGN | YOUTH LABOR | MACROECONOMIC STABILITY | EMPLOYMENT STATUS | MINIMUM WAGE | SKILLED LABOR | CONTINUING EDUCATION | MARKET CONDITIONS | ETHICS | LARGE FIRMS | CASH TRANSFERS | INTEREST RATES | BASIC EDUCATION | PRIVATE SECTOR | EARNINGS | DISADVANTAGED WORKERS | CLASS SIZE | LIFETIME | CONTRIBUTION | GENDER GAP | QUALITY PRIMARY EDUCATION | EARLY CHILDHOOD | INVESTMENT CLIMATE | PRIMARY LEVEL | HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS | INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT | INVESTING | WAGE EMPLOYMENT | COMPLETION RATES | LITERATE WOMEN | SCHOOLS | JOB MARKET | LOW INCOMES | LABOR MARKET POLICY | AGE GROUP | DRUG ADDICTION | ACTIVE LABOR | VALUABLE | FIRM SIZE | RAPID GROWTH | SALES | POVERTY ALLEVIATION | RESEARCH ASSISTANCE | TRAINING PROGRAMS | FORMAL EDUCATION | CONTRIBUTIONS | TECHNICAL EDUCATION | JOBS | PROBLEM SOLVING | EDUCATION SYSTEMS | QUALITY SCHOOLS | SMALL BUSINESSES | STUDENT ASSESSMENT | EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES | OCCUPATION | LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES | TEACHERS | SKILLS DEVELOPMENT | AVERAGE RATES OF RETURN | PRIMARY EDUCATION | HIGHER EDUCATION | SELF-EMPLOYMENT | LIVING STANDARDS | BENEFITS OF EDUCATION | ACCESS TO QUALITY EDUCATION | DISADVANTAGED YOUTH | LOW LEVELS OF EDUCATION | JOB CREATION | HIGH UNEMPLOYMENT | RATE OF RETURN | INDIRECT COSTS | SCHOOL MANAGEMENT | PUBLIC INVESTMENT | LABOR MARKET | PRIMARY SCHOOL CYCLE | RETURNS TO EDUCATION | FORMAL SCHOOLING | COGNITIVE SKILLS | LABOR MARKET REGULATIONS | DIRECT INVESTMENT | PRIMARY SCHOOL | SCHOOL FACILITIES | QUALITY OF EDUCATION | WAGES | FORMAL EDUCATION SYSTEM | LABOR SUPPLY | HOUSEHOLD SURVEY | WAGE DISTRIBUTION | FUNCTIONALLY LITERATE | EXCHANGE RATES | WAGE DIFFERENTIALS | SECONDARY EDUCATION | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | SALARIED EMPLOYMENT | TYPES OF EDUCATION | EXCHANGE RATE | DOMESTIC MARKET | FUNCTIONAL LITERACY | EXPANSION OF EDUCATION | SKILLED EMPLOYEES | SKILLED WORKERS | WAGE DISPERSION | YOUNG WORKERS | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET INTERVENTIONS | YOUNG PEOPLE | INFORMAL SECTOR | WAGE | LANGUAGE OF INSTRUCTION | TERTIARY EDUCATION | EDUCATIONAL POLICY | EDUCATION SYSTEM | PRIMARY SCHOOLING | EDUCATIONAL OUTCOMES | MARKET DEMANDS | SCHOOL AGE | TEXTBOOKS | WORKING LIVES | SECONDARY SCHOOL | BANK EDUCATION | FINANCIAL MARKETS | MATH | EDUCATIONAL RESOURCES | HIGHER LEVEL OF EDUCATION | HIGHER LEVELS OF EDUCATION | PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS | LABOR MARKET INTERVENTIONS | PRODUCT MARKET | ON-THE-JOB TRAINING | CURRICULA | UNEMPLOYED | LABOR MARKET TRAINING | QUALITY LEARNING | LABOR MARKET REGULATION | LABOR MARKET SUCCESS | VOCATIONAL TRAINING | INCOME INEQUALITY | EDUCATIONAL SUPPLY | QUALITY EDUCATION | EDUCATION OF WOMEN | EMPLOYMENT GUARANTEE | YOUNG WOMEN | LABOR MARKET POLICIES | BASIC SKILLS | LITERACY | LITERACY LEVELS | INCOMES | READING | LIFELONG LEARNING | CRITICAL THINKING | NUMERACY | SCHOOL FEES | EDUCATIONAL SYSTEMS | EMPLOYEE | LITERACY SKILLS | OCCUPATIONS | EDUCATION DECISIONS | INFLATION | NATIONAL ECONOMY | LEVEL OF EDUCATION | LOW-INCOME | OLDER AGE GROUP | DEMAND FOR EDUCATION | INVESTMENT CLIMATE ASSESSMENT | WORKER | RATES OF RETURN TO EDUCATION | TRAINING OF TEACHERS | LABOR MARKET FRAMEWORK | TAX RATES | EDUCATIONAL LEVELS | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET | LABOR REGULATIONS | EMPLOYMENT OUTCOMES | SOCIAL SKILLS | LABOR POLICIES | SKILLED WORKFORCE | TRAINING ACTIVITIES | EARNINGS REGRESSIONS | WORK EXPERIENCE | TEACHING METHODS | VOCATIONAL QUALIFICATIONS | BASIC LITERACY | SOCIAL PROTECTION | LABOR FORCE | LABOR MARKET INFORMATION | FREE EDUCATION | EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT | LABOR MARKET OUTCOME | INVESTMENT IN EDUCATION | HIGH WAGES | HUMAN CAPITAL | MIDDLE SCHOOL | TECHNICAL SKILLS | ON-THEJOB TRAINING | AGE GROUPS | QUALITY OF LIFE | STUDENT ASSESSMENTS | UNEMPLOYMENT | TEACHING | JOB TRAINING | EARLY INVESTMENT | SCHOOLING | LABOR DEMAND | EDUCATION POLICY | EDUCATION POLICIES | LABOR MARKET CONDITIONS | ACCESS TO CREDIT | QUALITY SCHOOLING | PRODUCTIVITY
Book
03/2013
The Turkish economy was hit hard by the global economic crisis, but recovered fast and strong. The economy had already started to slow down in 2007, but the... 
INFORMAL SECTOR | LABOR MARKETS | FINDING EMPLOYMENT | BUSINESS CYCLE | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | LABOR PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH | SERVICE DELIVERY | DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS | LIFE SKILLS | LIMITED JOB OPPORTUNITIES | MONETARY POLICY | URBAN WORKERS | YOUTH LABOR | EMPLOYABILITY | WAGE BILL | SOCIAL BENEFITS | YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT RATE | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | MALE WORKERS | MINIMUM WAGE | EMPLOYMENT | SKILLED LABOR | WAGE GROWTH | SECONDARY SCHOOL | UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | ECONOMIC GROWTH | FEMALE EMPLOYMENT | DEBT CRISIS | INTEREST RATES | WORKERS | BASIC EDUCATION | LAYOFFS | REAL WAGES | SELF-EMPLOYMENT INCOME | HUMAN RESOURCES | IMPACT OF POLICIES | JOB SEARCH | GENDER GAP | EMPLOYMENT PROTECTION LEGISLATION | LABOR LAWS | URBAN AREAS | INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT | WAGE SECTOR | WAGE GAP | SALARIED WORKERS | SEVERANCE PAY | UNEMPLOYED | WAGE EMPLOYMENT | PUBLIC SUPPORT | WORK SHARING | TEMPORARY WORKERS | VOCATIONAL TRAINING | FERTILITY | FIRM GROWTH | WAGE INEQUALITIES | ECONOMIC DOWNTURNS | HOUSEHOLD LEVEL | PRODUCTIVITY LEVEL | EMPLOYMENT GROWTH | ACTIVE LABOR | UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE FUND | JOB STATUS | LABOR MARKET INDICATORS | WORKING-AGE POPULATION | FAMILY LABOR | PUBLIC WORKS | SEVERANCE PAYMENTS | REAL INCOME | UNEMPLOYMENT SPELL | EARNINGS INEQUALITY | LABOR MARKET REFORM | FORMAL SECTOR WORKERS | DRIVERS | HEALTH INSURANCE | TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY | INFORMATION SYSTEM | EMPLOYMENT SERVICES | WAGE RATES | ADULT WORKERS | LABOR CONTRACTS | JOBS | LOW EMPLOYMENT | LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES | LEVEL OF EDUCATION | YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT | POPULATION PROJECTIONS | PRIMARY EDUCATION | SOCIAL NEEDS | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET PROGRAMS | LEGISLATIVE CHANGES | SERVICE SECTOR | LABOR MARKET INDICATOR | INNOVATION | TOTAL EMPLOYMENT | UNPAID FAMILY WORKERS | WORKER | SOCIAL POLICIES | JOB CREATION | PUBLIC WORKS PROGRAM | INVENTORY | MORAL HAZARD | SOCIAL SUPPORT | ACCOUNTING | UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE | GENDER GAP IN EDUCATION | LIVING CONDITIONS | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET | LABOR REGULATIONS | WORKING | VULNERABLE GROUPS | EARNINGS GROWTH | JOB SEEKERS | JOB LOSSES | UNEMPLOYMENT DURATION | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | WORKING WOMEN | LABOR PRODUCTIVITY | POLICY RESPONSE | MINIMUM WAGES | WORK EXPERIENCE | FLOW OF PEOPLE | HOUSEHOLD INCOME | SOCIAL PROTECTION | LABOR MARKET REGULATIONS | CRISES | LABOR FORCE | SOCIAL SECURITY | ECONOMIC SLOWDOWN | JOB SEARCH ASSISTANCE | UNIVERSAL PRIMARY EDUCATION | EMPLOYMENT RATE | EMPLOYMENT AGENCIES | REAL WAGE | DISADVANTAGED GROUPS | RURAL AREAS | LOW LABOR PRODUCTIVITY | PAID WORKERS | UNEMPLOYMENT ASSISTANCE | URBANIZATION | LABOR COSTS | WORK REQUIREMENTS | HUMAN CAPITAL | LABOR MARKET PERFORMANCE | PRODUCTIVE EMPLOYMENT | RURAL EMPLOYMENT | PROGRESS | SECONDARY EDUCATION | PUBLIC WORKS PROGRAMS | PENSIONS | PRESENT STUDY | UNEMPLOYMENT | TEMPORARY EMPLOYMENT | WAGE POLICIES | VOCATIONAL COURSE | LABOR DEMAND | NUMBER OF WORKERS | LABOR MARKET INSTITUTIONS | UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS | SKILLED WORKERS | LABOR MARKET CONDITIONS | YOUNG WORKERS | WORKING HOURS | UNEMPLOYMENT RATE | LABOR MARKET ADJUSTMENT | YOUNG PEOPLE | YOUTH EMPLOYMENT | EMPLOYMENT RATES | RURAL RESIDENTS | FORMAL SECTOR WAGES
Book
03/2013
The Turkish economy was hit hard by the global economic crisis, but recovered fast and strong. The economy had already started to slow down in 2007, but the... 
INFORMAL SECTOR | LABOR MARKETS | FINDING EMPLOYMENT | BUSINESS CYCLE | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | LABOR PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH | SERVICE DELIVERY | DEVELOPMENT ECONOMICS | LIFE SKILLS | LIMITED JOB OPPORTUNITIES | URBAN WORKERS | YOUTH LABOR | EMPLOYABILITY | WAGE BILL | SOCIAL BENEFITS | YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT RATE | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | MALE WORKERS | MINIMUM WAGE | EMPLOYMENT | SKILLED LABOR | WAGE GROWTH | SECONDARY SCHOOL | UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | ECONOMIC GROWTH | FEMALE EMPLOYMENT | DEBT CRISIS | WORKERS | BASIC EDUCATION | LAYOFFS | REAL WAGES | SELF-EMPLOYMENT INCOME | HUMAN RESOURCES | IMPACT OF POLICIES | JOB SEARCH | GENDER GAP | EMPLOYMENT PROTECTION LEGISLATION | LABOR LAWS | URBAN AREAS | INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT | WAGE SECTOR | WAGE GAP | SALARIED WORKERS | SEVERANCE PAY | UNEMPLOYED | WAGE EMPLOYMENT | PUBLIC SUPPORT | WORK SHARING | TEMPORARY WORKERS | VOCATIONAL TRAINING | FERTILITY | FIRM GROWTH | WAGE INEQUALITIES | ECONOMIC DOWNTURNS | HOUSEHOLD LEVEL | PRODUCTIVITY LEVEL | EMPLOYMENT GROWTH | ACTIVE LABOR | UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE FUND | JOB STATUS | LABOR MARKET INDICATORS | WORKING-AGE POPULATION | FAMILY LABOR | PUBLIC WORKS | SEVERANCE PAYMENTS | REAL INCOME | UNEMPLOYMENT SPELL | EARNINGS INEQUALITY | LABOR MARKET REFORM | FORMAL SECTOR WORKERS | DRIVERS | HEALTH INSURANCE | TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY | INFORMATION SYSTEM | EMPLOYMENT SERVICES | WAGE RATES | ADULT WORKERS | LABOR CONTRACTS | JOBS | LOW EMPLOYMENT | LABOR MARKET OUTCOMES | LEVEL OF EDUCATION | YOUTH UNEMPLOYMENT | POPULATION PROJECTIONS | PRIMARY EDUCATION | SOCIAL NEEDS | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET PROGRAMS | LEGISLATIVE CHANGES | LABOR MARKET INDICATOR | INNOVATION | TOTAL EMPLOYMENT | UNPAID FAMILY WORKERS | WORKER | SOCIAL POLICIES | JOB CREATION | PUBLIC WORKS PROGRAM | INVENTORY | MORAL HAZARD | SOCIAL SUPPORT | ACCOUNTING | UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE | GENDER GAP IN EDUCATION | LIVING CONDITIONS | ACTIVE LABOR MARKET | LABOR REGULATIONS | WORKING | VULNERABLE GROUPS | EARNINGS GROWTH | JOB SEEKERS | JOB LOSSES | UNEMPLOYMENT DURATION | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | WORKING WOMEN | LABOR PRODUCTIVITY | POLICY RESPONSE | MINIMUM WAGES | WORK EXPERIENCE | FLOW OF PEOPLE | HOUSEHOLD INCOME | SOCIAL PROTECTION | LABOR MARKET REGULATIONS | CRISES | LABOR FORCE | SOCIAL SECURITY | ECONOMIC SLOWDOWN | JOB SEARCH ASSISTANCE | UNIVERSAL PRIMARY EDUCATION | EMPLOYMENT RATE | EMPLOYMENT AGENCIES | REAL WAGE | DISADVANTAGED GROUPS | RURAL AREAS | LOW LABOR PRODUCTIVITY | PAID WORKERS | UNEMPLOYMENT ASSISTANCE | URBANIZATION | LABOR COSTS | WORK REQUIREMENTS | HUMAN CAPITAL | LABOR MARKET PERFORMANCE | PRODUCTIVE EMPLOYMENT | RURAL EMPLOYMENT | PROGRESS | SECONDARY EDUCATION | PUBLIC WORKS PROGRAMS | PENSIONS | PRESENT STUDY | UNEMPLOYMENT | TEMPORARY EMPLOYMENT | WAGE POLICIES | VOCATIONAL COURSE | LABOR DEMAND | NUMBER OF WORKERS | LABOR MARKET INSTITUTIONS | UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS | SKILLED WORKERS | LABOR MARKET CONDITIONS | YOUNG WORKERS | WORKING HOURS | UNEMPLOYMENT RATE | LABOR MARKET ADJUSTMENT | YOUNG PEOPLE | YOUTH EMPLOYMENT | EMPLOYMENT RATES | RURAL RESIDENTS | FORMAL SECTOR WAGES
Book
03/2010
Informality in Turkey, using various definitions, and despite the signs of a recent decline in certain segments of the economy, is widespread. The level of... 
CHECKS | INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY | EMPLOYMENT EFFECTS | LABOR MARKETS | BASE YEAR | OLDER WORKERS | TAXATION | SAFETY STANDARDS | CLERKS | EMPLOYMENT STATUS | MINIMUM WAGE | SKILLED LABOR | ECONOMIC GROWTH | FIRM SURVEY | PRODUCTIVITY EFFECTS | LAYOFFS | PRIVATE SECTOR | EMPLOYMENT COMPOSITION | SAFETY NET | TAX SYSTEM | INVESTMENT CLIMATE | CRAFTSMEN | HOUSEHOLD SURVEYS | INFORMAL EMPLOYMENT | FIRM SURVEYS | AUDITS | POTENTIAL OUTPUT | REGULAR WORKERS | WAGE EMPLOYMENT | LABOR LAW | REGULAR EMPLOYMENT | SOCIAL COHESION | AGE GROUP | ACTIVE LABOR | FIRM SIZE | MICRO DATA | LABOR MARKET FLEXIBILITY | RETIREMENT AGE | DEVELOPING ECONOMIES | FORMAL SECTOR WORKERS | PENSION SYSTEM | DRIVERS | HEALTH INSURANCE | TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY | EMPLOYMENT LEGISLATION | BANK CREDIT | GROWTH RATE | JOBS | REGULATORY BODY | AGGREGATE INCOME | OCCUPATION | RULE OF LAW | PRIMARY EDUCATION | PURCHASING POWER | PAID WORKER | ECONOMIC CONDITIONS | TAX COLLECTION | CASH TRANSFER | INNOVATION | REAL ESTATE | TOTAL EMPLOYMENT | UNSKILLED LABOR | BANKING CRISIS | BUSINESS REGULATIONS | TOTAL LABOR FORCE | INCOME TAX | ENTERPRISE PERFORMANCE | PRODUCTIVITY GAINS | UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE | TAX OBLIGATIONS | INCOME SHOCKS | OUTPUT | FREE RIDER | LABOR MARKET REFORMS | LABOR UNIONS | SELF EMPLOYMENT | POWER PARITY | GOVERNMENT REVENUE | PRODUCTIVE ACTIVITIES | LABOR MARKET | PREVIOUS WORK | SOCIAL SAFETY NET | VALUE ADDED | LABOR MARKET REGULATIONS | SUPPLIERS | CREDIT CARDS | BANKING REGULATION | WAGES | ECONOMIC COOPERATION | LABOR SUPPLY | COMPENSATORY POLICIES | URBANIZATION | LABOR COSTS | FLEXIBLE LABOR MARKETS | ECONOMIC CRISIS | PRIVATE FIRM | WAGE DIFFERENTIALS | NET EMPLOYMENT | CURRENCY | PRODUCTIVITY LEVELS | WAGE DIFFERENTIAL | SKILLED WORKERS | YOUNG WORKERS | FIRM-LEVEL ANALYSIS | GDP PER CAPITA | WORKER PRODUCTIVITY | SEMISKILLED WORKERS | INCOME GROWTH | INFORMAL SECTOR | UNFAIR COMPETITION | FACTORS OF PRODUCTION | LABOR LEGISLATION | MARKET PLAYERS | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | DEPOSIT | PENSION | EXPENDITURE | SUSTAINABLE GROWTH | GDP | RAPID EXPANSION | MALE WORKERS | FIRM PERFORMANCE | EMPLOYMENT | EXPECTED VALUE | UNDERVALUATION | TAX POLICIES | GOVERNMENT REVENUES | AGRICULTURE | WORKERS | SECRETARIES | EMPLOYMENT PROTECTION LEGISLATION | NET EMPLOYMENT EFFECTS | PRODUCTIVITY GAP | MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRIES | WAGE GAP | FEMALE LABOR | YOUNGER WORKERS | SALARIED WORKERS | SEVERANCE PAY | CASUAL WORKERS | PERFORMANCE INDICATORS | SOCIAL CAPITAL | JOB OFFER | INCOME LEVEL | PUBLIC SPENDING | INCENTIVE EFFECTS | CASH PAYMENT | PERSONAL INCOME | WORKING CONDITIONS | TRACK RECORD | INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS | EARLY RETIREMENT | INCOMES | GROSS WAGE | SEVERANCE PAYMENTS | REAL INCOME | TAX LIABILITIES | MACROECONOMIC STABILIZATION | EMPLOYEE | INFORMAL ECONOMY | RETURNS | TAX STRUCTURE | OCCUPATIONS | INCOME LEVELS | LEVEL PLAYING FIELD | MARKET ECONOMIES | HOLDING | SAFETY NETS | SERVICE SECTOR | SAFETY | EMERGING MARKET ECONOMIES | UNPAID FAMILY WORKERS | UNSKILLED WORKERS | WORKER | INCOME TAXES | BENEFICIAL EFFECTS | TAX RATES | LABOR REGULATIONS | BUSINESS PRACTICES | PUBLIC SERVICES | JOB LOSSES | CASH PAYMENTS | ECONOMIC RESEARCH | FREE TRADE | LABOR PRODUCTIVITY | TRADE UNIONS | POLICY RESPONSE | DIVIDEND | HOUSEHOLD INCOME | SOCIAL SAFETY NETS | PREVIOUS STUDIES | SOCIAL PROTECTION | LABOR FORCE | CORPORATE TAXES | EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT | TAX REVENUES | UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE BENEFITS | EMERGING MARKET | PAID WORKERS | HUMAN CAPITAL | TAX POLICY | ELASTICITY | LABOR ORGANIZATION | RURAL EMPLOYMENT | ECONOMIC ACTIVITY | TRANSPARENCY | TREASURY | AGE GROUPS | LABOR REGULATION | UNEMPLOYMENT | REGULATORY AUTHORITY | ECONOMIES OF SCALE | SEVERANCE BENEFITS | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | LABOR DEMAND | PUBLIC UTILITY | BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT | INSURANCE PREMIUMS | GROWTH POTENTIAL
Book
Journal Article
Personnel Review, ISSN 0048-3486, 06/2013, Volume 42, Issue 4, pp. 372 - 395
Journal Article
2014, Directions in Development, ISBN 9780821395356, 355
While economic growth has been sustained for a number of years in many countries in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region, this has not resulted in...