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Small Ruminant Research, ISSN 0921-4488, 03/2018, Volume 160, pp. 72 - 80
....•Their efficient scrotal thermoregulation favored testicular thermal gradient.•The rams maintained testicular integrity and high semen quality throughout the year... 
Thermal comfort | Ovis aries | Sperm | Tropical climate | Adaptability | AGRICULTURE, DAIRY & ANIMAL SCIENCE | LAMBS | INFRARED THERMOGRAPHY | TOLERANCE | BULLS | CLASSIFICATION | BRAZIL | HEAT-STRESS | RUMINANTS | TESTICULAR TEMPERATURE | SYSTEMS
Journal Article
Theriogenology, ISSN 0093-691X, 04/2020, Volume 147, pp. 166 - 175
Increased testicular temperature reduces percentages of morphologically normal and motile sperm and fertility. Specific sperm defects appear at consistent... 
Increased testicular temperature | Testes | Bull | Scrotal/testicular thermoregulation | Ram | OXYGEN DELIVERY | SCROTAL INSULATION | BODY-TEMPERATURE | SEMEN QUALITY | HEAT-STRESS RESPONSE | MUSCLE BLOOD-FLOW | SPERM PRODUCTION | REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY | VASCULAR CONE | BOS-TAURUS BULLS | VETERINARY SCIENCES | METABOLIC-RATE
Journal Article
Journal Article
ACTA SCIENTIAE VETERINARIAE, ISSN 1678-0345, 11/2019, Volume 47, Issue 1
Background: The mechanisms of testicular thermoregulation may influence the blood flow provided by the testicular artery, where the proper blood supply to the testicle is crucial for promotingspermatogenesis... 
infrared thermography | HUMIDITY | Braford bulls | SEMEN QUALITY | ENVIRONMENTAL-FACTORS | SPERM PRODUCTION | THERMOREGULATION | testicular shape | BOS-TAURUS BULLS | INDICUS | testicular thermoregulation | INSULATION | VETERINARY SCIENCES | NELLORE BULLS | MORPHOLOGY
Journal Article
Veterinarni Medicina, ISSN 0375-8427, 2017, Volume 62, Issue 8, pp. 437 - 442
The mammalian testis typically operates on the brink of hypoxia; the long-standing dogma is that increased testicular temperature increases metabolism, but... 
Semen quality | Testicular hypoxia | Scrotal/testicular thermoregulation | Ram | Scrotal insulation | scrotal insulation | testicular hypoxia | SPERMATOGENESIS | OXIDATIVE STRESS | VASOMOTION | VIABILITY | semen quality | HEAT-STRESS | TEMPERATURE | BOS-TAURUS BULLS | INDICUS | VETERINARY SCIENCES | scrotal/testicular thermoregulation | EXPOSURE | ram
Journal Article
Journal of Dairy Science, ISSN 0022-0302, 04/2018, Volume 101, Issue 4, pp. 3447 - 3459
Journal Article
Semina. Ciências agrárias : revista cultural e científica da Universidade Estadual de Londrina, ISSN 1679-0359, 2020, Volume 41, Issue 1, pp. 131 - 143
.... Bulls of zebu origin adapt better to high temperatures than bulls of taurine origin, which may influence scrotum temperature and seminal quality due to the imbalance of testicular thermoregulation... 
Infrared thermography | Semen freezing | TESTOSTERONE | Testicular thermoregulation | HYPOXIA | SEMEN QUALITY | HEAT-STRESS | BOS-TAURUS BULLS | INDICUS | COWS | AGRICULTURE, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | Bovine bulls | BODY | MORPHOLOGY
Journal Article
09/2014, ISBN 9781118470831, 4
... flow to the testis remains constant, resulting in frank hypoxia. Infrared thermograms of the scrotum of bulls with apparently normal scrotal thermoregulation were symmetrical... 
hypoxia | infrared thermograms | testicular temperature | testes | sperm morphology | scrotal skin | bull | thermoregulation | Infrared thermograms | Scrotal skin | Thermoregulation | Hypoxia | Bull | Testes | Sperm morphology | Testicular temperature
Book Chapter
International Journal of Biometeorology, ISSN 0020-7128, 3/2015, Volume 59, Issue 3, pp. 357 - 364
Journal Article
Theriogenology, ISSN 0093-691X, 03/2020, Volume 145, pp. 94 - 99
Bull testes must be 4–5 °C below body temperature, with testicular warming more likely to cause poor-quality sperm in Bos taurus (European/British) versus Bos... 
Tissue perfusion | Heat stress | Tissue oxygenation | Testicular thermoregulation | CATTLE | SEMEN QUALITY | HEAT | THERMOREGULATION | RESPONSES | REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY | TESTIS | VETERINARY SCIENCES | STRESS | MORPHOLOGY
Journal Article
INDIAN JOURNAL OF ANIMAL RESEARCH, ISSN 0367-6722, 11/2019, Volume 53, Issue 11, pp. 1420 - 1424
The present investigation was carried out to study the effect of testicular covering thickness, scrotal circumference and scrotal surface temperature gradient... 
AGRICULTURE, DAIRY & ANIMAL SCIENCE | Testicular covering thickness | INDICUS | Bulls | SEMINAL QUALITY | INSULATION | Semen quality | Scrotal surface temperature | TRAITS | Scrotal circumference
Journal Article
Theriogenology, ISSN 0093-691X, 2018, Volume 116, pp. 12 - 16
Two experiments were done in bulls to determine: total testicular blood flow, testis oxygenation and heat, and effects of ambient temperature on testicular... 
Testis | Bulls | Increased testicular temperature | Scrotal/testicular thermoregulation | Blood flow | SCROTAL SURFACE | TESTES | THERMOREGULATION | REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY | RAMS | BOS-INDICUS | VETERINARY SCIENCES | MORPHOLOGY
Journal Article
Theriogenology, ISSN 0093-691X, 08/2020, Volume 152, pp. 64 - 68
Increased testicular temperature reduces sperm motility, morphology and fertility. Our objectives were to characterize effects of testicular hyperthermia... 
BCL2 | GPX1 | HSP70 | Testicular hyperthermia | STAR | Scrotal/testicular thermoregulation | SCROTAL HEAT-STRESS | SPERMATOGENESIS | CATTLE | SEMEN QUALITY | SHOCK | THERMOREGULATION | REPRODUCTIVE BIOLOGY | BOS-TAURUS BULLS | INDICUS | DIFFERENT SEASONS | VETERINARY SCIENCES | MORPHOLOGY
Journal Article