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02/2012
Various blanching methods and drying temperatures were applied to bell pepper ( Capiscum annum ) to investigate the effect on its drying characteristics.... 
Pre-treatment | Bell pepper | Oven drying | Blanching
Web Resource
Renewable Energy, ISSN 0960-1481, 01/2020, Volume 145, pp. 2121 - 2129
This work investigated the washing pre-treatment in order to upgrade a low grade biomass (greenhouse crop residue). Characteristics of biomass and biomass... 
Waste valorization | Demineralization | Biomass | Pre-treatment | Ash
Journal Article
Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining, ISSN 1932-104X, 09/2008, Volume 2, Issue 5, pp. 438 - 454
Journal Article
10/2012
The recent interest in bioconversion of agricultural and industrial wastes to chemical feedstock has led to extensive studies on cellulolytic enzymes produced... 
biomass | Aspergillus oryzae | saccharification | pre-treatment | cellulase | lignocellulosic substrates
Web Resource
Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, 03/2015, Volume 143, pp. 318 - 326
The preferential oxidation (PROX) of CO is a promising strategy for trace CO clean up in H -rich stream to fuel cells. In the present study, a series of TiO... 
Preferential oxidation | Reconstruction | Ru/TiO | Pre-treatment
Journal Article
Energy, ISSN 0360-5442, 2008, Volume 33, Issue 8, pp. 1206 - 1223
The pre-treatment step has a significant influence on the performance of bioenergy chains, especially on logistics. Torrefaction, pelletisation and pyrolysis... 
Torrefaction | Pyrolysis | Pre-treatment | TOP | Pelletisation | Bioenergy | Biomass | biomass | COMBUSTION | pyrolysis | COSTS | THERMODYNAMICS | pre-treatment | ENERGY & FUELS | pelletisation | bioenergy | torrefaction
Journal Article
Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, 2010, Volume 89, Issue 12, pp. 3911 - 3918
The process of torrefaction alters the physical properties of biomass, reducing its fibrous tenacious nature. This could allow increased rates of co-milling... 
Torrefaction | Thermal pre-treatment | Energy crops | Biomass | Grindability | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | ENERGY & FUELS | FUEL | GRASS
Journal Article
International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, ISSN 0360-3199, 09/2019
Journal Article
Trends in Analytical Chemistry, ISSN 0165-9936, 11/2019, Volume 120, p. 115655
Reversible protein phosphorylation plays a crucial role in many biological processes. Due to the low concentration, suppression of nonphosphopeptides as well... 
Enrichment | Sample pre–treatment | Nanomaterials | Phosphoproteomics | Post–translational modifications
Journal Article
Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, 01/2020, Volume 242, p. 118565
Palm oil clinker powder (POCP) is an agro waste material that is often overlooked due to its low pozzolanic reactivity and contaminated with impurities and... 
Pozzolanic | Palm oil clinker | Pre-treatment | Strength | Cement
Journal Article
Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, ISSN 2213-3437, 03/2016, Volume 4, Issue 1, pp. 1156 - 1165
The use of biochar for the recovery of phosphate has potential for environmental and socio-economic benefits but it is often characterised by relatively low... 
Biomass pre-treatment | Biochar modification | Phosphate sorption
Journal Article
Fuel, ISSN 0016-2361, 2008, Volume 87, Issue 6, pp. 844 - 856
Torrefaction is a treatment which serves to improve the properties of biomass in relation to thermochemical processing techniques for energy generation; for... 
Torrefaction | Reed canary grass | Biomass | Pre-treatment | Combustion properties | ENGINEERING, CHEMICAL | biomass | pre-treatment | ENERGY & FUELS | BEHAVIOR | torrefaction | combustion properties | reed canary grass | Methane | Combustion | Wheat | Analysis
Journal Article
Waste Management, ISSN 0956-053X, 12/2019, Volume 100, pp. 66 - 74
The treatment of source-separated biowaste is still a challenge due to its high proportion of impurities. Biowaste bins are intended exclusively for the... 
Mechanical pre-treatment | Biowaste | Biogas | Impurities | Unpacking machine | Piston press
Journal Article
Radiocarbon, ISSN 0033-8222, 2013, Volume 55, Issue 2-3, pp. 491 - 500
Journal Article
Acta Horticulturae, ISSN 0567-7572, 04/2018, Volume 1201, pp. 99 - 106
Conference Proceeding
Journal of Supercritical Fluids, ISSN 0896-8446, 03/2018, Volume 133, pp. 716 - 725
A study on hemicellulose extraction from 10 different tree species was performed using a batchwise operated cascade reactor constituted by 5 units of 200 mL... 
Hydrothermal pre-treatment | Hemicellulose | Biorefinery | Biomass | Subcritical | Molecular weight
Journal Article
Materials (Basel, Switzerland), ISSN 1996-1944, 08/2019, Volume 12, Issue 17, p. 2756
The generation of structural defects in metal oxide catalysts offers a potential pathway to improve performance. Herein, we investigated the effect of thermal... 
silica-titania photocatalysts | defect generation | oxygen activation | plasma pre-treatment
Journal Article
Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, ISSN 2213-3437, 09/2014, Volume 2, Issue 3, pp. 1821 - 1830
Food waste with high decomposition potential can be successfully digested anaerobically for the production of biogas. As the fossil-fuel reserves decline... 
Food waste anaerobic digestion | Food waste pre-treatment | Anaerobic reactors | Biogas from wastes
Journal Article
Journal of Hazardous Materials, ISSN 0304-3894, 02/2020, Volume 384, p. 121363
Thiosulfinates, a natural antibiotic, existed in all parts of , therefore might be accumulated in large amounts in food waste (FW). FW was often added into... 
Food waste | Anaerobic co-digestion | Waste activated sludge | Thiosulfinates | Methane production | Pre-treatment method
Journal Article
Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, ISSN 1364-0321, 08/2014, Volume 36, pp. 412 - 427
Journal Article