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Annals of Epidemiology, ISSN 1047-2797, 01/2016, Volume 26, Issue 1, p. 85
Journal Article
Journal of Environmental Psychology, ISSN 0272-4944, 12/2019, Volume 66, p. 101351
A fundamental goal of the scientific process is to make causal inferences. Random assignment to experimental conditions has been taken to be a gold-standard... 
Confounding | Validity | Randomization | Random assignment
Journal Article
Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.), ISSN 1044-3983, 9/2018, Volume 29, Issue 5, pp. e45 - e47
Journal Article
Atmospheric Environment, ISSN 1352-2310, 11/2018, Volume 193, pp. 290 - 301
Motivated by a need to evaluate the effectiveness of a campaign to alleviate the notorious air pollution in China's Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH) region, we... 
Temporal adjustment | Meteorological confounding | Air quality assessment
Journal Article
JAMA, ISSN 0098-7484, 11/2016, Volume 316, Issue 17, pp. 1818 - 1819
Confounding by indication in clinical research occurs when clinical indication for a particular treatment selection affects the outcome also and distorts the... 
MEDICINE, GENERAL & INTERNAL | Biomedical Research | Confounding Factors (Epidemiology) | Research Design | Bias | Humans | Medicine, Experimental | Medical research | Confounding factors | Analysis | Clinical trials | Medical treatment | Risk factors | Clinical outcomes
Journal Article
International Journal of Epidemiology, ISSN 0300-5771, 2017, Volume 46, Issue 4, pp. 1303 - 1311
Journal Article
Journal Article
International Journal of Epidemiology, ISSN 0300-5771, 1989, Volume 18, Issue 3, pp. 556 - 562
Journal Article
Ecology, ISSN 0012-9658, 9/2010, Volume 91, Issue 9, pp. 2522 - 2533
The form of the species richness-productivity relationship (SRPR) is both theoretically important and contentious. In an effort to distill general patterns,... 
meta-analysis | scale | diversity theory | primary productivity | confounding variables | plants | Diversity theory | Confounding variables | Primary productivity | Scale | Plants | Meta-analysis
Journal Article
Circulation, ISSN 0009-7322, 04/2009, Volume 119, Issue 15, pp. 2051 - 2057
Bias in studies of preventive medications can occur when healthier patients are more likely to initiate and adhere to therapy than less healthy patients. We... 
Pharmacoepidemiology | Confounding variables | Bias | Statins | CARDIAC & CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEMS | DEMENTIA | CORONARY | confounding variables | PREVENTION | COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT | LIPID-LOWERING AGENTS | HORMONE REPLACEMENT THERAPY | pharmacoepidemiology | HEART-DISEASE | statins | bias | PERIPHERAL VASCULAR DISEASE | HEALTH | OUTCOMES | ASSOCIATION | Accidents - statistics & numerical data | Prospective Studies | Humans | Middle Aged | Male | Risk | Patient Acceptance of Health Care - psychology | Wounds and Injuries - epidemiology | Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures - psychology | Poisoning - epidemiology | Female | Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures - utilization | British Columbia - epidemiology | Drug Utilization - statistics & numerical data | Effect Modifier, Epidemiologic | Preventive Medicine - statistics & numerical data | Proportional Hazards Models | Patient Acceptance of Health Care - statistics & numerical data | Burns - epidemiology | Patient Compliance - statistics & numerical data | Confounding Factors (Epidemiology) | Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors - therapeutic use | Selection Bias | Aged | Patient Compliance - psychology | Causality | Cohort Studies | Complications and side effects | Research | Demographic aspects | Traffic accidents | Risk factors | Index Medicus | Abridged Index Medicus | epidemiological methods | adherence bias | confounding bias | healthy user effect
Journal Article
Epidemiologic Methods, ISSN 2194-9263, 12/2014, Volume 3, Issue 1, pp. 33 - 72
In this tutorial, we provide a broad introduction to the topic of interaction between the effects of exposures. We discuss interaction on both additive and... 
interaction | synergism | confounding | effect modification | moderation | Confounding | Effect modification | Moderation | Synergism | Interaction | Statistical methods | Public health
Journal Article
Journal Article