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Proceedings of the Royal Society. B, Biological sciences, ISSN 1471-2954, 2014, Volume 281, Issue 1777, p. 20133019
Journal Article
CURRENT ZOOLOGY, ISSN 1674-5507, 10/2019, Volume 65, Issue 5, pp. 535 - 540
... species with classes of individuals and species with cryptic coloration having shorter flight initiation distances (FIDs... 
PREDATION | ZOOLOGY | sexual dichromatism | PATTERN | crypsis | LIFE-HISTORY | anti-predator behavior | camouflage | birds | SAMPLE-SIZE | SELECTION | DISTURBANCE | Life Sciences | Biodiversity | Populations and Evolution
Journal Article
The Journal of wildlife management, ISSN 0022-541X, 2003, Volume 67, Issue 4, pp. 852 - 857
Journal Article
Journal Article
Behavioral ecology, ISSN 1465-7279, 2015, Volume 26, Issue 3, pp. 861 - 865
.... Previous studies have shown that urban populations of birds have shorter flight initiation distances than rural populations of the same species, that this difference is partly explained... 
Urbanization | Birds | Feeders | Flight initiation distance | PREDATION | RISK-TAKING | BEHAVIOR | birds | urbanization | DISTURBANCE | FEAR | RESPONSES | ZOOLOGY | flight initiation distance | LIFE-HISTORY | BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES | ECOLOGY | feeders
Journal Article
Biology letters (2005), ISSN 1744-957X, 2013, Volume 9, Issue 5, pp. 20130417 - 20130417
Journal Article
PloS one, ISSN 1932-6203, 2018, Volume 13, Issue 11, p. e0208210
Flight initiation distance (FID)-the distance at which an individual leaves in response to the approach of a perceived threat-provides a measurement of risk-taking behavior... 
DEFENSE | RISK-TAKING | CONCEALMENT | TREE CAVITIES | BEHAVIOR | MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES | LIFE-HISTORY | RUN | PREDATION RISK | DISTURBANCE | STRATEGIES | Parenting | Decision-making | Ethology | Parent and child | Analysis | Research | Methods | Nesting | Costs | Theory | Breeding | Flight | Decisions | Risk | Birds | Risk taking | Foraging behavior | Optimization | Prey | Flight behavior | Offspring | Animal behavior | Decision theory | Influence | Predation | Females | Fitness
Journal Article
Behavioral ecology, ISSN 1465-7279, 2013, Volume 24, Issue 5, pp. 1211 - 1217
Flight distance is reduced in urban environments due to cold winters and adaptation of birds to the proximity of humans... 
antipredator behavior | birds | urbanization | flight initiation distance | RISK-TAKING | BEHAVIOR | NEST PREDATION | DISTURBANCE | ZOOLOGY | LIFE-HISTORY | BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES | ECOLOGY | JAYS APHELOCOMA-COERULESCENS | STRESS | BLACKBIRD
Journal Article
Behavioral ecology, ISSN 1465-7279, 2014, Volume 25, Issue 4, pp. 960 - 966
.... Thus, we predicted that birds in rural habitats would differ significantly in flight initiation distance (FID... 
FID | monitoring | predator-prey interactions | urbanization | flight initiation distance | brain size | RISK-TAKING | BEHAVIOR | SIZE | ESCAPE | PASSERINE BIRDS | INDEPENDENT CONTRASTS | PREY | ZOOLOGY | BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES | ECOLOGY | PLUMAGE BRIGHTNESS | AREAS
Journal Article
PLoS ONE, ISSN 1932-6203, 09/2014, Volume 9, Issue 9, p. e107883
.... Methodology/Principal Finding: We investigated the relationship between population trends of 193 species of bird in North America, Australia and Europe and flight initiation distance (FID... 
FARMLAND BIRDS | PREDICT | MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES | LIFE-HISTORY | PATTERNS | SAMPLE-SIZE | DISTURBANCE | HISTORY TRAITS | DECLINES | Animals | Europe | Humans | Birds | Flight, Animal | Australia | North America | Population Dynamics | Breeding | Flight | Ecology | Agricultural land | Population status | International organizations | Studies | Climate change | Anti-predator behavior | Body size | Phylogenetics | Population | Trends | Continents | Farmlands | Human behavior | Evolution & development
Journal Article