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Journal of Banking and Finance, ISSN 0378-4266, 2008, Volume 32, Issue 11, pp. 2493 - 2500
This paper presents estimates, for more than 160 countries, of the fraction of the adult population using formal financial intermediaries. The estimates are... 
Access to finance | Worldwide database | Microfinance | Financial exclusion | BUSINESS, FINANCE | ECONOMICS | Access to finance Financial exclusion Microfinance Worldwide database
Journal Article
International Journal of Information Management, ISSN 0268-4012, 06/2016, Volume 36, Issue 3, pp. 297 - 308
Journal Article
The World Bank Research Observer, ISSN 0257-3032, 10/2006, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp. 207 - 240
This article reviews the evidence on the importance of finance for economic well-being. It provides data on the use of basic financial services by households... 
Bank accounts | Observational research | Credit | World Bank | Bank loans | Microfinance | Finance | Banking services | Financial institutions | Financial services | SMALL BORROWERS | START-UP COSTS | INEQUALITY | ACCESS TO FINANCIAL SERVICES | HOME OWNERSHIP | OUTREACH | ELECTRONIC DEPOSITS | FIXED COSTS | PRIVATE CREDIT | ACCESS TO INTERNATIONAL MARKETS | INFORMATION ASYMMETRIES | ADVANCED TECHNOLOGY | ECONOMIC GROWTH | FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT | PAYMENTS SERVICES | PUBLIC POLICY | INTEREST RATES | USURY LAWS | FINANCIAL SECTOR DEVELOPMENT | INDEBTEDNESS | FORMAL BANK | CREDIT INFORMATION | SMALL BUSINESS | CREDIT UNION | INSTALLMENTS | EQUITY FINANCE | URBAN AREAS | PROVISION OF ACCESS | FORMAL FINANCIAL SERVICES | FEDERAL BENEFITS | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | LITERACY REQUIREMENTS | POSTAL BANK | BAD CREDIT | BANKS | BANKING SERVICES | ACCESS BARRIERS | CREDIT CONSTRAINTS | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | FINANCING OBSTACLES | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | CREDIT HISTORY | SMALL BUSINESSES | CREDIT BUREAU | MULTINATIONALS | HOUSEHOLDS | LENDER | INTERNATIONAL BANK | ELECTRONIC PAYMENTS | INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES | REAL ESTATE | DEBT | E-BANK | FORMAL FINANCIAL SERVICE | MORAL HAZARD | DISCRIMINATION | FORMAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | BARRIERS TO GROWTH | TRADE CREDIT | CAPITAL ADEQUACY | MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS | CREDIT LINES | PROXIMITY BANKS | EXTERNAL FINANCING | BENEFITS OF ACCESS | POSTAL SAVINGS | CREDITWORTHINESS | INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURE | PAYMENT SERVICES | FINANCIAL SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT | DEPOSITORS | DEVELOPMENT BANK | INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY | UNIVERSAL ACCESS | ACCOUNT OWNERS | CROP INSURANCE | E-FINANCE | ENTERPRISE CREDIT | MONEYLENDERS | HIGH INTEREST RATES | INCOME GROUPS | BORROWER | NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS | LOAN | EXPENDITURES | ADMINISTRATIVE BURDENS | CONSUMER CREDIT | INFORMATION SYSTEMS | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | EXCHANGE RATE | FACILITATION | PROFITABLE BANKING | LACK OF ACCESS | FINANCIAL SERVICE PROVIDERS | SAVINGS | SAVINGS BANKS | FEDERAL RESERVE | POOR BORROWERS | COLLATERAL | LOANABLE FUNDS | REMITTANCES | RATES OF RETURN | FORMS OF CREDIT | PRIVATE SAVINGS | DEPOSIT | PAWNSHOPS | EXTERNAL FINANCE | DEPOSIT ACCOUNTS | CONSUMER FINANCE | PRIVATIZATION | FINANCIAL REFORM | BANKING RELATIONSHIP | ELECTRONIC TRANSFERS | CREDIT SCORING | BANKING SYSTEMS | FINANCIAL MARKETS | START-UP | BANK ACCOUNT | BANK ACCESS | ACCESS TO FINANCE | CREDIT INFORMATION BUREAUS | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTIONS | USURY | CREDIT ACCESS | CHAMBERS OF COMMERCE | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | EXCLUSION | BANKING CRISES | CREDIT EXTENSION | POSTAL BANKS | LOAN APPLICATIONS | VOLATILE INCOME | MINIMUM BALANCES | WORKING CAPITAL | ABSENCE OF CREDIT | CREDIT ANALYSIS | FINANCIAL LITERACY | COMMERCIAL BANK | ENTREPRENEURS | PROFITABILITY | SECURITIES | FINANCIAL SERVICES PROVIDERS | LENDING REQUIREMENTS | BANK BRANCH | MUTUAL FUNDS | BARTER | CREDIT REQUIREMENTS | CREDIT UNIONS | DEPOSITS | LENDERS | FINANCIAL PRODUCTS | FINANCIAL SYSTEMS | ELECTRONIC TRANSFER ACCOUNTS | INFORMATION SHARING | FINANCE COMPANIES | SAVINGS BANK ACCOUNT | COMMERCIAL BANKS | FINANCIAL DEPTH | SAVINGS ACCOUNTS | INFORMAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | FORMAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | SOCIAL EXCLUSION | SAVINGS PRODUCT | ELECTRONIC TRANSFER ACCOUNT | ACCESS TO BANK ACCOUNTS | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARIES | RISK MITIGATION | AGRICULTURAL BANK | MICROFINANCE | SAVINGS SERVICES | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION | TRANSACTION COSTS | PUBLIC BANKS | SAVINGS ACCOUNT | SMALL BANK | SOCIAL COMMITMENT | EMPLOYERS | NET WORTH | INFORMAL FINANCE | SAVINGS BANK | COOPERATIVES | STOCK MARKET | ILLITERACY | FINANCIAL EXCLUSION | BANK SERVICES | SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION | SMART CARDS | HOUSING FINANCE | SOCIAL SECURITY | BANKING SYSTEM | INTEREST RATE | REPAYMENT CAPACITY | CREDIT BUREAUS | ELECTRONIC TRANSFER | ACCESS TO PAYMENTS | OVERHEAD COSTS | FINANCES | PROPERTY RIGHTS | RETAIL BANKS | REPAYMENT | ACCESS TO FINANCING | CREDIT ASSOCIATIONS | FINANCIAL SERVICE | BORROWING | ECONOMIES OF SCALE | GROWTH OPPORTUNITIES | COMMUNITY REINVESTMENT | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIATION | CAPITAL MARKETS | GREATER ACCESS | ACCESS TO CREDIT | SMALL ENTERPRISES | STOCK MARKETS | INSURANCE SERVICES | MATTER | ECONOMICS | GROWTH | PLANNING & DEVELOPMENT
Journal Article
10/2018, EMCompass
Global efforts to counter terrorism financing and money laundering have led banks to terminaterelationships with some communities, businesses, and individuals... 
ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING | INFORMATION MANAGEMENT | TRANSACTION MONITORING | EMERGING MARKET ECONOMIES | ACCESS TO FINANCE | CFT-AML | FINANCIAL INCLUSION | COMBATING THE FINANCING OF TERRORISM | DATA SHARING | KNOW-YOUR-CUSTOMER UTILITY | FINANCIAL SERVICES | FINANCIAL ACTION TASK FORCE | DATA PRIVACY
Book
Progress in Development Studies, ISSN 1464-9934, 1/2019, Volume 19, Issue 1, pp. 21 - 35
Although better access to financial services is known to lead to various economic opportunities, most studies have approached ‘access’ as a one-dimensional... 
business development | Multidimensional access | poverty | savings | financial services | Indonesia | CREDIT ACCESS | DEVELOPMENT STUDIES | POVERTY IMPACT | MICROCREDIT | LIVES | SOCIAL NETWORKS | CONSUMPTION
Journal Article
Journal of Family and Economic Issues, ISSN 1058-0476, 9/2017, Volume 38, Issue 3, pp. 453 - 462
Financial capability—financial knowledge, skills, and access to financial services—may help smooth transitions to adulthood for youth and is affected by... 
Personality and Social Psychology | Social Sciences | Social Sciences, general | YouthSave | Ghana | Sociology, general | Social Policy | Financial social work | Financial access | Financial services | ADOLESCENTS | SAVINGS | SOCIALIZATION | Financial institutions | Financial services industry | Financial literacy | Families & family life | Parents & parenting
Journal Article
World Bank Research Observer, ISSN 1564-6971, 02/2009, Volume 24, Issue 1, pp. 119 - 145
Journal Article
11/2013
Agriculture has been a mainstay of the Cambodian economy. It has seen significant growth throughout the 2000s and showed a significant resilience against... 
LACK OF FINANCE | FINANCIAL LEVERAGE | ACCESS TO FINANCIAL SERVICES | OUTREACH | VILLAGES | FINANCIAL ACCESS | BORROWING CAPACITY | LIQUIDITY MANAGEMENT | TAXATION | CONTRACT ENFORCEMENT | BUSINESS PLAN | LOAN PRODUCTS | ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES | ECONOMIC GROWTH | PAYMENTS SERVICES | INTEREST RATES | FINANCIAL SECTOR DEVELOPMENT | LENDING PORTFOLIO | TRADING | CREDIT INFORMATION | REGULATORY SYSTEM | CREDIT GAP | INVESTMENT CLIMATE | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | URBAN AREAS | BUSINESS VOLUMES | FINANCIAL RELATIONSHIP | FINANCIAL NEEDS | COMMERCIAL TRANSACTIONS | DEBT OBLIGATION | LIQUIDITY | LACK OF INFORMATION | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | CASH FLOWS | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | BUSINESS MANAGEMENT | BANKING SERVICES | AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES | TURNOVER | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | LOAN APPLICATION | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | LETTERS OF CREDIT | LOAN SUPERVISION | LOAN APPROVAL | CREDIT HISTORY | CREDIT BUREAU | FIXED ASSETS | RULE OF LAW | STOCKS | USE OF COLLATERAL | BANK LENDING | BANKING INDUSTRY | SECONDARY MARKETS | LIMITED ACCESS | UNION | TAX BURDEN | INTERNATIONAL BANK | SELF-EMPLOYMENT | FINANCING REQUIREMENTS | FINANCIAL MARKET | DEBT | MICRO-INSURANCE | MONEY TRANSFERS | INVENTORY | FORMAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | LINES OF CREDIT | FAMILIES | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | TRADE CREDIT | MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS | LACK OF CREDIT | ASYMMETRIC INFORMATION | EXTERNAL SHOCKS | MFIS | AFFORDABILITY | RURAL CREDIT | GROSS MARGINS | PUBLIC INVESTMENTS | LACK OF COLLATERAL | MICRO ENTERPRISE | PERSONAL PROPERTY | LIMITED ACCESS TO FINANCE | WAREHOUSE RECEIPT | LAND VALUE | DEVELOPMENT BANK | INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY | SOURCE OF INFORMATION | CORPORATE FINANCE | CROP VALUE | INSURANCE | BORROWER | LEVEL OF ASSETS | LOAN | LEGAL ENVIRONMENT | GROUP LOANS | LOCAL GOVERNMENT | MONEY LENDER | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS | LENDING INTEREST RATES | EXCHANGE RATE | CURRENCY | WAREHOUSE RECEIPT SYSTEM | POLICY ENVIRONMENT | FACTORING | FACILITATION | LACK OF ACCESS | FINANCIAL SERVICE PROVIDERS | MICRO-CREDIT | BUSINESS PLANS | SAVINGS | APPLICATION PROCESS | MARKET FAILURES | COLLATERAL | LEGAL FRAMEWORK | CAPITAL STOCK | LOAN APPRAISAL | SPECIALIZED BANKS | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | DEPOSIT | COLLATERAL REQUIREMENTS | DEPOSIT ACCOUNTS | CREDIT-WORTHINESS | LETTER OF CREDIT | LOC | BANK ACCOUNT | BANKING INSTITUTIONS | PERSONAL LOANS | ACCESS TO FINANCE | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION | TAX BURDENS | AGRICULTURAL SECTOR | AGRICULTURAL TRADE | INSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENT | PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS | FINANCING NEEDS | SUBSIDIARY | APPROVAL PROCEDURES | ACCOUNTING SYSTEMS | TAX INCENTIVES | WORKING CAPITAL | MICRO ENTERPRISES | SMALL LOANS | INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS | FINANCIAL INFORMATION | NON-PERFORMING LOANS | CAPITAL SHORTAGE | EXPORT GROWTH | ENTREPRENEURS | MONEY MARKETS | PROFITABILITY | FINANCIAL TRANSACTIONS | FORM OF CREDIT | FINANCIAL SECTOR ASSESSMENT | FINANCIAL CRISIS | BANK BRANCH | ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE | LEVEL PLAYING FIELD | DEPOSITS | LENDERS | PROFIT MARGINS | FINANCIAL MEASURES | LOAN SIZE | SMALLHOLDER | FINANCIAL PRODUCTS | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | FINANCIAL SYSTEMS | INFORMATION SHARING | BUSINESS ASSOCIATIONS | COMMERCIAL BANKS | SAVINGS ACCOUNTS | ACCOUNTING STANDARDS | REPOS | MICRO-ENTERPRISES | MOVABLE COLLATERAL | TAX | INSURANCE COMPANIES | MONEY TRANSFER | FARM MACHINERY | DOMESTIC BANKS | SUPPLY OF FINANCING | AGRICULTURAL SECTORS | ACCOUNTING | FINANCIAL FLOWS | MICROFINANCE | WAREHOUSE | CAPITALIZATION | WAREHOUSE RECEIPT SYSTEMS | ADVISORY SERVICES | ACCOUNT HOLDERS | REAL SECTOR | SOURCE OF CREDIT | BANKING SYSTEM | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | FINANCIAL STATEMENTS | LOAN SIZES | TRADE FACILITATION | MFI | INVESTMENT CAPITAL | TRANSPORT | CREDIT NEED | MACROECONOMIC CONDITIONS | FARMERS | NATURAL RESOURCES | TRANSPARENCY | FINANCIAL SERVICE | SMALL ENTERPRISE | LOAN REPAYMENT | BORROWING | DIVERSIFICATION | BUSINESS COMMUNITY | MERCHANTS | BANKING SECTOR | CASH HOLDINGS | ACCESS TO CREDIT | PRODUCTIVITY | COLLATERAL REGISTRY
Book
Review of Development Finance, ISSN 1879-9337, 06/2015, Volume 5, Issue 1, pp. 34 - 42
The presence of rationing of financial services in the developing countries is a major obstacle to achieving sustainable growth. In recent years there have... 
Access to finance | Credit rationing | Perceptions and attitudes | Variable selection
Journal Article
11/2010
Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) play a major role in economic development, particularly in emerging countries, but access to finance remains a key... 
INVESTMENT DECISIONS | KEY CHALLENGE | INCOME GROUP | ACCESS TO FINANCIAL SERVICES | CREDIT PRODUCTS | OUTREACH | FINANCIAL ACCESS | FIXED COSTS | PRIVATE CREDIT | ECONOMIC POLICY | INTEREST RATES | START-UPS | EARNINGS | CREDIT INFORMATION | SMALL BUSINESS | CREDIT GAP | BRIBE | BUSINESS LENDING | CAPITAL FORMATION | FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | DEPOSIT RELATIONSHIPS | EQUITY FINANCE | VENTURE CAPITALISTS | EQUITY INVESTMENTS | FINANCIAL NEEDS | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | BALANCE SHEET | CASH FLOWS | EQUITY INVESTMENT | SMALL BUSINESS OWNERS | CAPITAL STRUCTURE | CREDIT REPORTING | EMPLOYMENT GROWTH | BANKS | ENTREPRENEURSHIP FINANCING | BANKRUPTCY | LOAN APPLICATION | INFORMATION SYSTEM | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | BANK CREDIT | PUBLIC FINANCE | PUBLIC CREDIT | CREDIT HISTORY | SMALL BUSINESSES | CREDIT HISTORIES | RISK MANAGEMENT | CREDIT BUREAU | FIXED ASSETS | BANK LENDING | INTERNAL FINANCE | LENDER | UNION | FINANCING FACILITIES | CASH FLOW | FINANCIAL INFRASTRUCTURES | DEVELOPMENT FINANCE INSTITUTIONS | INVESTMENT BANK | RECESSION | EQUITY INVESTORS | INVESTMENT OPPORTUNITIES | DEBT | TERM CREDITS | CAPITAL FINANCE | FISCAL POLICIES | SHADOW ECONOMY | BRIBES | ALTERNATIVE FINANCING | JOB CREATION | MORAL HAZARD | INITIAL PUBLIC OFFERING | LOAN APPLICATION PROCEDURES | CREDIT CRUNCHES | BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT | TRADE CREDIT | MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS | EXTERNAL FINANCING | LINE OF CREDIT | MFIS | CREDITWORTHINESS | CREDIT GUARANTEES | ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA | MULTINATIONAL | ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLES | OPERATING COSTS | INFORMATION INFRASTRUCTURE | INTERNAL FINANCING | PAYMENT DEFAULT | EQUITY FUNDS | ALTERNATIVE INVESTMENT | FINANCIAL REGULATORS | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENT | BORROWER | CREDIT REGISTRIES | MANAGEMENT EDUCATION | INFORMAL FINANCING | RATES OF RETURNS | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | CREDIT REGISTRY | INVESTMENT VEHICLES | MARKET DEVELOPMENT | ACCESS TO CAPITAL | PROPERTY AS COLLATERAL | CREDIT INFORMATION SYSTEMS | POLICY ENVIRONMENT | VENTURE CAPITAL | BUSINESS EXPERIENCE | LACK OF ACCESS | RISKY BORROWERS | BUSINESS PLANS | SAVINGS | SPECIAL FINANCING | ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT | ACCESS INDICATORS | GOVERNMENT POLICIES | COLLATERAL | OVERDRAFTS | ACCESS TO BANK LOANS | FORMS OF CREDIT | CORRUPTION | DEPOSIT | COLLATERAL REQUIREMENTS | EXTERNAL FINANCE | DEPOSIT ACCOUNTS | LOAN AMOUNT | OBSTACLES TO GROWTH | BANKING RELATIONSHIP | BANKING SYSTEMS | FINANCIAL MARKETS | SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT | ACCESS TO FINANCE | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTIONS | CREDIT CRUNCH | BANK LOANS | FIXED CAPITAL INVESTMENT | CASH MANAGEMENT | BANK FINANCING | FINANCE ACCESS | FINANCING NEEDS | BUSINESS PLANNING | CREDIT REPORTS | WORKING CAPITAL | MICRO ENTERPRISES | BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT BANK | COMMUNITY BANKS | FINANCIAL LITERACY | COMMERCIAL BANK | FINANCIAL PRODUCT | SMALL LOANS | CREDIT FACILITIES | ENTREPRENEURS | PROFITABILITY | INFORMAL ECONOMY | PUBLIC FUNDS | EMPLOYER | DEPOSITS | LENDERS | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | EQUITY FINANCING | INTEREST RATE CEILINGS | FINANCIAL KNOWLEDGE | COMMERCIAL BANKS | BANKING SUPERVISION | CAPACITY BUILDING | COMPLIANCE COSTS | BANK LOAN | OVERDRAFT | ENTREPRENEUR | REPOSSESSION | FIXED CAPITAL | PRIVATE EQUITY | SOURCES OF FINANCE | MICRO FINANCE | RISK MITIGATION | MICROFINANCE | TRADE FINANCING | FINANCIAL REGULATION | PROPRIETORSHIPS | MICRO FINANCE INSTITUTION | INFORMAL FINANCE | GUARANTEE SCHEMES | FINANCIAL EDUCATION | ANGEL INVESTORS | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | SOCIAL SECURITY | EQUITY CAPITAL | INTEREST RATE | CREDIT BUREAUS | BUSINESS ANGEL | LOAN PORTFOLIO | DEVELOPMENT FINANCE | OVERHEAD COSTS | COMPLIANCE COST | HUMAN CAPITAL | CREDITOR | MFI | FINANCES | INVESTMENT CAPITAL | ECONOMIC ACTIVITY | FARMERS | FINANCIAL REGULATOR | ACCESS TO FINANCING | GENDER | FINANCIAL SERVICE | SMALL ENTERPRISE | BORROWING | ECONOMIES OF SCALE | BUSINESS LOANS | FINANCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE | PARTIAL CREDIT | CREDIT RELATIONSHIP | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIATION | CAPITAL MARKETS | ACCESS TO CREDIT | SMALL ENTERPRISES | DEBT SECURITIES | POLICY DESIGN
Book
Financial Markets, Institutions & Instruments, ISSN 0963-8008, 05/2007, Volume 16, Issue 2, pp. 79 - 117
Access to financial services, or rather the lack thereof, is often indiscriminately decried as problem in many developing countries. This paper argues that the... 
Studies | Supply & demand | Public access | Analysis | Financial services
Journal Article
06/2010
The purpose of this paper is to report on the level of access to formal financial services in the Kyrgyz Republic, assess the key obstacles to improving... 
ACCESS TO FINANCIAL SERVICES | MATURITIES | SMALL LOAN | OUTREACH | FINANCIAL ACCESS | FOREIGN CURRENCY | LOAN CONDITIONS | TAXATION | PRIVATE CREDIT | CONTRACT ENFORCEMENT | ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES | ECONOMIC GROWTH | CUSTOMER SERVICE | INTEREST RATES | START-UPS | EARNINGS | CREDIT EXPANSION | LENDING PORTFOLIO | SOURCE OF INCOME | PUBLIC REGISTRY | REGISTRATION PROCESS | CREDIT INFORMATION | NATIONAL BANK | CREDIT UNION | WEALTH CREATION | FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | RURAL FINANCE | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARY | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | URBAN AREAS | CREDIT LINE | FINANCIAL NEEDS | BANK ASSETS | FORMAL FINANCIAL SERVICES | PENETRATION RATES | PRUDENTIAL REQUIREMENTS | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | CURRENT ACCOUNTS | LEGISLATION | LOAN PROCESS | BANKS | OPERATIONAL COSTS | BANKING SERVICES | CLASSIFIED LOANS | SOCIAL FUND | GROUP GUARANTEES | LOCAL CURRENCY | AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | NEW ENTRANTS | PUBLIC REGISTRIES | MIGRANT WORKERS | BANK CREDIT | CREDIT SCORING MODELS | CREDIT HISTORY | SMALL BUSINESSES | DONOR FUNDING | RISK MANAGEMENT | CREDIT BUREAU | LOAN RECOVERY | FIXED ASSETS | BANK LENDING | HOUSEHOLDS | LENDER | LIMITED ACCESS | UNION | ADB | CREDIT COOPERATIVES | EXPORT FINANCING | CURRENCY EXCHANGE | REAL ESTATE | FINANCIAL MARKET | DEBT | MONEY TRANSFERS | INVENTORY | INTERNAL FUNDS | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | MORTGAGE LOANS | CAPITAL ADEQUACY | MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS | CREDIT LINES | EXTERNAL FINANCING | LINE OF CREDIT | COMMERCIAL CREDIT | MARKET VALUE | PAWN | VILLAGE | MONEY MANAGEMENT | OPERATING COSTS | LIMITED ACCESS TO FINANCE | CREDIT RISK MANAGEMENT | PAYMENT SERVICES | DEVELOPMENT BANK | CONSUMER PROTECTION | INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY | FINANCE COMPANY | STATE BANKS | PROFIT MARGIN | MONEYLENDERS | HIGH INTEREST RATES | MATURITY | BORROWER | ACCOUNTING PRACTICES | ECONOMIC CRISIS | LOAN | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | LENDING INTEREST RATES | EXCHANGE RATE | CREDIT INFORMATION SYSTEMS | PERSONAL ASSETS | CREDIT MARKET | FACTORING | MORTGAGE | FINANCIAL HEALTH | RETURN ON EQUITY | AUDITING | SAVINGS | RETURN ON ASSETS | DEMAND DEPOSITS | COLLATERAL | LEGAL FRAMEWORK | MARKET CONFIDENCE | IMMOVABLE PROPERTY | REMITTANCES | LENDING POLICIES | CORRUPTION | DEPOSIT | COLLATERAL REQUIREMENTS | DEPOSIT ACCOUNTS | LOAN AMOUNT | PRIVATIZATION | MORTGAGES | CREDIT RISK | EMPLOYMENT | CREDIT PORTFOLIO | CREDIT SCORING | TIME DEPOSITS | FINANCIAL MARKETS | ACCESS TO FINANCE | GROUP GUARANTEE | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | ADVANCED ECONOMIES | BANK LOANS | LAWS | AGRICULTURAL SECTOR | AGRICULTURAL TRADE | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | WORKING CAPITAL | NONPERFORMING LOANS | ACCESS TO RESOURCES | GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTS | COMMERCIAL BANK | MICROCREDIT | SMALL LOANS | PAWN SHOP | RETAINED EARNINGS | FINANCIAL RESOURCES | VALUE OF COLLATERAL | PROFITABILITY | SECURITIES | LOAN PORTFOLIOS | LOAN MATURITIES | NONBANK FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | BANK BRANCH | EXCESS LIQUIDITY | ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE | LEVEL PLAYING FIELD | CREDIT UNIONS | DEPOSITS | LOAN SIZE | CREDITORS | FINANCIAL PRODUCTS | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | RURAL FINANCIAL SERVICES | INFORMATION SHARING | FINANCE COMPANIES | COMMERCIAL BANKS | ACCOUNTING STANDARDS | CAPACITY BUILDING | ASSET QUALITY | GROUP LENDING | BANK LOAN | COLLATERALS | CREDIT PORTFOLIOS | MONEY TRANSFER | MICRO FINANCE | ACCOUNTING | MICROFINANCE | TRANSACTION COSTS | OUTSTANDING LOAN | LARGE CITIES | CONFIDENCE IN BANKS | DEPOSITOR | LARGE BORROWERS | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | CREDIT DECISIONS | BANKING SYSTEM | INTEREST RATE | LOAN PORTFOLIO | PAWN SHOPS | LOAN SIZES | AGRICULTURAL FINANCE | CREDITOR | MFI | ECONOMIC ACTIVITY | FARMERS | DEPOSIT INSURANCE | ACCESS TO FINANCING | ACCESS TO INFORMATION | FINANCIAL SERVICE | UNIVERSAL BANK | BORROWINGS | BORROWING | AUDITORS | BANKING SECTOR | FINANCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE | BANK BRANCH NETWORK | FUNDING SOURCES | LIQUID ASSETS | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIATION | BANK BRANCHES | CREDIT INFORMATION SYSTEM | GREATER ACCESS | ACCESS TO CREDIT | PRIVATE BANKS | SMALL ENTERPRISES | DEBTS | INDIVIDUAL ENTREPRENEURS
Book
09/2008
This technical note the Malawi 2007 Financial Sector Assessment Program (FSAP) reviews the current challenges of increasing access to financial services in... 
LOAN REPAYMENTS | ACCESS TO FINANCIAL SERVICES | SMALL LOAN | OUTREACH | PRIVATE FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | FINANCIAL ACCESS | MICRO-CREDITS | ELECTRONIC BANKING | MAINSTREAM BANKS | BUSINESS PLAN | INTEREST RATE CONTROLS | ECONOMIC GROWTH | FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT | PAYMENTS SERVICES | PRIVATE FINANCIAL SECTOR | CASH TRANSFERS | CUSTOMER SERVICE | PRUDENTIAL REGULATIONS | FINANCIAL SECTOR DEVELOPMENT | SOURCE OF INCOME | BUSINESS ADVISORY | FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | RURAL FINANCE | FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | BANK COMPLIANCE | FORMAL BANKING | FORMAL FINANCIAL SERVICES | INVESTING | REGULATORY OVERSIGHT | MARKET SHARE | ACCURATE INFORMATION | DEPOSIT ACCOUNT | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | EQUITY INVESTMENT | FARMER | OPERATIONAL COSTS | SUBSIDY COSTS | SALES | BANKING SERVICES | AFFORDABLE PRICE | ACCESS BARRIERS | LOAN CUSTOMERS | MINIMUM DEPOSIT | STAKEHOLDERS | SUBSIDIZATION | PAYMENT SYSTEMS | RISK MANAGEMENT | HOUSEHOLDS | LIMITED ACCESS | UNION | CREDIT COOPERATIVES | INTERNATIONAL BANK | DEVELOPMENT FINANCE INSTITUTIONS | COMMODITY | FINANCIAL MARKET | PAYMENTS INFRASTRUCTURE | DEBT | COMMERCIAL BANKING | CLEARING HOUSE | DUE DILIGENCE REQUIREMENTS | BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT | MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS | DISPOSABLE INCOME | RESERVE BANK | MFIS | AFFORDABILITY | FINANCIAL SUSTAINABILITY | SMART CARD | BANKING MODELS | LIMITED ACCESS TO FINANCE | LACK OF KNOWLEDGE | PAYMENT SERVICES | POST OFFICE SAVINGS BANK | DEPOSITORS | BENEFICIARIES | CREDIT CARDS | CONSUMER PROTECTION | INSTITUTIONAL CAPACITY | FINANCE COMPANY | BANK FEES | RURAL CLIENTS | WELFARE BENEFITS | INCOME GROUPS | BORROWER | EXPENDITURES | BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY | RATES OF RETURNS | BANKING INITIATIVES | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | BANKING SERVICE | AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS | PENSIONS | FINANCIAL SERVICE PROVIDERS | SAVINGS | ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT | GOVERNMENT POLICIES | COLLATERAL | LEGAL FRAMEWORK | STATUS OF WOMEN | DEBIT CARD | REMITTANCES | DEPOSIT | COLLATERAL REQUIREMENTS | MONETARY POLICY | DEPOSIT ACCOUNTS | FORMAL FINANCIAL SECTOR | EMPLOYMENT | POINT OF SALE | SAVERS | BANK ACCOUNT | LEGAL AUTHORITY | ACCESS TO FINANCE | RETAIL FINANCIAL SERVICES | FINANCIAL STABILITY | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | AUTONOMY | SMART MONEY | PAYMENTS INFRASTRUCTURES | LAWS | STATE BANK OF PAKISTAN | ECONOMIC POLICIES | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | BIG BANKS | MANDATES | MERCHANT | FINANCIAL LITERACY | LOWER INCOME | COMMERCIAL BANK | RECEIPT | CREDIT FACILITIES | DISASTER RECOVERY | GOVERNMENT FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | INCOMES | FINANCIAL RESOURCES | ENTREPRENEURS | BEST PRACTICES | ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING | FINANCIAL SECTOR ASSESSMENT | MEDIUM ENTERPRISE | CURRENT ACCOUNT | BANK BRANCH | INCOME LEVELS | RURAL ACCESS | EMPLOYER | DEPOSITS | LENDERS | INFLATION | SMALLHOLDER | FINANCIAL PRODUCTS | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | MICROFINANCE INSTITUTION | PAYMENTS SERVICE | FINANCE COMPANIES | REGULAR PAYMENTS | COMMERCIAL BANKS | SAVINGS ACCOUNTS | MICRO-FINANCE | LOW-INCOME | NONBANKS | GROUP LENDING | MICROFINANCE LOANS | INFLATION RATES | MICROFINANCE LOAN | ACCOUNTING | MICROFINANCE | BEST PRACTICE | SAVINGS SERVICES | BANKERS ASSOCIATION | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION | TRANSACTION COSTS | POINT-OF-SALE | EMPLOYERS | CASH PAYMENTS | SAVINGS BANK | ADVISORY SERVICES | INTERNAL CONTROLS | KEY CHALLENGES | REAL SECTOR | DEBIT CARDS | DEPOSITOR | BANK CUSTOMERS | LOW FINANCIAL LITERACY | SMART CARDS | BANKING SYSTEM | INTEREST RATE | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | LOAN PORTFOLIO | DEVELOPMENT FINANCE | OVERHEAD COSTS | SOCIAL WELFARE | PAYMENT SERVICE | MFI | TRANSPORT | ENTRY POINTS | FARMERS | REPAYMENT | GENDER | INVESTMENT PROGRAM | RURAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | FINANCIAL SERVICE | SMALL ENTERPRISE | ELECTRONIC PAYMENT | BORROWING | SMALLHOLDER FARMERS | DIVERSIFICATION | MERCHANTS | BANKING SECTOR | FINANCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE | CUSTOMER BASE | FUNDING SOURCES | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIATION | FINANCIAL STRATEGY | LOAN FACILITY | CAPITAL MARKETS | BANK BRANCHES | REMITTANCE | ACCESS TO CREDIT | SMALL ENTERPRISES | PRODUCTIVITY
Book
2009, ISBN 9780821376799, xxxiii, 115
This evaluation reviews the World Bank Group's (WBG's) experience with guarantee instruments during 1990-2007. Although these instruments have been an... 
Surety and fidelity insurance | World Bank Group Evaluation | Bank insurance | BOND MARKET | ACCESS TO FINANCIAL SERVICES | MATURITIES | MARKETING STRATEGY | OUTREACH | PRIVATE INVESTORS | COMMERCIAL TRANSACTION | ISSUANCE | CREDIBILITY | TRANSFER RISK | COMMERCIAL FINANCE | LOAN PRODUCTS | BANK GUARANTEE | INFORMATION ASYMMETRIES | ECONOMIC GROWTH | URBAN DEVELOPMENT | INTEREST RATES | PRIVATE BORROWERS | EARNINGS | LIABILITY | INDEBTEDNESS | PLEDGES | BONDS | CREDIT ENHANCEMENT | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | BUSINESS VOLUMES | EQUITY INVESTMENTS | COMMERCIAL TRANSACTIONS | LIQUIDITY | HOST COUNTRIES | TRANCHE | INVESTMENT CORPORATION | MARKET SHARE | RISK PERCEPTIONS | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | BALANCE SHEET | PRIVATE SECTOR FINANCING | CASH FLOWS | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | ACCOUNTABILITY | DEVALUATION | BANK POLICIES | FLOW OF INVESTMENT | POLITICAL RISKS | GUARANTEE PRODUCT | BENEFICIARY | CREDITS | LOAN PROGRAM | LOCAL CURRENCY | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | UNDERLYING ASSETS | CAPITAL FLOWS | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | LETTERS OF CREDIT | FINANCIAL INNOVATION | INVESTMENT GUIDELINES | RISK MANAGEMENT | EXTERNAL FUNDING | SETTLEMENT | INDEBTED COUNTRIES | BANK LENDING | FINANCIAL SERVICES | LENDER | UNION | BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES | ADB | BANK GUARANTEES | SHAREHOLDERS | INTERNATIONAL BANK | GLOBAL PRIVATE SECTOR | PRIVATE DEBT MARKETS | DEBT | MARKET DEVELOPMENTS | COMMODITY PRICES | COMMERCIAL PAPER | MORAL HAZARD | MARKET DATA | PRIVATE CAPITAL | BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT | SHORT-TERM FINANCE | DOMESTIC FINANCIAL MARKETS | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL MARKETS | INSURANCE AGENCY | BANK POLICY | DIRECT LOANS | PRIVATE FINANCE | DEBT MANAGEMENT | CREDIT GUARANTEES | VILLAGE | MULTINATIONAL | LIABILITY SIDE | EXPORTER | BENEFICIARIES | DEVELOPMENT BANK | DERIVATIVE CONTRACT | ADVICE TO GOVERNMENTS | FINANCIAL ASSETS | INSURANCE | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENT | CONFLICT OF INTEREST | MATURITY | BORROWER | RETURN | LOAN | EXCHANGE RATES | GLOBAL TRADE | CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS | BID | BOND | LIQUID MARKETS | PORTFOLIO RISK | NEW MARKET | GUARANTEE AGENCY | PAYMENT OF INTEREST | BOND ISSUES | PROBABILITY OF DEFAULT | COUPON | PARTIAL RISK | INSURANCE PRODUCTS | MARKET FAILURES | OUTREACH EFFORTS | COLLATERAL | DOMESTIC LIQUIDITY | MARKET PLAYERS | GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT | ENTERPRISE ACCESS | MARKET INDEXES | CREDIT RISK | DERIVATIVES | TRADE FINANCE | ACCESS TO FINANCE | GROUP GUARANTEE | DEBT INSTRUMENTS | COUPON RATE | MATURITY MISMATCHES | DEBT SERVICE PAYMENT | DUE DILIGENCE | PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIPS | TIMELY PAYMENT | PRIVATE DEBT | SUBNATIONAL FINANCE | INTEREST PAYMENTS | FINANCING NEEDS | SUBSIDIARY | RISK PROFILE | ECONOMIC POLICIES | TRANSACTION | PERFORMANCE BOND | MANDATES | CAPITAL MARKET | INTERNATIONAL STANDARDS | DEBT OBLIGATIONS | FOREIGN INVESTMENTS | ENTREPRENEURS | DEBT SERVICE | SECURITIES | INVESTMENT FLOWS | CURRENT ACCOUNT | LOAN SYNDICATIONS | GUARANTOR | LENDERS | SOVEREIGN GUARANTEES | DEVELOPMENT BANKS | FINANCIAL PRODUCTS | POLITICAL RISK | INFORMATION SHARING | COUNTRY RISK | POLITICAL UNCERTAINTY | INVESTOR CONFIDENCE | PORTFOLIOS | BANK LOAN | WOMAN | ENTREPRENEUR | SOVEREIGN COUNTER-GUARANTEE | GENERAL GUARANTEES | DEVELOPMENT ASSISTANCE | DOMESTIC BANKS | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARIES | RISK MITIGATION | GUARANTEE PRODUCTS | DEBT CRISES | FINANCIAL FLOWS | CONTRACTUAL RELATIONSHIP | TRANSACTION COSTS | BANK MANAGEMENT | PRIVATE INVESTMENTS | DERIVATIVE | ADVISORY SERVICES | EXPLOITATION | SWAP | GUARANTEE SCHEMES | EMERGING MARKETS | EXPROPRIATIONS | CURRENT ACCOUNT SURPLUSES | MARKET COMPETITION | CREDIT DERIVATIVE | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | HOUSING FINANCE | ARBITRAL AWARDS | POOR ACCESS | EQUITY CAPITAL | CREDIT GUARANTEE | CREDIT RISKS | LOAN PORTFOLIO | CAPITAL MARKET DEVELOPMENT | INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT | CREDITOR | PUBLIC-PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP | TRANSPARENCY | TREASURY | ACCESS TO FINANCING | ACCESS TO INFORMATION | HOUSING | LOCAL BANKS | PUBLIC AGENCIES | FOREIGN INVESTMENT | BUSINESS COMMUNITY | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | PARTIAL CREDIT | INSTRUMENT | DEBTORS | PARTIAL GUARANTEE | LONG-TERM CAPITAL | CONFLICTS OF INTEREST
Book