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Urban Geography, ISSN 0272-3638, 01/2019, Volume 40, Issue 1, pp. 58 - 82
This study aims to characterize urban spatial structure with respect to its multidimensionality. Using an encompassing data set of socioeconomic variables, as... 
multidimensionality of urban form | Urban spatial structure | cluster analysis | polycentricity | center and subcenter typology | POPULATION | SPATIAL STRUCTURE | US METROPOLITAN-AREAS | DENSITIES | URBAN STUDIES | GROWTH | LOS-ANGELES | LAND-USE | EMPLOYMENT SUB-CENTERS | EDGELESS CITIES | GEOGRAPHY
Journal Article
Journal of Urban Economics, ISSN 0094-1190, 11/2001, Volume 50, Issue 3, pp. 448 - 473
A two-stage procedure is proposed for identifying urban employment subcenters. The first stage identifies candidate subcenters as significant positive... 
subcenters | employment density | population density | fourier expansion | semiparametric | nonparametric | POPULATION | LAND VALUES | CHICAGO | HOUSING PRICE INDEXES | LOCALLY WEIGHTED REGRESSION | DENSITY | SPATIAL STRUCTURE | URBAN STUDIES | POLYCENTRIC CITY | LOS-ANGELES | ECONOMICS | FRANCISCO BAY AREA | Forecasts and trends | Employment | Urban economics | Analysis | Nonparametric statistics
Journal Article
Journal of Transport Geography, ISSN 0966-6923, 04/2017, Volume 60, pp. 267 - 276
Metropolitan areas in the U.S. have become increasingly polycentric. Large employment subcenters have emerged outside of central cities, competing against the... 
Employment subcenters | Freight | Land use | ISSUES | DEMAND | AREA | TRANSPORTATION | ECONOMICS | IDENTIFICATION | CENTERS | GEOGRAPHY
Journal Article
Journal of Transport Geography, ISSN 0966-6923, 04/2017, Volume 60, p. 267
Metropolitan areas in the U.S. have become increasingly polycentric. Large employment subcenters have emerged outside of central cities, competing against the... 
Traveltime | Intermodal | Urban areas | Transportation | Spatial discrimination | Metropolitan areas | Access routes | Land use | Case studies | Travel | Regression models | City centres | Passengers | Employment | Freight
Journal Article
Cities, ISSN 0264-2751, 09/2017, Volume 69, pp. 36 - 45
Recent decades have witnessed a drastic shift in the spatial structure of China's large cities, from being monocentric to polycentric; however, the existing... 
Beijing | Urban spatial structures | Employment subcenters | China | Population density | CHICAGO | IDENTIFICATION | DENSITY | SPATIAL STRUCTURE | URBAN STUDIES | URBAN SUB-CENTERS | LAND-DEVELOPMENT | MEXICO-CITY | LOS-ANGELES | FRANCISCO BAY AREA | METROPOLITAN-AREA | Rural development | Analysis | Rural land use
Journal Article
Journal of Urban Economics, ISSN 0094-1190, 2003, Volume 53, Issue 3, pp. 321 - 338
We review and test Fujita and Ogawa's [Regional Science and Urban Economic 12 (1982) 161–196] model of urban spatial structure. The central theoretical... 
LOCALLY WEIGHTED REGRESSION | SPATIAL STRUCTURE | LAND VALUES | URBAN STUDIES | POLYCENTRIC CITY | SECONDARY EMPLOYMENT CENTERS | LOS-ANGELES | CITIES | POPULATION AGGLOMERATION | ECONOMICS | FRANCISCO BAY AREA | HOUSING PRICE INDEXES
Journal Article
Journal of Regional Science, ISSN 0022-4146, 11/2016, Volume 56, Issue 5, pp. 754 - 791
Journal Article
Sustainability (Switzerland), ISSN 2071-1050, 03/2018, Volume 10, Issue 4, p. 1016
In recent years, increasing attention has been paid to the urban spatial structure in developing countries. In China, studies have shown that many mega cities... 
Beijing | Hedonic model | Residential land price | Influence | Employment subcenter | residential land price | POPULATION | GREEN & SUSTAINABLE SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY | SUB-CENTERS | MARKETS | CITIES | HOUSING PRICE | influence | URBAN CHINA | ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES | SPATIAL STRUCTURE | employment subcenter | POLYCENTRICITY | MEXICO-CITY | ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES | BARCELONA
Journal Article
Regional Science and Urban Economics, ISSN 0166-0462, 11/2017, Volume 67, pp. 50 - 63
Journal Article
Land, ISSN 2073-445X, 03/2017, Volume 6, Issue 1, p. 17
Journal Article
Cities, ISSN 0264-2751, 09/2017, Volume 69, p. 36
Recent decades have witnessed a drastic shift in the spatial structure of China's large cities, from being monocentric to polycentric; however, the existing... 
Urban development | Employment | Registration | Decentralization | Cities | Population distribution | Population density
Journal Article
IEEE Access, ISSN 2169-3536, 2017, Volume 5, pp. 10161 - 10171
It is of interest to analyze urban spatial structure by identifying urban subcenters, for which published literature proposes many methods. Although these... 
Urban subcenter | cluster | Sociology | Employment | Urban areas | Clustering algorithms | commuting flux | spatial scan statistic | Classification algorithms | Mathematical model | Statistics | POPULATION | EMPLOYMENT DENSITY | COMPUTER SCIENCE, INFORMATION SYSTEMS | SPATIAL AUTOCORRELATION | TELECOMMUNICATIONS | ENGINEERING, ELECTRICAL & ELECTRONIC
Journal Article
Journal of Regional Science, ISSN 0022-4146, 05/2004, Volume 44, Issue 2, pp. 225 - 244
Journal Article
Journal of Urban Economics, ISSN 0094-1190, 03/1998, Volume 43, Issue 2, pp. 157 - 180
A detailed data set covering every quarter section in suburban Chicago is used to identify employment subcenters and to determine their influence on employment... 
POPULATION | LAND VALUES | CITY | MODELS | URBAN STUDIES | LOS-ANGELES | ECONOMICS | CENTERS | INTRAURBAN WAGE GRADIENTS | Metropolitan areas | Research | Employment | Suburbs
Journal Article
Sustainability, 01/2018, Volume 10, Issue 4, p. 1016
In recent years, increasing attention has been paid to the urban spatial structure in developing countries. In China, studies have shown that many mega cities... 
Megacities | Urban areas | Suburbs | Spatial discrimination | Metropolitan areas | Commuting | Empirical analysis | Developing countries--LDCs | Prices | Spatial distribution | Urban development | Urban policy | Employment | Population distribution
Journal Article
Regional Science and Urban Economics, ISSN 0166-0462, 1991, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp. 163 - 182
We investigate employment subcenters in the Los Angeles region using 1980 Census journey-to-work data. A simple subcenter definition is used, based solely on... 
J GY ECONOMICS | CBD | J YY URBAN STUDIES | POLYCENTRIC CITY | URBAN SPATIAL STRUCTURE | PATTERNS | VALUES | MODEL | AREAS | EMPLOYMENT | J JB ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES | Employment surveys | Cluster analysis | Usage | Demographic aspects | Employment | Economic geography | Employment services | California | Research
Journal Article
Journal of Urban Economics, ISSN 0094-1190, 01/2001, Volume 49, Issue 1, pp. 100 - 120
The goal of this paper is to provide a statistically based definition of employment subcenters for multicentric urban areas. In particular, we examine the... 
DENSITY | POPULATION | DEMAND | PRICE | CITY | URBAN STUDIES | ECONOMICS | Research | Social aspects | Central business districts | Employment | Urban cores
Journal Article
Journal of Transport and Land Use, ISSN 1938-7849, 10/2008, Volume 1, Issue 2, pp. 121 - 151
In this paper we employ Mecklenburg County, North Carolina, a polycentric city with 10 employment subcenters, as a case study to explore the role of employment... 
Employment | Households | Variable coefficients | Transportation | Cities | Industrial sectors | Commuting | Workplaces | Modeling | Land use | Accessibility | Logit models | Land Use | Polycentric cities | Residential location | Transport | Employment subcenters
Journal Article
URBAN STUDIES, ISSN 0042-0980, 05/2016, Volume 53, Issue 6, pp. 1278 - 1298
It is sometimes claimed that the degree of polycentricity of an urban region influences that region's competitiveness. However, because of widespread use and... 
POPULATION | FUNCTIONAL POLYCENTRICITY | mixed-method research | MULTIPLEXITY | urban systems | polycentricity | SOCIAL NETWORK | REGION | ORGANIZATION | conceptual stretching | URBAN STUDIES | scientometrics | SUBCENTERS | LOS-ANGELES | network analysis | ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES | agglomeration economies | EMPLOYMENT | Urbanization | Analysis
Journal Article