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2012, Urban development series, ISBN 0821389629, xvi, 256
The rapid and oft en unplanned expansion of cities is exposing more people and economic assets to the risk of disasters and the effects of climate change. For... 
Urban ecology (Sociology) | Environmental risk assessment | Urban policy | Risk assessment | Environmental aspects | Climatic changes | City planning | Social aspects | Natural disasters | bank lending | Vulnerable Group | price trends | budget deficit | Credit Source | mutual fund | agricultural products | migrant labor | budgetary allocation | output | tea | banking system | basis points | pledges | microfinance institutions | Credit Growth | remittance | savings | stock trading | infrastructure projects | Foreign exchange | oil prices | overdraft loans | repayment | money transfer | consumption expenditures | business associations | interest rates | merchant | dates | reserves | Foreign exchange reserves | foreign investors | exposure | expenditures | consumer prices | retail trade | phone network | commodity | interest rate | Microcredit | Transparency | Corruption | domestic market | stock price | foreign exchange market | repo | Refugee | growth rate | stock market volatility | retail | Union | Economic Developments | Fair Price | demand for food | local market | infrastructure project | Investment Climate | wheat | public stock | exchange rate | Stock Exchange | broad money | growth rates | inflationary pressures | Fair | food resources | public investment | agricultural sector | Monetary Policy | households | economic crisis | current account balance | nonperforming loans | hypothecations | public stocks | Private Sector Credit | Reserve Requirement | macroeconomic policy | Cash Reserve | food price | Bank Policy | Price Increase | repo rates | expenditure | financial institutions | Infrastructure Finance | insurance | microfinance | policy responses | liquidity | remittances | Tax | accounting | sales | Public Debt | repayment period | frozen food | interest rate cap | commodity prices | Regulatory Authority | Grain Production | beneficiaries | formal banking | advanced economies | fiscal deficit | repo rate | rates of interest | Consumer Price Index | stock market | commercial banks | Consumer Price | current account surplus | public-private partnerships | food subsidy | open market | intermediate goods | mobile phone | regulator | food prices | public-private partnership | sugar | income | international markets | global economy | loan | inflation index | overdraft | economic performance | sovereign debt | Food for Work | food grains | regulators | stocks | telecommunications | Inflation | balance of payments | policy response | export credits | export growth | reserve | financial account | food distribution | food imports | Price Increases | consumption expenditure | village | stock index | migrant workers | money growth | urban areas | private investment | good faith | food subsidies | developing countries | current account | food security | developing economies | issuance | storage capacity | banking sector
Book
2011, World Bank Studies, ISBN 0821387812, xii, 61
Examining innovative ways to address Africa?s infrastructure deficit is at the heart of this analysis. Africa?s infrastructure stock and quality is among the... 
INVESTMENT FUND | SECURITY STRUCTURES | REGULATORY BARRIERS | WITHDRAWAL OF FUNDS | MATURITIES | NATIONAL INVESTMENT | PRIVATE INVESTORS | ISSUANCE | FOREIGN CURRENCY | SHORT-TERM DEPOSITS | LOCAL MARKET | PRIVATE CREDIT | TRANSITION ECONOMIES | LIABILITY | BONDS | CENTRAL BANK | CREDIT ENHANCEMENT | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | PENSION FUND INVESTMENTS | INVESTING | INVESTMENT CORPORATION | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | BALANCE SHEET | CASH FLOWS | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT | LIFE INSURANCE COMPANIES | STOCK EXCHANGES | INFRASTRUCTURE BOND | BOURSE | LONG-TERM DEBT | POLITICAL RISKS | ISSUANCE OF BONDS | LOCAL CURRENCY | LIFE INSURANCE POLICIES | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | BANK CREDIT | LENDING LIMIT | INVESTMENT GUIDELINES | PENSION FUND INVESTMENT | CREDIT AGENCY | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL STATISTICS | RISK MANAGEMENT | CORPORATE BOND | ASSET-LIABILITY MISMATCH | STOCKS | BANK LENDING | GOVERNMENT GRANTS | SOVEREIGN LENDING | GOVERNMENT BOND MARKET | INTERNATIONAL BANK | INVESTMENT BANK | FINANCING REQUIREMENTS | COMPETITIVE BIDDING | CREDIT RATING | PENSION FUND | INSURANCE POLICIES | MORAL HAZARD | LONG-TERM YIELDS | ALTERNATIVE INVESTMENTS | FINANCIAL RISKS | ILLIQUIDITY | SOVEREIGN RATING | CREDIT LINES | BOND ISSUANCES | ASSET CLASSES | GOVERNMENT BONDS | PRIVATE FINANCE | RESERVE BANK | MEZZANINE DEBT | PUBLIC INVESTMENT | PENSION FUNDS | LOCAL DEBT | CAPITAL MOVEMENTS | INVESTMENT ASSET | INVESTMENT REGULATIONS | INFRASTRUCTURE BONDS | RESERVE | BOND ISSUANCE | DIRECT INVESTMENT | EQUITY FUNDS | DEVELOPMENT BANK | MONEY MARKET | DIRECT INVESTMENTS | ENABLING ENVIRONMENT | POTENTIAL INVESTOR | GOVERNMENT SUPPORT | INSURANCE | MATURITY | LONG-TERM INVESTMENT | BORROWER | CENTRAL BANKS | PRIVATE FINANCING | LONG-TERM DEBT MARKET | RETURN | DEPOSIT MONEY BANKS | LOAN | INSURANCE MARKET | EXPENDITURES | PRIVATE PARTIES | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | INSURANCE INDUSTRY | BOND | PENSIONS | BOND MARKETS | CURRENCY | FOREIGN FINANCING | PENSION SYSTEMS | MORTGAGE | STOCK EXCHANGE | GOVERNMENT BOND | FUND MANAGERS | COUPON | FIXED INTEREST RATE | MONEY MARKET INSTRUMENTS | PARTIAL RISK | FIXED INCOME | FOREIGN BANKS | MARKET FAILURES | YIELD CURVE | MARKET MAKER | IMMOVABLE PROPERTY | DEPOSIT | LONG TERM DEBT | PENSION | DEBT FINANCING | GUARANTEE FUND | CAPITAL INVESTMENT | LONG-TERM COST | FIXED INTEREST | CREDIT RISK | BOND RATING | TOTAL DEBT | COUPON RATE | BANK LOANS | INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCE | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | DUE DILIGENCE | RISK SHARING | BOND HOLDERS | RISK PREMIUMS | LONG-TERM FINANCE | RISK PROFILE | LOCAL MARKETS | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | INFRASTRUCTURE FINANCING | PENSION ASSETS | TRANSACTION | INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT | SECONDARY BOND MARKETS | CAPITAL MARKET | TRANSFER RISKS | RISK DIVERSIFICATION | GRACE PERIODS | BALANCE SHEETS | SECURITIES | RETURNS | GOVERNMENT BUDGET | FINANCIAL CRISIS | GROUP BORROWER | MUNICIPAL BONDS | PUBLIC FUNDS | MUTUAL FUNDS | CORPORATE BONDS | LONG-TERM LOANS | ASSET MANAGEMENT | INFLATION | EQUITY MARKETS | ALTERNATIVE ASSET | GOVERNMENT SECURITIES | WITHDRAWAL | INSURANCE CORPORATION | POLITICAL RISK | COUNTRY RISK | COMMERCIAL BANKS | INFRASTRUCTURE CONCESSION | CAPACITY BUILDING | TAX | PRIVATE EQUITY | LIFE INSURANCE | SUBORDINATED DEBT | ACCOUNTING | PRINCIPAL REPAYMENTS | GUARANTEE PRODUCTS | CORPORATE BOND MARKET | LOAN EXPOSURE | PENSION FUND ASSET | LONG-TERM RESOURCE | TELECOMMUNICATIONS | GOVERNMENT SUBSIDIES | RECOURSE FINANCING | CREDIT RATINGS | ASSET CLASS | MARKET CONSTRAINTS | FOREIGN EXCHANGE RISK | CREDIT GUARANTEE | CREDIT RATING AGENCY | INSTITUTIONAL INVESTORS | INVESTMENT PROCESS | INTERNATIONAL INSURANCE | CAPITAL MARKET DEVELOPMENT | CREDITOR | TRANSPARENCY | TREASURY | LOCAL BANKS | RISK MEASUREMENT | PORTFOLIO | INSURANCE INDUSTRIES | MONETARY FUND | REGULATORY AUTHORITY | HOLDINGS | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENTS | BANKING SECTOR | PARTIAL CREDIT | SOVEREIGN DEBT | CAPITAL MARKETS | LOCAL FINANCIAL MARKETS | LONG-TERM RESOURCES
Book
1992, ISBN 0521420911, xiv, 382
Confronting Climate Change is a guide to the risks, dilemmas, and opportunities of the emerging political era, in which the impacts of a global warming could... 
Global warming
Book
Circulation, ISSN 0009-7322, 01/2013, Volume 127, Issue 2, pp. 180 - 187
Journal Article
Journal Article
2011, ISBN 9780821384794, 108
Two years into the deepest global financial crisis in the post-war era, the world economy is still experiencing uneven economic recovery and financial... 
Country risk | Political aspects | Investments, Foreign | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTORS | INVESTMENT DECISIONS | INVESTMENT PLANS | INFORMATION CONSTRAINT | CROSS-BORDER CAPITAL | PORTFOLIO INVESTMENT FLOWS | UNEMPLOYMENT RATES | FOREIGN CAPITAL FLOWS | INTEREST RATES | LIABILITY | HUMAN RESOURCES | CAPITAL FORMATION | PRIVATE CREDITORS | GROUP OF INVESTORS | INVESTMENT DISPUTES | INVESTING | HOST COUNTRIES | TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER | INVESTMENT CORPORATION | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | POLITICAL STABILITY | EQUITY INVESTMENT | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | INTANGIBLE ASSETS | GOVERNMENT SPENDING | INVESTOR INTERESTS | TRANSITION COUNTRIES | BANKS | HOME COUNTRIES | INVESTMENT INSURANCE | FOOD PRICES | POLITICAL RISKS | POVERTY ALLEVIATION | EQUITY FLOWS | DEVELOPING ECONOMIES | TREATY | LOCAL GOVERNMENTS | CAPITAL FLOWS | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | GROWTH RATE | PUBLIC FINANCE | PORTFOLIO INVESTMENT | CREDIT AGENCY | RISK MANAGEMENT | ARBITRATION | INSTITUTIONAL INVESTOR | SETTLEMENT | BANK LENDING | FINANCIAL SERVICES | BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES | INTERNATIONAL BANK | STATISTICAL ANALYSIS | INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES | COMMODITY | CONFIDENCE INDEX | DEBT | GLOBAL ECONOMY | COMMODITY PRICES | INVENTORY | PRIVATE CAPITAL | ARREARS | REINSURANCE | HUMAN RIGHTS | GLOBAL FINANCIAL STABILITY | OUTPUT | DEBT DEFAULT | LARGE-SCALE INVESTMENTS | INTERNATIONAL MARKETS | AFFILIATES | CREDIT AGENCIES | NET DEBT | ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE | BOND ISSUANCE | MARKET SIZE | INSURANCE | MARKET FAILURE | LONG-TERM INVESTMENT | RETURN | ECONOMIC CRISIS | INSURANCE MARKET | GLOBAL TRADE | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | INSURANCE INDUSTRY | BOND | EXCHANGE RATE | CURRENCY | BORROWING POLICY | REGULATORY ENVIRONMENT | INTERNATIONAL DEBT MARKETS | CONSOLIDATION | EXPORT CREDIT | CREDIT DEFAULT | INVESTOR PERCEPTIONS | MULTILATERAL INVESTMENT GUARANTEE AGENCY | MARKET CONFIDENCE | REMITTANCES | RATES OF RETURN | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | INTERNATIONAL CAPITAL FLOWS | DEBT FINANCING | FOREIGN FIRMS | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE | CONTRACT RENEGOTIATIONS | INTANGIBLE | CIVIL WARS | DEFICITS | INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT AGREEMENTS | REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS | EMPLOYMENT | FINANCIAL MARKETS | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTIONS | JOINT VENTURES | AMORTIZATION | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | INTERNATIONAL DEBT | LAWS | ECONOMIC DOWNTURN | POLITICAL RISK INSURANCE | COINSURANCE | FINANCIAL SECTOR | PRIVATE DEBT | DEBT FLOWS | SUBSIDIARY | MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRIES | INVESTOR PREFERENCE | NEW MARKETS | FOREIGN CAPITAL | INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT | CONVERTIBILITY RESTRICTIONS | MANDATES | EXPROPRIATION | RED TAPE | NATURAL RESOURCE | INCOME | INVESTOR BEHAVIOR | INCOMES | PROFITABILITY | HOST GOVERNMENT | TREATIES | RETURNS | PRIVATE CAPITAL FLOWS | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE CENTER | INVESTMENT FLOWS | FINANCIAL CRISIS | DOMESTIC DEBT | DEPOSITS | INTERNATIONAL BANKING | MARKET ECONOMIES | SOVEREIGN GUARANTEES | CREDIT DEFAULT SWAPS | LIBERALIZATION | COMMODITIES | FINANCIAL SYSTEMS | HOLDING | VIRTUOUS CYCLE | POLITICAL RISK | SOCIAL SERVICES | COUNTRY RISK | EMERGING MARKET ECONOMIES | OWNERSHIP STRUCTURE | MACROECONOMIC INSTABILITY | RISK MITIGATION | ACCOUNTING | TERRORISM | FINANCIAL FLOWS | PUBLIC UTILITIES | LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION | SECURITY CONCERNS | INSURERS | INVESTMENT FLOW | MACROECONOMIC DATA | TELECOMMUNICATIONS | GLOBAL EXPORTS | LOCAL ECONOMIES | INTERNATIONAL CAPITAL | CIVIL WAR | EXPROPRIATIONS | FOREIGN INVESTORS | BANKING SYSTEM | GLOBAL ECONOMIC PROSPECTS | INTEREST RATE | LOCAL CURRENCIES | EMERGING MARKET | INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT | PRIVATE DEBT FLOWS | JOINT VENTURE | FOREIGN OWNERSHIP | NATURAL RESOURCES | TRANSPARENCY | HOST GOVERNMENTS | PUBLIC DEBT | PORTFOLIO | CURRENT PRICES | RECAPITALIZATION | MONETARY FUND | STATE INTERVENTION | FOREIGN INVESTMENT | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | LOCAL ENTERPRISES | WORLD ECONOMY | PRIVATE MARKET | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTOR | PRODUCTIVITY | BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT | INVESTMENT LOCATION DECISIONS | LEVEL OF RISK
Book
2007, World Bank working paper, ISBN 0821370367, Volume no. 95, vii, 34
Uninsured risk had far-reaching consequences for rural growth as well as poverty reduction. A range of informal mechanisms to insure rural households against... 
Africa Economic conditions | Poverty | Insurance | Risk (Insurance) | Economic conditions | 1960 | Africa | ECONOMIC SHOCK | EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE | MARKET FAILURES | POOR | DEMAND FOR INSURANCE | POOR FARMERS | CREDIT INSURANCE | EMERGENCY RELIEF | BASIS RISK | POVERTY TRAPS | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | RELIEF OPERATIONS | REINSURANCE COMPANIES | ECONOMIC GROWTH | DISASTER RELIEF | INFORMAL MECHANISMS | MARKET | SUBNATIONAL GOVERNMENTS | MORAL HAZARDS | CHRONIC POVERTY | SHOCK | IMPACT OF SHOCKS | AGRICULTURAL INPUTS | WORK PROGRAMS | INSURANCE MARKETS | INSURANCES | MORTALITY | SUBSIDIARY | LENDING INSTITUTIONS | RURAL HOUSEHOLDS | COVERAGE | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | WEATHER SHOCKS | WEATHER INSURANCE | INCOME INEQUALITY | HUMANITARIAN AID | INCOME | FARM SIZE | PUBLIC WORKS | FOOD AID | ARID LANDS | BLOCK GRANT | FORMAL INSURANCE | INSURANCE FUNCTION | LOCAL GOVERNMENTS | CORRELATES OF POVERTY | RURAL | CHILD HEALTH | MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENTS | LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION | RISK MANAGEMENT | INSURANCE MECHANISMS | PRODUCTIVE ASSETS | TARGETED TRANSFER PROGRAMS | NATURAL DISASTERS | FINANCIAL SERVICES | PUBLIC INTERVENTION | INSURANCE CONTRACTS | FLOOD INSURANCE | SAFETY NETS | COMMERCIAL BANKS | SAVINGS ACCOUNTS | PUBLIC SECTOR | PRIVATE INSURANCE | DROUGHT | INFORMAL INSURANCE MECHANISMS | RISK POOLING | DEBT | MICRO-INSURANCE | NATURAL DISASTER | RAINFALL INSURANCE | AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION | INSURANCE COMPANIES | INVENTORY | MORAL HAZARD | RISK REDUCTION | TRANSFER PROGRAM | REINSURANCE | COVARIATE SHOCKS | MICRO FINANCE | RISK MITIGATION | MICROFINANCE | RURAL DEVELOPMENT | SELF-INSURANCE | FAMINE | INCOME SHOCKS | CONTINGENCY PLANNING | SUSTAINABILITY | INSURERS | CASH PAYMENTS | POVERTY REDUCTION | SOCIAL FUNDS | SOCIAL SAFETY NET | SOCIAL PROTECTION | PRODUCTION INCENTIVES | RESOURCE ALLOCATION | BENEFICIARIES | INDEMNITY | WAGES | CROP INSURANCE | POOR HOUSEHOLDS | INSURANCE | MARKET FAILURE | DEFAULT RISK | RURAL AREAS | SOCIAL INSURANCE | INSURANCE POLICY | MALNUTRITION | RATES | INSURANCE MARKET | LOCAL GOVERNMENT | FARMERS | APPLICATIONS | INCOME LOSS | PUBLIC WORKS PROGRAMS | INSURANCE INDUSTRY | FOOD PROGRAM | LIVESTOCK SPECIES | INCOME TRANSFER | MUNICIPALITIES | RURAL GROWTH | INFORMAL INSURANCE | FINANCIAL RISK | PRIVATE INSURERS | TARGETING | PRIVATE INSURANCE COMPANIES | PRODUCTIVITY | SAVINGS | ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS | AGENTS | ECONOMIC SHOCKS | POOR HOUSEHOLD | INSURANCE PREMIUMS | LOSS OF INCOME | INSURANCE PRODUCTS
Book
2009, ISBN 9780821376799, xxxiii, 115
This evaluation reviews the World Bank Group's (WBG's) experience with guarantee instruments during 1990-2007. Although these instruments have been an... 
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