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Behavioral Ecology, ISSN 1045-2249, 2014, Volume 25, Issue 4, pp. 773 - 784
Predators alter prey dynamics by direct killing and through the costs of antipredator responses or risk effects. Antipredator behavior includes proactive... 
foraging | antipredator response | vigilance | group size | risk effects | WOLVES | ELK | LIONS | TEMPORAL VARIATION | HUNTING MODE | PREY | ZOOLOGY | HABITAT USE | GROWTH | BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES | ECOLOGY | STRESS
Journal Article
Animal Behaviour, ISSN 0003-3472, 10/2019, Volume 156, pp. 97 - 110
Vigilance is considered an effective antipredator behaviour in animals, and hence it should reflect fearfulness. While numerous aspects of vigilance have been... 
vigilance | antipredator behaviour | perching height | flight initiation distance | birds | rural–urban difference | escape behaviour | METAANALYSIS | BEHAVIOR | PERFORMANCE | rural-urban difference | FEAR | FLIGHT-INITIATION DISTANCE | GROUP-SIZE | INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES | PREY | COSTS | ZOOLOGY | BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES | PREDATION RISK | Birds
Journal Article
Journal of Avian Biology, ISSN 0908-8857, 09/2015, Volume 46, Issue 5, pp. 476 - 481
Visual obstructions can cause an increase in antipredator vigilance in prey animals by making predator detection more difficult. However, visual obstructions... 
GROUP-SIZE | SEMIPALMATED SANDPIPERS | HOUSE SPARROWS | DEGUS OCTODON-DEGUS | PASSER-DOMESTICUS | SANDPIPERS CALIDRIS-PUSILLA | ANTIPREDATOR VIGILANCE | STAGING FLOCKS | PREDATION RISK | ORNITHOLOGY | COROPHIUM-VOLUTATOR
Journal Article
Behaviour, ISSN 0005-7959, 2018, Volume 155, Issue 13-15, pp. 1011 - 1024
Abstract Vigilance allows prey species to detect predators before it is too late to escape. While the adaptive value of vigilance has become clearer over the... 
Development | Group size | Vigilance | Domestic fowl | Gallus gallus domesticus | Age | PERSONALITY | development | RED JUNGLEFOWL | domestic fowl | BEHAVIOR | ANTIPREDATOR VIGILANCE | EARLY EXPERIENCE AFFECTS | RESPONSES | vigilance | GROUP-SIZE | ZOOLOGY | JUVENILE | ONTOGENY | BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES | group size | PREDATION RISK | age | Conspecifics | Juveniles | Age factors | Feeding | Prey | Predators | Correlation analysis | Satiety | Adults | Predation | Species
Journal Article
Journal of Zoology, ISSN 0952-8369, 04/2017, Volume 301, Issue 4, pp. 320 - 327
Predators affect prey directly by removing animals from the population and indirectly by modifying prey behavior. Humans have extirpated apex predators from... 
vigilance | predation risk | white‐tailed deer | coyote | recreation | apex predators | hunting | camera traps | white-tailed deer | WOLVES | MANAGEMENT | ELK | POPULATIONS | ROE DEER | DISTURBANCE | RESPONSES | ZOOLOGY | ANTIPREDATOR BEHAVIOR | WILDLIFE | Hunting | Wolves | White-tailed deer | Animal behavior | Ecosystems | Deer
Journal Article
Animal Behaviour, ISSN 0003-3472, 11/2019, Volume 157, pp. 51 - 60
Many animals rely on the acoustic environment for functions spanning mate attraction, navigation and predator and prey detection. Growing evidence focused on... 
acoustic masking | distraction | antipredator behaviour | foraging–vigilance trade-off | natural sounds | predation risk | mammal | sensory ecology | soundscape | PRAIRIE DOGS | AMBIENT NOISE | ALARM CALLS | RESPONSES | GROUP-SIZE | TRAFFIC NOISE | EVOLUTION | ZOOLOGY | HABITAT | FREQUENCY | foraging-vigilance trade-off | BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES | COMMUNICATION
Journal Article
Behavioural Processes, ISSN 0376-6357, 07/2019, Volume 164, pp. 252 - 259
Two aspects of reactive antipredator behaviour are still unclear for ungulates. First, when there is a direct predation threat, how do prey balance... 
Aggregation | Predator stimulus | Bunching | Social vigilance | Antipredator vigilance | Connochaetes taurinus | POPULATION | ELK | BEHAVIOR | LIONS | PATTERNS | NEIGHBORS | GROUP-SIZE | PREY | COSTS | ZOOLOGY | BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES | PSYCHOLOGY, BIOLOGICAL | Connochaetes taw-inus | EFFICIENCY | Usage | Predation (Biology) | National parks | Prey | Vigilance | Anti-predator behavior | Ungulates | Animal behavior | Playback | Predation | Females
Journal Article
Animal Behaviour, ISSN 0003-3472, 11/2018, Volume 145, pp. 87 - 97
Prey animals often face a trade-off between investing time in antipredator behaviour and performing self-maintenance activities, such as foraging. Parents face... 
ungulate | hiding | vigilance | antipredator behaviour | predation risk | risk allocation hypothesis | Thomson's gazelle | maternal behaviour | gazelle | FORAGING BEHAVIOR | NATIONAL-PARK | HUNTING BEHAVIOR | STRATEGIES | GROUP-SIZE | PREY | ZOOLOGY | ANTIPREDATOR BEHAVIOR | HABITAT USE | MULE DEER | BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES
Journal Article
Journal of Theoretical Biology, ISSN 0022-5193, 02/2016, Volume 390, pp. 86 - 96
Journal Article
Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology, ISSN 0340-5443, 11/2016, Volume 70, Issue 11, pp. 1901 - 1910
Journal Article