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2007, World Bank working paper, ISBN 0821370367, Volume no. 95, vii, 34
Uninsured risk had far-reaching consequences for rural growth as well as poverty reduction. A range of informal mechanisms to insure rural households against... 
Africa Economic conditions | Poverty | Insurance | Risk (Insurance) | Economic conditions | 1960 | Africa | ECONOMIC SHOCK | EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE | MARKET FAILURES | POOR | DEMAND FOR INSURANCE | POOR FARMERS | CREDIT INSURANCE | EMERGENCY RELIEF | BASIS RISK | POVERTY TRAPS | HUMAN DEVELOPMENT | RELIEF OPERATIONS | REINSURANCE COMPANIES | ECONOMIC GROWTH | DISASTER RELIEF | INFORMAL MECHANISMS | MARKET | SUBNATIONAL GOVERNMENTS | MORAL HAZARDS | CHRONIC POVERTY | SHOCK | IMPACT OF SHOCKS | AGRICULTURAL INPUTS | WORK PROGRAMS | INSURANCE MARKETS | INSURANCES | MORTALITY | SUBSIDIARY | LENDING INSTITUTIONS | RURAL HOUSEHOLDS | COVERAGE | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | WEATHER SHOCKS | WEATHER INSURANCE | INCOME INEQUALITY | HUMANITARIAN AID | INCOME | FARM SIZE | PUBLIC WORKS | FOOD AID | ARID LANDS | BLOCK GRANT | FORMAL INSURANCE | INSURANCE FUNCTION | LOCAL GOVERNMENTS | CORRELATES OF POVERTY | RURAL | CHILD HEALTH | MUNICIPAL GOVERNMENTS | LIVESTOCK PRODUCTION | RISK MANAGEMENT | INSURANCE MECHANISMS | PRODUCTIVE ASSETS | TARGETED TRANSFER PROGRAMS | NATURAL DISASTERS | FINANCIAL SERVICES | PUBLIC INTERVENTION | INSURANCE CONTRACTS | FLOOD INSURANCE | SAFETY NETS | COMMERCIAL BANKS | SAVINGS ACCOUNTS | PUBLIC SECTOR | PRIVATE INSURANCE | DROUGHT | INFORMAL INSURANCE MECHANISMS | RISK POOLING | DEBT | MICRO-INSURANCE | NATURAL DISASTER | RAINFALL INSURANCE | AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION | INSURANCE COMPANIES | INVENTORY | MORAL HAZARD | RISK REDUCTION | TRANSFER PROGRAM | REINSURANCE | COVARIATE SHOCKS | MICRO FINANCE | RISK MITIGATION | MICROFINANCE | RURAL DEVELOPMENT | SELF-INSURANCE | FAMINE | INCOME SHOCKS | CONTINGENCY PLANNING | SUSTAINABILITY | INSURERS | CASH PAYMENTS | POVERTY REDUCTION | SOCIAL FUNDS | SOCIAL SAFETY NET | SOCIAL PROTECTION | PRODUCTION INCENTIVES | RESOURCE ALLOCATION | BENEFICIARIES | INDEMNITY | WAGES | CROP INSURANCE | POOR HOUSEHOLDS | INSURANCE | MARKET FAILURE | DEFAULT RISK | RURAL AREAS | SOCIAL INSURANCE | INSURANCE POLICY | MALNUTRITION | RATES | INSURANCE MARKET | LOCAL GOVERNMENT | FARMERS | APPLICATIONS | INCOME LOSS | PUBLIC WORKS PROGRAMS | INSURANCE INDUSTRY | FOOD PROGRAM | LIVESTOCK SPECIES | INCOME TRANSFER | MUNICIPALITIES | RURAL GROWTH | INFORMAL INSURANCE | FINANCIAL RISK | PRIVATE INSURERS | TARGETING | PRIVATE INSURANCE COMPANIES | PRODUCTIVITY | SAVINGS | ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS | AGENTS | ECONOMIC SHOCKS | POOR HOUSEHOLD | INSURANCE PREMIUMS | LOSS OF INCOME | INSURANCE PRODUCTS
Book
2010, ISBN 0821382179
Governments in developing countries have been increasingly involved in the support of commercial agricultural (crop and livestock) insurance programs in recent... 
NON-BANK | CONTINGENT LIABILITY | PRICE VOLATILITY | CROP INSURANCE SCHEME | INTERNATIONAL REINSURANCE | CATASTROPHIC EVENTS | CREDIT INSURANCE | EXTREME WEATHER | BASIS RISK | UNDERWRITING | FIRE | ECONOMIC ANALYSIS | REINSURANCE COMPANIES | RISK MANAGEMENT POLICIES | EXTREME WEATHER EVENTS | CLIMATE | FLOOD | ECONOMIC GROWTH | INSURANCE BROKER | RE INSURANCE | ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY | FINANCIAL MARKETS | ACCIDENTS | INTEREST RATES | INSURANCE SOLUTIONS | MULTIPLE PERIL CROP INSURANCE | CROP INSURANCE PREMIUM | INSURANCE BROKERS | DISASTER | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | BONDS | FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE | FUTURES | REDUCING POVERTY | DROUGHTS | COINSURANCE | FINANCIAL CHALLENGES | TRANSACTIONS COSTS | INSURANCE MARKETS | DISASTERS | DEVELOPMENT NETWORK | COSTS OF INSURANCE | ECONOMIC WELFARE | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | FINANCIAL RISK MANAGEMENT | COST OF CAPITAL | INSURANCE CONTRACT | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | WEATHER INSURANCE | CLIMATE CHANGE | RELIEF | RISK AVERSION | FARMER | INSURANCE POOLS | REINSURANCE CAPACITY | AGRICULTURAL INSURANCE | REINSURER | RISK ASSESSMENT | INDEMNITY INSURANCE | INCOME | BANKS | INSURANCE COMPANY | INSURANCE COVERAGE | FINANCIAL COMPENSATION | BROKERS | SOLVENCY | CATASTROPHIC INSURANCE | PUBLIC INSURANCE | REINSURERS | TOTAL COST | CROP INSURANCE PROGRAM | STORM | ECONOMIC MODELS | RISK MANAGEMENT | NATURAL DISASTERS | FINANCIAL SERVICES | LIBERALIZATION | INDEMNITIES | LOSS RATIO | INSURANCE CONTRACTS | AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS | AGRICULTURAL INSURANCE SCHEME | ECONOMIC COSTS | INSURABILITY | SAFETY | PRIVATE INSURANCE | DROUGHT | RISK EXPOSURE | NATURAL DISASTER | CATASTROPHIC RISKS | AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION | INSURANCE COMPANIES | MORAL HAZARD | RISK REDUCTION | NON­LIFE INSURANCE | PROGRAMS | DISASTER RISK | COST OF INSURANCE | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | LIFE INSURANCE | PRICE RISK | RISK MITIGATION | EARTHQUAKE | INSURANCE PREMIUM RATES | HURRICANE | HURRICANES | LIVESTOCK INSURANCE | UNCERTAINTIES | INSURANCE SCHEMES | INSURABLE INTEREST | ASYMMETRIC INFORMATION | INSURANCE SECTOR | SUSTAINABILITY | INSURERS | DONOR COMMUNITY | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL ORGANIZATIONS | REINSURANCE MARKETS | COOPERATIVES | OUTBREAKS | TREATY REINSURANCE | AGRICULTURAL INSURANCE SCHEMES | HEALTH RISK | INSURANCE GUARANTEE | INSURANCE AGENTS | LIFE INSURANCE PREMIUMS | BENEFICIARIES | INDEMNITY | CROP INSURANCE | FINANCIAL LOSS | MARKET FAILURE | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | GENERAL INSURANCE | RISK TRANSFER | FINANCIAL MECHANISM | INSURANCE POLICY | REINSURANCE AGREEMENT | RATES | INSURANCE MARKET | EXCHANGE RATES | HOUSING | INSURANCE PREMIUM | RISK PROFILES | PORTFOLIO | FINANCIAL MECHANISMS | FEASIBILITY | CATASTROPHE RISK FINANCING | FINANCIAL RISK | ACCIDENT | GROSS NATIONAL INCOME | REINSURANCE CONTRACT | COMMERCIAL INSURANCE | PROPERTY INSURANCE | CAPITAL MARKETS | SUBSISTENCE FARMERS | FLOODS | POLICY MAKERS | PRIMARY INSURER | SOCIAL ASSISTANCE | RESERVES | PRIVATE INSURANCE COMPANIES | INSURANCE CULTURE | HEALTH CARE | SAVINGS | INSURANCE EXPERTS | EARTHQUAKES | EXTREME EVENTS | INSURANCE PREMIUMS | INSURANCE PRODUCT | INSURANCE PRODUCTS
Book
2014
Bulgaria is exposed to nearly all types of climate extremes, including floods, droughts, and others, as well as earthquakes. The combination of insurance... 
CENTRAL GOVERNMENT | FLOOD DAMAGES | CATASTROPHIC EVENTS | EXTREME WEATHER | INSURANCE SYSTEM | BASIS RISK | INSPECTIONS | FIRE | FLOODING | INSURANCE PAYOUT | CONSUMERS | MARKET ECONOMY | NUCLEAR POWER | CLIMATE | POLICYHOLDERS | FLOOD | ACCIDENTS | MORAL HAZARDS | CATASTROPHIC INSURANCE POOL | DISASTER | REINSURANCE PREMIUMS | DISASTER ACTIVITIES | COMPULSORY INSURANCE | INSURANCE MARKETS | CLIMATE CHANGE | ENERGY EFFICIENCY | INFRASTRUCTURE INVESTMENT | AGRICULTURAL INSURANCE | CLIMATE CHANGE IMPACTS | REINSURER | LIFE INSURANCE COMPANIES | INDEMNITY INSURANCE | ENERGY CONSUMPTION | INSURED LOSSES | BANKS | NON-LIFE INSURANCE | TECTONIC PLATES | FOREST FIRES | INSURANCE COMPANY | REINSURERS | BANKRUPTCY | DISASTER EVENTS | LOCAL GOVERNMENTS | LANDSLIDES | HEALTH INSURANCE | TOTAL COST | RISK MANAGEMENT | CLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION | SET ASIDE | OUTBREAK | AUTOMOBILE INSURANCE | IMPACT OF DISASTERS | DISASTER RISKS | EMISSIONS | PRIVATE INSURANCE | RISK EXPOSURE | REAL ESTATE | RISK POOLING | MOTOR INSURANCE | NATURAL DISASTER | FISCAL DEFICITS | INSURANCE POLICIES | INVESTMENT FUNDS | MORAL HAZARD | PUBLIC ASSETS | RISK REDUCTION | INSURANCE OPTIONS | PROGRAMS | FINANCIAL CAPACITY | REINSURANCE | DISASTER RISK FINANCING | EARTHQUAKE | HURRICANE | DISASTER RESPONSE | INSURANCE SECTOR | PENSION FUNDS | DAMAGES | NOTARIES | INSURANCE INSTRUMENTS | CLIMATE CHANGE VULNERABILITY | RESERVE | DISASTER RISK REDUCTION | INSURANCE PENETRATION | PHYSICAL ASSETS | INSURANCE | LIGHTING | RISK TRANSFER | STORMS | CASUALTY INSURANCE | FINANCIAL DECISIONS | FINANCIAL SUPERVISION | INSURANCE MARKET | ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION | CLIMATE SCIENCE | INFORMATION SYSTEMS | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | INSURANCE INDUSTRY | RISK PROFILES | FEASIBILITY | ACCIDENT | EXTREME TEMPERATURES | EXTREME CLIMATE CHANGE | PROPERTY INSURANCE | COLLAPSED BRIDGES | RISK MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES | RESERVES | PRIVATE INSURANCE COMPANIES | INSURANCE CULTURE | EMERGENCY SITUATIONS | EARTHQUAKES | INSURANCE PRODUCT | GOVERNMENT POLICIES | INSURANCE PRODUCTS | COMPETITIVENESS | LEGAL FRAMEWORK | CLIMATE CHANGE SCENARIOS | CONTINGENT LIABILITY | VICTIMS | PENSION | EXPENDITURE | UNDERWRITING | FREQUENCY OF CLIMATE EXTREMES | ELECTRICITY PRODUCTION | REINSURANCE COMPANIES | FINANCIAL MARKETS | DISASTER RECONSTRUCTION | NATURAL HAZARDS | LAWS | INSURANCE BROKERS | RISK SHARING | DROUGHTS | COINSURANCE | FINANCIAL SECTOR | INTERNATIONAL STRATEGY FOR DISASTER REDUCTION | PRIVATE REINSURANCE | RISK MANAGERS | RISK PROFILE | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | CLIMATE EXTREMES | MARKET PENETRATION | CATASTROPHES | PUBLIC SPENDING | EQUIPMENT | INSURANCE POOLS | RISK ASSESSMENT | EMERGENCY RESPONSE | INCOME | DISASTER ASSISTANCE | INSURANCE COVERAGE | SOLVENCY | CATASTROPHIC INSURANCE | GOVERNMENT BUDGET | IMPACTS OF CLIMATE CHANGE | FLOOD PROTECTION | ECONOMIC SECTORS | DISASTER COMPENSATION | INSURANCE MECHANISMS | PER CAPITA INCOME | MITIGATION MEASURES | NATURAL DISASTERS | FIRE INSURANCE | WIND SPEED | SAFETY | PORTFOLIOS | FLOOD MANAGEMENT | DROUGHT | TAX | CATASTROPHIC RISKS | INSURANCE COMPANIES | DISASTER RISK | WEATHER EVENTS | CLIMATE CHANGE ISSUES | LIFE INSURANCE | RISK MITIGATION | EMERGENCIES | EARLY WARNING | INSURANCE SCHEMES | DISASTER FINANCING | INSURERS | DISASTER MANAGEMENT | REINSURANCE MARKETS | BUILDING CODES | CATASTROPHIC LOSSES | PRODUCT LIABILITY | FINANCIAL CONSTRAINTS | BUDGETARY FRAMEWORK | FOREIGN INVESTORS | FINANCIAL CONSEQUENCES | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | INDEMNITY | INSTITUTIONAL INVESTORS | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | GENERAL INSURANCE | CONTINGENT LIABILITIES | RATES | FARMERS | ACCESS TO INFORMATION | INSURANCE PREMIUM | GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES | DISASTER INSURANCE | CASUALTY | HURRICANE WINDS | INSURANCE CLAIMS | AUDITORS | NATURAL DISASTER INSURANCE | ECONOMIC IMPACTS | EARLY WARNING SYSTEMS | FORESTRY SECTOR | INSTRUMENT | FLOODS | POLICY MAKERS | CATASTROPHE INSURANCE | ENERGY USE | EXTREME EVENTS | INSURANCE PREMIUMS | DISASTER PREPAREDNESS | CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION STRATEGY
Book
Journal Article
11/2012
This policy note is a preliminary effort to present a body of knowledge on the state of disaster risk financing and insurance in Sub-Saharan Africa. It aims to... 
ALLOCATION | CATASTROPHIC EVENTS | CYCLONES | EXTREME WEATHER | BASIS RISK | FIRE | FLOODING | COST-BENEFIT | CONSUMERS | CLIMATE | POLICYHOLDERS | FLOOD | DISASTER AID | DECLARATION | RISK ASSESSMENTS | EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS | DISASTER | INSURANCE MARKETS | COVERAGE | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | CLIMATE CHANGE | FARMER | AGRICULTURAL INSURANCE | REINSURER | TSUNAMIS | INDEMNITY INSURANCE | BANKS | NON-LIFE INSURANCE | INSURANCE COMPANY | FINANCIAL TERMS | RISK ANALYSIS | REINSURERS | DISASTER EVENTS | LANDSLIDES | HEALTH INSURANCE | STORM | IMPACT OF DISASTER | RISK MANAGEMENT | INSURANCE COVER | MICROINSURANCE | CLIMATE RISK MANAGEMENT | FINANCIAL SERVICES | FINANCIAL RESILIENCE | IMPACT OF DISASTERS | DISASTER RISKS | PRIVATE INSURANCE | RISK EXPOSURE | DEBT | MICRO-INSURANCE | NATURAL DISASTER | AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION | INSURANCE POLICIES | PROGRAMS | FAMINE EARLY WARNING SYSTEM | FINANCIAL CAPACITY | REINSURANCE | COST OF INSURANCE | DISASTER RISK FINANCING | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | PRICE RISK | EARTHQUAKE | FIRE PREVENTION | HURRICANE | COST BENEFIT ANALYSIS | DISASTER RESPONSE | EXTREME DROUGHT | FAMINE | CONTINGENCY PLANNING | INSURANCE SECTOR | ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION | AGRICULTURAL INSURANCE SCHEMES | OPERATING COSTS | ASSURANCE | FINANCIAL INCENTIVES | DISASTER RISK REDUCTION | CROP INSURANCE | DISASTER REDUCTION | INSURANCE | RISK TRANSFER | INSURANCE PILOT | URBANIZATION | STORMS | PREDICTABILITY | INSURANCE MARKET | IMPORTS | RISK PROFILES | EXCHANGE RATE | INCOME HOUSEHOLDS | FEASIBILITY | ACCIDENT | PROPERTY INSURANCE | RESERVES | SAVINGS | EARTHQUAKES | INSURANCE PRODUCT | INSURANCE PRODUCTS | RECONSTRUCTION | RISK INSURANCE | CONTINGENT LIABILITY | EMERGENCY RESPONSES | INTERNATIONAL REINSURANCE | VULNERABILITY TO DISASTERS | CREDIT RISK | SUPERVISORY FRAMEWORK | EMPLOYMENT | EXTREME WEATHER EVENTS | COST OF INSURANCE PREMIUMS | FIRES | DISASTER RELIEF | FINANCIAL MARKETS | NATURAL HAZARDS | NATURAL PHENOMENA | EXTERNAL CREDIT | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | DROUGHTS | MITIGATION | INTERNATIONAL STRATEGY FOR DISASTER REDUCTION | FOOD SECURITY | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | RISK FACTORS | INSURANCE CONTRACT | CATASTROPHES | DISASTER EVENT | RISK ASSESSMENT | EMERGENCY RESPONSE | INCOME | PUBLIC ENTERPRISES | DISASTER RECOVERY | DISASTER ASSISTANCE | FINANCIAL RESOURCES | SOLVENCY | FOOD AID | WATER SUPPLY | HOUSEHOLD FINANCES | INSURANCE ASSOCIATION | ECONOMIC DEPENDENCE | MITIGATION MEASURES | NATURAL DISASTERS | WIND SPEED | AGRICULTURAL INSURANCE SCHEME | SUPPLY SIDE | DISEASE OUTBREAK | SAFETY | DROUGHT | MARKET RISK | INSURANCE COMPANIES | DISASTER RISK | TROPICAL CYCLONE | RISK MITIGATION | EMERGENCIES | MICROFINANCE | HURRICANES | INSURER | EARLY WARNING | INSURANCE SCHEMES | TRANSACTION COSTS | DISASTER FINANCING | INSURERS | DONOR COMMUNITY | FINANCIAL COOPERATION | DISASTER MANAGEMENT | DRAWN DOWN | ACCESS TO INSURANCE | BUILDING CODES | CATASTROPHIC LOSSES | SOCIAL SAFETY NETS | FINANCIAL CONSTRAINTS | FINANCIAL EXCLUSION | MONETARY TERMS | HURRICANE RISK | INDEMNITY | SCENARIOS | RISK MANAGEMENT SYSTEM | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | INFRASTRUCTURE DAMAGE | FINANCIAL MECHANISM | CONTINGENT LIABILITIES | DECLARATIONS | INSURANCE POLICY | CONTINGENCY PLANS | DROUGHT INSURANCE | ECONOMIC ACTIVITY | FARMERS | HOUSING | POLICY FRAMEWORKS | PORTFOLIO | VOLCANOES | AGRICULTURAL BANKS | ECONOMIC IMPACTS | EARLY WARNING SYSTEMS | FINANCING SOURCES | FLOODS | INFORMATION DISSEMINATION | DEATH TOLL | EXTREME EVENTS | INSURANCE PREMIUMS | COST-BENEFIT ANALYSIS | DISASTER PREPAREDNESS
Book
06/2007
This report explains why agricultural insurance is expensive to deliver to small farm households, details risk assessment in four provinces, and recommends... 
TARGETED SUBSIDIES | INCOME GROUP | CENTRAL GOVERNMENT | POOR FARMERS | CROP INSURANCE SCHEME | DEPOSIT | INTERNATIONAL REINSURANCE | ADVERSE SELECTION | INSURANCE SYSTEM | DERIVATIVES MARKET | BASIS RISK | UNDERWRITING | DATA AVAILABILITY | FIRE | INSURANCE PORTFOLIO | COMMISSIONS | INSURANCE PLANS | NEW PRODUCTS | CLIMATE | POLICYHOLDERS | FLOOD | FIRES | ACCIDENTS | PUBLIC POLICY | LAWS | SAFETY NET | CROP INSURANCE PREMIUM | FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | DISASTER | FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE | REINSURANCE PREMIUMS | TORNADO | MITIGATION | COINSURANCE | CATASTROPHE COVERAGE | FINANCIAL SECTOR | METEOROLOGICAL ORGANIZATION | DISASTERS | PRIVATE REINSURANCE | COSTS OF INSURANCE | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | INSURANCE SUPERVISORS | COVERAGE | MARKET SHARE | COST OF CAPITAL | INSURANCE CONTRACT | BALANCE SHEET | WEATHER INSURANCE | FEDERAL AGENCY | INSURANCE COMMISSIONERS | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | FARMER | INSURANCE POOLS | REINSURANCE CAPACITY | AGRICULTURAL INSURANCE | REINSURER | RISK ASSESSMENT | INCOME | DISASTER ASSISTANCE | INSURANCE COMPANY | INCOMES | INSURANCE COVERAGE | DUST BOWL | FINANCIAL RESOURCES | SOLVENCY | REINSURERS | INSURANCE LAW | INSURANCE COMPENSATION | TOTAL COST | CROP INSURANCE PROGRAM | DISASTER PROGRAM | RISK MANAGEMENT | EXPOSURES | NATURAL DISASTERS | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | FINANCIAL SERVICES | COMMODITIES | INDEMNITIES | LOSS RATIO | CATASTROPHIC LOSS | INSURANCE CONTRACTS | AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS | AGRICULTURAL INSURANCE SCHEME | COUNTRY TO COUNTRY | PRICE MOVEMENTS | CONTRACTUAL SAVINGS | SAFETY | PROBABILITY ESTIMATE | PRIVATE INSURANCE | COMMODITY | DROUGHT | RISK EXPOSURE | TAX | INSURANCE ADJUSTERS | AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION | INCOME TAX | INSURANCE COMPANIES | INSURANCE POLICIES | MORAL HAZARD | RISK REDUCTION | INSURANCE OPTIONS | PROGRAMS | DIRECT INSURANCE | REINSURANCE | EXCESS OF LOSS REINSURANCE | INSURANCE PREMIUM RATES | MICROFINANCE | FORESTRY INSURANCE | INSURER | LIVESTOCK INSURANCE | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION | INSURANCE SCHEMES | TRANSACTION COSTS | WORLD TRADE | INSURANCE SECTOR | REINSURANCE MARKETS | FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE | AREA OF INFLUENCE | PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTION | ASSURANCE | BUSINESS RISK | PRICE INDEX | INSURANCE AGENTS | INSURANCE FUNDS | NONPROPORTIONAL REINSURANCE | INDEMNITY | CROP INSURANCE | MARKET FAILURE | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | GENERAL INSURANCE | RISK TRANSFER | FINANCIAL STATEMENTS | INSURANCE POLICY | REINSURANCE AGREEMENT | RATES | INSURANCE MARKET | PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP | FARMERS | APPLICATIONS | TREASURY | BROKERAGE | RISK PROFILES | PORTFOLIO | EXPOSURE | AGRICULTURAL INSURANCE SYSTEM | GOVERNMENT FUNDS | CASUALTY | FEASIBILITY | TYPHOON | REINSURANCE TREATY | COMMERCIAL REINSURERS | RETROCESSION | COMMERCIAL INSURANCE | PROPERTY INSURANCE | FLOODS | RESERVES | PRIVATE INSURANCE COMPANIES | PROGRAM COSTS | AGENTS | QUOTA SHARE REINSURANCE | CATASTROPHE REINSURANCE | INSURANCE PREMIUMS | INSURANCE PRODUCT | INSURANCE PRODUCTS
Book
Science, ISSN 0036-8075, 7/2011, Volume 333, Issue 6041, pp. 408 - 409
Insurance and government assistance play central roles in ensuring economic and social resilience in the aftermath of catastrophes in developed countries.... 
Insurance premiums | Maps | Disasters | Insurance industry | Disaster relief | Financial risk | Homeowners insurance | Insurance coverage | Floods | Flood insurance | POLICY FORUM | CLIMATE-CHANGE | MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES | PROGRAM | ENVIRONMENT | Weather | Disaster recovery | Meteorology
Journal Article
08/2009
This study comprises a review of government post-disaster safety nets as well as those provided by the private insurance market in four countries of Central... 
EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE | EXPLOSION | POOR FARMERS | VICTIMS | HEAVY RAIN | ALLOCATION | FLOOD PRONE AREAS | INTERNATIONAL REINSURANCE | CATASTROPHIC EVENTS | EVACUATION | EMERGENCY RELIEF | EXTREME WEATHER | UNDERWRITING | FIRE | RISK PREMIUM | FLOODING | COMMISSIONS | NATIONAL EMERGENCIES | REINSURANCE COMPANIES | CONSUMERS | NATIONAL FLOOD INSURANCE | EXTREME WEATHER EVENTS | CLIMATE | POLICYHOLDERS | FLOOD | ECONOMIC GROWTH | FIRES | WIND STORM | DISASTER RELIEF | EARTHQUAKE INSURANCE | DISASTER AID | DISASTER RECONSTRUCTION | NATURAL HAZARDS | DECLARATION | ACTS OF GOD | DISASTER VICTIMS | LAWS | EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS | DISASTER | CONDITIONS OF COVERAGE | GLOBAL REINSURANCE MARKET | COMPULSORY INSURANCE | NATURAL HAZARD | FATALITY | INSURANCE MARKETS | NATIONAL EMERGENCY | DISASTERS | RELIEF WORK | WIND STORMS | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | INSURANCE SUPERVISORS | CLIMATE CHANGE | REINSURANCE BROKER | LOCAL INSURANCE MARKET | REINSURANCE CAPACITY | RELIEF ASSISTANCE | RISK ASSESSMENT | INSURED LOSSES | BANKS | DISASTER RECOVERY | FLOOD CONTROL | NON-LIFE INSURANCE | DISASTER ASSISTANCE | INSURANCE COMPANY | RISK DIVERSIFICATION | INSURANCE COVERAGE | INSURANCE SUPERVISION | UNDERINSURANCE | BROKERS | SOLVENCY | REINSURERS | FLOOD DAMAGE | INSURANCE LAW | INSURANCE REGULATORS | INSURANCE RISK | LANDSLIDES | FLOOD VICTIMS | INSURANCE INDEMNITIES | INSURANCE ASSOCIATION | STORM | FLOOD PROTECTION | RESCUE | DISASTER COMPENSATION | RISK MANAGEMENT | INSURANCE COVER | NATURAL DISASTERS | INDEMNITIES | LOSS RATIO | FLOOD INSURANCE | INSURABILITY | SUPPLY SIDE | LAND USE | MANDATORY INSURANCE COVERAGE | SAFETY | NATURAL CATASTROPHES | TERRORIST | FLOOD MANAGEMENT | GLOBAL REINSURANCE | PRIVATE INSURANCE | RISK EXPOSURE | NATURAL DISASTER | FISCAL POLICIES | CATASTROPHIC RISKS | INSURANCE COMPANIES | INSURANCE POLICIES | PROGRAMS | DISASTER RISK | REINSURANCE | EXCESS OF LOSS REINSURANCE | RISK EXPOSURES | DISASTER RISK FINANCING | LIFE INSURANCE | EARTHQUAKE | EMERGENCIES | HURRICANES | INSURER | INSURANCE ASSOCIATIONS | EXTREME TEMPERATURE | INSURANCE SECTOR | CATASTROPHIC EVENT | INSURERS | DAMAGES | DISASTER MANAGEMENT | FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE | ALLOWANCE | ASSURANCE | INSURANCE GUARANTEE | PENALTIES | INSURANCE AGENTS | BENEFICIARIES | INDEMNITY | INSURANCE SCHEME | SCENARIOS | INTEREST RATE | DEVASTATION | INSURANCE | INSURANCE REGULATOR | INSURANCE POLICY | LIFE INSURANCE INDUSTRY | FORCE MAJEURE | RATES | DISASTER PRONE AREAS | INSURANCE MARKET | INSURANCE INDUSTRY | PORTFOLIO | AVALANCHES | FLOODED | VOLCANOES | LANDSLIDE | CATASTROPHE RISK FINANCING | DAMAGE CLAIMS | INSURANCE CLAIMS | ACCIDENT | COMMERCIAL INSURANCE | PROPERTY INSURANCE | AVALANCHE | PRIVATE CATASTROPHE INSURANCE | FLOODS | RESERVES | SAVINGS | EMERGENCY SITUATIONS | AGENTS | GOVERNMENT DEPARTMENTS | EARTHQUAKES | INSURANCE PREMIUMS
Book
10/2012
The purpose of this report is to summarize the main results and lessons learned during the implementation of the World Bank technical assistance (TA), which... 
COMPETITIVENESS | LEGAL FRAMEWORK | RISK INSURANCE | PRICE VOLATILITY | PATHOLOGY | ALLOCATION | FLOOD DAMAGES | INTERNATIONAL REINSURANCE | CATASTROPHIC EVENTS | EXTREME WEATHER | INSURANCE SYSTEM | BASIS RISK | PUBLIC SAVINGS | UNDERWRITING | DATA QUALITY | INSPECTIONS | FIRE | FLOODING | SAFETY STANDARDS | REINSURANCE COMPANIES | RISK MANAGEMENT POLICIES | EMPLOYMENT | DELIVERY MECHANISMS | EXTREME WEATHER EVENTS | CLIMATE | FLOOD | ALLIANCES | ECONOMIC GROWTH | DISASTER RELIEF | EMERGENCY SUPPORT | INTEREST RATES | SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT | NATURAL HAZARDS | MORAL HAZARDS | RISK ASSESSMENTS | TRUST FUNDS | DISASTER | DROUGHTS | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | COINSURANCE | FINANCIAL SECTOR | INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT | INSURANCE MARKETS | MORTALITY | FOOD SECURITY | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | RISK FACTORS | FINANCIAL RISK MANAGEMENT | INSURANCE CONTRACT | ECONOMIC GROWTH RATE | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | WEATHER INSURANCE | CLIMATE CHANGE | TROPICAL CYCLONES | FARMER | REINSURANCE CAPACITY | AGRICULTURAL INSURANCE | RISK ASSESSMENT | EMERGENCY RESPONSE | INDEMNITY INSURANCE | INCOME | INSURED LOSSES | BANKS | DISASTER RECOVERY | COMMODITY MARKETS | DISASTER ASSISTANCE | INSURANCE COMPANY | INSURANCE COVERAGE | FINANCIAL RESOURCES | AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES | REINSURERS | RISK MANAGEMENT PROJECTS | LOCAL GOVERNMENTS | DISASTER EMERGENCY | TOTAL COST | FINANCIAL CRISIS | STORM | TROPICAL STORM | RISK MANAGEMENT | ATLANTIC HURRICANE | INSURANCE MECHANISMS | FINANCIAL PRODUCTS | NATURAL DISASTERS | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | INSURANCE CONTRACTS | DISASTER RISKS | WIND SPEED | CASUALTIES | SAFETY | ATTACHMENT POINT | FLOOD MANAGEMENT | PRIVATE INSURANCE | DROUGHT | RISK EXPOSURE | NATURAL DISASTER | VOLCANIC ERUPTIONS | CATASTROPHIC RISKS | AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION | INSURANCE COMPANIES | MORAL HAZARD | INSURANCE OPTIONS | PROGRAMS | DISASTER RISK | CROP DIVERSIFICATION | TROPICAL CYCLONE | WEATHER EVENTS | FINANCIAL CAPACITY | REINSURANCE | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARIES | HURRICANE SEASON | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | PRICE RISK | RISK MITIGATION | EARTHQUAKE | LOWER PRICES | FRESH WATER | HURRICANE | HURRICANES | CLIMATE RESILIENCE | LIVESTOCK INSURANCE | UNCERTAINTIES | DISASTER RESPONSE | PUBLIC SERVICES | DISASTER FINANCING | INSURANCE SECTOR | SUSTAINABILITY | ACCIDENTAL DEATH | CATASTROPHIC EVENT | INSURERS | DAMAGES | WATER SHORTAGES | ENVIRONMENTAL DEGRADATION | INSURANCE INSTRUMENTS | OUTPUTS | REINSURANCE MARKETS | CATASTROPHIC LOSSES | FINANCIAL CONSTRAINTS | WARNING SYSTEM | LABOR FORCE | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | INDEMNITY | INSURANCE SCHEME | WAGES | CROP INSURANCE | DRY CONDITIONS | INSURANCE | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | RISK TRANSFER | SOUTHERN OSCILLATION | FINANCIAL MECHANISM | INSURANCE PILOT | CONTINGENT LIABILITIES | INSURANCE POLICY | RATES | INSURANCE MARKET | FARMERS | INSURANCE INDUSTRY | PORTFOLIO | TORNADOES | EXCHANGE RATE | FLOODED | BORROWING | FEASIBILITY | ENSO | FINANCIAL RISK | ACCIDENT | COMMERCIAL INSURANCE | CAPITAL MARKETS | DRAINAGE SYSTEMS | FLOODS | RESERVES | PRIVATE INSURANCE COMPANIES | TROPICAL STORMS | PRODUCTIVITY | SAVINGS | ADMINISTRATIVE COSTS | EARTHQUAKES | WEATHER EVENT | INSURANCE PREMIUMS | INSURANCE PRODUCT | INSURANCE PRODUCTS
Book
2012, World Bank Studies, ISBN 0821395793, 220
This applied study addresses the large flood exposures of Central Europe and proposes efficient financial and risk transfer mechanisms to mitigate fiscal... 
Industry & industrial studies | Financial risk management | Industries | Infrastructure Economics and Finance | BUS070040 - BUSINESS & ECONOMICS | Catastrophe-Insurance-Disaster-Risk Management-Visegrad-Parametric Insurance-Catastrophic Risk-Financial Risk Management-Pooling-Pooled-Flood Risk-Flood Insurance-Catastrophe Bond | Energy Industries | Finance and Financial Sector Development | Social Protections and Labor | BOND SPREADS | LOAN BALANCE | CONTRACT DESIGN | REINSURANCE CONTRACTS | MATURITIES | FLOOD DAMAGES | RISK MANAGEMENT TOOLS | CATASTROPHIC EVENTS | INTEREST RATE SPREAD | BASIS RISK | ISSUANCE | FIRE | RISK PREMIUM | FLOODING | INSURANCE PAYOUT | SUBSIDIARIES | CLIMATE | FLOOD | FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT | FINANCIAL SECTOR DEVELOPMENT | INDEBTEDNESS | CATASTROPHE BOND | BONDHOLDERS | BOND SPREAD | BOND FUND | CENTRAL BANK | CATASTROPHE COVERAGE | INSURANCE RESERVES | BOND INVESTOR | INSURANCE MARKETS | LIQUIDITY | MINISTRIES OF FINANCE | INVESTING | COVERAGE | GRACE PERIOD | CLIMATE CHANGE | GOVERNMENT SPENDING | INDEMNITY INSURANCE | INSURED LOSSES | FINANCIAL COMPENSATION | BENEFICIARY | RISK ANALYSIS | REINSURERS | DISASTER EVENTS | INSURANCE RISK | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | LANDSLIDES | SHORT-TERM LIQUIDITY | AMOUNT OF RISK | INFORMATION SYSTEM | STORM | PUBLIC FINANCE | COUNTRY RISKS | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL STATISTICS | RISK MANAGEMENT | IMPACT OF DISASTERS | PURCHASING POWER | CATASTROPHIC LOSS | CASH FLOW | FLOOD INSURANCE | INTERNATIONAL BANK | STATISTICAL ANALYSIS | PRIVATE INSURANCE | MARKET PRICING | OUTPUT DECLINES | RISK EXPOSURE | FINANCIAL MARKET | RISK POOLING | DEBT | NATURAL DISASTER | BROKER | FISCAL DEFICITS | INSURANCE POLICIES | INVENTORY | REINSURANCE | RISK EXPOSURES | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | EARTHQUAKE | RATE OF RETURN | LEGAL PROVISIONS | HURRICANE | BOND YIELD | ALTERNATIVE FUNDING | DISASTER RESPONSE | GUARANTEE FEE | BOND INSTRUMENT | INSURANCE SECTOR | DEBT SECURITY | CREDIT GUARANTEES | INSURANCE INSTRUMENTS | RESERVE FUNDS | GOVERNMENT REVENUE | RESERVE | MARKET INSTRUMENTS | INSURANCE PENETRATION | GOVERNMENT SUPPORT | INSURANCE | DEFAULT RISK | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENT | RISK TRANSFER | MATURITY | STORMS | RETURN | LOAN | INSURANCE MARKET | EXPENDITURES | EXCHANGE RATES | INFORMATION SYSTEMS | INSURANCE INDUSTRY | ACCESS TO CAPITAL | CURRENCY | PRIVATE PROPERTY | FEASIBILITY | PUBLIC SECTOR DEFICITS | EUROPEAN CENTRAL BANK | EXTREME TEMPERATURES | BOND ISSUER | PUBLIC EXPENDITURES | PROBABILITY OF DEFAULT | CATASTROPHE BONDS | COUPON | RESERVES | SAVINGS | EARTHQUAKES | EPIDEMIOLOGY | CENTRAL GOVERNMENTS | INFORMED DECISIONS | BONDHOLDER | RISK INSURANCE | EXPLOSION | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | HEAVY RAIN | DEBT FINANCING | EXPENDITURE | UNDERWRITING | CREDIT RISK | BOND RATING | FINANCIAL MARKETS | GOVERNMENT REVENUES | TYPE OF DISASTER | DISASTER RECONSTRUCTION | DEBT INSTRUMENTS | AMORTIZATION | DROUGHTS | FINANCIAL SECTOR | PUBLIC BUDGETS | RISK MANAGERS | WIND STORMS | RISK FACTORS | DAMAGE ASSESSMENTS | MATURITY PERIOD | INSURANCE CONTRACT | TRANSACTION | CATASTROPHES | INCOME LEVEL | DISASTER EVENT | CAPITAL MARKET | REINSURANCE BROKER | CRED | RISK ASSESSMENT | FINANCE MINISTRIES | INCOME | INSURANCE COVERAGE | SECURITIES | RETURNS | GOVERNMENT BUDGET | REPAYMENTS | PREMIUM PAYMENT | PRIVATE COMMERCIAL BANKS | FINANCIAL CRISIS | INCOME LEVELS | CREDIT QUALITY | CROP LOSSES | INSURANCE MECHANISMS | CREDITORS | NATURAL DISASTERS | COUPON INTEREST RATE | FINANCIAL STRUCTURE | BOND INSURANCE | COUNTRY RISK | COMMERCIAL BANKS | NATURAL CATASTROPHES | PORTFOLIOS | PORTFOLIO DIVERSIFICATION | MARKET INFORMATION | CATASTROPHIC RISKS | DISASTER RISK | TROPICAL CYCLONE | WEATHER EVENTS | SWAPS | GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE | HURRICANES | INSURER | DISASTER FINANCING | SUSTAINABILITY | CATASTROPHIC EVENT | INSURERS | PREMIUM PAYMENTS | DISASTER MANAGEMENT | CONTINGENT DEBT | CATASTROPHIC LOSSES | SWAP | MARKET COMPETITION | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | INDEMNITY | SCENARIOS | INTEREST RATE | BOND FINANCING | ASSET VALUES | HOUSING | INSURANCE PREMIUM | GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURES | PORTFOLIO | BOND RETURN | GOVERNMENT ASSETS | MARKET INSTRUMENT | FINANCIAL MECHANISMS | DEBT LEVELS | PRIVATE PARTY | PRINCIPAL REPAYMENT | ASSET PORTFOLIO | CAPITAL MARKETS | FINANCING SOURCES | INSTRUMENT | FLOODS | WEATHER DERIVATIVES | ACCESS TO LOANS | CATASTROPHE INSURANCE | LEVEL OF RISK | SOVEREIGN ENTITIES | CATASTROPHE REINSURANCE | INSURANCE PREMIUMS
eBook
06/2007
This report explains why agricultural insurance is expensive to deliver to small farm households, details risk assessment in four provinces, and recommends... 
LEGAL FRAMEWORK | CENTRAL GOVERNMENT | ALLOCATION | INTERNATIONAL REINSURANCE | CATASTROPHIC EVENTS | CYCLONES | UNDERWRITING | INSURANCE PORTFOLIO | FLOODING | CONSUMERS | CLIMATE | POLICYHOLDERS | FLOOD | ECONOMIC GROWTH | COST OF REINSURANCE | FINANCIAL MARKETS | CROP INSURANCE PRODUCT | CROP INSURANCE PREMIUM | RISK SHARING | DROUGHTS | MITIGATION | COINSURANCE | FINANCIAL SECTOR | INSURANCE MARKETS | DISASTERS | PRIVATE REINSURANCE | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | INSURANCE SUPERVISORS | COVERAGE | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | RELIEF | FARMER | REINSURANCE CAPACITY | AGRICULTURAL INSURANCE | REINSURER | RISK ASSESSMENT | INCOME | NON-LIFE INSURANCE | INSURANCE COMPANY | RISK DIVERSIFICATION | BROKERS | FINANCIAL RESOURCES | SOLVENCY | AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES | PUBLIC INSURANCE | REINSURERS | FINANCIAL BURDEN | INSURANCE LAW | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | INSURANCE INDEMNITIES | TOTAL COST | CROP INSURANCE PROGRAM | INSURANCE ASSOCIATION | DISASTER COMPENSATION | RISK MANAGEMENT | ANNUAL COST | PER CAPITA INCOME | NATURAL DISASTERS | LOSS RATIO | INSURANCE CONTRACTS | ECONOMIC COSTS | INSURABILITY | SUPPLY SIDE | LAND USE | SAFETY | PRIVATE INSURANCE | DROUGHT | RISK EXPOSURE | NATURAL DISASTER | CATASTROPHIC RISKS | AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION | INSURANCE COMPANIES | INSURANCE POLICIES | MORAL HAZARD | RISK REDUCTION | PROGRAMS | WEATHER EVENTS | FINANCIAL CAPACITY | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARIES | RISK EXPOSURES | COST OF INSURANCE | LIFE INSURANCE | INSURANCE PREMIUM RATES | INSURANCE ACTIVITIES | INSURER | LIVESTOCK INSURANCE | INSURANCE SECTOR | DAMAGES | ACCIDENT INSURANCE | REINSURANCE MARKETS | CATASTROPHIC LOSSES | COOPERATIVES | LIFE INSURANCE PREMIUMS | INDEMNITY | NATURAL DISASTER REDUCTION | CROP INSURANCE | STRUCTURAL MODELS | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | GENERAL INSURANCE | RISK TRANSFER | INSURANCE POLICY | RATES | CASUALTY INSURANCE | INSURANCE MARKET | FARMERS | INFORMATION SYSTEMS | INSURANCE INDUSTRY | INSURANCE PREMIUM | RISK PROFILES | PORTFOLIO | CASUALTY | TYPHOON | ACCIDENT | EXTREME TEMPERATURES | REINSURANCE CONTRACT | COMMERCIAL INSURANCE | PROPERTY INSURANCE | TYPHOONS | FLOODS | MUTUAL INSURANCE COMPANIES | POLICY MAKERS | RESERVES | SAVINGS | ECONOMICS | CATASTROPHE REINSURANCE | INSURANCE PREMIUMS | INSURANCE PRODUCTS
Book
2008, ISBN 0821377361, 297
Catastrophe Risk Financing in Developing Countries provides a detailed analysis of the imperfections and inefficiencies that impede the emergence of... 
Developing countries | Finance, Public | GLOBAL MARKETS | DISASTER PREVENTION | BOND MARKET | CROP INSURANCE SCHEME | ADVERSE SELECTION | EXTREME WEATHER | BASIS RISK | CATASTROPHE FUND | CONSUMERS | POLICYHOLDERS | ASSETS | FLOOD | CENTRE FOR RESEARCH ON THE EPIDEMIOLOGY | EARTHQUAKE INSURANCE | INSURANCE BENEFITS | DIVERSIFICATION BENEFITS | RESERVE FUND | PRIMARY INSURERS | SAFETY NET | EMERGENCY PREPAREDNESS | FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | DISASTER | BONDS | REINSURANCE PREMIUMS | COMPULSORY INSURANCE | INSURANCE MARKETS | DISASTERS | LIQUIDITY | REGULATORY IMPEDIMENTS | COVERAGE | COST OF CAPITAL | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | CLIMATE CHANGE | INSURANCE BUYERS | RELIEF | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | FARMER | AGRICULTURAL INSURANCE | REINSURER | INDEMNITY INSURANCE | INSURED LOSSES | NON-LIFE INSURANCE | INSURANCE COMPANY | COUNTRY DEVELOPMENT | BROKERS | JURISDICTION | PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT | REINSURERS | INSURANCE RISK | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | DISASTER MITIGATION | FINANCE CORPORATION | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | RISK MANAGEMENT | FINANCIAL SERVICES | IMPACT OF DISASTERS | BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES | INDEMNITIES | LOSS RATIO | PRIVATE INSURANCE | RISK EXPOSURE | DEBT | NATURAL DISASTER | INSURANCE POLICIES | MORAL HAZARD | RISK REDUCTION | PROGRAMS | EXCESS OF LOSS REINSURANCE | RISK EXPOSURES | EARTHQUAKE | EMERGENCY COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS | HURRICANE | POLITICAL REGIMES | DISASTER RESPONSE | WORLD TRADE | DAMAGES | MARKET STRUCTURE | VOLATILITY | DISASTER RISK REDUCTION | INSURANCE AGENTS | CROP INSURANCE | DISASTER REDUCTION | PREMIUMS | INSURANCE | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENT | RISK TRANSFER | ECONOMIC INTEGRATIONS | INSURANCE MARKET | SECURITIES MARKET | INSURANCE INDUSTRY | RISK PROFILES | BOND | SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT | INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITIES | PROPERTY INSURANCE | PRIMARY INSURER | RESERVES | AGENTS | EARTHQUAKES | INSURANCE PRODUCTS | CAPITAL STOCK | FACULTATIVE REINSURANCE | INSECT INFESTATION | RISK INSURANCE | CONTINGENT LIABILITY | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | NEGOTIATION | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE | UNDERWRITING | REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS | REINSURANCE COMPANIES | EXTREME WEATHER EVENTS | DISASTER RELIEF | DISASTER RECONSTRUCTION | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | ADVANCED ECONOMIES | RELIEF EFFORTS | LAWS | DAT DATABASE | DROUGHTS | MITIGATION | SCIENTIFIC ORGANIZATIONS | FINANCIAL SECTOR | METEOROLOGICAL ORGANIZATION | PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS | DEVELOPMENT NETWORK | MIDDLE-INCOME COUNTRIES | INSURANCE CONTRACT | CATASTROPHES | CAPITAL MARKET | REINSURANCE BROKER | CRED | INSURANCE POOLS | REINSURANCE CAPACITY | RISK ASSESSMENT | EMERGENCY RESPONSE | FINANCIAL PRODUCT | INCOME | DISASTER RECOVERY | DISASTER ASSISTANCE | OPTION CONTRACT | RISK DIVERSIFICATION | INCOMES | INSURANCE COVERAGE | EXPOSURE TO RISK | SOLVENCY | INDUSTRIAL COUNTRIES | DEBT SERVICE | PUBLIC INSURANCE | SECURITIES | COPYRIGHT CLEARANCE CENTER | INFORMATION FLOWS | CORPORATE BONDS | CREDIT QUALITY | CAPITAL ASSET PRICING | FINANCIAL PRODUCTS | MITIGATION MEASURES | NATURAL DISASTERS | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | COMMODITIES | INSURANCE CONTRACTS | SAFETY | PORTFOLIOS | SYSTEMIC RISK | DROUGHT | PORTFOLIO DIVERSIFICATION | TAX | INSURANCE COMPANIES | CAPTIVE INSURANCE | DISASTER RISK | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARIES | ECONOMIC RISK | RISK MITIGATION | MICROFINANCE | HURRICANES | RISK REDUCTIONS | SECURITIES MARKETS | EARLY WARNING | LOW-INCOME COUNTRIES | TRANSACTION COSTS | PRIVATE INVESTMENTS | SUSTAINABILITY | CATASTROPHIC EVENT | NET PREMIUMS WRITTEN | DISASTER-PRONE COUNTRY | REINSURANCE MARKETS | BUILDING CODES | DISASTER-PRONE COUNTRIES | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | INDEMNITY | EQUITY CAPITAL | RISK MANAGEMENT SYSTEM | CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE | INSURANCE POLICY | MARKET INFRASTRUCTURE | RATES | REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS | PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP | FARMERS | INSURANCE PREMIUM | PORTFOLIO | INSURANCE INDUSTRIES | VOLCANOES | FINANCING ARRANGEMENTS | CAPITAL ASSET | FINANCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE | FINANCIAL RISK | STARTUP | EARLY WARNING SYSTEMS | GLOBAL MARKET | CAPITAL MARKETS | FLOODS | EXTREME EVENTS | CATASTROPHE REINSURANCE
eBook
11/2009
This report forms part of the technical assistance provided by the World Bank under the Non-lending Technical Assistance Program for the Caribbean... 
FLOW OF INFORMATION | CONTRACT DESIGN | POOR | REINSURANCE CONTRACTS | FLOOD DAMAGES | RISK MANAGEMENT TOOLS | CATASTROPHIC EVENTS | EXTREME WEATHER | BASIS RISK | FIRE | RISK PREMIUM | FLOODING | CONTRACT ENFORCEMENT | CONSUMERS | DELIVERY MECHANISMS | CLIMATE | FLOOD | ECONOMIC GROWTH | PRIVATE FINANCIAL SECTOR | CASH TRANSFERS | IMPACT EVENTS | INCOME SMOOTHING | MORAL HAZARDS | TRADING | EXTREME RAINFALL | SAFETY NET | DISASTER | INSURANCE MARKETS | CYCLONE EVENTS | INVESTING | FRAUD | FINANCIAL RISK MANAGEMENT | POLITICAL STABILITY | RELIEF | FARMER | AGRICULTURAL INSURANCE | REINSURER | INCIDENCE OF POVERTY | BANKS | EXPORTERS | INSURANCE COMPANY | FOOD PRICES | AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES | BENEFICIARY | WIND SPEEDS | RISK ANALYSIS | REINSURERS | TREATY | INSURANCE RISK | LANDSLIDES | INFORMATION SYSTEM | DURABLE | TROPICAL CYCLONE ACTIVITY | DEFAULT SITUATION | RURAL | NATURAL CATASTROPHE | RISK MANAGEMENT | ATLANTIC HURRICANE | FINANCIAL SERVICES | PRIVATE INSURANCE | RISK EXPOSURE | REGISTRY SYSTEM | NATURAL DISASTER | AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION | INSURANCE POLICIES | INVENTORY | MORAL HAZARD | PUBLIC ASSETS | RISK REDUCTION | LINES OF CREDIT | PROGRAMS | REINSURANCE | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | EARTHQUAKE | UNDERWRITERS | HURRICANE | LIVESTOCK INSURANCE | INSURABLE INTEREST | EXTERNAL SHOCKS | INSURANCE SECTOR | INTERNATIONAL MARKETS | CONSUMPTION SMOOTHING | PUBLIC INVESTMENTS | LACK OF COLLATERAL | BENEFICIARIES | DEVELOPMENT BANK | INSURANCE SCHEME | CROP INSURANCE | INCOME VOLATILITY | GOVERNMENT SUPPORT | INSURANCE | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENT | RISK TRANSFER | RURAL AREAS | STORMS | RETURN | LOAN | EXPENDITURES | LOCAL GOVERNMENT | AGRICULTURAL LOAN | APPLICATIONS | MARKET DEVELOPMENT | TRADING PARTNERS | FEASIBILITY | INSURANCE PAYMENTS | ACCIDENT | OIL PRICE | PROPERTY INSURANCE | SAVINGS | AGENTS | EARTHQUAKES | INSURANCE PRODUCT | INSURANCE PRODUCTS | COMPETITIVENESS | SMALL FARMS | REMITTANCES | RISK INSURANCE | HEAVY RAIN | INTERNATIONAL REINSURANCE | MARKET DISTORTIONS | UNDERWRITING | EXTREME WEATHER EVENTS | DISASTER RESPONSES | FOOD EXPENDITURES | DISASTER RELIEF | FINANCIAL MARKETS | ENFORCEMENT MECHANISMS | NATURAL HAZARDS | FINANCIAL STABILITY | AGRICULTURAL CREDIT | AGRICULTURAL SECTOR | DROUGHTS | MITIGATION | FINANCIAL SECTOR | METEOROLOGICAL ORGANIZATION | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | INSURANCE CONTRACT | TRANSACTION | WEATHER INSURANCE | TROPICAL CYCLONES | EQUIPMENT | LOCAL INSURANCE MARKET | REINSURANCE CAPACITY | INCOME | DISASTER RECOVERY | EXTREME EVENT | INSURANCE COVERAGE | FINANCIAL RESOURCES | PUBLIC INSURANCE | GOVERNMENT BUDGET | INSURANCE APPLICATIONS | FINANCIAL CRISIS | TROPICAL STORM | CROP LOSSES | INFLATION | LACK OF COMPETITION | INTERNATIONAL MARKET | FINANCIAL PRODUCTS | MITIGATION MEASURES | NATURAL DISASTERS | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | FIRE INSURANCE | HOLDING | INSURANCE CONTRACTS | FINANCIAL TRANSFER MECHANISM | SAFETY NETS | WIND SPEED | CLIMATE INSURANCE | COMMERCIAL BANKS | PUBLIC BUDGET | SAFETY | NATURAL CATASTROPHES | CAPACITY BUILDING | DROUGHT | OWNERSHIP STRUCTURE | FUND MANAGEMENT | CATASTROPHIC RISKS | INSURANCE COMPANIES | TROPICAL CYCLONE | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARIES | HURRICANE SEASON | ACCOUNTING | CONTRACTUAL RELATIONSHIP | HURRICANES | RURAL DEVELOPMENT | INSURANCE SCHEMES | TRANSACTION COSTS | LOAN EXPOSURE | SUSTAINABILITY | DONOR COMMUNITY | POVERTY REDUCTION | PREMIUM PAYMENTS | TROPICAL CYCLONE IMPACTS | REINSURANCE MARKETS | ACCESS TO INSURANCE | DERIVATIVE | GOVERNMENT SUBSIDIES | TREATY REINSURANCE | NONGOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATION | WARNING SYSTEM | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | INDEMNITY | RISK MANAGEMENT SYSTEM | AGRICULTURAL LAND | GENERAL INSURANCE | LOAN PORTFOLIO | METEOROLOGICAL OFFICE | INDEMNITY PAYMENT | INSURANCE POLICY | FARMERS | CLIMATES | PORTFOLIO | HOLDINGS | DELIVERY MECHANISM | AGRICULTURAL BANKS | LANDSLIDE | FINANCIAL RISK | COMMERCIAL INSURANCE | CAPITAL MARKETS | FLOODS | WEATHER DERIVATIVES | BUDGETING | AGRICULTURAL DEVELOPMENT | EXTREME EVENTS | INSURANCE PREMIUMS
Book
03/2013, En breve, Volume 183
Book
03/2012, Policy Research working paper, Volume WPS 5987
INTERNATIONAL BEST PRACTICE | COLLATERAL | ECONOMIC PERSPECTIVE | SELF HELP | RISK INSURANCE | WORLD DEVELOPMENT INDICATORS | CROP INSURANCE SCHEME | ALLOCATION | DEPOSIT | ADVERSE SELECTION | CATASTROPHIC EVENTS | BASIS RISK | UNDERWRITING | GOVERNMENT FINANCING | CREDIBILITY | REINSURANCE COMPANIES | CLIMATE | POLICYHOLDERS | FLOOD | RISK CAPITAL | POLITICAL ECONOMY | CROP INSURANCE PRODUCT | LIABILITY | AGRICULTURAL CREDIT | CROP LOSS | MULTIPLE PERIL CROP INSURANCE | DISASTER | RISK SHARING | COINSURANCE | FINANCIAL SECTOR | PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS | INSURANCE MARKETS | INDEMNITY PAYMENTS | AUDITS | PRIVATE REINSURANCE | LIQUIDITY | FRAUD | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | CLAIM PAYMENTS | TRANSACTION | WEATHER INSURANCE | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | FARMER | CLAIM PAYMENT | CAPITAL MARKET | REINSURANCE CAPACITY | AGRICULTURAL INSURANCE | PUBLIC COMPANY | REINSURER | INCOME | BANKS | INSURANCE COMPANY | INSURANCE COVERAGE | OUTSOURCING | PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT | PUBLIC INSURANCE | REINSURERS | INSURANCE RISK | CROP INSURANCE PROGRAM | LOCAL INSTITUTIONS | LENDERS | EFFICIENCY GAINS | RISK MANAGEMENT | SET ASIDE | SETTLEMENT | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | HOLDING | WITHDRAWAL | LOSS RATIO | AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS | CASH FLOW | COUNTRY RISK | AGRICULTURAL INSURANCE SCHEME | FARMING HOUSEHOLDS | INTERNATIONAL BANK | PORTFOLIOS | FINANCING REQUIREMENTS | MOBILE PHONES | PRIVATE INSURANCE | CAPACITY BUILDING | DROUGHT | RISK POOLING | DEBT | INSURANCE COMPANIES | MORAL HAZARD | PROGRAMS | DISASTER RISK | REINSURANCE | DISASTER RISK FINANCING | RISK MITIGATION | ACCOUNTING | GOVERNMENT EXPENDITURE | INSURANCE PREMIUM RATES | INSURER | TRANSACTION COSTS | ALTERNATIVE FUNDING | SUSTAINABILITY | CREDITWORTHINESS | INSURERS | REINSURANCE MARKETS | CREDIT FACILITY | GOVERNMENT SUBSIDIES | PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTION | INSURANCE FUNDS | INSURANCE PENETRATION | DIVERSIFIED PORTFOLIO | INDEMNITY | INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY | BANKING SYSTEM | CROP INSURANCE | DISASTER REDUCTION | GOVERNMENT SUPPORT | INFORMATION DISCLOSURE | RISK TRANSFER | MATURITY | INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT | MARKET INFRASTRUCTURE | LOAN | INSURANCE MARKET | FARMERS | APPLICATIONS | INSURANCE PREMIUM | PORTFOLIO | EXPOSURE | EXCHANGE RATE | GOVERNMENT SUBSIDY | MARKET PRACTICE | FEASIBILITY | LANDSLIDE | CATASTROPHE RISK FINANCING | INSURANCE CLAIMS | FINANCIAL STRESS | LOAN WAIVER | INSTRUMENT | POLICY MAKERS | RESERVES | BUDGETING | SETTLEMENT RISK | INSURANCE PREMIUMS | INSURANCE PRODUCT | CAPS | INSURANCE PRODUCTS
Book
Global Environmental Change, ISSN 0959-3780, 09/2017, Volume 46, pp. 23 - 33
Journal Article