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Science (American Association for the Advancement of Science), ISSN 1095-9203, 2007, Volume 315, Issue 5813, pp. 856 - 859
.... Our results indicate that BH3-only proteins induce apoptosis at least primarily by engaging the multiple pro-survival relatives guarding Bax and Bak. 
Research fellowships | Protein isoforms | Medical research | Myeloid cells | Antibodies | Cytochromes | Ligands | Reports | Grants | Viability | Apoptosis | RESPONSES | FAMILY-MEMBERS | X-L | MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES | BIM | HELIX | MITOCHONDRIAL-MEMBRANE | PUMA | DOMAINS | BH3-ONLY PROTEINS | CELL-DEATH | bcl-2-Associated X Protein - chemistry | Humans | BH3 Interacting Domain Death Agonist Protein - genetics | Proto-Oncogene Proteins - chemistry | Neoplasm Proteins - metabolism | bcl-2 Homologous Antagonist-Killer Protein - metabolism | Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 - metabolism | Bcl-2-Like Protein 11 | Tumor Suppressor Proteins - genetics | BH3 Interacting Domain Death Agonist Protein - chemistry | Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins - genetics | bcl-Associated Death Protein - metabolism | Membrane Proteins - metabolism | BH3 Interacting Domain Death Agonist Protein - metabolism | Protein Structure, Tertiary | Proto-Oncogene Proteins - metabolism | Cell Line | Tumor Suppressor Proteins - metabolism | Membrane Proteins - genetics | Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins - chemistry | Cells, Cultured | bcl-2-Associated X Protein - metabolism | Proto-Oncogene Proteins - genetics | Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins - metabolism | Mice, Knockout | Animals | Proteins - metabolism | Membrane Proteins - chemistry | Models, Biological | Myeloid Cell Leukemia Sequence 1 Protein | Mice | Mutation | bcl-X Protein - metabolism | Research | Peptides | Analysis
Journal Article
Science (American Association for the Advancement of Science), ISSN 1095-9203, 2010, Volume 330, Issue 6009, pp. 1390 - 1393
Although the proteins BAX and BAK are required for initiation of apoptosis at the mitochondria, how BAX and BAK are activated remains unsettled... 
T lymphocytes | Mitochondria | Cytokines | Thymocytes | Neurons | Cell death | REPORTS | Cytochromes | Mice | Potassium | Apoptosis | NEURONAL APOPTOSIS | CYTOCHROME-C | MITOCHONDRIAL APOPTOSIS | MECHANISM | MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES | BH3 DOMAINS | RELEASE | JNK PATHWAY | PROTEINS | BCL-2 FAMILY-MEMBERS | MEMBRANE PERMEABILIZATION | BH3 Interacting Domain Death Agonist Protein - deficiency | T-Lymphocytes - physiology | bcl-2-Associated X Protein - chemistry | Protein Multimerization | Stress, Physiological | bcl-2 Homologous Antagonist-Killer Protein - genetics | BH3 Interacting Domain Death Agonist Protein - genetics | bcl-2 Homologous Antagonist-Killer Protein - metabolism | Membrane Proteins - deficiency | Caspases - metabolism | Bcl-2-Like Protein 11 | Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins - deficiency | Tumor Suppressor Proteins - deficiency | Tumor Suppressor Proteins - genetics | Neurons - physiology | Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins - genetics | Membrane Proteins - metabolism | BH3 Interacting Domain Death Agonist Protein - metabolism | bcl-2-Associated X Protein - genetics | Proto-Oncogene Proteins - metabolism | Tumor Suppressor Proteins - metabolism | Membrane Proteins - genetics | Cytochromes c - metabolism | Cells, Cultured | bcl-2-Associated X Protein - metabolism | Proto-Oncogene Proteins - genetics | Mitochondria - metabolism | Permeability | Proto-Oncogene Proteins - deficiency | Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins - metabolism | Mice, Knockout | Animals | Models, Biological | Cerebellum - cytology | Intracellular Membranes - metabolism | bcl-2 Homologous Antagonist-Killer Protein - chemistry | Protein research | Genetic aspects | Mitochondrial DNA | Biochemical genetics | Research | Properties | Methods
Journal Article
The EMBO journal, ISSN 1460-2075, 2014, Volume 33, Issue 20, pp. 2388 - 2407
Journal Article
Molecular cell, ISSN 1097-2765, 2009, Volume 36, Issue 3, pp. 487 - 499
.... BAK, an integral mitochondrial membrane protein, has bypassed the first activation step, explaining why its killing kinetics are faster than those of... 
CELLCYCLE | CYTOCHROME-C | PROAPOPTOTIC BAX | OLIGOMERIZES BAK | BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY | ENDOPLASMIC-RETICULUM | SUBCELLULAR LOCATION | PROTEINS | BCL-2 FAMILY-MEMBERS | BH3 DOMAIN | CELL-DEATH | MEMBRANE PERMEABILIZATION | CELL BIOLOGY | bcl-2-Associated X Protein - chemistry | Immunoprecipitation | Apoptosis - drug effects | Protein Multimerization | bcl-2 Homologous Antagonist-Killer Protein - genetics | Immunoblotting | BH3 Interacting Domain Death Agonist Protein - genetics | Green Fluorescent Proteins - genetics | bcl-2 Homologous Antagonist-Killer Protein - metabolism | Bcl-2-Like Protein 11 | Protein Binding - drug effects | Tumor Suppressor Proteins - genetics | Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins - genetics | Membrane Proteins - metabolism | BH3 Interacting Domain Death Agonist Protein - metabolism | bcl-2-Associated X Protein - genetics | Fibroblasts - metabolism | Proto-Oncogene Proteins - metabolism | Green Fluorescent Proteins - metabolism | Tumor Suppressor Proteins - metabolism | Membrane Proteins - genetics | Cells, Cultured | bcl-2-Associated X Protein - metabolism | Etoposide - pharmacology | Proto-Oncogene Proteins - genetics | Mitochondria - metabolism | Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins - metabolism | Mice, Knockout | Animals | Models, Biological | Tunicamycin - pharmacology | Fibroblasts - drug effects | Thapsigargin - pharmacology | Fibroblasts - cytology | Mice | Mutation | Microscopy, Fluorescence | Staurosporine - pharmacology | bcl-2 Homologous Antagonist-Killer Protein - chemistry | Monomers | Apoptosis | Oligomers
Journal Article
Nature cell biology, ISSN 1476-4679, 2015, Volume 17, Issue 10, pp. 1270 - 1281
.... BID, BIM, PUMA and NOXA directly induce stepwise, bimodal activation of BAX-BAK. BCL-2, BCL-X-L and MCL-1 inhibit both modes of BAX-BAK activation by sequestering activator BH3s and 'BH3-exposed' monomers of BAX... 
CYTOCHROME-C | MITOCHONDRIAL APOPTOSIS | ACTIVATION | CONFORMATIONAL-CHANGE | MEMBERS | PROAPOPTOTIC BAX | BH3 DOMAINS | PUMA | BH3-ONLY PROTEINS | MEMBRANE PERMEABILIZATION | CELL BIOLOGY | bcl-2 Homologous Antagonist-Killer Protein - genetics | Immunoblotting | BH3 Interacting Domain Death Agonist Protein - genetics | Cytochromes c - genetics | bcl-2 Homologous Antagonist-Killer Protein - metabolism | Embryo, Mammalian - metabolism | Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 - metabolism | Bcl-2-Like Protein 11 | Mitochondria - genetics | RNA Interference | Tumor Suppressor Proteins - genetics | Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins - genetics | Membrane Proteins - metabolism | BH3 Interacting Domain Death Agonist Protein - metabolism | bcl-2-Associated X Protein - genetics | Fibroblasts - metabolism | Proto-Oncogene Proteins - metabolism | Tumor Suppressor Proteins - metabolism | Membrane Proteins - genetics | Cytochromes c - metabolism | Mice, Inbred C57BL | Cells, Cultured | bcl-2-Associated X Protein - metabolism | Proto-Oncogene Proteins - genetics | Mitochondria - metabolism | Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction | Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins - metabolism | Mice, Knockout | Animals | Intestine, Small - cytology | Embryo, Mammalian - cytology | Models, Biological | Fibroblasts - cytology | Intestine, Small - metabolism | Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 - genetics | Apoptosis | Genotype | Genetic aspects | Properties | Cell death | Cellular control mechanisms
Journal Article
Cancer cell, ISSN 1535-6108, 2006, Volume 10, Issue 5, pp. 389 - 399
Since apoptosis is impaired in malignant cells overexpressing prosurvival Bcl-2 proteins, drugs mimicking their natural antagonists, BH3-only proteins, might overcome chemoresistance... 
CELLCYCLE | SURVIVAL | SELICICLIB CYC202 | R-ROSCOVITINE | ONCOLOGY | SMALL-MOLECULE INHIBITORS | DOWN-REGULATION | DEATH | KINASE INHIBITOR | FAMILY PROTEINS | MULTIPLE-MYELOMA CELLS | BH3-ONLY PROTEINS | bcl-2-Associated X Protein - chemistry | Humans | Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute - metabolism | Nitrophenols - metabolism | bcl-2 Homologous Antagonist-Killer Protein - genetics | Male | Piperazines - metabolism | Neoplasm Proteins - metabolism | bcl-2 Homologous Antagonist-Killer Protein - metabolism | Biphenyl Compounds - metabolism | Biphenyl Compounds - therapeutic use | Recombinant Fusion Proteins - metabolism | Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 - metabolism | Biphenyl Compounds - pharmacology | Nitrophenols - pharmacology | RNA Interference | Nitrophenols - therapeutic use | Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute - drug therapy | Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 - chemistry | bcl-2-Associated X Protein - genetics | Disease Models, Animal | Fibroblasts - metabolism | Protein Structure, Tertiary | Cytokines - metabolism | Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute - pathology | Mice, Inbred C57BL | Cells, Cultured | bcl-2-Associated X Protein - metabolism | Mice, Transgenic | Piperazines - therapeutic use | Sulfonamides - pharmacology | Piperazines - pharmacology | Animals | Sulfonamides - therapeutic use | Myeloid Cell Leukemia Sequence 1 Protein | Sulfonamides - metabolism | Recombinant Fusion Proteins - genetics | Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 - antagonists & inhibitors | Fibroblasts - cytology | Mice | Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 - genetics | Apoptosis | Proteins | Lymphomas | Analysis
Journal Article
Journal of Clinical Investigation, ISSN 0021-9738, 01/2008, Volume 118, Issue 1, pp. 79 - 88
.... Chloroquine treatment enhanced markers of both macroautophagy and apoptosis in MEFs but ultimately impaired lysosomal protein degradation... 
MEDICINE, RESEARCH & EXPERIMENTAL | BCL-X-L | SIGNALING PATHWAYS | INDUCED APOPTOSIS | PHOSPHORYLATION | ATM | AUTOPHAGY | CYTOCHROME-C RELEASE | MYC-INDUCED LYMPHOMAGENESIS | TRANSGENIC MICE | P53 | Apoptosis - drug effects | Humans | Apoptosis - genetics | Male | Autophagy - drug effects | Burkitt Lymphoma - pathology | Neoplasms, Experimental - pathology | Chloroquine - pharmacology | Cell Transformation, Neoplastic - genetics | Autophagy - genetics | B-Lymphocytes - pathology | B-Lymphocytes - metabolism | Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases - metabolism | Fibroblasts - metabolism | Tumor Suppressor Proteins - metabolism | Embryo, Mammalian - pathology | Cell Cycle Proteins - metabolism | Neoplasms, Experimental - prevention & control | bcl-2-Associated X Protein - metabolism | Ataxia Telangiectasia Mutated Proteins | Fibroblasts - pathology | Ataxia Telangiectasia - pathology | Ataxia Telangiectasia - genetics | Mice | Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc - genetics | Neoplasms, Experimental - metabolism | bcl-2 Homologous Antagonist-Killer Protein - genetics | bcl-2 Homologous Antagonist-Killer Protein - metabolism | Embryo, Mammalian - metabolism | Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 - genetics | DNA-Binding Proteins - metabolism | Caspases - metabolism | Lysosomes - metabolism | Burkitt Lymphoma - prevention & control | Mice, Mutant Strains | Tumor Suppressor Proteins - genetics | Neoplasms, Experimental - genetics | Burkitt Lymphoma - genetics | Cell Cycle Proteins - genetics | Female | Lysosomes - pathology | Antirheumatic Agents - pharmacology | bcl-2-Associated X Protein - genetics | Antirheumatic Agents - therapeutic use | Ataxia Telangiectasia - prevention & control | Caspases - genetics | Cells, Cultured | Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases - genetics | Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 - metabolism | Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 - genetics | Burkitt Lymphoma - metabolism | Chloroquine - therapeutic use | Ataxia Telangiectasia - metabolism | DNA-Binding Proteins - genetics | Cell Transformation, Neoplastic - metabolism | Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc - metabolism | Animals | Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor p16 - metabolism | Cell Transformation, Neoplastic - pathology | Prevention | Chloroquine | Lysosomes | Dosage and administration | Research | Drug therapy | Health aspects | Cancer
Journal Article
Cell death and differentiation, ISSN 1476-5403, 2015, Volume 22, Issue 12, pp. 2098 - 2106
...% of patients and is refractory to current targeted therapies. Like many cancers, TNBC cells often deregulate programmed cell death by upregulating anti-apoptotic proteins of the B-cell CLL/lymphoma 2 (Bcl-2) family... 
MCL-1 | BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY | ABT-737 | CHEMORESISTANCE | MELANOMA-CELLS | BCL-2 PROTEINS | INHIBITOR | ADDICTION | ABT-199 | INDEX PREDICTS | FAMILY | CELL BIOLOGY | Apoptosis - drug effects | Humans | Myeloid Cell Leukemia Sequence 1 Protein - metabolism | bcl-2 Homologous Antagonist-Killer Protein - genetics | bcl-X Protein - genetics | bcl-2 Homologous Antagonist-Killer Protein - metabolism | Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 - metabolism | Bcl-2-Like Protein 11 | RNA Interference | bcl-X Protein - antagonists & inhibitors | Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms - pathology | Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins - genetics | Female | Membrane Proteins - metabolism | bcl-2-Associated X Protein - genetics | Proto-Oncogene Proteins - metabolism | Cell Survival - drug effects | Myeloid Cell Leukemia Sequence 1 Protein - antagonists & inhibitors | Membrane Proteins - genetics | bcl-2-Associated X Protein - metabolism | Proto-Oncogene Proteins - genetics | Sulfonamides - pharmacology | Myeloid Cell Leukemia Sequence 1 Protein - genetics | Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins - metabolism | Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic - pharmacology | Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms - metabolism | Cell Line, Tumor | bcl-X Protein - metabolism | Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 - genetics | RNA, Small Interfering - metabolism | Original Paper
Journal Article
The FEBS journal, ISSN 1742-4658, 2017, Volume 285, Issue 3, pp. 416 - 431
...Abbreviations AFM atomic force microscopy BH Bcl‐2 homology Drp1 dynamin‐related protein 1 IMS intermembrane space Mfn2 mitofusin 2 MOM mitochondrial outer... 
BCL‐2 family | mitochondria | apoptosis | BAX | mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilization | BAK | DRP1 | BCL-2 family | OUTER-MEMBRANE | PROAPOPTOTIC BAX | BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY | PORE FORMATION | BH3 DOMAINS | CELL-DEATH | PROSURVIVAL BCL-2 PROTEINS | CYTOCHROME-C | CONFORMATIONAL-CHANGES | BH3-ONLY PROTEINS | MEMBRANE PERMEABILIZATION | Mitochondrial Dynamics | Mitochondria - enzymology | bcl-2-Associated X Protein - chemistry | Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 - agonists | Humans | Protein Multimerization | bcl-2-Associated X Protein - agonists | bcl-2 Homologous Antagonist-Killer Protein - metabolism | Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 - metabolism | Mitochondrial Membranes - chemistry | Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 - chemistry | Mitochondrial Membranes - enzymology | Protein Interaction Domains and Motifs | Mitochondria - chemistry | Dimerization | Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins - chemistry | bcl-2-Associated X Protein - metabolism | Mitochondria - metabolism | Lipid Mobilization | Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins - metabolism | Mitochondrial Membranes - metabolism | Animals | Models, Biological | Apoptosis Regulatory Proteins - agonists | Protein Conformation | Lipid Bilayers - chemistry | Lipid Bilayers - metabolism | Porosity | bcl-2 Homologous Antagonist-Killer Protein - chemistry | Apoptosis | bcl-2 Homologous Antagonist-Killer Protein - agonists | Mitochondria | Regulators | Oligomerization | Bax protein | Bcl-2 protein | Organelles
Journal Article
Cancer cell, ISSN 1535-6108, 2006, Volume 10, Issue 5, pp. 375 - 388
BCL-2 proteins are critical for cell survival and are overexpressed in many tumors... 
CELLCYCLE | PROGRAMMED CELL-DEATH | CANCER-CELLS | STEM-CELLS | PROAPOPTOTIC ACTIVITY | ONCOLOGY | X-L | ACUTE MYELOGENOUS LEUKEMIA | IN-VIVO | MITOCHONDRIAL-MEMBRANE | BCL-2 FAMILY-MEMBERS | BH3-ONLY PROTEINS | RNA, Small Interfering - genetics | bcl-2-Associated X Protein - chemistry | Humans | Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute - metabolism | Nitrophenols - metabolism | bcl-2 Homologous Antagonist-Killer Protein - genetics | Piperazines - metabolism | Neoplasm Proteins - metabolism | bcl-2 Homologous Antagonist-Killer Protein - metabolism | Biphenyl Compounds - metabolism | Biphenyl Compounds - therapeutic use | Recombinant Fusion Proteins - metabolism | Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 - metabolism | Nitrophenols - therapeutic use | Hematopoietic Stem Cells - physiology | Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute - drug therapy | Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 - chemistry | Dimerization | bcl-2-Associated X Protein - genetics | Protein Structure, Tertiary | Cell Line | bcl-2-Associated X Protein - metabolism | Piperazines - therapeutic use | Animals | Sulfonamides - therapeutic use | Myeloid Cell Leukemia Sequence 1 Protein | Sulfonamides - metabolism | Recombinant Fusion Proteins - genetics | Protein Conformation | Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 - antagonists & inhibitors | Mice | Apoptosis - physiology | Drug Resistance, Neoplasm - physiology | Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-bcl-2 - genetics | RNA, Small Interfering - metabolism | Proteins | Oncology, Experimental | Lung cancer | Bone marrow | Transplantation | Lymphomas | Research | Hematopoietic stem cells | Cancer | Apoptosis
Journal Article