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Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, 06/2018, Volume 220, pp. 605 - 615
•Energy and exergy analysis show the efficient operational conditions of a cold TES.•The Richardson number shows the turbulence effect of on the stratification... 
District cooling | Cold TES | Thermal energy storage | District energy | Exergy analysis | Stratified TES | Turbulence | Energy efficiency | Heat storage | Analysis | Force and energy
Journal Article
Energy and Buildings, ISSN 0378-7788, 02/2018, Volume 160, p. 10
Stratified water storage (SWS) is of high energy efficiency, but of low energy density as it relies on the sensible heat of water. Latent heat thermal energy... 
Metal foams | Latent heat | Sensible heat | Stratified water | Energy use | Computational fluid dynamics | Storage ratio | Enthalpy | Storage systems | Fluid flow | Thermal energy | Optimization | Studies | Phase change materials | Water storage | Numerical analysis | Storage | Flux density | Storage capacity | Thermal conductivity | Energy efficiency | Heat transfer | Energy storage | System effectiveness
Journal Article
Applied Thermal Engineering, ISSN 1359-4311, 05/2016, Volume 100, pp. 668 - 679
•A 1-D transient stratified water thermal storage tank model with 10 nodes is created.•Node-mixing methods efficiently predict temperature profiles given inlet... 
Computational heat transfer | Thermal energy storage | Energy systems modeling | Distributed generation | Stratified water tank | MECHANICS | ENERGY STORAGE | THERMODYNAMICS | EMISSIONS | ENERGY & FUELS | SIMULATION | ENGINEERING, MECHANICAL | Fluids | Computational fluid dynamics | Computer simulation | Tanks | Water tanks | Mathematical models | Storage tanks | Heat exchangers
Journal Article
Energy & Buildings, ISSN 0378-7788, 12/2014, Volume 84, pp. 233 - 240
Journal Article
Solar Energy, ISSN 0038-092X, 09/2015, Volume 119, pp. 122 - 133
•We studied the impact of heat emission temperature on seasonal storage efficiency.•We modeled different sizes of storage and solar collector with various heat... 
Heat pump | Stratified storage tank | Low-temperature heat emission | Seasonal thermal energy storage | SYSTEM | TECHNOLOGIES | ENERGY & FUELS | PERFORMANCE | ENERGY-STORAGE | OPTIMIZATION
Journal Article
Renewable Energy, ISSN 0960-1481, 2008, Volume 33, Issue 10, pp. 2236 - 2245
This study is to systematically analyze the effect of various kinds of design factors on the stratification performance of a rectangular storage tank. Special... 
Diffuser configuration | Performance | Stratified thermal storage | performance | ENERGY STORAGE | ENERGY & FUELS | CONVECTION | diffuser configuration | SINGLE-PIPE DIFFUSERS | stratified thermal storage | MODEL
Journal Article
Energy Conversion and Management, ISSN 0196-8904, 06/2018, Volume 166, p. 500
Renewable energy (RE) penetration growth without energy storage system (ESS) is restricted due to its poor dispatchability. Compressed air energy storage... 
Bulk density | Uncertainty | Stratified water | Compression | Sensitivity analysis | Carbon dioxide | Parameter identification | Density | Thermal energy | Wind energy | Storage | Simulation | Energy | Flux density | Renewable energy | Compressed air | Wind power generation | Stochastic models | Stochasticity | Wind turbines | Wind power | Carbon capture and storage | Turbines | Energy storage
Journal Article
Energy Procedia, ISSN 1876-6102, 05/2015, Volume 69, pp. 822 - 831
In the past years, an innovative thermal energy storage system at high temperature (up to 550̊C) for CSP plants was proposed by ENEA and Ansaldo Nucleare: a... 
molten salt mixture | Thermal energy storage system | stratified mixture | thermal stratification | integrated steam generator
Journal Article
Energy Conversion and Management, ISSN 0196-8904, 2011, Volume 52, Issue 8, pp. 3018 - 3026
► Three different modelling approaches for simulation of hot water tanks are presented. ► The three models are simulated within a residential cogeneration... 
Stratified thermal storage | Feasibility | Cogeneration | Simulation | Advanced exergetic analysis | MARKET | ENERGY & FUELS | PHYSICS, NUCLEAR | MECHANICS | THERMODYNAMICS | POWER-PLANTS | THERMAL STRATIFICATION | COMBINED HEAT | Cogeneration power plants | Analysis | Models | Computer simulation | Feasibility studies | Mathematical models | Modelling | Storage tanks | Exergy | Hot water
Journal Article
Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, 01/2012, Volume 89, Issue 1, pp. 401 - 412
► We study the amount of energy available in a water storage tank with open side inlets. ► We experimentally investigate thermal mixing caused by the inflow. ►... 
Stratified | Jets | Load management | Thermal storage | Solar energy | DESIGN | ENERGY & FUELS | MANTLE HEAT-EXCHANGERS | PERFORMANCE | FLOW | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | SYSTEMS | STRATIFICATION | Analysis | Correlation | Tanks | Water tanks | Outflow | Side inlets | Storage tanks | Inflow | Arrays
Journal Article
AIP Conference Proceedings, ISSN 0094-243X, 06/2016, Volume 1737, Issue 1
Stratified TES tank is normally used in the cogeneration plant. The stratified TES tanks are simple, low cost, and equal or superior in thermal performance.... 
finite difference | stratified thermal energy storage tank | simulation model | Temperature distribution | Charging | Energy use | Computer simulation | Cogeneration | Peak load | Gas turbine engines | Conduction cooling | Heat loss | S curves | Thermal energy | Heat | Energy utilization | Absorption | Simulation | Mathematical analysis | Warm water | Storage tanks | Finite difference method | Energy storage
Journal Article
Solar Energy, ISSN 0038-092X, 10/2016, Volume 136, pp. 487 - 498
•Charging SSTES performances are assessed with the normalized exergy efficiency η‾x.•η‾x compares SSTES with perfectly stratified and fully mixed stores based... 
Normalized exergy efficiency | Stratified thermal storage | Exergy performance analysis | CFD analysis | WATER STORAGE TANKS | ENERGY | MODELS | ENERGY & FUELS | SYSTEMS | HOT-WATER | FLOW | GEOMETRY
Journal Article
Solar Energy, ISSN 0038-092X, 05/2012, Volume 86, Issue 5, pp. 1378 - 1395
Journal Article
Energy & Buildings, ISSN 0378-7788, 09/2016, Volume 127, pp. 512 - 520
•Heat transfer performance of the MPCM slurry in a coil in tank system was measured.•Two indices were proposed for the evaluation of the MPCM slurry... 
Stratified water storage tank | Charging rate | Overall heat transfer coefficient | MPCM slurry | Helical coil | volumetric thermal storage capacity | THERMAL-ENERGY STORAGE | HEAT-TRANSFER | ENERGY & FUELS | ADDITIVES | CIRCULAR TUBE | FLOW | ENGINEERING, CIVIL | CONSTRUCTION & BUILDING TECHNOLOGY | MICROENCAPSULATED PCM SLURRY |