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Pacific Basin Finance Journal, ISSN 0927-538X, 12/2018, Volume 52, pp. 54 - 69
The recent expansion of Islamic banks raises questions on its economic implications. The aim of this paper is to investigate the impact of Islamic banking... 
Access to credit | Credit constraints | Islamic finance | BUSINESS, FINANCE | FINANCE | INEQUALITY | EFFICIENCY | Islamic banking | Developing countries | Business schools | Banks (Finance)
Journal Article
Journal of Business Ethics, ISSN 0167-4544, 1/2009, Volume 84, Issue 1, pp. 17 - 28
Journal Article
2001, World economic and financial surveys, ISBN 9781589060562, x, 232
Following a review and assesment of recent developments in capital market and banking systems, this year's International Capital Markets report review and... 
Banks and banking | Foreign exchange futures | Capital market | International finance
Book
2009, Directions in development. Private sector development, ISBN 9780821378113, xiv, 126
Nigeria's vision of 2020 is a bold desire to be among the top twenty economies by the year 2020. The economy has posted impressive growth figures since 2003... 
Investments | COLLATERAL FOR LOANS | CUSTOMS CLEARANCE | TOTAL COMPENSATION | ANNUAL INTEREST RATE | GENDER DIFFERENCES | MATURITIES | BARRIERS TO ENTRY | FEMALE ENTREPRENEURS | MACROECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT | TAXATION | BUSINESS CLIMATE | LARGE FIRMS | INTEREST RATES | EARNINGS | REAL INTEREST RATE | TRANSPORTATION NETWORK | TRADING | CONTRIBUTION | TRANSPORT EFFICIENCY | INVESTMENT CLIMATE | SOURCES OF CREDIT | CENTRAL BANK | IMPORT LICENSE | VENTURE CAPITALISTS | FINANCIAL NEEDS | PURCHASES | TAX RATE | ASSET BASE | POOR INVESTMENT | MARKET SHARE | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | SHORT-TERM FINANCING | ACCESS TO BANKS | ROAD TRANSPORT | BANKS | SALES | CREDITS | HUMAN RESOURCE | TRANSPORTATION | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | DRIVERS | NEW ENTRANTS | LOAN APPLICATION | CONTRIBUTIONS | FIXED ASSETS | RULE OF LAW | LIMITED ACCESS | CASH FLOW | REAL INTEREST | TRANSIT | INTERNATIONAL BANK | CAPITAL ADEQUACY RATIOS | CUSTOMS CLEARANCES | COMMODITY | ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT | DEBT | FORMAL SOURCES OF CREDIT | OIL PRICES | BRIBES | DOMESTIC CAPITAL | ENTREPRENEURIALISM | JOB CREATION | LINES OF CREDIT | INTERNAL FUNDS | LOAN APPLICATION PROCEDURES | FINANCIAL CAPACITY | INVENTORIES | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | TRADE CREDIT | SHORT-TERM FINANCE | CAPITAL ADEQUACY | QUESTIONNAIRE | INDIRECT COSTS | EXTERNAL FINANCING | LINE OF CREDIT | LABOR MARKET | CREDIT CULTURE | LIMITED ACCESS TO FINANCE | DIRECT INVESTMENT | DEVELOPMENT BANK | WAGES | AVERAGE INTEREST RATES | CORPORATE GOVERNANCE | HIGH INTEREST RATES | MATURITY | NPL | LABOR COSTS | LOAN | PERSONAL ASSETS | ACCESS TO FORMAL CREDIT | AVERAGE INTEREST | LARGE FIRM | VENTURE CAPITAL | LACK OF ACCESS | CONSOLIDATION | AUDITING | TAX ADMINISTRATION | APPLICATION PROCESS | CARS | COLLATERAL | OVERDRAFTS | ROAD | UNACCEPTABLE COLLATERAL | LAND OWNERSHIP | BUSINESS OWNERS | CORRUPTION | DEPOSIT | EXPENDITURE | BANKING PRACTICES | COLLATERAL REQUIREMENTS | FOREIGN FIRMS | CONSOLIDATION PROCESS | MARGINAL RATE | INDIRECT COST | ACCESS TO BANK | FORMAL FINANCIAL SECTOR | FIRM PERFORMANCE | HEAVY RELIANCE | BUSINESS OWNER | PROBLEMS WITH CREDIT | ACCESS TO FINANCE | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | ADVANCED ECONOMIES | BANK LOANS | INSTITUTIONAL REFORMS | BANK FINANCING | FINANCE ACCESS | FINANCIAL SECTOR | AVERAGE WAGE | SUBSIDIARY | LONG-TERM FINANCE | UNEMPLOYED | LOAN APPLICATIONS | WORKING CAPITAL | MICRO ENTERPRISES | NONPERFORMING LOANS | DOMESTIC CREDIT | CAPITAL MARKET | EQUIPMENT | APPLICATION PROCEDURES | INCOME | CAPITAL BASE | INCOMES | RETAINED EARNINGS | FINANCIAL RESOURCES | VALUE OF COLLATERAL | PROFITABILITY | BALANCE SHEETS | EMPLOYEE | BUSINESS CLIMATES | COLLECTION PROCESS | PUBLIC FINANCES | ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE | EMPLOYER | INFLATION | LEVEL OF EDUCATION | BANKING SUPERVISION | EDUCATION LEVEL | GOVERNMENT OWNERSHIP | ASSET QUALITY | TAX | CREDIT SOURCE | INVESTMENT CLIMATE ASSESSMENT | TRANSPORTATION PROBLEMS | UNSKILLED WORKERS | OVERDRAFT | SOURCES OF FINANCE | DOMESTIC CAPITAL MARKETS | ROADS | TAX RATES | ACCOUNTING | LOAN MARKETS | ECONOMIC REFORMS | SMALLER FIRMS | TELECOMMUNICATIONS | POLICY RESPONSE | INVESTMENT CLIMATES | BOTTLENECKS | CAR | LACK OF TRANSPARENCY | WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS | ANGEL INVESTORS | LEVEL OF DEBT | INTEREST RATE | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | LOAN PORTFOLIO | ENTREPRENEURSHIP | FINANCES | TRANSPORT | TRANSPARENCY | BANK BORROWING | GENDER | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT TRAINING | UNEMPLOYMENT | BANK INTEREST RATES | BORROWING | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | BANKING SECTOR | LOAN OFFICERS | CAPITAL MARKETS | GREATER ACCESS | ACCESS TO CREDIT | ACCESS TO LOANS | PRODUCTIVITY
Book
Journal of Macroeconomics, ISSN 0164-0704, 12/2017, Volume 54, pp. 410 - 423
We theoretically and empirically investigate the effects of access to credit on local growth using a Schumpeterian growth model and assuming monopolistic... 
Schumpeterian growth | Eastern europe | Access to credit | Monopolistic competition | CONVERGENCE | ECONOMICS | Economics | Economic growth | Analysis
Journal Article
Cogent Economics & Finance, ISSN 2332-2039, 01/2017, Volume 5, Issue 1
Credit is highly demanded in different parts of the world, mainly for capital requirement to improve land, purchase of main agricultural inputs including... 
credit access | Pakistan | financial sources | probit model | Cash flow | Agricultural lending | Farmers
Journal Article
The World Bank Research Observer, ISSN 0257-3032, 10/2006, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp. 207 - 240
This article reviews the evidence on the importance of finance for economic well-being. It provides data on the use of basic financial services by households... 
Bank accounts | Observational research | Credit | World Bank | Bank loans | Microfinance | Finance | Banking services | Financial institutions | Financial services | SMALL BORROWERS | START-UP COSTS | INEQUALITY | ACCESS TO FINANCIAL SERVICES | HOME OWNERSHIP | OUTREACH | ELECTRONIC DEPOSITS | FIXED COSTS | PRIVATE CREDIT | ACCESS TO INTERNATIONAL MARKETS | INFORMATION ASYMMETRIES | ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY | ECONOMIC GROWTH | FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT | PAYMENTS SERVICES | PUBLIC POLICY | INTEREST RATES | USURY LAWS | FINANCIAL SECTOR DEVELOPMENT | INDEBTEDNESS | FORMAL BANK | CREDIT INFORMATION | SMALL BUSINESS | CREDIT UNION | INSTALLMENTS | EQUITY FINANCE | URBAN AREAS | PROVISION OF ACCESS | FORMAL FINANCIAL SERVICES | FEDERAL BENEFITS | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | LITERACY REQUIREMENTS | POSTAL BANK | BAD CREDIT | BANKS | BANKING SERVICES | ACCESS BARRIERS | CREDIT CONSTRAINTS | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | FINANCING OBSTACLES | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | CREDIT HISTORY | SMALL BUSINESSES | CREDIT BUREAU | MULTINATIONALS | HOUSEHOLDS | LENDER | INTERNATIONAL BANK | ELECTRONIC PAYMENTS | INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES | REAL ESTATE | DEBT | E-BANK | FORMAL FINANCIAL SERVICE | MORAL HAZARD | DISCRIMINATION | FORMAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | BARRIERS TO GROWTH | TRADE CREDIT | CAPITAL ADEQUACY | MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS | CREDIT LINES | PROXIMITY BANKS | EXTERNAL FINANCING | BENEFITS OF ACCESS | POSTAL SAVINGS | CREDITWORTHINESS | INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURE | PAYMENT SERVICES | FINANCIAL SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT | DEPOSITORS | DEVELOPMENT BANK | INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY | UNIVERSAL ACCESS | ACCOUNT OWNERS | CROP INSURANCE | E-FINANCE | ENTERPRISE CREDIT | MONEYLENDERS | HIGH INTEREST RATES | INCOME GROUPS | BORROWER | NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS | LOAN | EXPENDITURES | ADMINISTRATIVE BURDENS | CONSUMER CREDIT | INFORMATION SYSTEMS | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | EXCHANGE RATE | FACILITATION | PROFITABLE BANKING | LACK OF ACCESS | FINANCIAL SERVICE PROVIDERS | SAVINGS | SAVINGS BANKS | FEDERAL RESERVE | POOR BORROWERS | COLLATERAL | LOANABLE FUNDS | REMITTANCES | RATES OF RETURN | FORMS OF CREDIT | PRIVATE SAVINGS | DEPOSIT | PAWNSHOPS | EXTERNAL FINANCE | DEPOSIT ACCOUNTS | CONSUMER FINANCE | PRIVATIZATION | FINANCIAL REFORM | BANKING RELATIONSHIP | ELECTRONIC TRANSFERS | CREDIT SCORING | BANKING SYSTEMS | FINANCIAL MARKETS | START-UP | BANK ACCOUNT | BANK ACCESS | ACCESS TO FINANCE | CREDIT INFORMATION BUREAUS | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTIONS | USURY | CREDIT ACCESS | CHAMBERS OF COMMERCE | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | EXCLUSION | BANKING CRISES | CREDIT EXTENSION | POSTAL BANKS | LOAN APPLICATIONS | VOLATILE INCOME | MINIMUM BALANCES | WORKING CAPITAL | ABSENCE OF CREDIT | CREDIT ANALYSIS | FINANCIAL LITERACY | COMMERCIAL BANK | ENTREPRENEURS | PROFITABILITY | SECURITIES | FINANCIAL SERVICES PROVIDERS | LENDING REQUIREMENTS | BANK BRANCH | MUTUAL FUNDS | BARTER | CREDIT REQUIREMENTS | CREDIT UNIONS | DEPOSITS | LENDERS | FINANCIAL PRODUCTS | FINANCIAL SYSTEMS | ELECTRONIC TRANSFER ACCOUNTS | INFORMATION SHARING | FINANCE COMPANIES | SAVINGS BANK ACCOUNT | COMMERCIAL BANKS | FINANCIAL DEPTH | SAVINGS ACCOUNTS | INFORMAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | FORMAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | SOCIAL EXCLUSION | SAVINGS PRODUCT | ELECTRONIC TRANSFER ACCOUNT | ACCESS TO BANK ACCOUNTS | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARIES | RISK MITIGATION | AGRICULTURAL BANK | MICROFINANCE | SAVINGS SERVICES | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION | TRANSACTION COSTS | PUBLIC BANKS | SAVINGS ACCOUNT | SMALL BANK | SOCIAL COMMITMENT | EMPLOYERS | NET WORTH | INFORMAL FINANCE | SAVINGS BANK | COOPERATIVES | STOCK MARKET | ILLITERACY | FINANCIAL EXCLUSION | BANK SERVICES | SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION | SMART CARDS | HOUSING FINANCE | SOCIAL SECURITY | BANKING SYSTEM | INTEREST RATE | REPAYMENT CAPACITY | CREDIT BUREAUS | ELECTRONIC TRANSFER | ACCESS TO PAYMENTS | OVERHEAD COSTS | FINANCES | PROPERTY RIGHTS | RETAIL BANKS | REPAYMENT | ACCESS TO FINANCING | CREDIT ASSOCIATIONS | FINANCIAL SERVICE | BORROWING | ECONOMIES OF SCALE | GROWTH OPPORTUNITIES | COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIATION | CAPITAL MARKETS | GREATER ACCESS | ACCESS TO CREDIT | SMALL ENTERPRISES | STOCK MARKETS | INSURANCE SERVICES | MATTER | ECONOMICS | GROWTH | PLANNING & DEVELOPMENT
Journal Article
Journal of Banking and Finance, ISSN 0378-4266, 08/2011, Volume 35, Issue 8, pp. 2169 - 2178
Journal Article
The Review of Financial Studies, ISSN 0893-9454, 1/2014, Volume 27, Issue 1, pp. 347 - 372
Journal Article
Economics, ISSN 1864-6042, 10/2017, Volume 11, Issue 31, pp. 1 - 28
Journal Article
Scandinavian Journal of Economics, ISSN 0347-0520, 2019
Journal Article
International Interactions, ISSN 0305-0629, 03/2018, Volume 44, Issue 2, pp. 385 - 410
This article revisits the question of whether capital account liberalization improves access to credit by advancing and testing a theory of how the structure... 
bank concentration | Capital account liberalization | access to credit | financial reform | Latin America | INDUSTRY | MARKET-STRUCTURE | DOMESTIC POLITICS | INSTITUTIONS | INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS | PANEL-DATA | INTERNATIONAL EVIDENCE | AVAILABILITY | COMPETITION | GROWTH | ECONOMIES | Loans | Credit | Constraints | Households | Banking | Capital markets | Liberalization | Supervision | Public finance | Capital movement
Journal Article
1987, ISBN 9780939934935, xi, 336
Written by Margaret Garritsen de Vries, former Historian of the IMF, the book describes the policies and activities the IMF has pursued in helping members... 
International finance | International Monetary Fund | Balance of payments | Adjustment Process
Book
Research in International Business and Finance, ISSN 0275-5319, 10/2017, Volume 41, pp. 336 - 346
This study investigates gender balance in the credit market for small and medium enterprise (SME) finance in South Asia. This study is significant in that it... 
credit access | SME | women entrepreneurs | IV-probit regression | emerging economies | South Asia | ENTERPRISES | SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA | TERMS | FIRMS | BUSINESS, FINANCE | SAMPLE SELECTION BIAS | GAP | GENDER | CONSTRAINTS | Businesspeople | Businesswomen | Small and medium sized companies | Entrepreneurship | Sex discrimination against women | Emerging markets | Capital market | Banks (Finance)
Journal Article
Development in Practice, ISSN 0961-4524, 11/2016, Volume 26, Issue 8, pp. 1060 - 1071
This article reports on a study that aimed to investigate the differences in access to, and utilisation of, agricultural credit among subsistence farmers in... 
Economics | Environment (built and natural) - Agriculture | Labour and livelihoods - Microfinance | South Asia | Environment (built and natural) – Agriculture | Labour and livelihoods – Microfinance | Farmers | Credit | Disadvantaged | Credit policy | Access | Development | Agriculture | Agricultural lending | Land
Journal Article
2008, ISBN 9780821374467, xviii, 353
There is compelling evidence of the importance of gender equality for poverty reduction and sustainable growth. So it should come as no surprise that most... 
Women's rights | Equality | Sex discrimination against women | GENDER NEUTRAL | INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY | LABOUR ORGANIZATION | LABOR MARKETS | GENDER DIFFERENCES | INEQUALITY | OUTREACH | ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES | ECONOMIC GROWTH | EMERGENCY OBSTETRIC CARE | URBAN DEVELOPMENT | EMPOWERMENT | PUBLIC POLICY | INTEREST RATES | SEXUAL HEALTH | EARNINGS | SEX DISCRIMINATION | GENDER DISPARITY | FLEXIBLE REPAYMENTS | UNICEF | SMALL BUSINESS | FEMALE | GENDER GAP | PREGNANCIES | CREDIT INSTITUTIONS | FEMALE LABOR FORCE | FORMAL FINANCIAL SERVICES | CHILD CARE | SEX | DOMESTIC VIOLENCE | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | AID EFFECTIVENESS | CULTURAL NORMS | ANTIDISCRIMINATION LEGISLATION | LEGISLATION | FAMILY RELATIONSHIPS | GENDER ANALYSIS | EQUALITY POLICY | PUBLIC EDUCATION | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | CREDIT MARKETS | ACCESS TO MARKETS | FEMINIST ECONOMICS | EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES | MATERNITY LEAVES | GENDER INEQUALITIES | HOUSEHOLDS | PARTICIPATION OF WOMEN | CONTRACEPTIVE USE | AGE OF MARRIAGE | INTERNATIONAL BANK | GUARANTEE SCHEME | MATERNAL HEALTH | ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT | DISCRIMINATION | FAMILIES | HUMAN RIGHTS | GENDER MAINSTREAMING | COST ESTIMATES | SEX DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN | OWNERSHIP OF LAND | FEMALE LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | GENDER PARITY | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | CUSTOMARY LAW | LABOR MARKET | GENDER NEEDS | FEMALE LITERACY | CREDIT PROGRAM | FORMS OF DISCRIMINATION | FORMAL CREDIT | DEVELOPMENT BANK | UNDP | UNESCO | ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES | UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME | GENDER INEQUALITY | CONTRACEPTION | BORROWER | JUDGE | ACCESS FOR WOMEN | ENROLLMENT | SMALL FARMERS | LOAN | EXPENDITURES | EQUAL RIGHTS | SELF- EMPLOYMENT | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | UNITED NATIONS | PENSIONS | EXCHANGE RATE | WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION | CREDIT MARKET | ENDOWMENTS | PROMOTION OF GENDER EQUALITY | SEX SELECTION | OPPORTUNITY FOR WOMEN | FORMS OF VIOLENCE | GENDER ACTION | MICRO CREDIT | FAMILY PLANNING | MICRO-CREDIT | SAVINGS | GENDER VIOLENCE | LEGAL REFORMS | HOME | INFORMAL SECTOR | COLLATERAL | STATUS OF WOMEN | LAND OWNERSHIP | ADVANCEMENT OF WOMEN | ADOLESCENT GIRLS | SCHOLARSHIP | BUSINESS OWNERSHIP | PENSION | EXPENDITURE | COLLATERAL REQUIREMENTS | GENDER EQUITY | ENROLLMENTS | MARRIAGE FOR GIRLS | FEMALE FARMERS | FEMALE EMPLOYMENT | CHILD DEVELOPMENT | INEQUALITIES | ENFORCEMENT MECHANISMS | SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT | GENDER DISCRIMINATION | FEMALE WORKER | TEENAGE PREGNANCY | LAWS | DAY CARE | SOCIAL JUSTICE | NUTRITION | GIRLS | FINANCING NEEDS | FEMALE LABOR | LEGAL REFORM | PROPERTY OWNERSHIP | SOCIAL CHANGE | GENDER SPECIFIC | ACCESS TO RESOURCES | FAMILY PLANNING FOR WOMEN | MICROCREDIT | SMALL LOANS | LITERATE FEMALES | LAND ADMINISTRATION | OPPORTUNITIES FOR WOMEN | FINANCIAL RESOURCES | DONOR RESOURCES | ANTIDISCRIMINATION | CREDIT PROGRAMS | ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITIES FOR WOMEN | MATERNAL MORTALITY | VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN | INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS STANDARDS | ADOLESCENTS | LEGAL STATUS | CUSTOMARY LAWS | WOMEN FARMERS | FORMS OF VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN | DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN | GENDER WAGE GAPS | EDUCATION LEVEL | INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS | MINIMUM AGE OF MARRIAGE | CAPACITY BUILDING | REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH | WOMAN | MATERNITY LEAVE | DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE | ASSET OWNERSHIP | GENDER EQUALITY POLICY | ACCESS TO LOAN | AGRICULTURAL PRODUCT | GENDER GAPS | EDUCATIONAL LEVELS | MICROFINANCE | LAND RIGHTS | TRANSACTION COSTS | SAVINGS RATES | INTERNATIONAL LAWS | WOMEN'S STATUS | GENDERS | EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITY | EQUALITY | POOR WOMEN | GENDER EQUALITY | SON PREFERENCE | EQUALITY OF OPPORTUNITIES | EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT | SEXES | DISCRIMINATORY PRACTICES | SOCIAL WELFARE | HUMAN CAPITAL | PROPERTY RIGHTS | SEX DIFFERENCES | FARMERS | GENDER | SMALL ENTERPRISE | UNEMPLOYMENT | BANK OFFICE | EQUALITY FOR WOMEN | WOMEN EQUALITY | BORROWING | GENDER DISPARITIES | REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH SERVICES | UNIFEM | FUNDING SOURCES | SEX WORKERS | MAINSTREAMING GENDER | UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT FUND FOR WOMEN | ACCESS TO CREDIT | GENDER ISSUES | MINISTRY OF WOMEN | PRODUCTIVITY | WILL
Book
2008, World Bank working paper, ISBN 9780821375570, Volume no. 146, xiv, 80
Governments are challenged to make an innovation-friendly climate while simultaneously ensuring that business development remain sustainable. Criminal use of... 
Prevention | Home banking services | Security measures | Commercial crimes | Cell phone systems | Electronic funds transfers | CHECKS | INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY | PHYSICAL PRESENCE |