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Journal Article
2002, ISBN 0521791103, vii, 274
The multitrophic level approach to ecology addresses the complexity of food webs much more realistically than the traditional focus on simple systems and... 
Multitrophic interactions (Ecology) | Interactions multitrophiques (Écologie) | Biology, life sciences
Book
Ecology Letters, ISSN 1461-023X, 08/2018, Volume 21, Issue 8, pp. 1221 - 1228
Historical contingency broadly refers to the proposition that even random historical events can constrain the ecological and evolutionary pathways of organisms... 
historical contingency | Community assembly | structural stability | ecological networks | species coexistence | BIODIVERSITY | STABILITY | NETWORKS | COMMUNITY | PLANTS INCREASES | BUTTERFLIES | REORGANIZATION | SYSTEMS | ECOLOGY | SELECTION | HISTORY | Pathways | Plant introductions | Trophic levels | Communities | Herbivores | Coexistence | Species | Assembly | Contingency
Journal Article
ICES Journal of Marine Science, ISSN 1054-3139, 01/2017, Volume 74, Issue 1, pp. 158 - 169
Trophic level (TL)-based indicators are commonly used to track the ecosystem effects of fishing as the selective removal of organisms from the food web may... 
fishing effects | trophic level-based indicators | ecosystem indicators ecosystem models | fishing scenarios | SIZE-SPECTRA | MANAGEMENT | INDIVIDUAL-BASED MODEL | FOOD-WEB DYNAMICS | MARINE ECOSYSTEMS | SOUTHERN BENGUELA ECOSYSTEM | FISHERIES | ECOLOGICAL INDICATORS | TROPHODYNAMIC INDICATORS | MARINE & FRESHWATER BIOLOGY | OCEANOGRAPHY | FISH COMMUNITY
Journal Article
1981, ICES CM (International Council for the Exploration of the Sea. Demersal Fish Committee), Volume 1981/G:17., 11
The trophic levels of basic food items, the feeding habits and trophic levels of various North Sea fishes have been derived from historical references and the... 
feeding behavior | ANE | North Sea | trophic levels
Book
Soil Biology and Biochemistry, ISSN 0038-0717, 09/2016, Volume 100, pp. 242 - 251
Small-scale heterogeneity is important for understanding soil animal diversity since it may explain their local coexistence. We investigated the heterogeneity... 
Oribatid mites | Trophic niche | Heterogeneity | Peatland | Stable isotopes | Sphagnum | CARBON | ACARI | NICHE DIFFERENTIATION | COMMUNITIES | FOOD PREFERENCES | LEAF-LITTER | BEECH FORESTS | POSITION | SOIL SCIENCE | NITROGEN | SOIL | Food supply | Peat | Peat-bogs | Analysis
Journal Article
Journal Article
1995, ICES CM (International Council for the Exploration of the Sea. Marine Mammals Committee), Volume 1995/N:13., 22
Standardized diet compositions for 108 species of marine mammals were derived from published accounts of stomach contents and morphological, behavioural and... 
food composition | maine mammals | stomach content | diets | trophic levels
Book