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03/2011, ISBN 1455272426, 26
We propose a modification to a baseline sovereign default framework that allows us to quantify the importance of debt dilution in accounting for the level and... 
Bonds | Interest Rates On Loans | Debt Reduction | Sovereign Default | Economic Models | Overborrowing | Endogenous Borrowing Constraints | Markov Perfect Equilibrium | Credit Risk | Debt Dilution | Long-term Debt | Sovereign Debt | Emerging Markets
Book
Journal of Banking and Finance, ISSN 0378-4266, 01/2019, Volume 98, pp. 170 - 182
We empirically investigate whether taking senior bank loans would enhance market discipline and control risk-taking among borrowing banks. Controlling for... 
Private monitoring | Bank-to-bank loans | Market discipline | Bank senior debt | LIQUIDITY | SUPERVISION | RISK | CORPORATE GOVERNANCE | INCENTIVES | SAMPLE | BUSINESS, FINANCE | INSTITUTIONS | INVESTMENT | SUBORDINATED DEBT | ECONOMICS | BORROWERS
Journal Article
04/2008
The Debt Management Performance Assessment (DeMPA) comprises a set of fifteen debt performance indicators (DPIs), which aim to encompass the complete spectrum... 
CHECKS | CURRENCY RISKS | DEBT SERVICING | DEBT TRANSACTIONS | MATURITIES | EXTERNAL DEBT | T-BILL | FLOATING RATE | ISSUANCE | FOREIGN CURRENCY | LIQUIDITY MANAGEMENT | EXTERNAL PUBLIC DEBT | GOVERNMENT DEBT | ECONOMIC POLICY | LOW INCOME | INTEREST RATES | USE OF DERIVATIVE | DEBT MANAGEMENT ACTIVITIES | MULTILATERAL LENDERS | NATIONAL BANK | RESERVE FUND | CONTRIBUTION | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARY | BONDS | RESPONSIBILITIES | CENTRAL BANK | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | MARKET INTEREST RATES | CREDIT LINE | DOMESTIC BORROWING | LIQUIDITY | DEBTOR | DEBT MANAGEMENT OPERATIONS | FOREIGN LOANS | EXISTING DEBT | CASH FLOWS | T-BILL MARKET | OPERATIONAL COSTS | REVOLVING FUNDS | PRIMARY DEALER | SALES | BENEFICIARY | HUMAN RESOURCE | TURNOVER | LOCAL CURRENCY | LOCAL GOVERNMENTS | PAYMENT OF PRINCIPAL | PENSION SYSTEM | RISK OF DEBT | T-BILLS | DURABLE | TERM DEPOSITS | EXTERNAL DEBT DATABASE | PUBLIC FINANCE | GOVERNMENT BANK | STATE BONDS | PREPAYMENT | EXTERNAL DEBT SERVICING | RISK MANAGEMENT | SETTLEMENT | BANK LENDING | DEBTOR REPORTING | LENDER | UNION | CASH FLOW | EXTERNAL BORROWINGS | INTERNATIONAL CAPITAL MARKETS | OUTSTANDING GOVERNMENT DEBT | OUTSTANDING STOCK | REGISTRY SYSTEM | STATE LOANS | DEBT | PRIMARY DEALERS | ARREARS | FINANCIAL COST | EXTERNAL FINANCING | LOAN AGREEMENTS | DERIVATIVE INSTRUMENTS | EXTERNAL SHOCKS | DEBT MANAGEMENT | CREDITWORTHINESS | OPEN MARKET | CREDIT RISK ASSESSMENTS | BILATERAL CREDITORS | RESERVE | CORPORATE STOCKS | MACROECONOMIC POLICIES | NET DEBT | DEBT DATA RECORDING | FISCAL DEFICIT | OPEN ECONOMY | PAYMENT ORDERS | BENEFICIARIES | MONEY MARKET | CASH BALANCES | MATURITY | DEBT REPAYMENTS | LOAN | GOVERNMENT BORROWINGS | EXPENDITURES | LOCAL GOVERNMENT | BOOK-ENTRY | MONETARY INSTRUMENTS | RESOURCE MANAGEMENT | INVESTMENT VEHICLES | CREDIT RISK ASSESSMENT | EXCHANGE RATE | DEBT STRATEGY | DOMESTIC MARKET | CENTRAL GOVERNMENT DEBT | LOAN GUARANTEES | DEBT DATABASE | DEBT DYNAMICS | TAX BENEFITS | LEGAL FRAMEWORK | FISCAL POLICY | BIDS | DEBT STOCKS | PENSION | EXPENDITURE | MONETARY POLICY | DEBT RECORDING | CREDIT RISK | DERIVATIVES | AUCTIONS | FINANCIAL MARKETS | BINDING CONSTRAINT | BANK ACCOUNT | DEBTOR REPORTING SYSTEM | SECONDARY TRADING | DEBT STRATEGIES | T-BONDS | TOTAL DEBT | BANK LOANS | CAPITAL INFLOWS | CASH MANAGEMENT | INVESTMENT PROJECTS | SOURCE OF FUNDS | STOCK OF DEBT | DEBT FLOWS | FINANCING NEEDS | PRIMARY MARKET | DEBT OFFICE | INTEREST RATE RISK | TRANSACTION | TREASURY BILLS | EXTERNAL DEBT DATA | DOMESTIC CURRENCY | COMMERCIAL BANK | MACROECONOMIC MANAGEMENT | INVESTMENT ACTIVITIES | CURRENCY RISK | EXTERNAL LOANS | DOMESTIC DEBT MARKET | ISSUANCE OF GUARANTEES | STATE GUARANTEE | DEBT RESTRUCTURING | DEBT DATA | DEBT SERVICE | SECURITIES | DEBT SITUATION | DEBT SUSTAINABILITY | DOMESTIC DEBT | INFLATION | NATIONAL ECONOMY | DEBT MANAGEMENT ENTITY | GOVERNMENT SECURITIES | CREDITORS | AUCTION | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | HOLDING | DOMESTIC DEBT STOCK | INFORMATION SHARING | FULL ACCESS | COMMERCIAL BANKS | PUBLIC BUDGET | REPOS | CAPACITY BUILDING | DEBT REPORTING | STATE GUARANTEES | TAX | ACCOUNTANT | CASH BALANCE | DEBT MANAGEMENT STRATEGY | CAPACITY CONSTRAINTS | FOREIGN MARKETS | ACCOUNTING | BORROWING PLANS | BORROWING PLAN | BEST PRACTICE | SENIOR | CURRENCY COMPOSITION | BANK ACCOUNTS | DEBT MANAGEMENT ENTITIES | DEBT RECORDING SYSTEM | EXTERNAL BORROWING | DEBT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM | PAYMENT SYSTEM | INTERNATIONAL CAPITAL | LACK OF TRANSPARENCY | LABOR FORCE | INTEREST RATE | LOAN AGREEMENT | PUBLIC SECTOR DEBT | BUDGET SYSTEM | DEBT STOCK | PRICE STABILITY | CONTINGENT LIABILITIES | INTERNAL AUDIT | CREDITOR | USE OF DERIVATIVES | DISBURSEMENT | FINANCES | LOAN MATURITY | REPAYMENT | TREASURY | ACCESS TO FINANCING | MARKET PARTICIPANTS | PAYMENT OF DEBT | PUBLIC DEBT | DEBT RESCHEDULING | FUTURE CASH FLOWS | DEBT SERVICING COSTS | INTERNAL AUDITS | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE | BUDGET LAW | DEBT SERVICE CAPACITY | DEBT THRESHOLDS | INSTRUMENT | DEBT SUSTAINABILITY ANALYSIS | NEW JOBS | BANK MARKET
Book
Journal of Corporate Finance, ISSN 0929-1199, 2012, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp. 124 - 137
We show that the structure and pricing of debt in LBOs mostly depend on a single characteristic of the target firm, pre-LBO profitability. We find a positive... 
Senior and junior debt | Term loans | High-yield debt | Leveraged buyout | Private equity | MANAGEMENT | IPO | PRIVATE | CHOICE | BUSINESS, FINANCE | IMPACT | EVOLUTION | GROWTH | CYCLES | DEALS | AGENCY COSTS | Leverage (Finance) | Leveraged buyouts
Journal Article
2008, World Bank working paper, ISBN 9780821374511, Volume no. 134, xvii, 99
The countries of Southeast Europe have undergone a significant transition over the past decade. Helped by macroeconomic stabilization and efforts in advancing... 
Finance, Public | Balkan Peninsula Social policy | Social policy | Balkan Peninsula | LABOR MARKETS | STRUCTURAL REFORMS | SALARIES | CENTRAL GOVERNMENT | SERVICE DELIVERY | WAGE EXPENDITURES | ALLOCATION | PUBLIC PROVISION | EXTERNAL DEBT | SOCIAL CONTRIBUTIONS | ROAD NETWORK | HEALTH SECTOR | PUBLIC INFRASTRUCTURE | FOREIGN CURRENCY | DATA AVAILABILITY | MACROECONOMIC STABILITY | GOVERNMENT DEBT | CIVIL SERVICE SALARY | ECONOMIC GROWTH | PRIVATE SECTOR | AVERAGE GROWTH | COMPETITIVE BIDS | NATIONAL BANK | CONTRIBUTION | SOCIAL SECURITY CONTRIBUTIONS | BASIC PENSION | RESPONSIBILITIES | HEALTH SERVICES | PUBLIC REVENUES | ECONOMIC MANAGEMENT | TAX RATE | PENSIONS SYSTEMS | MANDATORY CONTRIBUTION | PUBLIC PENSIONS | COUNTRY ECONOMISTS | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT | GOVERNMENT SPENDING | FISCAL REFORMS | ACCOUNTABILITY | FISCAL CONSOLIDATION | BANKS | VALUABLE | FISCAL SYSTEM | SALES | PRIVATE SPENDING | RETIREMENT AGE | CURRENT EXPENDITURES | CREDITS | MARKETING | PENSION SYSTEM | HEALTH INSURANCE | CONTRIBUTIONS | CIVIL SERVICE | HEALTH EXPENDITURES | REFORM EFFORTS | PURCHASING POWER | HEALTH OUTCOMES | TAX BURDEN | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE POLICY | RECESSION | LIVING STANDARDS | OLD-AGE | DEBT | FISCAL POLICIES | FISCAL DEFICITS | INCOME TAX | DISABILITY | PENSION REFORM | FISCAL ADJUSTMENT | EFFICIENCY OF RESOURCE USE | RETIREMENT | PUBLIC INVESTMENT | LABOR MARKET | WORKING AGE | FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE | PUBLIC SECTOR MANAGEMENT | EXTERNAL IMBALANCES | REFORM AGENDA | DIRECT INVESTMENT | FISCAL DEFICIT | REFORM PROCESS | BENEFICIARIES | DEVELOPMENT BANK | WAGES | CIVIL SERVICE PAY | EFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENTS | WELFARE BENEFITS | TREASURY SYSTEMS | BUDGETARY IMPLICATIONS | SOCIAL INSURANCE | PRIVATE FINANCING | LOAN | ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURES | SECONDARY EDUCATION | BUDGETARY FUND | FISCAL ENVELOPE | SUPPORT PROGRAMS | PENSIONS | CAPITAL EXPENDITURES | CURRENCY | RAPID DEVELOPMENT | PENSION SYSTEMS | UNEMPLOYMENT BENEFITS | FUND MANAGERS | PENSIONERS | PUBLIC EXPENDITURES | SOCIAL ASSISTANCE | HEALTH CARE | SAVINGS | CAPITAL SPENDING | WAGE | FISCAL POLICY | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | PENSION | FISCAL PRESSURES | TAXPAYERS | FOREIGN BORROWING | NATIONAL AUTHORITIES | SOCIAL BENEFITS | FISCAL SUSTAINABILITY | ETHNIC GROUPS | GOVERNMENT REVENUES | INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT | POLICY COMMITMENTS | DECENTRALIZATION | INTEREST PAYMENTS | EQUITY ISSUES | PUBLIC HEALTH | ECONOMIC CLASSIFICATION | ETHNIC GROUP | CURRICULA | DOMESTIC CREDIT | PUBLIC SPENDING | FISCAL COST | PUBLIC SERVICE | PERSONAL INCOME | PUBLIC EMPLOYMENT | EXPENDITURE CUTS | INCOME | PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION | EARLY RETIREMENT | INCOMES | SOCIAL SECURITY CONTRIBUTION | COST-EFFECTIVENESS | MACROECONOMIC STABILIZATION | COST RECOVERY | EDUCATION EXPENDITURES | CURRENT ACCOUNT | DEBT SUSTAINABILITY | GOVERNMENT FINANCE | INCOME LEVELS | PUBLIC FINANCES | DOMESTIC DEBT | DEPOSITS | INFLATION | MARKET ECONOMIES | LEVEL OF EDUCATION | FOREIGN GRANTS | RETIREMENT AGES | CURRENT EXPENDITURE | ECONOMIC RECOVERY | SOCIAL SERVICES | PUBLIC SECTOR | SALES TAXES | CAPITAL EXPENDITURE | INCOME TAXES | SOCIAL WELFARE PROGRAMS | TAX RATES | ACCOUNTING | GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE | HEALTH FINANCING | BEST PRACTICE | GOVERNMENT FINANCE STATISTICS | SENIOR | INSURANCE SCHEMES | PUBLIC SERVICES | PENSION CONTRIBUTION | RETIREMENT PERIOD | MEDIUM ENTERPRISES | PUBLIC SECTOR EMPLOYMENT | EXPENDITURE POLICIES | POVERTY REDUCTION | GENERAL PUBLIC | RETIRED | HOUSEHOLD INCOME | SOCIAL PROTECTION | LABOR FORCE | HEALTH EXPENDITURE | SOCIAL SECURITY | CONTRIBUTION SCHEME | GOVERNMENT GUARANTEES | EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT | PERSONAL INCOME TAXES | TAX REVENUES | FISCAL POSITIONS | CONTRIBUTION RATES | SOCIAL WELFARE | CONTINGENT LIABILITIES | HEALTH INSURANCE FUND | FINANCES | PUBLIC PENSION | HEALTH SPENDING | ECONOMIC ACTIVITY | TRANSPARENCY | EXPENDITURE ADJUSTMENTS | GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES | SUSTAINABILITY ANALYSIS | SUB-NATIONAL GOVERNMENTS | HEALTH INSURANCE FUNDS | UNEMPLOYMENT | BORROWING | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE | FINANCING ARRANGEMENTS | EDUCATION POLICY | PERVERSE INCENTIVES | SIZE OF GOVERNMENT
Book
Abacus, ISSN 0001-3072, 09/2017, Volume 53, Issue 3, pp. 349 - 370
This paper will analyze the risk return profile of real estate debt. Using a Monte Carlo simulation model, different debt layers (mezzanine and senior) are... 
Private real estate | Senior debt | Simulation | Real estate debt | Mezzanine | Investment | BUSINESS, FINANCE | RISK | CORPORATE | FAILURE | Monte Carlo method | Real estate industry | Real property | Correlation analysis | Monte Carlo simulation | Commercial real estate
Journal Article
2009, Trends and policy options, ISBN 9780821375556, Volume no. 5, xxiii, 143
China and Africa have a long history of political and economic ties, which have greatly intensified in recent years. Both bilateral trade and Chinese foreign... 
Infrastructure (Economics) | China Foreign economic relationsAfrica, Sub-Saharan | Africa, Sub-Saharan Foreign economic relations | Investments, Chinese | CHECKS | KEY CHALLENGE | DEBT RELIEF | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | LOAN COMMITMENTS | MATURITIES | OUTREACH | PRIVATE INVESTORS | EXTERNAL FINANCE | CREDIT ARRANGEMENTS | FIRST LOAN | PROSPERITY | ECONOMIC GROWTH | DEBTOR REPORTING SYSTEM | INTEREST RATES | SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT | HOST COUNTRY | INDEBTEDNESS | RAIL SECTOR | TRADING | RAILWAY | BANK LOANS | CONTRIBUTION | INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCE | INSTALLMENTS | INVESTMENT CLIMATE | TRAVEL TIMES | RESPONSIBILITIES | CONSUMER | BANK FINANCING | BUSINESS RISKS | CREDIT LINE | EQUITY INVESTMENTS | PURCHASES | FINANCING NEEDS | SUBSIDIARY | DEBTOR | RAILWAY SYSTEM | HOST COUNTRIES | INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCING | INVESTMENT CORPORATION | RAIL MASS TRANSIT | INVESTMENT FORUM | RESETTLEMENT | RING ROAD | GRACE PERIOD | NATURAL RESOURCE EXPLOITATION | INCOME LEVEL | INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | SANITATION | EQUIPMENT | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT | MASS TRANSIT | LOWER INCOME | INCOME | DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION | VALUABLE | BUYER | GRACE PERIODS | RAPID GROWTH | SALES | CONSUMER GOODS | ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATIONS | PUBLIC WORKS | EQUITY FLOWS | BENEFICIARY | CREDITS | WATER SUPPLY | TRANSPORT SECTOR | TURNOVER | HOST GOVERNMENT | TOTAL COST | DEBT SUSTAINABILITY | PUBLIC GOODS | CONTRIBUTIONS | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | TRANSPORT PROJECTS | BANK CREDIT | ROAD PROJECTS | FREIGHT COSTS | DISBURSEMENTS | PRIVATE SECTOR INVESTMENT | CREDITORS | CHAMBER OF COMMERCE | INFRASTRUCTURE PROJECTS | COMMODITIES | HOUSEHOLDS | RAILWAY LINES | ROUTE | WORTH | INTERNATIONAL BANK | GLOBALIZATION | EXPORT FINANCING | RAILWAYS | DEBT | GLOBAL ECONOMY | RAIL PROJECTS | BANK LOAN | ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS | PRIVATE EQUITY | LINES OF CREDIT | DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE | SOURCES OF FINANCE | FUEL | ROADS | ACCOUNTING | RAIL LINK | WEB SITES | FINANCIAL FLOWS | LINE OF CREDIT | MASS TRANSIT SYSTEM | ECONOMIC REFORMS | LEVEL OF CONFIDENCE | SENIOR | TRUE | TELECOMMUNICATIONS | EMERGING ECONOMIES | CREDIT AGENCIES | HIGH-SPEED RAIL | FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE | BOTTLENECKS | RAIL | COMMERCIAL CONTRACTS | EQUALITY | EXPORTER | HOUSEHOLD ACCESS | BENEFICIARIES | CONSULTING SERVICES | DEVELOPMENT BANK | EQUITY CAPITAL | INTEREST RATE | LIGHT RAILWAY | ECONOMIC COOPERATION | SOURCE OF INFORMATION | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | MATURITY | BRIDGE | BORROWER | RAILROAD | INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT | RETURN | TRANSPORT | LOAN | NATURAL RESOURCES | IMPORT BANKS | RAIL PROJECT | REPAYMENT | HOUSING | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS | PRESS RELEASES | PORTFOLIO | INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT | MONETARY FUND | BORROWING | AFFILIATE | INFRASTRUCTURE FUNDING | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | SPECIAL FUND | BACKED FINANCING | FINANCING SOURCES | FREIGHT | RAILROADS | STOCK MARKETS | DEBTS | FINANCING OF INFRASTRUCTURE | ROAD BUILDING
Book
06/2009, Crisis Response Note, Volume 4
The expansion of deposit insurance and introduction of debt guarantees have played a crucial role in containing the financial crisis while giving governments... 
LARGE BANKS | BANK HOLDING COMPANIES | DEBT GUARANTEE | INCENTIVE OF DEPOSITORS | MATURITIES | SOLVENT BANKS | CDS | EFFECTIVENESS OF DEPOSIT INSURANCE | FOREIGN CURRENCY | CREDIBILITY | SUBSIDIARIES | DEPOSIT INSURANCE ARRANGEMENTS | MARKET CONDITIONS | ASSETS | FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT | BANK DEBT | DEPOSIT INSURANCE SYSTEMS | MORAL HAZARD PROBLEM | BANK LIABILITIES | DEBT MARKETS | PUBLIC POLICY | CAPITAL ACCOUNT | HOST COUNTRY | INSURED BANK | CREDIT EXPANSION | LENDER-OF-LAST-RESORT FACILITIES | COVERAGE OF DEPOSIT | COVERAGE ARRANGEMENTS | EXPLICIT DEPOSIT INSURANCE SCHEME | COMMITMENT DEVICES | FEDERAL HOME LOAN | POLICY RESPONSES | BONDS | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | JURISDICTIONS | LIQUIDITY | EXPLICIT DEPOSIT INSURANCE SCHEMES | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | SOVEREIGN DEBT MARKETS | EXISTING DEBT | DEPOSIT LOSS | LAST RESORT | SENIOR DEBT | FINANCIAL INTEGRATION | BANKRUPTCY | DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION | DESIGN OF DEPOSIT INSURANCE | FORBEARANCE | OUTSTANDING BALANCES | SMALL DEPOSITORS | CAPITAL FLOWS | SUBSIDIZATION | BANKING INDUSTRY | BANK DEPOSITS | LENDER | UNION | EXCESSIVE RISK | RECESSION | INSOLVENT | FINANCIAL MARKET | BANKING CRISIS | FOREIGN LIABILITIES | DEBT GUARANTEES | FINANCIAL SAFETY NETS | COMMERCIAL PAPER | MORAL HAZARD | ASSOCIATION OF DEPOSIT INSURERS | STRUCTURE OF DEPOSIT | TRADITIONAL DEPOSIT | UNLIMITED PROTECTION | EMERGING ECONOMIES | BANK PERFORMANCE | MONEY MARKET | COVERAGE OF DEPOSIT INSURANCE | CREDIT DEFAULT SWAP | INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY | JUNIOR DEBT | DEBT ISSUES | FOREIGN EXCHANGE RESERVES | GOVERNMENT SUPPORT | DEFAULT RISK | MATURITY | DEPOSIT INSURANCE COVERAGE | RETURN | DOMESTIC BANKING | RISK PROFILES | DEBT ISSUANCE | EXCHANGE RATE | EXPLICIT DEPOSIT | FOREIGN CURRENCY DEPOSITS | UNSECURED DEBT | MORTGAGE | FINANCIAL CRISES | INDIVIDUAL BANKS | BANK HOLDING | CREDIT DEFAULT | SAVINGS | TRANSACTION ACCOUNTS | FOREIGN BANKS | FOREIGN BANK | WHOLESALE FUNDING | DOMESTIC LIQUIDITY | DEPOSIT | MARKET DISTORTIONS | FAILING BANKS | EFFECTIVE DEPOSIT INSURANCE | PRIVATIZATION | REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS | BANKING SYSTEMS | FINANCIAL MARKETS | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTIONS | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | BLANKET GUARANTEES | HOME LOAN | BANKING CRISES | CERTIFICATES OF DEPOSIT | CREDIT GUARANTEE SCHEME | CREDIBILITY OF DEPOSIT INSURANCE | COINSURANCE | ACCESS TO INSURED DEPOSITS | RATE OF EXCHANGE | LIQUIDITY SUPPORT | BANKING SYSTEM STABILITY | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | FULL BLANKET GUARANTEES | BANK RUN | TRANSACTION | DOMESTIC CREDIT | DEPOSIT PROTECTION SCHEME | INDIVIDUAL DEPOSITORS | SOLVENCY | HIGHER DEPOSIT RATES | UNINFORMED DEPOSITORS | UNDERLYING ASSET | NONBANK FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | SHORT-TERM DEBT | FINANCIAL CRISIS | BANK RUNS | PUBLIC FUNDS | MUTUAL FUNDS | INSURED DEPOSITS | LEVEL PLAYING FIELD | DEPOSITS | FINANCIAL REFORMS | ACCESS TO FUNDS | FINANCIAL SAFETY NET | WITHDRAWAL | RISK-BASED PRICING | MORTGAGE LENDING | COMMERCIAL BANKS | BANKING SUPERVISION | INVESTOR CONFIDENCE | CONTAGION | WEAK BANKS | DEPOSIT COVERAGE | DEPOSITOR LOSSES | DOMESTIC BANKS | FISCAL RESOURCES | SUBORDINATED DEBT | FUTURE FINANCIAL CRISES | FOREIGN BRANCHES | DEPOSIT INSURANCE INCREASE | BANK ACCOUNTS | COVERAGE CEILING | LIQUIDATIONS | DEPOSITOR | EXPLICIT DEPOSIT INSURANCE | FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE | LENDER-OF-LAST-RESORT | LARGE DEPOSITORS | BANKING SYSTEM | GOVERNMENT GUARANTEES | CREDIT GUARANTEE | PUBLIC SECTOR DEBT | CAPITAL OUTFLOWS | INSTITUTIONAL INVESTORS | DEPOSIT INSURANCE DESIGN | CONTINGENT LIABILITIES | DEPOSIT PROTECTION | CREDITOR | DEPOSIT INSURANCE | FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION | LOCAL BANKS | BASIS POINTS | MARKET PARTICIPANTS | MONETARY FUND | HOME LOAN BANKS | UNSECURED BONDS | SOLVENT | SOVEREIGN DEBT | INSTRUMENT | BANK BRANCHES | TIER 1 CAPITAL | DEPOSIT INSURANCE SCHEMES | FINANCIAL SAFETY | BANK FAILURE
Book
06/2008, ISBN 9780821371459, 484
The Ecuadorian society has overcome adversity with great determination over the past few years. Periodic economic crises, external shocks, and even natural... 
Economics | Ecuador | Social policy | 1972 | Economic policy | Economic conditions | Social conditions | INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY | INVESTMENT FUND | LABOR MARKETS | PENSION COVERAGE | IPO | SALARIES | EXTERNAL DEBT | PUBLIC SAVINGS | LIQUIDITY MANAGEMENT | MACROECONOMIC STABILITY | CONTRACT ENFORCEMENT | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | OPEC | CONSUMERS | PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH | ECONOMIC GROWTH | FISCAL DISCIPLINE | INTEREST RATES | HUMAN RESOURCES | TRADING | RESERVE FUND | CAPITAL GOODS | CONTRIBUTION | TAX SYSTEM | CAPITAL FORMATION | INVESTMENT CLIMATE | FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE | CENTRAL BANK | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | BANK ASSETS | LIQUIDITY | DEBTOR | INVESTING | ENVIRONMENTAL | GNP | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | BALANCE SHEET | ENERGY EFFICIENCY | LEGISLATION | FINANCIAL RESEARCH | RESOURCES MANAGEMENT | BANKRUPTCY | INTERGOVERNMENTAL TRANSFERS | PRODUCERS | PENSION SYSTEM | SHORT-TERM LIQUIDITY | CONTRIBUTIONS | INFORMATION SYSTEM | DEPOSITORY INSTITUTION | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | REAL EXCHANGE RATE | CREDIT MARKETS | PUBLIC FINANCE | ORGANIZATION OF PETROLEUM EXPORTING COUNTRIES | SETTLEMENT | RULE OF LAW | SECONDARY MARKETS | ACTIVE DEBT | INTERNATIONAL BANK | COMMERCIAL LAW | CASH TRANSFER | LIVING STANDARDS | FINANCING REQUIREMENTS | DEBT | OIL PRICES | INCOME TAX | JOB CREATION | LINES OF CREDIT | ARREARS | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | PENSION REFORM | CAPITAL ADEQUACY | AMORTIZATIONS | RATES OF INFLATION | DEBT MANAGEMENT | PUBLIC INVESTMENT | CREDITWORTHINESS | ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION | INTERNATIONAL MARKETS | LABOR MARKET | PUBLIC INVESTMENTS | RESERVE | MACROECONOMIC POLICIES | REGISTRATION SYSTEM | CREDITOR RIGHTS | PUBLIC DEBT MANAGEMENT | BENEFICIARIES | DEVELOPMENT BANK | CONSUMER PROTECTION | INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY | IMMOVABLE PROPERTIES | WAGES | FOREIGN EXCHANGE RESERVES | CONSUMER PRICE INDEX | INSURANCE | UNSECURED CREDITS | MATURITY | GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT | RETURN | PRIVATE BANK | EXPENDITURES | IMPORTS | STRUCTURAL ADJUSTMENT | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | BOND | PENSIONS | CURRENCY | PRODUCTIVE INVESTMENT | CADASTRES | POLICY ENVIRONMENT | PENSION SYSTEMS | ELECTRICITY GENERATION | MORTGAGE | CENTRAL GOVERNMENT DEBT | REGULATORY STRUCTURE | SOCIAL ASSISTANCE | RESERVES | RETURN ON ASSETS | INCOME GROWTH | SAVINGS DEPOSIT | REMITTANCES | FISCAL POLICY | EFFECTIVE USE | RATES OF RETURN | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | DEPOSIT | PENSION | EXPENDITURE | TREASURY CERTIFICATES | INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICS | DEBT BURDEN | MORTGAGES | DISPUTE RESOLUTION | FISCAL SUSTAINABILITY | SPOT MARKET | DEFICITS | PROSPERITY | FINANCIAL MARKETS | REAL WAGES | AMORTIZATION | DOMESTIC INTEREST RATES | TOTAL DEBT | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | DECENTRALIZATION | INTERNATIONAL TRADE | FINANCIAL SECTOR | INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT | RISK PROFILE | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | TRADE BALANCE | SOCIAL CAPITAL | INCOME LEVEL | DOMESTIC CURRENCY | PUBLIC SPENDING | INCOME | MACROECONOMIC MANAGEMENT | PRODUCTION COSTS | SOLVENCY | BEST PRACTICES | DEBT SUSTAINABILITY | SOCIAL COSTS | FINANCIAL CRISIS | NATURAL RESOURCE BASE | PUBLIC FINANCES | DOMESTIC DEBT | DEPOSITS | INFLATION | ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT | CREDITORS | NATURAL DISASTERS | CPI | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENTS | FINANCIAL SYSTEMS | PENSION BENEFITS | MICROFINANCE INSTITUTION | BOND INDEX | FINANCIAL DEPTH | TAX | MICROFINANCE | SENIOR | TELECOMMUNICATIONS | VALUATION | INVESTMENT CLIMATES | OIL | PAYMENT SYSTEM | TERM CONTRACTS | LACK OF TRANSPARENCY | EMERGING MARKETS | MACROECONOMICS | LABOR FORCE | SOCIAL SECURITY | COMPETITIVE MARKETS | LEVEL OF DEBT | BANKING SYSTEM | DEMOGRAPHICS | INTEREST RATE | PUBLIC SECTOR DEBT | INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT | TAX POLICY | CREDITOR | PROPERTY RIGHTS | TAX REVENUE | MACROECONOMIC CONDITIONS | NATURAL RESOURCES | TRANSPARENCY | TREASURY | ACCESS TO INFORMATION | INVESTOR PROTECTION | PUBLIC DEBT | UNEMPLOYMENT | STATE UNIVERSITY | MONETARY FUND | DEBT LEVELS | FOREIGN INVESTMENT | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | BANKING SECTOR | LEGAL AGREEMENTS | SOVEREIGN DEBT | ECONOMETRICS | INSTRUMENT | REMITTANCE | PRIVATE BANKS | BUDGETING | PRODUCTIVITY | RURAL COMMUNITIES | INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY | INVESTMENT RATE | DEBTS
eBook
09/2002, ISBN 9781455285020, 531
Edited by David T. Coe and Se-Jik Kim, this volume contains papers presented at a May 2001 conference in Seoul sponsored by the IMF and the Korea Institute for... 
Stabilization Programs
Book
Corporate Governance: The international journal of business in society, ISSN 1472-0701, 03/2004, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp. 31 - 38
In previous research, Friend and Hasbrouck theorized that managerial insiders (officers and directors) have a personal incentive to cause the firm to use less... 
Leadership | Corporate governance | Senior management | Shares | Studies | Debt financing | Upper management
Journal Article
06/2012, ISBN 9781475504231, 77
Book
10/2010, Economic Premise, Volume 37
In 1998, the Russian Federation experienced one of the most severe emerging market crises of the 1997-2001 periods. It occurred less than six months after the... 
INTEREST RATE DIFFERENTIALS | MARKET CONFIDENCE | INTEREST PARITY | EXPENDITURE | RENEGOTIATION | EXTERNAL DEBT | MONETARY POLICY | PRIVATE INVESTORS | SUSTAINABLE GROWTH | GDP | DEBT BURDEN | MACROECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT | OUTSTANDING DEBT | RISK PREMIUM | PRIVATIZATION | MACROECONOMIC STABILITY | ECONOMIC OUTCOMES | GOVERNMENT DEBT | DEFICITS | MARKET ECONOMY | ECONOMIC POLICY | INTERNATIONAL BOND | ECONOMIC GROWTH | FOREIGN PORTFOLIO INVESTMENT | BAILOUT | REAL INTEREST RATES | AUCTIONS | DEBT CRISIS | INTEREST RATES | REAL INTEREST RATE | FINANCIAL STABILITY | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | SPECULATIVE ATTACKS | NOMINAL EXCHANGE RATE | CENTRAL BANK | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | INTEREST PAYMENTS | ASSET STRIPPING | TAX RATE | FEDERAL RESERVE BANK | LIQUIDITY | FOREIGN PORTFOLIO | TREASURY BILLS | LONG-TERM CAPITAL MANAGEMENT | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | DOMESTIC CURRENCY | SEIGNIORAGE | TURBULENT PERIOD | SPECULATIVE ATTACK | EXCHANGE-RATE | WEAK CORPORATE GOVERNANCE | DEVALUATION | FINANCIAL ENGINEERING | DEBT OBLIGATIONS | YIELD SPREAD | ECONOMIC VOLATILITY | RATE OF DEPRECIATION | SENIOR DEBT | SOLVENCY | SOLVENCY PROBLEMS | FINANCIAL LIBERALIZATION | MACROECONOMIC STABILIZATION | LOCAL CURRENCY | HEDGE FUND | REAL EFFECTIVE EXCHANGE RATE | TAX ARREARS | CAPITAL FLOWS | REAL EXCHANGE RATE | PUBLIC FINANCES | INFLATION | SURPLUSES | HOLDING | VIRTUOUS CYCLE | CENTRAL PLANNING | REAL INTEREST | GLOBALIZATION | GROWTH RATES | OUTSTANDING STOCK | TAX | MACROECONOMIC CRISES | FISCAL DEFICITS | MORAL HAZARD | ARREARS | NONPAYMENTS | BOND YIELD | REAL APPRECIATION | BUDGET BALANCE | MONIES | TELECOMMUNICATIONS | POVERTY REDUCTION | ECONOMIC RESEARCH | DEBT SWAPS | BALANCE-OF-PAYMENTS CRISES | STOCK MARKET | SWAP | EUROBOND | FIXED EXCHANGE RATE | FISCAL DEFICIT | FINANCIAL SITUATION | REAL GDP | SHORTFALLS | FOREIGN EXCHANGE RESERVES | EMERGING MARKET | SOVEREIGN RISK | CORPORATE GOVERNANCE | DISBURSEMENT | RETURN | LOAN | TREASURY | MARKET INVESTORS | BASIS POINTS | SOVEREIGN BOND | PORTFOLIO | DEBT ISSUANCE | MONETARY FUND | INTERNATIONAL BOND MARKETS | TREASURY BILL | BAILOUTS | SOVEREIGN DEBT | PEG | RESERVES | SETTLEMENTS | LONG-TERM CAPITAL | FORWARD RATES | FEDERAL RESERVE | ENTERPRISE RESTRUCTURING
Book
2009, ISBN 0821377272
The publication of this fifth edition coincides with the convergence in accounting standards that has been a feature of the international landscape since the... 
BUSINESS CYCLE | MATURITIES | PROPRIETARY INFORMATION | FOREIGN CURRENCY | LONG-TERM BORROWINGS | BOOK VALUE OF DEBT | POOR DECISIONS | ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES | HEDGES | PENSION PLAN | EARNINGS | BOOK VALUE | LIABILITY | BONDHOLDERS | TRADING | MARKET DISCIPLINE | PAR VALUE | CONTRIBUTION | CALCULATION | FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | INTERNATIONAL ACCOUNTING | COMMON STOCK | FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE | CENTRAL BANK | FINANCIAL CAPITAL | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | JURISDICTIONS | MARKET PRICE | PURCHASES | TAX RATE | SHORT-TERM BORROWINGS | LIQUIDITY | DISCOUNT RATE | INVESTING | PENSION PLANS | BALANCE SHEET | EFFICIENT MARKET | INTANGIBLE ASSETS | LONG-TERM DEBT | RAPID GROWTH | JUDGMENTS | GOING CONCERN | SALE | FINANCIAL REPORTING | FINANCIAL STATEMENT | TURNOVER | INCOME STATEMENT | BANKRUPTCY | STAKEHOLDERS | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | CONTRIBUTIONS | RISK MANAGEMENT | SETTLEMENT | FIXED ASSETS | DISCLOSURE OF INFORMATION | INTEREST EXPENSE | PROVISION OF INFORMATION | DEPRECIATION | GOVERNMENT GRANTS | TAX BURDEN | CASH FLOW | LONG-TERM INVESTMENTS | LEASE PAYMENTS | SHAREHOLDERS | INTERNATIONAL BANK | FAIR VALUE | DEBT | EMPLOYEE BENEFITS | INCOME TAX | INVENTORY | LINES OF CREDIT | INVENTORIES | TITLES | NET ASSETS | FINANCIAL COST | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL MARKETS | INCOME FLOWS | LONG-TERM INTEREST | MARKETABLE SECURITIES | RETIREMENT | PAR VALUE OF BONDS | CREDITWORTHINESS | CASH INFLOW | LEVERAGE | RESERVE | LIQUIDITY CRISIS | FINANCIAL DATA | INTEREST BURDEN | DISCLOSURE REQUIREMENTS | DEPOSITORS | PROFIT MARGIN | FINANCIAL ASSETS | CASH BALANCES | INSTALLMENT SALES | INSURANCE | CORPORATE GOVERNANCE | CENTRAL BANKS | RETURN | DEBT RATIO | EXPENDITURES | EXCHANGE RATES | PRESENT VALUE | FINANCIAL EFFECT | BOND | PENSIONS | CAPITAL EXPENDITURES | EXCHANGE RATE | TREASURY STOCK | SHARE OF PROFITS | FINANCIAL CRISES | NET PROFIT | CASH OUTFLOW | JUDGMENT | RESERVES | INTERNATIONAL ACCOUNTING STANDARD | RETURN ON ASSETS | TITLE | EQUITY MARKET | GOVERNMENT ASSISTANCE | COLLATERAL | CONTINGENCIES | PENSION | EXPENDITURE | INTANGIBLE | DERIVATIVES | FINANCIAL MARKETS | BANK ACCOUNT | BORROWING COSTS | EQUITY RETURN | FIXED ASSET | AMORTIZATION | TOTAL DEBT | FINANCIAL STABILITY | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | FINANCIAL SECTOR | USE OF DEBT | INTEREST PAYMENTS | VALUATION METHODS | TRANSACTION | WORKING CAPITAL | CAPITAL MARKET | EQUIPMENT | FINANCIAL MANAGER | CASH PAYMENT | RISK ASSESSMENT | INCOME | INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS | FINANCIAL INFORMATION | SOLVENCY | CAPITAL MARKET LIBERALIZATION | SECURITIES | COST RECOVERY | DEFINED BENEFIT PENSION | SHORT-TERM DEBT | FINANCIAL CRISIS | PAYMENT AMOUNT | DIVIDENDS | CASH INFLOWS | ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE | LONG-TERM LOANS | DEPOSITS | LENDERS | PROFIT MARGINS | EQUITY RETURNS | RECEIVABLES | DEBT RATIOS | FINANCIAL SYSTEMS | ACCOUNTING STANDARDS | ACCOUNTING PRINCIPLES | BOND RATINGS | TAX | CAPITAL EXPENDITURE | FAIR VALUES | INCOME TAXES | RETIREMENT BENEFIT | ACCOUNTANT | ACCOUNTING STANDARD | CASH BALANCE | ACCOUNTING | SALE OF INVESTMENTS | BENEFIT PLANS | SENIOR | FINANCIAL POSITION | SHARE OF PROFIT | CASH PAYMENTS | RECESSIONS | VALUATION | SHARE CAPITAL | DISCRETIONARY EXPENSES | GENERAL PUBLIC | DIVIDEND | EARNINGS BEFORE INTEREST | FINANCIAL ANALYSIS | TERM CONTRACTS | LACK OF TRANSPARENCY | PRICE INDEX | INTERNATIONAL ACCOUNTING STANDARDS | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | ACTIVE MARKET | EQUITY CAPITAL | TRADE CREDITORS | FINANCIAL STATEMENTS | CONTINGENT LIABILITIES | FOREIGN EXCHANGE TRANSACTION | REGULATORY AUTHORITIES | FINANCES | FAIR MARKET VALUE | REPAYMENT | TREASURY | DEBT-EQUITY | CALCULATIONS | RISK MEASUREMENT | BANK SUPERVISION | MARKET PARTICIPANTS | PUBLIC DISCLOSURE | FUTURE CASH FLOWS | GOING-CONCERN BASIS | MONETARY FUND | BORROWING | DEBT INTEREST | FINANCIAL RISK | LONG-TERM ASSETS | ECONOMIC REALITY | CAPITAL MARKETS | FINANCIAL POLICY | INSTRUMENT | MINORITY SHAREHOLDERS | DEBTORS | ISLAMIC BANKS | DEBT SECURITIES | LONG-TERM CAPITAL | LONG-TERM LOAN | DEBTS
Book
05/2007
The theme of this report is Nigeria's competitiveness and growth. This report consequently focuses on constraints, opportunities and strategic choices... 
NET ASSET | LABOR MARKETS | STRUCTURAL REFORMS | YOUNGER PEOPLE | EXTERNAL DEBT | MINISTRY OF FINANCE | FOREIGN CURRENCY | TAXATION | MACROECONOMIC STABILITY | MINIMUM CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | BUSINESS CLIMATE | CONSUMERS | PRODUCTIVITY GROWTH | ASSETS | BENCHMARKING | CUSTOMER SERVICE | REAL INTEREST RATE | COMMUNITY ORGANIZATIONS | INTEREST RATE FLEXIBILITY | CONTRIBUTION | OTHER ASSETS | CAPITAL FORMATION | CENTRAL BANK | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | ECONOMIC MANAGEMENT | TRANSACTIONS COSTS | AUDITS | LIQUIDITY | TAX RELIEF | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | FISCAL STRATEGY | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | GOVERNMENT SPENDING | POSITIVE COEFFICIENT | ACCOUNTABILITY | BUYERS | EXPORTERS | TRADE POLICY | SALES | INDUSTRIALIZATION | BUDGET CONSTRAINT | BENEFICIARY | CREDITS | SALE | HUMAN RESOURCE | TAX ADMINISTRATION REFORMS | LOCAL CURRENCY | MARKETING | PENSION SYSTEM | TOTAL FACTOR PRODUCTIVITY | CONTRIBUTIONS | INFORMATION SYSTEM | GROWTH RATE | MONOPOLY | REAL EXCHANGE RATE | CIVIL SERVICE | DISBURSEMENTS | BUDGET CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM | DEPRECIATION | BUDGET SURPLUSES | REAL INTEREST | WORTH | TAX COLLECTION | CONSTANT PRICES | PUBLIC PROCUREMENT | OIL PRICES | INTERPOLATION | GROSS FIXED CAPITAL FORMATION | JOB CREATION | INVENTORY | ARREARS | BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT | INITIAL CAPITAL | NET ASSETS | RATE OF RETURN | INCOME FLOWS | PRICE SUPPORT | PUBLIC INVESTMENT | TARIFF BAND | FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY | INCOME STREAM | PUBLIC INVESTMENTS | BUDGET FORMULATION | EXTENSION SERVICE | RESERVE | MACROECONOMIC POLICIES | NET DEBT | SUPPORT PROGRAM | EXPORTER | FISCAL DEFICIT | FUND ASSETS | INSURANCE SCHEME | ENABLING ENVIRONMENT | INEFFICIENCY | REAL GDP | GOVERNMENT SUPPORT | INSURANCE | BUDGET REFORMS | RETAIL PRICES | RETURN | DEBT RATIO | LOCAL GOVERNMENT | SUPPORT PROGRAMS | BID | BOND | MARKET DEVELOPMENT | EXCHANGE RATE | DOMESTIC MARKET | ECONOMIC RECESSION | OIL PRICE | RESERVES | EXTENSION SERVICES | DEREGULATION | SAVINGS | TAX ADMINISTRATION | COMPETITIVENESS | LEGAL FRAMEWORK | CAPITAL STOCK | FISCAL POLICY | BIDS | DEBT RELIEF | PRICE VOLATILITY | PENSION | EXPENDITURE | GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE POLICY | GDP | CAPITAL INVESTMENT | PUBLIC RESOURCES | FISCAL SUSTAINABILITY | DEFICITS | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE MANAGEMENT | DERIVATIVES | REAL INTEREST RATES | FISCAL PERFORMANCE | DEBT CRISIS | AGRICULTURE | FOREIGN MARKET | CIVIL SERVICE REFORMS | CREDIT RATIONING | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTIONS | ECONOMIC OUTLOOK | PRICE UNCERTAINTY | INFLATION RATE | CASH MANAGEMENT | PRODUCTIVITY LOSSES | BENCHMARK | PERMANENT INCOME | PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS | UNEMPLOYED | TRANSACTION | DEVELOPMENT POLICIES | EQUIPMENT | INCOME | INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS | CAPITAL BASE | FINANCIAL RESOURCES | INTERNATIONAL PRICES | COST RECOVERY | DIMINISHING RETURNS | RETURNS | GOVERNMENT BUDGET | DEBT SUSTAINABILITY | EXTENSION SYSTEM | TRADE REFORMS | GDP DEFLATOR | PUBLIC FUNDS | PUBLIC FINANCES | DOMESTIC DEBT | CROP LOSSES | INFLATION | COMMODITIES | DEMAND-SIDE FACTORS | DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES | HOLDING | WITHDRAWAL | CURRENT EXPENDITURE | POVERTY FUND | ECONOMIC COSTS | COMMERCIAL BANKS | LOW-INCOME | CAPACITY BUILDING | TAX | CAPITAL EXPENDITURE | ACCOUNTANT | FIXED CAPITAL | DEBT ACCUMULATION | FISCAL MANAGEMENT | INCOME FLOW | ACCOUNTING | GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE | ASSET POSITION | FINANCIAL FLOWS | SENIOR | POVERTY REDUCTION | POLICY RESPONSE | DEBT OVERHANG | LABOR FORCE | SOCIAL SECURITY | DEFICIT FINANCING | ECONOMIC RATE OF RETURN | INTEREST RATE | TAX REVENUES | CREDIT GUARANTEE | PUBLIC SECTOR DEBT | FORECASTS | DOMESTIC INFLATION | WEALTH | REGULATORY AUTHORITIES | HUMAN CAPITAL | TAX POLICY | PROPERTY RIGHTS | NATURAL RESOURCES | TRANSPARENCY | FISCAL ASSUMPTIONS | CALCULATIONS | EXPORTS | PUBLIC DEBT | MARKET FOR GOVERNMENT DEBT | BORROWING | BUDGET CLASSIFICATION | PUBLIC EXPENDITURE | BUDGET PROPOSALS | BANKING SECTOR | MARKET ACCESS | PUBLIC EMPLOYEES | CAPITAL MARKETS | ECONOMETRICS | EXPORT PERFORMANCE | PRODUCTIVITY | INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY | MERGERS
Book
19.