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Journal Article
Neuron (Cambridge, Mass.), ISSN 0896-6273, 1998, Volume 20, Issue 6, pp. 1211 - 1218
The mechanism through which kainate receptors downregulate the release of GABA in the hippocampus is not known. We have found that the action of kainate on the... 
Neurosciences | Neurosciences & Neurology | Life Sciences & Biomedicine | Science & Technology | Tetraethylammonium - pharmacology | Rats, Wistar | Hippocampus - chemistry | gamma-Aminobutyric Acid - metabolism | Receptors, Metabotropic Glutamate - physiology | Type C Phospholipases - metabolism | Phorbol 12,13-Dibutyrate - pharmacology | Calcium - physiology | Carcinogens - pharmacology | Isoquinolines - pharmacology | Cyclic AMP - analogs & derivatives | Protein Kinase C - metabolism | Estrenes - pharmacology | Pyrrolidinones - pharmacology | Hippocampus - enzymology | Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases - antagonists & inhibitors | Tetrodotoxin - pharmacology | Virulence Factors, Bordetella | Membrane Potentials - drug effects | Sodium - pharmacology | Calcium - pharmacology | Kainic Acid - pharmacology | Enzyme Inhibitors - pharmacology | Pertussis Toxin | Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors - pharmacology | Rats | Excitatory Amino Acid Agonists - pharmacology | Thionucleotides - pharmacology | Enzyme Activation - drug effects | Cyclic AMP - pharmacology | Receptors, Kainic Acid - metabolism | Animals | Sulfonamides | alpha-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic Acid - pharmacology | Second Messenger Systems - physiology | GTP-Binding Protein alpha Subunits, Gi-Go - metabolism | Staurosporine - pharmacology | Phorbol esters | GABA | Protein kinases | calcium (extracellular) | kainic acid | Index Medicus
Journal Article
Journal Article
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences - PNAS, ISSN 0027-8424, 2/2000, Volume 97, Issue 3, pp. 1293 - 1298
Consistent with the epileptogenic and deleterious effects of the potent neurotoxin kainate, the activation of kainate receptors reduces the synaptic inhibition... 
Depolarization | Kainic acid receptors | Brain | Biological Sciences | Receptors | Neuroscience | Interneurons | Low concentrations | Neurons | Pyramidal cells | Agonists | Science & Technology - Other Topics | Multidisciplinary Sciences | Science & Technology | Propionates - pharmacology | Lidocaine - pharmacology | Receptors, Kainic Acid - classification | Rats, Wistar | Receptors, Presynaptic - physiology | gamma-Aminobutyric Acid - metabolism | 2-Amino-5-phosphonovalerate - pharmacology | Maleimides - pharmacology | Receptors, Kainic Acid - agonists | Virulence Factors, Bordetella - pharmacology | Nerve Tissue Proteins - classification | Pyramidal Cells - physiology | Indoles - pharmacology | Receptors, Presynaptic - classification | Pyramidal Cells - drug effects | Action Potentials - drug effects | Glutamic Acid - drug effects | Nerve Tissue Proteins - physiology | Benzodiazepines - pharmacology | Protein Kinase C - physiology | Glutamic Acid - pharmacology | Signal Transduction | Kainic Acid - pharmacology | Enzyme Inhibitors - pharmacology | Rats | Excitatory Amino Acid Agonists - pharmacology | Excitatory Amino Acid Antagonists - pharmacology | Protein Kinase C - antagonists & inhibitors | Bicuculline - pharmacology | Hippocampus - cytology | Naphthalenes - pharmacology | Isoxazoles - pharmacology | Lidocaine - analogs & derivatives | Patch-Clamp Techniques | Animals | Interneurons - metabolism | alpha-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic Acid - pharmacology | Receptors, Kainic Acid - physiology | Staurosporine - pharmacology | Amino acids | Research | Glutamate | Analysis | Cells | Neurotoxic agents | Index Medicus
Journal Article
Clinical and experimental pharmacology & physiology, ISSN 0305-1870, 01/2008, Volume 35, Issue 1, pp. 97 - 102
SUMMARY 1 The aims of the present study were to determine whether δ‐opioid receptor stimulation enhanced proliferation of and to investigate the role of the... 
extracellular signal‐regulated kinase | myocardial cells | δ‐opioid receptor | proliferation | DNA | protein kinase A | protein kinase C | Protein kinase A | Protein kinase C | Myocardial cells | Extracellular signal-regulated kinase | δ-opioid receptor | Proliferation | Pharmacology & Pharmacy | Physiology | Life Sciences & Biomedicine | Science & Technology | Naltrexone - analogs & derivatives | Receptors, Opioid, delta - metabolism | Phosphorylation | Nitriles - pharmacology | Analgesics, Opioid - pharmacology | Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases - antagonists & inhibitors | Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases - metabolism | Dose-Response Relationship, Drug | Myocytes, Cardiac - enzymology | Naltrexone - pharmacology | Cyclic AMP - analogs & derivatives | Time Factors | Protein Kinase C - metabolism | Enkephalin, Leucine-2-Alanine - pharmacology | Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases - antagonists & inhibitors | Animals, Newborn | Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases - metabolism | Butadienes - pharmacology | Cells, Cultured | Rats | Protein Kinase C - antagonists & inhibitors | Thionucleotides - pharmacology | Rats, Sprague-Dawley | Cyclic AMP - pharmacology | Animals | Myocytes, Cardiac - drug effects | Signal Transduction - drug effects | Narcotic Antagonists - pharmacology | Myocytes, Cardiac - metabolism | Cell Proliferation - drug effects | Heart Ventricles - metabolism | Protein Kinase Inhibitors - pharmacology | Receptors, Opioid, delta - agonists | Cytoskeleton - drug effects | Staurosporine - pharmacology | Heart Ventricles - drug effects | Heart Ventricles, drug effects | Myocytes, Cardiac, drug effects | Thionucleotides, pharmacology | Signal Transduction, drug effects | Cell Proliferation, drug effects | Myocytes, Cardiac, enzymology | Heart Ventricles, metabolism | Receptors, Opioid, delta, metabolism | Analgesics, Opioid, pharmacology | Naltrexone, pharmacology | Naltrexone, analogs and derivatives | Cyclic AMP, analogs and derivatives | Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases, antagonists and inhibitors | Protein Kinase C, metabolism | Cyclic AMP, pharmacology | Myocytes, Cardiac, metabolism | Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases, metabolism | Butadienes, pharmacology | Protein Kinase Inhibitors, pharmacology | Staurosporine, pharmacology | Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases, antagonists and inhibitors | Nitriles, pharmacology | Protein Kinase C, antagonists and inhibitors | Receptors, Opioid, delta, agonists | Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases, metabolism | Cytoskeleton, drug effects | Enkephalin, Leucine-2-Alanine, pharmacology | Narcotic Antagonists, pharmacology | Index Medicus
Journal Article
AJP - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology, ISSN 1040-0605, 02/2006, Volume 290, Issue 2, pp. L284 - L290
Journal Article
Free radical biology & medicine, ISSN 0891-5849, 2003, Volume 35, Issue 11, pp. 1500 - 1514
Journal Article
Bioscience reports, ISSN 0144-8463, 4/2003, Volume 23, Issue 2, pp. 103 - 117
Mitochondria are known to participate in the initiation of programmed cell death (PCD) in animals and in plants. The role of chloroplasts in PCD is still... 
Biochemistry, general | Animal Biochemistry | plastoquinone | mitochondria | apoptosis | chloroplasts | respiration | Pisum | Life Sciences | reactive oxygen species | cytochrome b 6 f complex | Photosynthesis | Plant Sciences | Animal Anatomy / Morphology / Histology | Mitochondria | Reactive oxygen species | Cytochrome b | Chloroplasts | Plastoquinone | f complex | Respiration | Apoptosis | Biochemistry & Molecular Biology | Life Sciences & Biomedicine | Science & Technology | Cell Biology | Darkness | Methacrylates | Reactive Oxygen Species - metabolism | Uncoupling Agents - pharmacology | Trinitrobenzenes - pharmacology | Apoptosis - drug effects | 2,6-Dichloroindophenol - pharmacology | Ubiquinone - metabolism | Plastoquinone - metabolism | Peas - cytology | Oxygen Consumption - physiology | Antimycin A - pharmacology | Diuron - pharmacology | Carbonyl Cyanide m-Chlorophenyl Hydrazone - pharmacology | Deoxyglucose - pharmacology | Light | Photosynthesis - physiology | Rotenone - pharmacology | Chloroplasts - physiology | Plant Epidermis - cytology | Chloroplasts - drug effects | Paraquat - pharmacology | Plant Epidermis - radiation effects | Pyruvic Acid - pharmacology | Serine Proteinase Inhibitors - pharmacology | Anaerobiosis - physiology | Peas - physiology | Polyenes - pharmacology | Hydrogen Peroxide - pharmacology | Peas - drug effects | Antioxidants - pharmacology | Plant Epidermis - drug effects | Tetramethylphenylenediamine - pharmacology | Reducing Agents - pharmacology | Benzoquinones - pharmacology | Vitamin K 3 - pharmacology | Models, Biological | Oxygen Consumption - drug effects | Photosynthesis - drug effects | Cysteine Proteinase Inhibitors - pharmacology | Phenylenediamines - pharmacology | Thiazoles - pharmacology | Apoptosis - physiology | Cell Nucleus - drug effects | Mitochondria - physiology | Aerobiosis - physiology | Sodium Cyanide - pharmacology | Staurosporine - pharmacology | Index Medicus
Journal Article
Journal Article
Journal of Neuroscience, ISSN 0270-6474, 01/1997, Volume 17, Issue 2, pp. 796 - 803
Opioid receptors located on interneurons in the ventral tegmental area (VTA) inhibit GABA(A)-mediated synaptic transmission to dopamine projection neurons. The... 
A-kinase | GABA(A) | ventral tegmental area | cAMP | dopamine | tolerance | Neurosciences | Neurosciences & Neurology | Life Sciences & Biomedicine | Science & Technology | Interneurons - physiology | Tegmentum Mesencephali - physiopathology | Adenylyl Cyclases - physiology | 2-Amino-5-phosphonovalerate - pharmacology | Phorbol 12,13-Dibutyrate - pharmacology | Morphine - toxicity | Serotonin - pharmacology | Adenylyl Cyclase Inhibitors | Cyclic AMP - physiology | Tegmentum Mesencephali - drug effects | Cyclic AMP - analogs & derivatives | Dopamine - physiology | 6-Cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione - pharmacology | Organophosphorus Compounds - pharmacology | gamma-Aminobutyric Acid - secretion | Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases - antagonists & inhibitors | Action Potentials - drug effects | Nerve Tissue Proteins - antagonists & inhibitors | Nerve Tissue Proteins - physiology | Guinea Pigs | Colforsin - pharmacology | Enzyme Inhibitors - pharmacology | Interneurons - drug effects | Excitatory Amino Acid Antagonists - pharmacology | Strychnine - pharmacology | Thionucleotides - pharmacology | Enzyme Activation - drug effects | GABA Antagonists - pharmacology | Cyclic AMP - pharmacology | Cyclic AMP-Dependent Protein Kinases - physiology | Patch-Clamp Techniques | Animals | Signal Transduction - drug effects | Dopamine Antagonists - pharmacology | Picrotoxin - pharmacology | Receptors, GABA-A - physiology | Substance Withdrawal Syndrome - physiopathology | Salicylamides - pharmacology | Staurosporine - pharmacology | Index Medicus
Journal Article
Journal of Neuroscience, ISSN 0270-6474, 02/2010, Volume 30, Issue 7, pp. 2623 - 2635
Synaptic activity promotes resistance to diverse apoptotic insults, the mechanism behind which is incompletely unders