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Fuel Processing Technology, ISSN 0378-3820, 12/2018, Volume 181, pp. 331 - 339
Current practice subjects atmospheric residue (AR) to vacuum distillation, while feeding the vacuum residue (VR) for upgrading. This study explores the direct... 
Asphaltene | Cracking | Upgrading | Maltene | Catalyst | Drill cuttings | HEAVY OIL | FINE SOLIDS | ENERGY & FUELS | SLURRY-PHASE HYDROCRACKING | CLOSED REACTOR SYSTEM | ASPHALTENES | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | ATHABASCA VR | BITUMEN | PYROLYSIS | CHEMISTRY, APPLIED | COKE FORMATION | Liquefied petroleum gas | Toluene | Analysis
Journal Article
Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, 12/2016, Volume 185, pp. 794 - 803
[Display omitted] •NiWS(x) particles were used as a dispersed catalyst in the hydrocracking of VR.•The activity of the NiWS(x) catalyst was strongly affected... 
Ni-W-S catalyst | Dispersed catalyst | Hydrotreating | Hydrocracking | Vacuum residue | PROMOTED TUNGSTEN | ENERGY & FUELS | ACTIVE PHASE | HYDRODESULFURIZATION CATALYSTS | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | WS2 NANOCLUSTERS | MODEL CATALYSTS | NICKEL | PART 1 | SUPPORT-INTERACTION | HYDROTREATING CATALYSTS | HEAVY PETROLEUM | Catalysts | Sulfides | Tungsten compounds
Journal Article
Fuel Processing Technology, ISSN 0378-3820, 12/2018, Volume 181, p. 331
Current practice subjects atmospheric residue (AR) to vacuum distillation, while feeding the vacuum residue (VR) for upgrading. This study explores the direct... 
Vacuum distillation | LPG | Gravitation | Catalysts | Coke oven gas | Columns (process) | Gas oil | Gauges | Mass balance | Simulation | Upgrading | Autoclaving | Catalytic cracking
Journal Article
Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, 03/2017, Volume 192, pp. 149 - 157
Journal Article
Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, 12/2017, Volume 210, pp. 803 - 810
[Display omitted] •High specific surface area of α-Fe2O3 catalysts were synthesized by doping Al and Zr.•The doped iron oxide α-Fe2O3 catalysts were applied... 
α-Fe2O3 | Partial oxidation | Doping | Vacuum residue | α-Fe | CHEMICAL-LOOPING COMBUSTION | HEAVY OIL | ENERGY & FUELS | SUPERCRITICAL WATER | THERMAL-CRACKING | IRON-OXIDE | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | OXYGEN CARRIER | HYDROCRACKING | alpha-Fe2O3 | PETROLEUM RESIDUES | LIQUID FUELS
Journal Article
Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, ISSN 0888-5885, 12/2008, Volume 47, Issue 23, pp. 8960 - 8988
World petroleum residue processing capacity has reached about 810 MMTPA. In the present petroleum refining scenario, the viability of a petroleum refinery... 
MULTISTAGE BUBBLE-COLUMNS | GAS-LIQUID CONTACTORS | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | HIGH-PRESSURE | HEAT-TRANSFER | VACUUM RESIDUES | ELEVATED PRESSURE | MOLECULAR-SIZE | MASS-TRANSFER | COKE FORMATION | THERMAL-CRACKING
Journal Article
Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, ISSN 0888-5885, 03/2016, Volume 55, Issue 8, pp. 2391 - 2406
In recent years, there has been an increase in vacuum residue hydroprocessing due to the decrease in fuel oil demand and an increase in distillate demand. This... 
ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | CONRADSON CARBON RESIDUE | CONVERSION | KINETICS | HEAVY OILS
Journal Article
Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, 04/2016, Volume 169, pp. 1 - 6
[Display omitted] •A hierarchical macro–mesoporous Al2O3-supported NiK catalyst was prepared.•Ni was well dispersed on the hierarchical macro–mesoporous... 
NiK | Alumina support | Steam | Macroporosity | Vacuum residue | Catalytic cracking | HYDROCARBONS | LIGHTER FUELS | ENERGY & FUELS | IRON-OXIDE CATALYSTS | ALUMINA | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | RECOVERY | OIL
Journal Article
Chemical Engineering Journal, ISSN 1385-8947, 12/2019, Volume 377, p. 119811
[Display omitted] •Distributed lumped kinetic model for slurry phase vacuum residue hydroconversion.•Vacuum residue and vacuum gas oil divided into 35 °C... 
Slurry phase hydroconversion | Distributed lumped model | Kinetic modeling | Vacuum residue | MOLECULAR REPRESENTATION | REACTORS | UNIT | HEAVY OIL | PARAMETERS | PREDICTION | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | HYDROCRACKING | ENGINEERING, ENVIRONMENTAL | MONTE-CARLO-SIMULATION | FEEDSTOCKS | Engineering Sciences | Chemical engineering | Chemical and Process Engineering | Chemical Sciences
Journal Article
Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, 01/2014, Volume 117, pp. 1196 - 1203
•Residue cracking combined coke gasification was proposed for heavy oil utilization.•A catalyst (BFC) with both cracking and gasification activity was... 
Cracking | Coke gasification | Fluid coking | Bifunctional catalyst | Petroleum residue | VACUUM RESIDUE | ENERGY & FUELS | DEPOSITION | FCC | DELAYED COKING | HYDROPROCESSING CATALYSTS | GAS OIL | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | FRACTIONS | VISBREAKING | ZEOLITES | PYROLYSIS | Residues | Liquids | Fracture mechanics | Catalysts | Crude oil | Coke | Gasification | Fluidized beds
Journal Article
Fuel Processing Technology, ISSN 0378-3820, 10/2015, Volume 138, pp. 595 - 604
Nine vacuum residual oils were characterized and eight blends of them were processed in the LUKOIL Neftohim Burgas commercial visbreaker unit. It was found... 
Viscosity | Thermal conversion | Asphaltenes | SARA | Visbreaking | Vacuum residue | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | OILS | ENERGY & FUELS | STABILITY | CHEMISTRY, APPLIED | COKE FORMATION | Petroleum products | Analysis | Costume, Islamic | Sulfur compounds | Refining | Petroleum | Residues | Hydrocracking | Constants | Feedstock | Boiling | Conversion
Journal Article
Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, 03/2019, Volume 239, pp. 452 - 460
Journal Article
Applied Catalysis A, General, ISSN 0926-860X, 09/2017, Volume 545, pp. 148 - 158
[Display omitted] •Upgrading of vacuum residue was examined using sacrificial Ni-DMG.•High distillable fraction (72wt.%) obtained with Ni-DMG in supercritical... 
Supercritical methanol | Residue upgrading | Sacrificial catalyst | Ni-DMG complex | Vacuum residue | THIN-FILMS | PALLADIUM | CARBON | YIELD | CONVERSION | CHEMISTRY, PHYSICAL | CATALYST | ALCOHOLS | ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES | OIL | HYDROCRACKING | TECHNOLOGY | Nickel | Methanol | Usage | Refining | Petroleum
Journal Article
Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, 03/2019, Volume 239, pp. 1265 - 1273
In order to design a suitable catalyst for hydrocracking (HCK) of vacuum residue (VR), a series of NiMoS/γ-Al2O3 catalysts were prepared with varying Mo... 
Asphaltene | Tetralin | Hydrocracking | NiMoS2 | γ-Al2O3 | Vacuum residue | Hydrodesulfurization | NiMoS | γ-Al | NIMO/AL2O3 CATALYSTS | MOS2 CATALYSTS | gamma-Al2O3 | HEAVY OIL | ENERGY & FUELS | SLURRY-PHASE HYDROCRACKING | ACTIVE-SITES | SIMULTANEOUS HYDRODESULFURIZATION | MOLECULAR-SIZE | SULFIDATION TEMPERATURE | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | HYDROTREATING CATALYST | METAL-OXIDES
Journal Article
Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, 11/2014, Volume 135, pp. 51 - 54
•A liquid catalyst for hydrocracking reactions of heavy hydrocarbons was developed.•Catalyst’s acidic and metallic functions promote cracking and hydrogenation... 
Heavy hydrocarbons | Hydrocracking | Homogeneous catalysis | Vacuum residue | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | ENERGY & FUELS | Catalysis
Journal Article