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Journal Article
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, ISSN 1364-0321, 10/2018, Volume 94, pp. 1044 - 1056
Journal Article
Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, ISSN 0926-3373, 07/2019, Volume 249, pp. 155 - 162
Journal Article
Applied Catalysis A, General, ISSN 0926-860X, 2005, Volume 294, Issue 1, pp. 68 - 79
In the present paper olivine is considered as a prospective in-bed tar removal catalyst for fluidized bed biomass gasifiers. The catalytic activity of olivine... 
Tar removal | Olivine | Calcination | Biomass | Catalyst characterization | ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES | biomass | DOLOMITE | calcination | catalyst characterization | tar removal | GASIFICATION | CHEMISTRY, PHYSICAL | FLUIDIZED-BED | AIR | olivine | Hydrocarbons | Analysis
Journal Article
Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, 03/2017, Volume 190, pp. 501 - 509
[Display omitted] •Tyre char is used as catalyst and syngas source in pyrolysis-reforming of biomass.•Metals in tyre char catalyse tar decomposition.•Increased... 
Tar removal | Pyrolysis | Biomass gasification | Waste tyre | Syngas | BED REACTOR INFLUENCE | DRIED SEWAGE-SLUDGE | ENERGY & FUELS | BROWN-COAL | STEAM GASIFICATION | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | INTEGRATED PROCESS | ACTIVATED CARBON | GAS-PRODUCTION | FLUIDIZED-BED | 2-STAGE GASIFIER | CATALYSTS | Hydrogen | Biomass energy
Journal Article
Electrochimica Acta, ISSN 0013-4686, 12/2012, Volume 86, pp. 142 - 147
An in situ electro-osmosis experiment was set up in a tar contaminated clay soil in Olst, the Netherlands, at the site of a former asphalt factory. The main... 
Electro-osmosis | In-situ remediation | Tar contaminated site | PAH | ELECTROCHEMISTRY | PAN | REMEDIATION | Universities and colleges | Surface active agents | Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons | Analysis
Journal Article
Environmental Progress & Sustainable Energy, ISSN 1944-7442, 10/2009, Volume 28, Issue 3, pp. 324 - 335
The Energy research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) and Dahlman Industrial Group have developed a flexible tar removal process. This oil‐based gas washing... 
dioxins | gasification | gas cleaning | tar removal | Tar removal | Dioxins | Gas cleaning | Gasification | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES | ENGINEERING, ENVIRONMENTAL
Journal Article
Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, 2010, Volume 89, Issue 8, pp. 1784 - 1795
Biomass gasification produces a low to medium-BTU product gas (or syngas) containing primarily CO , H , CO, CH and (C + C ), as well as some contaminants such... 
Hot-gas cleanup | Ammonia | Biomass gasification | Catalysts | Tar | AIR GASIFICATION | ENERGY & FUELS | NITROGEN-COMPOUNDS | HIGH-TEMPERATURE | STEAM GASIFICATION | FUEL GAS | METALLIC IRON | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | AMMONIA DECOMPOSITION | ACTIVATED CARBON | COX-FREE HYDROGEN | FLUIDIZED-BED
Journal Article
Catalysis Today, ISSN 0920-5861, 2011, Volume 175, Issue 1, pp. 442 - 449
[Display omitted] ► Biomass can be converted through gasification to CO/H 2. ► Tar is formed as an undesired side product. ► A promising method for the tar... 
Tar removal | Mo/V/W mixed-oxides | Renewable energy sources | Biomass gasification | Catalytic oxidation | OXIDATION | ACROLEIN | CHEMISTRY, PHYSICAL | MIXED-OXIDE CATALYSTS | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | ACRYLIC-ACID | TUNGSTEN | CHEMISTRY, APPLIED | Biomass energy
Journal Article
Renewable Energy, ISSN 0960-1481, 06/2014, Volume 66, pp. 346 - 353
Challenges in removal of contaminants, especially tars, from biomass-generated producer gas continue to hinder commercialization efforts in biomass... 
Biomass gasification | Tar | Biochar | Activated carbon | Toluene | ENERGY & FUELS | STEAM | DECOMPOSITION | ADSORPTION | FLUIDIZED-BED GASIFICATION | DOLOMITE | ACTIVATED CARBONS | TEMPERATURE | BIO-OIL | TECHNOLOGY | OLIVINE | Carbon monoxide | Catalysts | Biomass energy | Analysis | Reactors | Producer gas | Gasification | Biomass | Catalysis
Journal Article
Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, 2010, Volume 87, Issue 7, pp. 2203 - 2211
Journal Article
Chemical Engineering Journal, ISSN 1385-8947, 05/2016, Volume 291, pp. 244 - 253
•Naphthalene was utilized as the reference tar compound.•Adsorption tests were carried out at 750–900°C with three activated carbons.•The effects of... 
Syngas cleaning | Gasification | Waste-to-energy | Tar | Adsorption | Biomass-to-energy | AIR GASIFICATION | TO-ENERGY | SOLID-WASTE | TAR ELIMINATION | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | ENGINEERING, ENVIRONMENTAL | PRODUCER GAS | MIXED PLASTIC WASTE | BIOMASS GASIFICATION | SURFACE-CHEMISTRY | OLIVINE | Hydrogen | Analysis | Filtration | Naphthalene | Activated carbon | Surface chemistry | Electronics | Biomass | Energy management
Journal Article
Catalysis Communications, ISSN 1566-7367, 11/2015, Volume 71, pp. 79 - 83
The tendency towards coke formation on nickel catalysts supported on hexaaluminates of barium, lanthanum and lanthanum/cerium was evaluated by two different... 
Nickel | Steam reforming | Coking resistance | Tar | Hexaaluminate | HYDROCARBONS | CO2 | CARBON FORMATION | STEAM | CHEMISTRY, PHYSICAL | NICKEL-CATALYSTS | METHANE | NI/AL2O3 CATALYSTS | GASIFICATION | PARTIAL OXIDATION | Catalysts | Dehydrogenation | Hydrogenation | Analysis | Toluene | Cyclohexane
Journal Article
Applied Energy, ISSN 0306-2619, 05/2016, Volume 170, pp. 186 - 192
•Primary tar removal methods were developed for biomass gasification.•Utilization of byproducts for tar removal was investigated.•The bio-oil scrubber and the... 
Tar removal | Char bed filter | Biomass gasification | Bio-oil scrubber | Secondary methods | BENZENE | ENERGY & FUELS | PERFORMANCE | CATALYST | ADSORPTION | AIR-STEAM GASIFICATION | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | REDUCTION | GAS | PYROLYSIS | ABSORPTIVE REMOVAL | OLIVINE | Air pollution control equipment | Biomass energy | Porosity | Activated carbon | Scrubbers | Byproducts | Gasification | Combustion | Adsorbents | Technology utilization
Journal Article
Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, ISSN 0926-3373, 02/2013, Volume 130-131, pp. 168 - 177
[Display omitted] ► Olivine, a tar-removal catalyst in bio-mass gasification, was investigated. ► It is better seen as a supported Fe/FeOx-catalyst than a... 
Olivine | Catalyst stability | Gasification | Biomass | Tar | OXIDATION | BEHAVIOR | STABILITY | DECOMPOSITION | CHEMISTRY, PHYSICAL | IRON | STEAM GASIFICATION | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | REDUCTION | ENGINEERING, ENVIRONMENTAL | XPS SPECTRA | GAS | Biomass energy
Journal Article