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Acta Zoologica, ISSN 0001-7272, 04/1996, Volume 77, Issue 2, pp. 101 - 122
Left-right asymmetry in Dexiothetica (= echinoderms + chordates) results mainly from dexiothetism-an episode in their ancestry when an animal resembling the... 
UPPER ORDOVICIAN | EVOLUTION | ZOOLOGY | SCOTLAND | ANATOMY & MORPHOLOGY | VERTEBRATES | CZECHOSLOVAKIA | AFFINITIES | ANCESTRY | STEM-GROUP CHORDATE | SOUTH-WALES | CORNUTES
Journal Article
Systematic Biology, ISSN 1063-5157, 3/2015, Volume 64, Issue 2, pp. 256 - 266
The utility of fossils in evolutionary contexts is dependent on their accurate placement in phylogenetic frameworks, yet intrinsic and widespread missing data... 
Missing data | taphonomy | phylogeny | stem-group | soft-bodied | paleontology | DECAY | INCOMPLETE TAXA | CHARACTERS | BRADORIIDA | ANATOMY | EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY | KUNMINGELLA | CHORDATE | VERTEBRATE | MORPHOLOGY | Invertebrates - classification | Animals | Bias | Computer Simulation | Classification - methods | Phylogeny | Invertebrates - anatomy & histology | Fossils | Evolution | Sensitivity analysis | Morphology | Regular
Journal Article
Geological Journal, ISSN 0072-1050, 06/2005, Volume 40, Issue 3, pp. 255 - 280
Gene sequence data now identify a robust phylogeny of deuterostomes and provide a framework within which the evolution of echinoderms can be interpreted. The... 
deuterostomes | calcichordates | chordates | carpoids | echinoderms | hemichordates | phylogeny | Deuterostomes | Chordates | Carpoids | Calcichordates | Phylogeny | Echinoderms | Hemichordates | UPPER ORDOVICIAN | BILATERAL SYMMETRY | SOLUTE | STEM-GROUP CHORDATE | CLADISTIC-ANALYSIS | SOUTH WALES | GEOSCIENCES, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | EVOLUTION | STYLOPHORA | FUNCTIONAL-MORPHOLOGY | CARPOID ECHINODERM
Journal Article
Lethaia, ISSN 0024-1164, 07/2016, Volume 49, Issue 3, pp. 365 - 378
Stylophorans are a Palaeozoic group of non‐pentamerous echinoderms, morphologically well‐adapted to a benthic mode of life on soft sediment seafloors. By... 
strain ellipsoid | snowshoe strategy | Flinn diagram | Palaeozoic | Echinodermata | Stylophora | CORNUTA | MIDDLE ORDOVICIAN | STEM-GROUP CHORDATE | SOUTH-WALES | FRANCE | MITRATE | PALEOECOLOGY | PALEONTOLOGY | ICHNOLOGICAL EVIDENCE | CZECHOSLOVAKIA | AFFINITIES | Corals | Analysis
Journal Article
PALAEOGEOGRAPHY PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY PALAEOECOLOGY, ISSN 0031-0182, 03/2007, Volume 245, Issue 1-2, pp. 156 - 199
Journal Article
Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, ISSN 0024-4082, 1996, Volume 117, Issue 4, pp. 405 - 440
A monotypic new genus, Coleicarpus, is proposed for Castericystis? sprinklei Ubaghs & Robison 1988, the only solute known to be attached when adult.... 
Middle Cambrian | chordates | carpoids | Soluta | Homoiostelea | echinoderms | Chordates | Carpoids | Echinoderms | UPPER ORDOVICIAN | BEHAVIOR | STEM-GROUP CHORDATE | ZOOLOGY | SCOTLAND | BERMUDA | HEMICHORDATA | PTEROBRANCHIA
Journal Article
Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, ISSN 0031-0182, 2003, Volume 195, Issue 1, pp. 73 - 97
Ecology and tempo of the Lower Palaeozoic radiation of echinoderms are discussed in this paper based on comparison of the diversity patterns observed in... 
Palaeoecology | Cambrian | Ordovician | Echinoderms | Laurentia | Gondwana | DOUSHANTUO FORMATION | CORNUTA | echinoderms | SOUTHERN FRANCE | MONTAGNE-NOIRE | BURGESS SHALE | PALEOZOIC EVOLUTIONARY FAUNA | EXTRAXIAL-AXIAL THEORY | STEM-GROUP CHORDATE | palaeoccology | ORIGIN | GEOGRAPHY, PHYSICAL | GEOSCIENCES, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | PALEONTOLOGY | SHROPSHIRE
Journal Article
Palaeontology, ISSN 0031-0239, 05/2003, Volume 46, Issue 3, pp. 511 - 555
The life orientation and mode of life of stylophorans are a subject of much ongoing debate. Examination of the ornamentation occurring both on the arm and... 
Stylophorans | Echinoderms | functional morphology | Functional morphology | CORNUTA | SOUTHERN FRANCE | MONTAGNE-NOIRE | MIDDLE ORDOVICIAN | EXTRAXIAL-AXIAL THEORY | REDESCRIPTION | STEM-GROUP CHORDATE | PALEONTOLOGY | ICHNOLOGICAL EVIDENCE | MITRATE RHENOCYSTIS | CZECHOSLOVAKIA
Journal Article
LETHAIA, ISSN 0024-1164, 12/2009, Volume 42, Issue 4, pp. 424 - 437
Fossil carpoids possess a unique anatomy that is difficult to interpret; as a result, there are a number of competing phylogenetic hypotheses for carpoid taxa.... 
calcichordate | CORNUTES ECHINODERMATA | echinoderm | SOUTHERN FRANCE | BURGESS SHALE | EXTRAXIAL-AXIAL THEORY | Stylophora | stratigraphy | STEM-GROUP CHORDATE | CLADISTIC-ANALYSIS | PALEONTOLOGY | Carpoids | LOWER ORDOVICIAN | STYLOPHORAN ECHINODERMS | phylogeny | DEUTEROSTOME PHYLOGENY | TAEBAEKSAN BASIN | Stratigraphy | Calcichordate | Phylogeny | Echinoderm
Journal Article
Neues Jahrbuch fur Geologie und Palaontologie - Abhandlungen, ISSN 0077-7749, 2006, Volume 241, Issue 3, pp. 405 - 439
Kawasaki & Weiss (2003) describe a gene family (called SCPP) that control Ca-binding extracellular phosphoproteins in enamel, in bone and dentine, in saliva... 
PALEONTOLOGY | PROBLEMATIC ISSUES | CHORDATE PHYLOGENY | JAWED VERTEBRATES | FEEDING MECHANISMS | EVOLUTIONARY ORIGINS | NEURAL CREST | VERTEBRATE HARD TISSUES | PHYLOGENETIC TREES | OZARKODINID CONODONTS | FUNCTIONAL-MODEL
Journal Article
Journal of Paleontology, ISSN 0022-3360, 2007, Volume 81, Issue 4, pp. 779 - 787
Abstract Two specimens of the cornute Phyllocystis crassimarginata Thoral, 1935 from the Lower Ordovician of Southern Montagne Noire (Languedoc, France)... 
Geology | Floian age | Surface areas | Phylogenetics | Evolution | Parsley | Phylogeny | Echinoderms | Paleontology | Latex | BLASTOID PENTREMITES | ORIGIN | PALEONTOLOGY | SAY | SHROPSHIRE | PLACOCYSTITES-FORBESIANUS | STEM-GROUP CHORDATE | CLADISTIC-ANALYSIS | MITRATE | Homology (Biology) | Echinodermata | Identification and classification | Analysis | Studies | Earth Sciences | Sciences of the Universe
Journal Article
ACTA PALAEONTOLOGICA POLONICA, ISSN 0567-7920, 09/2005, Volume 50, Issue 3, pp. 477 - 486
Supertree analysis is a recent exploratory method that involves the simultaneous combination of two or more character-based source trees into a single... 
SOUTHERN FRANCE | MIDDLE ORDOVICIAN | echinodermata | calcichordata | supertree | STEM-GROUP CHORDATE | MATRIX REPRESENTATION | LEVEL SUPERTREE | CLADISTIC-ANALYSIS | MITRATE | ankyroida | PALEONTOLOGY | Palaeozoic | LOWER ORDOVICIAN | cornuta | mitrata | stylophora | Mitrata | Supertree | Echinodermata | Stylophora | Ankyroida | Calcichordata | Cornuta
Journal Article
Evolution & Development, ISSN 1520-541X, 09/1999, Volume 1, Issue 2, pp. 123 - 135
The “calcichordate” theory interprets an extinct group of calcite‐plated invertebrates, the stylophorans, as chordates. In this theory, cornute stylophorans... 
EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY | ECHINODERMS | ORIGIN | LOWER ORDOVICIAN | SOUTHERN FRANCE | GENETICS & HEREDITY | DEVELOPMENTAL BIOLOGY | CZECHOSLOVAKIA | STEM-GROUP CHORDATE | CORNUTES | MITRATE | Invertebrates - classification | Invertebrates - genetics | Animals | Invertebrates - anatomy & histology
Journal Article
Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, ISSN 0567-7920, 11/2003, Volume 48, Issue 4, pp. 559 - 568
The construction of supertrees from smaller, character-based cladograms permits simultaneous inclusion of a large number of taxa in a single analysis,... 
Mitrata | Strict consensus | Echinodermata | Parsimony | Source trees | Stylophora | Cornuta | PHYLOGENY | parsimony | BILATERAL SYMMETRY | SOUTHERN FRANCE | source trees | supertree | STEM-GROUP CHORDATE | MATRIX REPRESENTATION | CORNUTES | CLADISTIC-ANALYSIS | ORIGIN | PALEONTOLOGY | LOWER ORDOVICIAN | MITRATE RHENOCYSTIS | strict consensus
Journal Article