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2009, Directions in development. Private sector development, ISBN 9780821378113, xiv, 126
Nigeria's vision of 2020 is a bold desire to be among the top twenty economies by the year 2020. The economy has posted impressive growth figures since 2003... 
Investments | COLLATERAL FOR LOANS | CUSTOMS CLEARANCE | TOTAL COMPENSATION | ANNUAL INTEREST RATE | GENDER DIFFERENCES | MATURITIES | BARRIERS TO ENTRY | FEMALE ENTREPRENEURS | MACROECONOMIC ENVIRONMENT | TAXATION | BUSINESS CLIMATE | LARGE FIRMS | INTEREST RATES | EARNINGS | REAL INTEREST RATE | TRANSPORTATION NETWORK | TRADING | CONTRIBUTION | TRANSPORT EFFICIENCY | INVESTMENT CLIMATE | SOURCES OF CREDIT | CENTRAL BANK | IMPORT LICENSE | VENTURE CAPITALISTS | FINANCIAL NEEDS | PURCHASES | TAX RATE | ASSET BASE | POOR INVESTMENT | MARKET SHARE | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | SHORT-TERM FINANCING | ACCESS TO BANKS | ROAD TRANSPORT | BANKS | SALES | CREDITS | HUMAN RESOURCE | TRANSPORTATION | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | DRIVERS | NEW ENTRANTS | LOAN APPLICATION | CONTRIBUTIONS | FIXED ASSETS | RULE OF LAW | LIMITED ACCESS | CASH FLOW | REAL INTEREST | TRANSIT | INTERNATIONAL BANK | CAPITAL ADEQUACY RATIOS | CUSTOMS CLEARANCES | COMMODITY | ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT | DEBT | FORMAL SOURCES OF CREDIT | OIL PRICES | BRIBES | DOMESTIC CAPITAL | ENTREPRENEURIALISM | JOB CREATION | LINES OF CREDIT | INTERNAL FUNDS | LOAN APPLICATION PROCEDURES | FINANCIAL CAPACITY | INVENTORIES | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT | TRADE CREDIT | SHORT-TERM FINANCE | CAPITAL ADEQUACY | QUESTIONNAIRE | INDIRECT COSTS | EXTERNAL FINANCING | LINE OF CREDIT | LABOR MARKET | CREDIT CULTURE | LIMITED ACCESS TO FINANCE | DIRECT INVESTMENT | DEVELOPMENT BANK | WAGES | AVERAGE INTEREST RATES | CORPORATE GOVERNANCE | HIGH INTEREST RATES | MATURITY | NPL | LABOR COSTS | LOAN | PERSONAL ASSETS | ACCESS TO FORMAL CREDIT | AVERAGE INTEREST | LARGE FIRM | VENTURE CAPITAL | LACK OF ACCESS | CONSOLIDATION | AUDITING | TAX ADMINISTRATION | APPLICATION PROCESS | CARS | COLLATERAL | OVERDRAFTS | ROAD | UNACCEPTABLE COLLATERAL | LAND OWNERSHIP | BUSINESS OWNERS | CORRUPTION | DEPOSIT | EXPENDITURE | BANKING PRACTICES | COLLATERAL REQUIREMENTS | FOREIGN FIRMS | CONSOLIDATION PROCESS | MARGINAL RATE | INDIRECT COST | ACCESS TO BANK | FORMAL FINANCIAL SECTOR | FIRM PERFORMANCE | HEAVY RELIANCE | BUSINESS OWNER | PROBLEMS WITH CREDIT | ACCESS TO FINANCE | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | ADVANCED ECONOMIES | BANK LOANS | INSTITUTIONAL REFORMS | BANK FINANCING | FINANCE ACCESS | FINANCIAL SECTOR | AVERAGE WAGE | SUBSIDIARY | LONG-TERM FINANCE | UNEMPLOYED | LOAN APPLICATIONS | WORKING CAPITAL | MICRO ENTERPRISES | NONPERFORMING LOANS | DOMESTIC CREDIT | CAPITAL MARKET | EQUIPMENT | APPLICATION PROCEDURES | INCOME | CAPITAL BASE | INCOMES | RETAINED EARNINGS | FINANCIAL RESOURCES | VALUE OF COLLATERAL | PROFITABILITY | BALANCE SHEETS | EMPLOYEE | BUSINESS CLIMATES | COLLECTION PROCESS | PUBLIC FINANCES | ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE | EMPLOYER | INFLATION | LEVEL OF EDUCATION | BANKING SUPERVISION | EDUCATION LEVEL | GOVERNMENT OWNERSHIP | ASSET QUALITY | TAX | CREDIT SOURCE | INVESTMENT CLIMATE ASSESSMENT | TRANSPORTATION PROBLEMS | UNSKILLED WORKERS | OVERDRAFT | SOURCES OF FINANCE | DOMESTIC CAPITAL MARKETS | ROADS | TAX RATES | ACCOUNTING | LOAN MARKETS | ECONOMIC REFORMS | SMALLER FIRMS | TELECOMMUNICATIONS | POLICY RESPONSE | INVESTMENT CLIMATES | BOTTLENECKS | CAR | LACK OF TRANSPARENCY | WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS | ANGEL INVESTORS | LEVEL OF DEBT | INTEREST RATE | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | LOAN PORTFOLIO | ENTREPRENEURSHIP | FINANCES | TRANSPORT | TRANSPARENCY | BANK BORROWING | GENDER | FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT TRAINING | UNEMPLOYMENT | BANK INTEREST RATES | BORROWING | FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT | BANKING SECTOR | LOAN OFFICERS | CAPITAL MARKETS | GREATER ACCESS | ACCESS TO CREDIT | ACCESS TO LOANS | PRODUCTIVITY
Book
2015, IFC SmartLessons
By increasing access to finance for out-of-reach households and families, microfinance continues to be an essential tool for improving livelihoods at the base... 
FREE LOANS | INCOME STATEMENTS | INEQUALITY | INCOME GROUP | ACCESS TO FINANCIAL SERVICES | FINANCIAL COSTS | OUTREACH | COMMERCIAL LENDING | HOUSING LOANS | TERMS OF LOAN | FOREIGN CURRENCY | PRIVATE CREDIT | CONTRACT ENFORCEMENT | SUBSIDIARIES | LEGAL REQUIREMENT | ECONOMIC GROWTH | INTEREST RATES | PRUDENTIAL REGULATIONS | FINANCIAL SECTOR DEVELOPMENT | INDEBTEDNESS | EQUITY REQUIREMENTS | CREDIT INFORMATION | INCOME-GENERATING PROJECTS | SOURCES OF CREDIT | FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | TRANSPARENT MARKET | URBAN AREAS | BANK ASSETS | FORMAL FINANCIAL SERVICES | CREDIT PROVIDERS | TAX EXEMPTIONS | PRUDENTIAL REQUIREMENTS | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | PRIVATE INVESTMENT | BALANCE SHEET | CURRENT ACCOUNTS | BANKING LAW | INSIDER LENDING | LEGISLATION | CAPITAL STRUCTURE | CREDIT REPORTING | OPERATIONAL COSTS | CREDIT REPORT | CREDITS | LOAN PROGRAM | GUARANTORS | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | NEW ENTRANTS | LOAN PROVISIONING | BANK CREDIT | PUBLIC CREDIT | SMALL BUSINESSES | DONOR FUNDING | RISK MANAGEMENT | CREDIT BUREAU | LOAN RECOVERY | HOUSEHOLDS | LOAN CLASSIFICATION | BANK GUARANTEES | CASH FLOW | SAVINGS BEHAVIOR | CONVENTIONAL BANKS | REAL ESTATE | DEBT | MONEY TRANSFERS | POSTAL SAVING | LOAN DELINQUENCY | DONOR SUPPORT | INCOME TAX | INVENTORY | PROVIDERS OF CREDIT | LOAN AMOUNTS | CAPITAL ADEQUACY | MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS | CREDIT LINES | MFIS | MARKET VALUE | CREDITWORTHINESS | LOAN TERMS | AFFILIATES | OPERATING COSTS | RESOURCE ALLOCATION | CONSUMER PROTECTION | FINANCE COMPANY | INSURANCE | LOAN PROCESSING TIME | CENTRAL BANKS | CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS | LOAN CONTRACT | LOAN | CREDIT SCORES | SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | CREDIT REGISTRY | EXCHANGE RATE | LOW-INCOME CONSUMERS | MICRO-LENDING | EUROPEAN CENTRAL BANK | LOAN PROCESSING | PAYMENT OBLIGATIONS | REPAYMENT RATES | REPAYMENT PERIOD | PROPENSITY TO SAVE | FINANCIAL SERVICE PROVIDERS | AUDITING | SAVINGS | INCOME-GENERATING PROJECT | FOREIGN ASSETS | FOREIGN BANKS | COLLATERAL | LEGAL FRAMEWORK | UNFAIR COMPETITION | WHOLESALE FUNDING | FINANCIAL LEASING | LEGAL PROVISION | SOURCES OF FUNDS | CUSTOMER RELATIONSHIP | RESERVE REQUIREMENT | DEPOSIT | COLLATERAL REQUIREMENTS | MONETARY POLICY | DEBT BURDEN | LOAN AMOUNT | MONEY LAUNDERING | FORMAL FINANCIAL SECTOR | CREDIT RISK | INEQUALITIES | ACCESS TO FINANCE | FOREIGN CURRENCIES | USURY | DEVELOPMENT CENTER | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | BANK LOANS | LAWS | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | WORKING CAPITAL | MAXIMUM LOAN AMOUNT | COMMERCIAL BANK | MICROCREDIT | FAIR LENDING | FOREIGN INVESTMENTS | FINANCIAL RESOURCES | DONOR RESOURCES | ENTREPRENEURS | PROFITABILITY | ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING | TRADE VOLUME | BALANCE SHEETS | FINANCIAL TRANSACTIONS | SECURITIES | EMPLOYEE | LOAN PORTFOLIOS | FINANCIAL SERVICES PROVIDERS | CURRENT ACCOUNT | PUBLIC FUNDS | CONVENTIONAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE | EMPLOYER | LEVEL PLAYING FIELD | DEPOSITS | LENDERS | LOAN SIZE | MICROFINANCE INSTITUTION | INFORMATION SHARING | FINANCE COMPANIES | CONVENTIONAL BANK | COMMERCIAL BANKS | COUNTRY COMPARISONS | CAPACITY BUILDING | MICRO-ENTERPRISES | MOVABLE COLLATERAL | FORMAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | BANK LOAN | WOMAN | OVERDRAFT | DOCUMENTATION REQUIREMENTS | LOAN CONTRACTS | INFORMATION GAP | MONEY TRANSFER | MICROFINANCE | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION | EMPLOYERS | STOCK MARKET | TRADE CREDITS | SOURCE OF CREDIT | BANKING SYSTEM | INTEREST RATE | CREDIT BUREAUS | LOAN PORTFOLIO | PRIVATE LENDER | INSURANCE POLICY | PAYMENT SERVICE | MFI | ECONOMIC ACTIVITY | FINANCIAL REGULATOR | REPAYMENT | HOUSEHOLD WELFARE | ACCESS TO FINANCING | LOAN DOCUMENTATION | GOVERNMENT FUNDING | FINANCIAL SERVICE | UNEMPLOYMENT | BORROWINGS | BORROWING | ECONOMIES OF SCALE | FOREIGN INVESTMENT | BUSINESS LOANS | EXTERNAL AUDITORS | BANKING SECTOR | FUNDING SOURCES | LIQUID ASSETS | CREDIT INFORMATION SYSTEM | ACCESS TO CREDIT | PRIVATE BANKS | SMALL ENTERPRISES | PRODUCTIVITY | INSURANCE SERVICES | CAPITAL REQUIREMENT | RISK OF LOSS
Book
Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, ISSN 1062-9769, 2010, Volume 50, Issue 4, pp. 492 - 500
This research addresses the controversial bank policy of paying – rather than bouncing – overdrawn checks, debits or ATM withdrawals. We argue that it should... 
Overdraft | Bank regulation | Bounced check | Precautionary money demand | Checking account | Bounced check Overdraft Precautionary money demand Checking account Bank regulation
Journal Article
11/2013
As in other Sub-Saharan African countries, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) represent the vast majority of firms operating in the private sector in... 
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY | INVESTMENT PLANS | CREDIT PRODUCTS | MARKETING STRATEGY | TERM CREDIT | ELECTRONIC BANKING | FIXED COSTS | EQUIPMENT PURCHASES | PRIVATE CREDIT | CONTRACT ENFORCEMENT | EXPORT EARNINGS | BUSINESS PLAN | ENTREPRENEURIAL CAPACITIES | LOAN APPROVALS | LOAN PRODUCTS | SUPPLY CHAIN | LOCAL LAWS | ECONOMIC GROWTH | PAYMENTS SERVICES | INTEREST RATES | PRUDENTIAL REGULATIONS | FINANCIAL SECTOR DEVELOPMENT | HIGH INTEREST RATE | MORAL HAZARDS | CREDIT INFORMATION | CAPITAL LOANS | LACK OF COLLATERALS | MICRO FINANCE INSTITUTIONS | FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | SMALL BANKS | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | URBAN AREAS | CREDIT LINE | ACCOUNT MANAGEMENT | LACK OF INFORMATION | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | BALANCE SHEET | BAD CREDIT | BANKS | REORGANIZATION | CREDITS | BANKRUPTCY | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | INTEREST SUBSIDIES | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | COST OF CREDIT | CREDIT HISTORY | SMALL BUSINESSES | LOAN RECOVERY | BANK LENDING | BANKING INDUSTRY | FINANCIAL SERVICES | LENDER | ECONOMIC REFORM | LOAN CLASSIFICATION | BANK GUARANTEES | CREDIT COOPERATIVES | PAYBACK PERIOD | CONTRACTUAL SAVINGS | DIRECTED CREDIT | CREDIT RATING | CURRENCY EXCHANGE | REAL ESTATE | LENDING DECISIONS | DEBT | BANKRUPTCY LAWS | INCOME TAX | JOB CREATION | FINANCIAL CAPACITY | PROVIDERS OF CREDIT | LENDING DECISION | LOAN AMOUNTS | CAPITAL ADEQUACY | MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS | CREDIT LINES | MFIS | PUBLIC INVESTMENT | PENSION FUNDS | CREDIT GUARANTEES | BUSINESS SUPPORT | BOARDS OF DIRECTORS | BANQUE DE FRANCE | FINANCIAL PLANNING | MARKET ENTRY | CREDIT RISK MANAGEMENT | PAYMENT SERVICES | CREDIT CARDS | DEVELOPMENT BANK | RISK TAKING | FINANCIAL ASSETS | CREDIT MECHANISMS | INSURANCE | HIGH INTEREST RATES | BORROWER | CREDIT REGISTRIES | EXTERNALITIES | LOAN | EXPENDITURES | ALTERNATIVE SOURCES OF FINANCING | APPROVAL PROCESSES | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | CREDIT REGISTRY | EXCHANGE RATE | REAL ESTATE AS COLLATERAL | CREDIT INFORMATION SYSTEMS | FACTORING | CONSOLIDATION | RETURN ON EQUITY | FINANCIAL SERVICE PROVIDERS | BUSINESS PLANS | ENTERPRISE DEVELOPMENT | COLLATERAL | UNFAIR COMPETITION | OVERDRAFTS | BUSINESS OWNERS | SPECIALIZED BANKS | DEPOSIT | COLLATERAL REQUIREMENTS | CREDIT APPLICATION | HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT | LOAN AMOUNT | MORTGAGES | LOAN DECISION | CREDIT RISK | EMPLOYMENT | BANKING RELATIONSHIP | TIME DEPOSITS | CREDIT RATIONING | BUSINESS OWNER | ACCESS TO FINANCE | BANK LOANS | CASH MANAGEMENT | RETAIL BANKING | FINANCING NEEDS | BUSINESS PLANNING | LENDING INSTITUTIONS | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | LOAN APPLICATIONS | WORKING CAPITAL | NONPERFORMING LOANS | MANDATES | FINANCIAL LITERACY | MICROCREDIT | WAREHOUSE RECEIPTS | GUARANTEE REQUIREMENTS | PROFITABILITY | ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING | BALANCE SHEETS | CREDIT PROGRAMS | EMPLOYEE | LOAN PORTFOLIOS | CREDIT APPLICATIONS | FINANCIAL SERVICES PROVIDERS | CURRENT ACCOUNT | PUBLIC FUNDS | DEPOSITS | LENDERS | INFLATION | LOAN SIZE | GOVERNMENT SECURITIES | CREDITORS | FINANCIAL PRODUCTS | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | LENDING PORTFOLIOS | COMMERCIAL BANKS | SAVINGS ACCOUNTS | BANQUE CENTRALE DES ETATS DE L'AFRIQUE DE L'OUEST | MOVABLE COLLATERAL | FORMAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | DOCUMENTATION REQUIREMENTS | CREDIT PORTFOLIOS | AGRICULTURAL SECTORS | MICRO FINANCE | FINANCIAL SECTOR POLICY | ACCOUNTING | BUSINESS CREDIT | MICROFINANCE | TRADE FINANCING | WAREHOUSE | OUTSTANDING LOAN | NET WORTH | OPERATING RATIO | CONTRACTUAL SAVINGS INSTITUTIONS | SOCIAL SECURITY | CREDIT DECISIONS | BANKING SYSTEM | DEMAND FOR CREDIT | RISK OF DEFAULT | EQUITY CAPITAL | INTEREST RATE | CREDIT RISKS | CREDIT BUREAUS | LOAN PORTFOLIO | MFI | FINANCES | TRANSPORT | LOAN MATURITY | FINANCIAL SERVICE | PUBLIC AGENCIES | BORROWING | DIVERSIFICATION | BANKING SECTOR | FINANCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE | PARTIAL CREDIT | LIQUID ASSETS | LOAN OFFICERS | PROVISION OF CREDIT | BANK BRANCHES | ACCESS TO CREDIT | PRIVATE BANKS | WAREHOUSES | SMALL ENTERPRISES | PRODUCTIVITY | CHECKING ACCOUNTS | LOANS TO BUSINESSES | CAPITAL REQUIREMENT
Book
Journal of Financial Intermediation, ISSN 1042-9573, 01/2015, Volume 24, Issue 1, pp. 25 - 44
Using variation in payday lending restrictions over time and across states, we study competition in the market for small, short-term consumer loans. We find... 
Predatory lending | Payday loan | Consumer credit | Overdraft credit | Usury | Household finance | BUSINESS, FINANCE | Alternative financial services | Consumer behavior | Credit unions | Consumer finance companies | Credit market | Personal loans | Studies | Lending institutions | Competitive advantage | Overdrafts | Payday loans
Journal Article
1997, Occasional paper, ISBN 9781557756237, Volume no. 150., vii, 52
Kuwait has made an impressive recovery from the damage and disruptions caused by the Iraqi invasion in 1990, as evidenced by the restoration of basic economic... 
Fiscal policy | Financial institutions | Kuwait Economic policy | Debts, Public
Book
01/2012
This report presents findings of a study of Bank lending to small and medium enterprises (SME) in Serbia. The study uses methodology developed by the Bank and... 
INVESTMENT DECISIONS | MATURITIES | CREDIT PRODUCTS | OUTREACH | INVESTMENT FINANCE | PRIVATE INVESTORS | RATING SYSTEMS | TERM CREDIT | CDS | FOREIGN CURRENCY | HOUSEHOLD LENDING | SAVINGS BONDS | SUBSIDIARIES | LOAN PRODUCTS | EIB | INFORMATION ASYMMETRIES | ECONOMIC GROWTH | PUBLIC POLICY | CUSTOMER SERVICE | INTEREST RATES | PRUDENTIAL REGULATIONS | START-UPS | BUSINESS CENTERS | INDEBTEDNESS | CREDIT INFORMATION | TURNOVERS | CAPITAL LOANS | FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | SMALL BANKS | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | RETAIL BUSINESS | GOVERNMENT INVOLVEMENT | CREDIT LINE | MARKET ENVIRONMENT | BALANCE SHEET | BANKS | BANKING SERVICES | CREDIT REPORT | CREDITS | TURNOVER | BANKRUPTCY | GUARANTORS | LOCAL GOVERNMENTS | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | REGIONAL BANKS | FINANCING OBSTACLES | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | LOAN SUPERVISION | BANK CREDIT | LOAN APPROVAL | CREDIT MARKETS | CREDIT SCORING MODELS | COST OF CREDIT | CREDIT HISTORY | SMALL BUSINESSES | RISK MANAGEMENT | CREDIT BUREAU | INTERNATIONAL BANKS | LOAN RECOVERY | SETTLEMENT | FIXED ASSETS | BANK LENDING | FINANCIAL SERVICES | HOUSEHOLDS | UNION | CASH FLOW | ECONOMIC CONDITIONS | SHAREHOLDERS | INTERNATIONAL BANK | LEVEL OF INTEREST RATES | INVESTMENT BANK | INTERMEDIARY BANK | FINANCIAL MARKET | DEBT | TERM CREDITS | JOB CREATION | RESERVE REQUIREMENTS | LEVELS OF COLLATERAL | INTERNAL FUNDS | CREDIT GROWTH | CAPITAL ADEQUACY | CREDIT LINES | EXTERNAL FINANCING | ACCESS TO BANKING | LENDING TECHNIQUES | CAPITAL STANDARDS | MARKET VALUE | CREDITWORTHINESS | DEVELOPING COUNTRY | LOAN TERMS | LACK OF COLLATERAL | PUBLIC MARKETS | CREDIT RISK MANAGEMENT | PAYMENT SERVICES | MARKET STRUCTURE | CREDIT CARDS | BUSINESS STRATEGIES | CREDIT WORTHINESS | ENTERPRISE CREDIT | INSURANCE | MATURITY | NPL | BORROWER | GOVERNMENT CREDIT | CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS | LOAN | ACCESS TO BANKING SERVICES | EXCHANGE RATES | REVOLVING FUND | APPROVAL PROCESSES | EXTERNAL FUNDS | BANKING SERVICE | MARKET DEVELOPMENT | CREDIT MARKET | LOAN PROCESSING | FACTORING | FINANCIAL SERVICE PROVIDERS | AUDITING | SAVINGS | LOANS FROM BANKS | DEBT OUTSTANDING | FOREIGN BANKS | COLLATERAL | LEGAL FRAMEWORK | OVERDRAFTS | FORMS OF CREDIT | DEPOSIT | COLLATERAL REQUIREMENTS | ECONOMIC AGENTS | MONETARY POLICY | LOCAL BANK | DEPOSIT ACCOUNTS | CONSUMER FINANCE | DEBT BURDEN | LOAN AMOUNT | PRIVATIZATION | MORTGAGES | TRANSACTION COST | CREDIT RISK | DEFICITS | EMPLOYMENT | BANKING MARKETS | CREDIT SCORING | BANKING INSTITUTIONS | ACCESS TO FINANCE | BANKING MARKET | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | MICRO CREDITS | ACCEPTABLE COLLATERAL | BANK LOANS | CASH MANAGEMENT | RETAIL BANKING | SUBSIDIARY | RISK PROFILE | CREDIT REPORTS | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | BANKRUPTCY PROCEDURES | WORKING CAPITAL | RESERVES REQUIREMENTS | MANDATES | INTERMEDIARY BANKS | INVESTMENT LOANS | COMMERCIAL BANK | NON-PERFORMING LOANS | RISK DIVERSIFICATION | AMOUNT OF CREDIT | SOLVENCY | ENTREPRENEURS | PROFITABILITY | BALANCE SHEETS | SECURITIES | CREDIT PROGRAMS | CREDIT APPLICATIONS | SECOND LOAN | DEMONSTRATION EFFECTS | DEPOSITS | INFLATION | INTERNATIONAL BANKING | MARKET ECONOMIES | CREDITORS | ACCESS POINTS | INFORMATION SHARING | COMMERCIAL BANKS | CREDIT POLICIES | SAVINGS ACCOUNTS | TIME DEPOSIT | MICRO-ENTERPRISES | MOVABLE COLLATERAL | OVERDRAFT | ENTREPRENEUR | COLLATERALS | SUBORDINATED DEBT | AGRICULTURAL BANK | ACCOUNTING | AVAILABILITY OF CREDIT | BUSINESS CREDIT | CONSUMER LOANS | INVESTMENT PLAN | TRANSACTION COSTS | CAPITALIZATION | TELECOMMUNICATIONS | ADVISORY SERVICES | SOCIAL SECURITY | CREDIT DECISIONS | BANKING SYSTEM | INTEREST RATE | CREDIT GUARANTEE | CREDIT RISKS | CREDIT BUREAUS | LOAN PORTFOLIO | ENTREPRENEURSHIP | CREDITOR | PROPERTY RIGHTS | REPAYMENT | HOUSING | FINANCIAL SERVICE | BANKING ASSETS | BORROWINGS | BORROWING | DIVERSIFICATION | MUNICIPALITIES | BANKING SECTOR | FINANCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE | MARKETS DEVELOPMENT | EARNING CAPACITY | BANK BRANCHES | ACCESS TO CREDIT | SMALL ENTERPRISES | LOANS TO BUSINESSES | CREDIT ASSESSMENT | DEBTS
Book
2000, IMF occasional paper, ISBN 9781557758941, Volume no. 195, ix, 65
The Eastern Caribbean Central Bank is one of just a few regional central banks in the world and the only one where the member countries have pooled all their... 
Monetary unions | Eastern Caribbean Central Bank History | History | Eastern Caribbean Currency Union History
Book
06/2008
This study describes the business and risk management practices that banks use to serve small and medium enterprises (SMEs). To do so, we use recently... 
FOREIGN BANKS | DEFAULT CASES | COLLATERAL | SIGNATURE LOANS | DEPOSIT | BANKING PRACTICES | COLLATERAL REQUIREMENTS | LOAN AMOUNT | LOAN DECISION | LOAN REQUESTS | CREDIT RISK | EMPLOYMENT | LOAN PRODUCTS | COLLATERAL REQUIREMENT | CREDIT PRODUCT | CREDIT SCORING | FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT | JUDICIAL PROCESS | INTEREST RATES | ACCESS TO FINANCE | BUSINESS CENTERS | PERSONAL GUARANTEE | INDEBTEDNESS | TOTAL DEBT | AMOUNT OF LOANS | SMALL BUSINESS | AUTONOMY | CREDIT RISK EXPOSURE | RISK ASSESSMENTS | CASH MANAGEMENT | SMALL BANKS | SHARE OF INVESTMENTS | CENTRAL BANK | FOREIGN EXCHANGE | BANK FINANCING | FINANCIAL NEEDS | CREDIT LIMITS | LIQUIDITY | DEBTOR | LOAN APPLICATIONS | MARKET SHARE | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | INDIVIDUAL LOAN | TRANSACTION | BANK REGULATIONS | CASH FLOWS | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | CREDIT ANALYSIS | COMMUNITY BANKS | CREDIT CARD | SMALL LOANS | BANKS | NON-PERFORMING LOANS | REORGANIZATION | CONSUMER LENDING | SOLVENCY | PROFITABILITY | BALANCE SHEETS | SECURITIES | BANKRUPTCY | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | RELATIONSHIP LENDING | FINANCING OBSTACLES | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | BANK CREDIT | LOAN APPROVAL | LONG-TERM LOANS | BRANCH LOCATION | CREDIT QUALITY | DEPOSITS | RISK MANAGEMENT | CREDIT BUREAU | INTERNATIONAL BANKS | LOAN RECOVERY | FORGIVENESS | BANK LENDING | UNION | CASH FLOW | PORTFOLIOS | MICRO-ENTERPRISES | PLEDGE COLLATERAL | LENDING DECISIONS | DEBT | OVERDRAFT | COMMODITY PRICES | SOURCES OF FINANCE | DOMESTIC BANKS | LOAN OFFICER | LEGAL CONSTRAINTS | ACCOUNTING | CREDIT LINES | CONSUMER LOANS | BANK POLICY | TRANSACTION COSTS | PUBLIC BANKS | NET WORTH | EMERGING ECONOMIES | FINANCIAL ANALYSIS | CREDIT RISK MANAGEMENT | EMERGING MARKETS | MARKET STRUCTURE | BANKING SYSTEM | INTEREST RATE | QUALITY OF ASSETS | MONEYLENDERS | CREDIT BUREAUS | DEFAULT PROBABILITY | NPL | BORROWER | CENTRAL BANKS | NONPERFORMING LOAN | LOAN | OVERDUE LOAN | PRIVATE SECTOR LOANS | ECONOMIC ACTIVITY | TRANSPARENCY | REPAYMENT | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | LOAN VOLUME | PORTFOLIO | EXCHANGE RATE | CURRENCY | LOAN REPAYMENT | AUDITORS | CREDIT MARKET | BANKING SECTOR | FINANCIAL RISK | LOAN APPROVAL PROCESS | LIQUID ASSETS | PROBABILITY OF DEFAULT | LACK OF ACCESS | DEBTORS | PRIVATE BANKS | SMALL ENTERPRISES | ECONOMICS | LOW INTEREST RATES | DEBT OUTSTANDING | NON-PERFORMING LOAN | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE CORPORATION
Book
02/2015
This study starts with a brief analysis of which firms are the main net job creators in Ethiopia and then focuses on the financing constraints of Ethiopian... 
NET LOSS | INVESTMENT DECISIONS | INCOME GROUP | ACCESS TO FINANCIAL SERVICES | MATURITIES | OUTREACH | BUSINESS ACTIVITIES | MACROECONOMIC STABILITY | PRIVATE CREDIT | CONTRACT ENFORCEMENT | ECONOMIC GROWTH | PUBLIC POLICY | INTEREST RATES | PRUDENTIAL REGULATIONS | CREDIT PROVISION | LENDING PORTFOLIO | CREDIT INFORMATION | NATIONAL BANK | SMALL BUSINESS | MICRO FINANCE INSTITUTIONS | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARY | URBAN AREAS | BANK ASSETS | AUDITS | LIQUIDITY | FRAUD | MICRO FINANCE SECTOR | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | CASH FLOWS | LEGISLATION | CREDIT REPORTING | EMPLOYMENT GROWTH | BANKS | BUSINESS MANAGEMENT | REORGANIZATION | BANKING SERVICES | AFFORDABLE PRICE | CREDIT CONSTRAINTS | LIQUIDITY RISK | LOAN DECISIONS | TURNOVER | GROUP GUARANTEES | MICROFINANCE SECTOR | PUBLIC CREDIT | BANKING SECTOR ASSET | RISK MANAGEMENT | CREDIT BUREAU | EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITIES | FINANCIAL SERVICES | CASH FLOW | INTERNATIONAL BANK | EMPLOYMENT DYNAMICS | DIRECTED CREDIT | DEBT | JOB CREATION | RESERVE REQUIREMENTS | LINES OF CREDIT | BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT | MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS | CREDIT LINES | EXTERNAL FINANCING | FINANCIAL SERVICE ACCESSIBILITY | LINE OF CREDIT | MICRO-ENTERPRISE | EXTERNAL SHOCKS | MFIS | CREDITWORTHINESS | PUBLIC INVESTMENTS | LACK OF COLLATERAL | MICRO ENTERPRISE | LIQUIDATION | CREDIT RISK MANAGEMENT | LACK OF KNOWLEDGE | PAYMENT SERVICES | CREDITOR RIGHTS | DEVELOPMENT BANK | DISINTERMEDIATION | ENFORCEMENT SYSTEMS | ENABLING ENVIRONMENT | GOVERNMENT SUPPORT | BORROWER | COLLATERAL SYSTEMS | OUTSTANDING LOANS | DEBT RECOVERY | UNSECURED CREDIT | LOAN | GROUP LOANS | ALTERNATIVE SOURCES OF FUNDING | INFORMAL FINANCING | ALTERNATIVE SOURCES OF FINANCING | CREDIT CONSTRAINED FIRM | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | RISK PROFILES | CREDIT REGISTRY | WOMEN ENTREPRENEURSHIP | CREDIT INFORMATION SYSTEMS | PERSONAL ASSETS | MICRO FINANCING | CREDIT MARKET | FACTORING | VENTURE CAPITAL | LACK OF ACCESS | RETURN ON EQUITY | FINANCIAL SERVICE PROVIDERS | AUDITING | OUTSTANDING DEPOSITS | SAVINGS | SALES GROWTH | FINANCIAL SECTOR REFORM | COLLATERAL | LOAN APPRAISAL | DEPOSIT | EXPENDITURE | COLLATERAL REQUIREMENTS | EXTERNAL FINANCE | LOAN AMOUNT | CREDIT RISK | REGULATORY FRAMEWORKS | CREDIT SCORING | BANKING SYSTEMS | ACCESS TO FINANCE | CREDIT ACCESS | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | LACK OF AWARENESS | LAWS | AGRICULTURAL SECTOR | FINANCING NEEDS | LOAN ANALYSIS | LONG-TERM FINANCE | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | LOAN APPLICATIONS | PRIVATE SECTOR COMMERCIAL BANKS | TRANSACTION | MICRO ENTERPRISES | CREDIT ANALYSIS | ECONOMIC CONTRIBUTION | COMMERCIAL BANK | FINANCIAL PRODUCT | CREDIT FACILITIES | VALUE OF COLLATERAL | PROFITABILITY | CREDIT PROGRAMS | EMPLOYEE | LOAN PORTFOLIOS | RETURNS | OVERDRAFT FACILITY | PRIVATE COMMERCIAL BANKS | CREDIT CONSTRAINT | SUPERVISORY AUTHORITY | IMMOVABLE ASSETS | INCOME LEVELS | DEPOSITS | LENDERS | INFLATION | LIQUIDITY CONSTRAINTS | LOAN SIZE | AUCTION | FINANCIAL PRODUCTS | TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE | FINANCIAL SYSTEMS | COMMERCIAL BANKS | BANKING SUPERVISION | CAPACITY BUILDING | OVERDRAFT | COLLATERALS | DOCUMENTATION REQUIREMENTS | PRIVATE SECTOR CREDIT | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIARIES | MICRO FINANCE | RISK MITIGATION | ACCOUNTING | MICROFINANCE | TRANSACTION COSTS | PUBLIC BANKS | SAVINGS ACCOUNT | EMPLOYERS | MICRO FINANCE INSTITUTION | BUSINESS TRANSACTIONS | ACCOUNT HOLDERS | MICROENTERPRISES | BANK CUSTOMERS | GUARANTEE SCHEMES | BUSINESS ANALYSIS | COLLATERAL REGIME | BANKING SYSTEM | INTEREST RATE | CREDIT GUARANTEE | CREDIT BUREAUS | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | CREDITOR | MFI | LOAN MATURITY | DEPOSIT INSURANCE | FINANCIAL SERVICE | SMALL ENTERPRISE | UNEMPLOYMENT | BORROWING | FLOW OF FUNDS | DIVERSIFICATION | ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT | BANKING SECTOR | PARTIAL CREDIT | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIATION | ASSET PORTFOLIO | CAPITAL MARKETS | BANK BRANCHES | BUSINESS STRATEGY | CREDIT INFORMATION SYSTEM | ACCESS TO CREDIT | PRIVATE BANKS | SMALL ENTERPRISES | PRODUCTIVITY | COLLATERAL REGISTRY | LONG TERM FINANCING
Book
02/2009
The objective of this study is to contribute to the development of new structured financial products in Peru, in particular as means to address the problems of... 
SHORT MATURITY | INVESTMENT FUND | SMALL BORROWERS | INVESTMENT FINANCING | DOMESTIC BOND MARKETS | SMALL LOAN | ASSET POOLS | ISSUANCE | LONG-TERM MATURITY | MACROECONOMIC STABILITY | PRIVATE CREDIT | INCOME INSTRUMENTS | FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT | INTEREST RATES | TRADING | CREDIT INFORMATION | SMALL BUSINESS | FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | MICRO BORROWERS | LOAN RATES | TRANSACTIONS COSTS | MARKET ENVIRONMENT | LONG-TERM INVESTORS | LIQUIDITY | FRAUD | MARKET SHARE | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | INTERNATIONAL INVESTORS | CASH FLOWS | CAPITAL STRUCTURE | CREDIT CONSTRAINTS | INVESTMENT PORTFOLIO | ISSUANCE OF BONDS | TURNOVER | LOCAL CURRENCY | LOCAL GOVERNMENTS | PUBLIC REGISTRIES | LOAN APPLICATION | UNDERLYING ASSETS | BANK CREDIT | CREDIT HISTORY | CORPORATE BOND | INSTITUTIONAL INVESTOR | FIXED ASSETS | STOCKS | CASH FLOW | INTERNATIONAL CAPITAL MARKETS | CREDIT RATING | RISK POOLING | DEBT | OVERDRAFT FACILITIES | PENSION FUND | INVESTMENT IN SECURITIES | LINES OF CREDIT | MORTGAGE LOANS | TRADE CREDIT | LOAN AMOUNTS | MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS | CREDIT LINES | LINE OF CREDIT | MARKETABLE SECURITIES | COMMERCIAL CREDIT | MARKET ANALYSTS | DEBT MANAGEMENT | CREDITWORTHINESS | PENSION FUNDS | LONG TERM CAPITAL | MICRO ENTERPRISE | RESERVE | ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLES | MARKET CAP | OFFSHORE FINANCIAL CENTER | DEVELOPMENT BANK | DEBT ISSUES | LIEN | GOVERNMENT SUPPORT | MARKET SIZE | ENTERPRISE CREDIT | INSURANCE | CORPORATE GOVERNANCE | MATURITY | LONG-TERM INVESTMENT | BORROWER | OUTSTANDING LOANS | INVESTMENT INSTRUMENTS | LOAN | BROKERAGE | EXPORT SHARE | MONEY LENDER | SECURITIES LAW | MARKET DEVELOPMENT | DEBT ISSUANCE | EXCHANGE RATE | ACCESS TO CAPITAL | CORPORATE BOND ISSUANCE | CREDIT INFORMATION SYSTEMS | DOMESTIC MARKET | CREDIT MARKET | FUTURE CASH FLOW | PENSION SYSTEMS | MORTGAGE | STOCK EXCHANGE | FUND MANAGERS | INTERNATIONAL SETTLEMENTS | FIXED INTEREST RATE | SAVINGS BANKS | FIXED INCOME | INFORMAL LENDERS | FOREIGN BANKS | COLLATERAL | UNACCEPTABLE COLLATERAL | PENSION | EXPENDITURE | COLLATERAL REQUIREMENTS | CAPITAL INVESTMENT | LOAN AMOUNT | FIXED INTEREST | CREDIT RISK | COLLATERAL REQUIREMENT | FINANCIAL MARKETS | BANK ACCOUNT | DEBT INSTRUMENTS | FIXED ASSET | BANKING MARKET | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | BANK LOANS | BANK FINANCING | BLUE CHIPS | PUBLIC SECTOR BONDS | LONG-TERM FINANCE | STOCK MARKET CAPITALIZATION | DOMESTIC BOND MARKET | LOAN APPLICATIONS | TRANSACTION | WORKING CAPITAL | MICRO ENTERPRISES | ENTERPRISE FINANCING | DOMESTIC CREDIT | CAPITAL MARKET | EQUIPMENT | COMMERCIAL BANK | MICROCREDIT | MICRO LOANS | MONEY LENDERS | LOAN OBLIGATIONS | FINANCIAL LIBERALIZATION | INFORMATION ASYMMETRY | BALANCE SHEETS | SECURITIES | LOAN PORTFOLIOS | OVERDRAFT FACILITY | LOAN MATURITIES | REGULATORY CONSTRAINTS | MUTUAL FUNDS | POTENTIAL INVESTORS | ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE | CORPORATE BONDS | CREDIT QUALITY | CREDIT UNIONS | DEPOSITS | EQUITY MARKETS | LOAN SIZE | FINANCIAL SYSTEMS | ASSET-BACKED SECURITIES | COMMERCIAL BANKS | BUSINESS CYCLES | MICRO-ENTERPRISES | TAX | BANK LOAN | CREDIT ENHANCEMENTS | BANK PORTFOLIOS | PRIVATE EQUITY | INSURANCE COMPANIES | VALUATIONS | ACCOUNTING | INVESTMENT BANKING | DOMESTIC BOND | MICROFINANCE | SECURITIES MARKETS | PRIVATE CREDIT BUREAUS | TRANSACTION COSTS | SAVINGS ACCOUNT | BENCHMARK YIELD | STOCK MARKET | ISSUANCES | MICROENTERPRISES | INTERNATIONAL CAPITAL | EMERGING MARKETS | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | HOUSING FINANCE | BANKING SYSTEM | DEMAND FOR CREDIT | INTEREST RATE | INSTITUTIONAL INVESTORS | LOAN PORTFOLIO | FINANCIAL STATEMENTS | CAPITAL MARKET REFORMS | LOAN SIZES | FIXED INCOME MARKET | LOAN MATURITY | ACCESS TO FINANCING | MARKET PARTICIPANTS | PUBLIC DEBT | PORTFOLIO | HOLDINGS | BENCHMARK YIELD CURVE | BANKING SECTOR | FINANCIAL INFRASTRUCTURE | PENSION FUND REFORMS | CAPITAL MARKETS | INSTRUMENT | BANK BRANCHES | SHORT-TERM INSTRUMENTS | PRIVATE REGISTRIES | BANKRUPTCIES | STOCK MARKETS | SOVEREIGN ENTITIES | INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL CRISES | MORTGAGE-BACKED SECURITIES
Book
2011
Numerous studies worldwide have highlighted the important contribution made by small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) to employment, income and economic... 
INCOME STATEMENTS | ACCESS TO FINANCIAL SERVICES | CREDIT PRODUCTS | OUTREACH | FINANCIAL ACCESS | FIXED COSTS | LOAN APPROVALS | DIRECT CREDIT | SUPPLY CHAIN | ECONOMIC GROWTH | EMPOWERMENT | PUBLIC POLICY | INTEREST RATES | START-UPS | FIRMS | CREDIT INFORMATION | SMALL BUSINESS | CAPITAL LOANS | FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | INVESTMENT CLIMATE | SMALL BANKS | GOVERNMENT INVOLVEMENT | LOAN VOLUMES | PROFITABLE BUSINESS | EQUITY INVESTMENTS | FINANCING OF INVESTMENT | LIQUIDITY | ACCOUNT MANAGEMENT | MARKET SHARE | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | BALANCE SHEET | DEVELOPING COUNTRIES | SMALL BUSINESS OWNERS | GOVERNMENT SPENDING | SUPPLY OF FINANCE | CREDIT CONSTRAINTS | BANK PROFITS | SHARE OF INVESTMENT | TURNOVER | SME FINANCING | LOAN APPLICATION | PROVISION OF FINANCE | INTERNATIONAL FINANCE | BANK CREDIT | LOAN APPROVAL | SMALL BUSINESSES | RISK MANAGEMENT | FIXED ASSETS | BANKING INDUSTRY | HOUSEHOLDS | LENDER | UNION | ENTERPRISE FINANCE | CASH FLOW | INTERNATIONAL BANK | GUARANTEE SCHEME | DEVELOPMENT FINANCE INSTITUTIONS | MACROECONOMIC RISK | ECONOMIC EMPOWERMENT | DEBT | COMMERCIAL BANKING | NEW COMPANIES | APPROVAL PROCESS | GOVERNMENT POLICY | MARKET DATA | INTERNAL FUNDS | LOAN APPLICATION PROCEDURES | BUSINESS TRAINING | BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT | NATIONAL CREDIT | SHORT-TERM FINANCE | EXTERNAL FINANCING | LINE OF CREDIT | ASSET CLASSES | RESERVE BANK | CREDIT GUARANTEES | JUDICIAL PROCESSES | INCOME STREAM | LABOR MARKET | RESERVE | PERSONAL BANKING | INTEREST INCOME | PROPRIETORSHIP | SUPPLIERS | PERC | GOVERNMENT SUPPORT | MARKET SIZE | ENTERPRISE CREDIT | INSURANCE | HIGH INTEREST RATES | NPL | BORROWER | OUTSTANDING LOANS | RETURN | ECONOMIC CRISIS | LOAN | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | ENDOWMENTS | REPAYMENT HISTORY | FACTORING | MORTGAGE | BUSINESS EXPERIENCE | LACK OF ACCESS | BUSINESS PLANS | SAVINGS | RETURN ON ASSETS | BUSINESS ENTERPRISES | PRIME RATE | GOVERNMENT POLICIES | INSURANCE PRODUCTS | SME FINANCE | COLLATERAL | LEGAL FRAMEWORK | OVERDRAFTS | BUSINESS OWNERS | DEPOSIT | COLLATERAL REQUIREMENTS | CREDIT APPLICATION | BANK RATES | MORTGAGES | ACCESS TO BANK | FORMAL FINANCIAL SECTOR | CREDIT RISK | LOAN GUARANTEE | CREDIT SCORING | TRADE FINANCE | POLITICAL ECONOMY | BANK ACCOUNT | ACCESS TO FINANCE | SME | CREDIT ACCESS | BANKING MARKET | FINANCIAL STABILITY | ADVANCED ECONOMY | INVESTMENT PROJECTS | BANK FINANCING | RETAIL BANKING | SUBSIDIARY | FINANCIAL HISTORY | LOAN APPLICATIONS | PRIVATE SECTOR COMMERCIAL BANKS | FORM OF COLLATERAL | TRANSACTION | WORKING CAPITAL | NONPERFORMING LOANS | MANDATES | UNINCORPORATED BUSINESSES | FINANCIAL LITERACY | SMALL BUSINESS BANKING | COMMERCIAL BANK | FINANCIAL PRODUCT | APPLICATION PROCEDURES | CREDIT SCHEME | BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT SERVICES | DEVELOPMENT CORPORATION | CREDIT FACILITIES | CONSUMER LENDING | ENTREPRENEURS | PROFITABILITY | BALANCE SHEETS | INFORMAL ECONOMY | CREDIT APPLICATIONS | RETURNS | NONBANK FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | FINANCIAL CRISIS | NATIONAL TREASURY | CREDIT QUALITY | DEPOSITS | LENDERS | INFLATION | LOAN SIZE | FINANCIAL PRODUCTS | MORTGAGE LENDING | COMMERCIAL BANKS | RISK MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS | TAX | LOAN APPROVAL RATES | MACROECONOMIC INSTABILITY | FUNDING SOURCE | MACROECONOMIC RISKS | RISK EVALUATION | HOME LOANS | MEDIUM ENTERPRISES | PROPRIETORSHIPS | BUSINESS ACTIVITY | ASSET CLASS | MICROENTERPRISES | GUARANTEE SCHEMES | BANK SERVICES | FINANCIAL EDUCATION | FINANCIAL INSTRUMENTS | CREDIT DECISIONS | EQUITY CAPITAL | INTEREST RATE | CREDIT GUARANTEE | FINANCIAL SKILLS | CREDIT BUREAUS | DEVELOPMENT FINANCE | FINANCIAL STATEMENTS | CREDIT MANAGEMENT | LOAN MATURITY | MACROECONOMIC CONDITIONS | UNIVERSAL BANKS | GENDER | FINANCIAL SERVICE | MARKET PARTICIPANTS | PORTFOLIO | UNIVERSAL BANK | SMALL ENTERPRISE | UNEMPLOYMENT | LOAN REPAYMENT | BORROWING | DIVERSIFICATION | ECONOMIES OF SCALE | BANKING SECTOR | PARTIAL CREDIT | LOAN OFFICERS | UNINCORPORATED BUSINESS | INSTRUMENT | ACCESS TO CREDIT | SMALL ENTERPRISES | CHECKING ACCOUNTS | LOW INTEREST RATES
Book
2012, Urban development series, ISBN 0821389629, xvi, 256
The rapid and oft en unplanned expansion of cities is exposing more people and economic assets to the risk of disasters and the effects of climate change. For... 
Urban ecology (Sociology) | Environmental risk assessment | Urban policy | Risk assessment | Environmental aspects | Climatic changes | City planning | Social aspects | Natural disasters | bank lending | Vulnerable Group | price trends | budget deficit | Credit Source | mutual fund | agricultural products | migrant labor | budgetary allocation | output | tea | banking system | basis points | pledges | microfinance institutions | Credit Growth | remittance | savings | stock trading | infrastructure projects | Foreign exchange | oil prices | overdraft loans | repayment | money transfer | consumption expenditures | business associations | interest rates | merchant | dates | reserves | Foreign exchange reserves | foreign investors | exposure | expenditures | consumer prices | retail trade | phone network | commodity | interest rate | Microcredit | Transparency | Corruption | domestic market | stock price | foreign exchange market | repo | Refugee | growth rate | stock market volatility | retail | Union | Economic Developments | Fair Price | demand for food | local market | infrastructure project | Investment Climate | wheat | public stock | exchange rate | Stock Exchange | broad money | growth rates | inflationary pressures | Fair | food resources | public investment | agricultural sector | Monetary Policy | households | economic crisis | current account balance | nonperforming loans | hypothecations | public stocks | Private Sector Credit | Reserve Requirement | macroeconomic policy | Cash Reserve | food price | Bank Policy | Price Increase | repo rates | expenditure | financial institutions | Infrastructure Finance | insurance | microfinance | policy responses | liquidity | remittances | Tax | accounting | sales | Public Debt | repayment period | frozen food | interest rate cap | commodity prices | Regulatory Authority | Grain Production | beneficiaries | formal banking | advanced economies | fiscal deficit | repo rate | rates of interest | Consumer Price Index | stock market | commercial banks | Consumer Price | current account surplus | public-private partnerships | food subsidy | open market | intermediate goods | mobile phone | regulator | food prices | public-private partnership | sugar | income | international markets | global economy | loan | inflation index | overdraft | economic performance | sovereign debt | Food for Work | food grains | regulators | stocks | telecommunications | Inflation | balance of payments | policy response | export credits | export growth | reserve | financial account | food distribution | food imports | Price Increases | consumption expenditure | village | stock index | migrant workers | money growth | urban areas | private investment | good faith | food subsidies | developing countries | current account | food security | developing economies | issuance | storage capacity | banking sector
Book
02/2014, MENA knowledge and learning quick notes series, Volume 116
A well-functioning financial sector is critical for efficient resource allocation leading to increased productivity, greater investment, and higher overall... 
FREE LOANS | SME FINANCE | COLLATERAL | LEGAL FRAMEWORK | UNFAIR COMPETITION | FINANCIAL LEASING | REGULATORY BARRIERS | INCOME GROUP | ACCESS TO FINANCIAL SERVICES | DEPOSIT | OUTREACH | HOUSING LOANS | MACROECONOMIC STABILITY | SUPERVISORY FRAMEWORK | ECONOMIC GROWTH | FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT | TRADE FINANCE | BANK DEBT | INTEREST RATES | PRUDENTIAL REGULATIONS | FINANCIAL SECTOR DEVELOPMENT | FIRMS | SME | CREDIT INFORMATION | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | INCOME-GENERATING PROJECTS | LAWS | INVESTMENT CLIMATE | CENTRAL BANK | MICROFINANCE PROGRAMS | CLIENT BASE | FINANCIAL SECTOR | BANK ASSETS | FORMAL FINANCIAL SERVICES | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | TAX EXEMPTIONS | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | TRANSACTION | BANKING LAW | FINANCIAL SECTOR POLICIES | MICROCREDIT | INCOME | LARGE ENTERPRISES | NON-PERFORMING LOANS | ENTREPRENEURS | PORTFOLIO QUALITY | PRIVACY | PRIVATE SECTOR DEVELOPMENT | EMPLOYEE | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | LOAN PROVISIONING | MICROFINANCE SECTOR | LEVEL PLAYING FIELD | DEPOSITS | SMALL BUSINESSES | LOAN SIZE | CREDIT BUREAU | LOAN RECOVERY | HOUSEHOLDS | BANKING SECTOR ASSETS | INFORMATION SHARING | FINANCE COMPANIES | COMMERCIAL BANKS | SAVINGS ACCOUNTS | CONVENTIONAL BANKS | GROWTH RATES | MICRO-ENTERPRISES | MOVABLE COLLATERAL | TAX | FORMAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | DEBT | MONEY TRANSFERS | OVERDRAFT | INSURANCE COMPANIES | FORMAL FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | MICROFINANCE INSTITUTIONS | MICROFINANCE | MARKET DISTORTION | GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION | TRANSACTION COSTS | MFIS | CREDITWORTHINESS | LABOR FORCE PARTICIPATION | STOCK MARKET | EXPANSION | MICROENTERPRISES | PAYMENT SERVICES | RESOURCE ALLOCATION | CONSUMER PROTECTION | ENABLING ENVIRONMENT | FINANCE COMPANY | INSURANCE | LOAN PROCESSING TIME | CODE OF CONDUCT | LOAN PORTFOLIO | DISBURSEMENT | MFI | LOAN | ECONOMIC ACTIVITY | REPAYMENT | HOUSEHOLD WELFARE | HOUSING | ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT | LOCAL INVESTORS | FINANCIAL SERVICE | UNEMPLOYMENT | MONETARY FUND | BUSINESS LOANS | BANKING SECTOR | LOAN PROCESSING | FOREIGN PARTNERS | FUNDING SOURCES | REPAYMENT PERIOD | FINANCIAL INTERMEDIATION | ACCESS TO CREDIT | BRANCHES | PRIVATE BANKS | FINANCIAL SERVICE PROVIDERS | PRODUCTIVITY | SAVINGS | INSURANCE SERVICES
Book
01/2015
This review of the Consumer Protection and Financial Literacy Framework (CPFL) in Paraguay was undertaken in response to a request for technical assistance in... 
CHECKS | FINANCIAL SECTOR REGULATION | SUPERVISION OF BANKS | ANNUAL INTEREST RATE | TRUST FUND | SALARIES | CREDIT PRODUCTS | JUDICIAL SYSTEM | PERSONAL CREDIT | PERSONAL FINANCE | ELECTRONIC BANKING | FOREIGN CURRENCY | PRIVATE CREDIT | CONSUMERS | LOAN PRODUCTS | INFORMATION REQUIREMENTS | CREDIT PRODUCT | EMPOWERMENT | INTEREST RATES | LIABILITY | INDEBTEDNESS | HUMAN RESOURCES | CREDIT INFORMATION | CHECKBOOK | CALCULATION | FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | RESPONSIBILITIES | CENTRAL BANK | CREDIT LINE | CREDIT INSTITUTIONS | ANCILLARY BENEFIT | DEBTOR | CREDIT PROVIDERS | MARKET SHARE | DEPOSIT ACCOUNT | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | CURRENT ACCOUNTS | BANKING LAW | BANKS | VALUABLE | INSURANCE COMPANY | SALES | BANKING SERVICES | CREDITS | SALE | LOCAL CURRENCY | LIFE INSURANCE POLICIES | TRAINING PROGRAMS | STAKEHOLDERS | MARKETING | MONTHLY INCOME | OUTSTANDING BALANCES | TOTAL COST | LOWER INTEREST RATE | ADVERTISEMENTS | COST OF CREDIT | PUBLIC CREDIT | CREDIT BUREAU | ARBITRATION | BANKING INDUSTRY | FINANCIAL SERVICES | UNION | INTEREST CHARGES | CASH FLOW | WORTH | INTERNATIONAL BANK | PRIVATE CREDIT BUREAU | DEBT | APPROVAL PROCESS | CONSUMER EDUCATION | CHECKBOOKS | SALARY | CONSUMER RIGHTS | ARREARS | RATE OF RETURN | FINANCIAL COST | AMOUNT OF DEBT | CREDIT PROVIDER | AFFORDABILITY | PAWN | JUDICIAL PROCESSES | INFORMATION ON BORROWERS | LEGAL FRAMEWORKS | DISCLOSURE REQUIREMENTS | CREDIT CARDS | DEVELOPMENT BANK | CONSUMER PROTECTION | INSURANCE SCHEME | DEBT REPAYMENT | FINANCE COMPANY | WAGES | AUTO INSURANCE | CREDIT WORTHINESS | INSURANCE | MATURITY | BORROWER | INTEREST COST | LOAN PRODUCT | LOAN | WEB PAGES | INFORMATION SYSTEMS | CREDIT REGISTRY | ELECTRONIC PAYMENT SYSTEM | CURRENCY | CONSUMER COMPLAINTS | MORTGAGE | ADMINISTRATIVE SUPPORT | FINANCIAL SERVICE PROVIDERS | SUPERVISORY AGENCY | SAVINGS | LEGAL FRAMEWORK | ACCREDITATION | DEBIT CARD | DEPOSIT | GUARANTEE FUND | DEPOSIT ACCOUNTS | MINIMUM PAYMENT | OUTSTANDING DEBT | DISPUTE RESOLUTION | CREDIT RISK | POINT OF SALE | FINANCIAL MATTERS | FEE STRUCTURE | BANK ACCOUNT | BANKING INSTITUTIONS | LEGAL AUTHORITY | USURY | DEPOSIT PRODUCTS | FINANCIAL SYSTEM | BANK LOANS | CREDIT TRANSACTIONS | CONSUMER | DEPOSITORY INSTITUTIONS | FINANCIAL SECTOR | INTEREST CHARGE | REGULATORY FRAMEWORK | PRUDENTIAL SUPERVISION | FINANCIAL CONSUMERS | SUPERVISORY AUTHORITIES | FINANCIAL LITERACY | REPAYMENT SCHEDULE | CREDIT CARD | FINANCIAL PRODUCT | MICROCREDIT | RECEIPT | BANKING PRODUCT | SOLVENCY | BANKING PRODUCTS | BEST PRACTICES | ANTI-MONEY LAUNDERING | CONSUMER PROTECTION LAW | CONSUMER ORGANIZATIONS | REPAYMENTS | FINANCIAL SERVICES PROVIDERS | CURRENT ACCOUNT | SUPERVISORY AUTHORITY | PAYROLL DEDUCTION | GUARANTOR | CREDIT UNIONS | DEPOSITS | FINANCIAL PRODUCTS | INSTALLMENT | WITHDRAWAL | INFORMATION ON CUSTOMERS | CIVIL CODE | FINANCE COMPANIES | PAYMENT SCHEDULE | LOW-INCOME | SAVINGS CERTIFICATES | TAX | CREDIT CARD ISSUERS | ECONOMIC RESOURCES | OVERDRAFT | CHECKING ACCOUNT | AVERAGE BALANCES | TRANSPARENCY OF INFORMATION | LOAN CONTRACTS | INSURANCE COMPANIES | CREDIT CARD DEBT | LIFE INSURANCE | TERRORISM | CONSUMER LOANS | PRIVATE CREDIT BUREAUS | SAVINGS ACCOUNT | EMPLOYERS | TELECOMMUNICATIONS | BANK ACCOUNTS | FINANCIAL CUSTOMERS | GENERAL PUBLIC | ACCOUNT HOLDERS | COOPERATIVES | LACK OF TRANSPARENCY | SOCIAL NETWORKS | FINANCIAL EDUCATION | BANKING SYSTEM | FINANCIAL COMPANY | REPAYMENT CAPACITY | LOAN AGREEMENT | CREDIT RISKS | CREDIT BUREAUS | FINANCIAL SUPPORT | PAWN SHOPS | INSURANCE POLICY | CREDIT CARD PURCHASES | TRANSPARENCY | REPAYMENT | DEPOSIT INSURANCE | ACCESS TO INFORMATION | LEGAL CONSTRAINT | CALCULATIONS | FINANCIAL SERVICE | TRAINING COURSES | UNEMPLOYMENT | ELECTRONIC PAYMENT | PUBLIC CAMPAIGN | BORROWING | CONSUMER COMPLAINT | LOWER INTEREST RATES | BANKING SECTOR | BROCHURES | LOAN COOPERATIVES | FINANCIAL CONSUMER | DEBTORS | ACCOUNT HOLDER | SELF-REGULATORY AGENCY | FINANCIAL SAFETY | TYPES OF LOANS | INSURANCE PREMIUMS | ADVERTISEMENT
Book
04/2008, ISBN 1451949812, 226
This Guide provides clear, up-to-date guidance on the concepts, definitions, and classifications of the gross external debt of the public and private sectors,... 
Public Debt | External Debt Statistics
Book
01/2012
This toolkit is designed to assist authorities in resolving troubled banks. It provides generic forms that can be adapted for use in planning supervisory... 
INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY | CERTIFIED PUBLIC ACCOUNTANT | LOAN BALANCE | VALUE OF ASSETS | AMOUNT OF LOAN | LOAN COMMITMENTS | FLOATING RATE | ASSET POOLS | FOREIGN CURRENCY | SUBSIDIARIES | MARKET CONDITIONS | LOCAL LAWS | FINANCIAL DEVELOPMENT | PRINCIPAL PAYMENTS | INTEREST RATES | PRUDENTIAL REGULATIONS | BOOK VALUE | LIABILITY | PRIORITY OF PAYMENT | PAR VALUE | FINANCIAL INSTITUTION | PURCHASE AND ASSUMPTION TRANSACTIONS | BONDS | CENTRAL BANK | BANK ASSETS | VALUABLE ASSETS | CURRENCY UNITS | LIQUIDITY | DISCOUNT RATE | FRAUD | PRUDENTIAL REQUIREMENTS | COST OF CAPITAL | DEPOSIT ACCOUNT | FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS | BALANCE SHEET | DEPOSIT INSURANCE FUND | CASH FLOWS | BANKING LAW | PROBLEM BANKS | LEGISLATION | INTANGIBLE ASSETS | CAPITAL STRUCTURE | DISCOUNT RATES | BANKS | COMMERCIAL LOANS | REORGANIZATION | IMPAIRED ASSETS | BANKING SERVICES | BENEFICIARY | FINANCIAL STATEMENT | JURISDICTION | LOCAL CURRENCY | BANKRUPTCY | EQUITABLE DISTRIBUTION | CAPITAL REQUIREMENTS | INFORMATION SYSTEM | MERGER | LETTERS OF CREDIT | DISCOUNTED CASH FLOW | TANGIBLE ASSETS | ASSET MANAGEMENT COMPANIES | FIXED ASSETS | MARKET YIELD | LIENS | WARRANTS | LENDER | ECONOMIC CONDITIONS | SHAREHOLDERS | PRIVATE LAW | DEBT | BANKING CRISIS | DISPOSITION | BROKER | INSURANCE POLICIES | INVENTORY | DEFALCATION | PRESENT VALUE ANALYSIS | NET ASSETS | MORTGAGE LOANS | CAPITAL ADEQUACY | MARK-TO-MARKET | FORECLOSURE | RESOLUTION MECHANISMS | DEPOSIT LIABILITIES | ASSET CLASSES | CORRECTIVE ACTION | RETIREMENT | AFFILIATES | RESERVE | LIQUIDATION | LIQUIDITY CRISIS | FORECLOSURES | PENALTIES | DEPOSITORS | ORIGINAL AMOUNT | ASSET VALUE | TELEPHONE LINES | PURCHASE AND ASSUMPTION TRANSACTION | MORTGAGE LOAN | CONFLICT OF INTEREST | MATURITY | BORROWER | LOAN CONCENTRATIONS | LOAN | DEPOSIT INSURANCE SCHEME | OPEN BANK | EXPENDITURES | PRESENT VALUE | BID | OVERDRAFT PROTECTION | LIABILITY SIDES | CURRENCY | MORTGAGE | FINANCIAL CRISES | ACCRUED EXPENSES | COLLATERAL FROM BORROWERS | FINANCIAL HEALTH | COUPON | RESERVES | REPO TRANSACTIONS | SAVINGS | FINANCIAL PROJECTION | PRIME RATE | DEED | FOREIGN BANKS | COLLATERAL | LEGAL FRAMEWORK | BANKING] LAW | BIDS | DEPOSIT | DEPOSIT ACCOUNTS | LOAN AMOUNT | PRIVATIZATION | MORTGAGES | INTANGIBLE | PAYMENT TO DEPOSITORS | EMPLOYMENT | LETTER OF CREDIT | ASSET MANAGEMENT COMPANY | DEBT INSTRUMENTS | PERSONAL GUARANTEE | FIXED ASSET | COUPON RATE | LAWS | EARNING ASSETS | DUE DILIGENCE | DEPOSITORY INSTITUTIONS | ESTATE | SUBSIDIARY | LENDING INSTITUTIONS | PROMISSORY NOTES | ASSET POOL | CLAIMS OF CREDITORS | TRANSACTION | NONPERFORMING LOANS | MANDATES | SUPERVISORY AUTHORITIES | CASH PAYMENT | COMMERCIAL BANK | CREDIT CARD | MATURITY STRUCTURE | REPO | RISKY ASSETS | COMPANY LAWS | PLEDGE AGREEMENTS | BANK CREDITORS | SOLVENCY | DEBT RESTRUCTURING | BALANCE SHEETS | SECURITIES | SUPERVISORY AUTHORITY | PUBLIC FUNDS | BANK BRANCH | DISPOSITION OF ASSETS | INSURED DEPOSITS | CREDIT UNIONS | DEPOSITS | ASSET MANAGEMENT | SAFE DEPOSIT BOXES | BANK OWNERS | OWNERSHIP INTERESTS | COLLECTION AGENCIES | CREDITORS | INSOLVENCY FRAMEWORK | HOLDING | WITHDRAWAL | VALUATION TECHNIQUES | SALE OF ASSETS | GOVERNMENT OWNERSHIP | RECEIVERSHIP | SYSTEMIC RISK | TIME DEPOSIT | ASSET QUALITY | OWNERSHIP STRUCTURE | TAX | REPOSSESSION | ACCOUNTANT | LEASE FINANCING | LIFE INSURANCE | BANK INSOLVENCY | ACCOUNTING | SHAREHOLDER | RECEIVER | DEBENTURES | VALUATION | CLAIMANTS | ACCOUNT HOLDERS | OPERATING EXPENSES | DEPOSITOR | FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE | MATURITY DATE | INTEREST INCOMES | BANKING SYSTEM | INTEREST RATE | SUPERVISORY ACTIONS | DEPOSIT INSURER | LOAN PORTFOLIO | FINANCIAL STATEMENTS | CONTINGENT LIABILITIES | REPAYMENT | DEPOSIT INSURANCE | REAL ESTATE LOANS | FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION | BANK SUPERVISION | BASIS POINTS | FUTURE CASH FLOWS | PORTFOLIO | RECAPITALIZATION | LIQUIDATION VALUE | LEGAL AGREEMENTS | PRIVATE PARTY | LIQUID ASSETS | INSTRUMENT | PRIVATE BANKS | DEPOSIT INSURANCE SCHEMES | MARKET RATE OF RETURN | DEBTS
Book
Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, ISSN 0022-2879, 3/2012, Volume 44, Issue 2/3, pp. 519 - 531
Despite a dozen studies, the welfare effects of payday credit are still debatable. We contribute new evidence to the debate by studying how payday credit... 
Loans | Bank credit | Credit | SHORTER PAPERS, DISCUSSIONS, AND LETTERS | Payday loans | Bank loans | Checks | Lenders | Debt collection | Fees | Paydays | informal bankruptcy | payday credit | dunning | G21 | bounced checks | debt collectors | G28 | bankruptcy | I38 | overdrafts | Bounced checks | Dunning | Payday credit | Informal bankruptcy | Overdrafts | Bankruptcy | Debt collectors | BUSINESS, FINANCE | ECONOMICS
Journal Article
06/2012
The objectives of the diagnostic review of consumer protection and financial literacy for Armenia are: (i) to assess the existing financial consumer protection... 
CHECKS | INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY | APR | OUTREACH | PENSION INITIATIVE |