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Nature, ISSN 0028-0836, 03/2010, Volume 464, Issue 7287, pp. 431 - 435
Activating mutations in KRAS and BRAF are found in more than 30% of all human tumours and 40% of melanoma, respectively, thus targeting this pathway could have... 
SELECTIVE INHIBITOR | POTENT | EFFICACY | PHOSPHORYLATION | MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES | IN-VIVO | C-RAF | HETERODIMERIZATION | B-RAF | PROTEIN-KINASE KINASE | CANCER | Neoplasms - metabolism | ras Proteins - genetics | Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras) | Diphenylamine - pharmacology | raf Kinases - antagonists & inhibitors | Humans | Protein Multimerization | ras Proteins - metabolism | Protein Transport - drug effects | Extracellular Signal-Regulated MAP Kinases - metabolism | raf Kinases - metabolism | Diphenylamine - analogs & derivatives | Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases - metabolism | Adenosine Triphosphate - metabolism | Indoles - pharmacology | Benzamides - pharmacology | Cell Membrane - metabolism | raf Kinases - genetics | Cell Membrane - drug effects | Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf - metabolism | Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf - chemistry | Pyrazoles - pharmacology | Protein Structure, Tertiary | Proto-Oncogene Proteins - metabolism | Cell Line | Indenes - pharmacology | raf Kinases - chemistry | Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-raf - genetics | Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases - antagonists & inhibitors | Neoplasms - enzymology | Proto-Oncogene Proteins - genetics | Enzyme Activation - drug effects | Sulfonamides - pharmacology | Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-raf - metabolism | Neoplasms - drug therapy | Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf - antagonists & inhibitors | Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays | Animals | MAP Kinase Signaling System - drug effects | Protein Kinase Inhibitors - therapeutic use | Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf - genetics | Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-raf - deficiency | Cell Proliferation - drug effects | Mice | Protein Kinase Inhibitors - pharmacology | Neoplasms - pathology | Ras genes | Growth | Physiological aspects | Cellular signal transduction | Genetic aspects | Research | Mitogen-activated protein kinases | Competition | Clinical trials | Enzymes | Kinases | Index Medicus | Proteins | Cellular | Inhibitors | Pathways | Tumours | Signalling | Dimerization
Journal Article
Nature Medicine, ISSN 1078-8956, 08/2012, Volume 18, Issue 8, pp. 1239 - 1247
The inactivation of the p53 tumor suppressor pathway, which often occurs through mutations in TP53 (encoding tumor protein 53) is a common step in human... 
MEDICINE, RESEARCH & EXPERIMENTAL | N-RAS | BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY | TUMOR-SUPPRESSOR ACTIVITY | STAPLED P53 | BRAF | MALIGNANT-MELANOMA | P53 PATHWAY | CELL-DEATH | CELL BIOLOGY | BREAST-CANCER | METASTATIC MELANOMA | IN-VIVO | Up-Regulation | Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2 - genetics | Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 - antagonists & inhibitors | Apoptosis - drug effects | Humans | Neoplasm Proteins - physiology | Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic | Recombinant Fusion Proteins - physiology | Skin Neoplasms - chemistry | Male | Melanocytes - metabolism | Neoplasm Proteins - antagonists & inhibitors | Cell Line, Tumor - transplantation | Proto-Oncogene Proteins - biosynthesis | Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 - physiology | Cell-Penetrating Peptides - pharmacology | Nuclear Proteins - biosynthesis | Female | Antineoplastic Agents - pharmacology | Neoplasm Proteins - genetics | Nuclear Proteins - genetics | Cell Line, Tumor - metabolism | Melanoma - chemistry | Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2 - biosynthesis | Proto-Oncogene Proteins - antagonists & inhibitors | Tumor Stem Cell Assay | Membrane Proteins - genetics | Neoplasm Proteins - biosynthesis | Melanoma, Experimental - etiology | Mice, Inbred C57BL | Mice, Transgenic | Proto-Oncogene Proteins - genetics | Melanoma - pathology | Melanoma - secondary | Proto-Oncogene Proteins B-raf - antagonists & inhibitors | Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays | Animals | Melanoma, Experimental - genetics | GTP Phosphohydrolases - genetics | Keratinocytes - metabolism | Mice, Nude | Nuclear Proteins - antagonists & inhibitors | Proto-Oncogene Proteins - physiology | Signal Transduction - physiology | Mice | Nuclear Proteins - physiology | Drug Resistance, Neoplasm - physiology | Drug Resistance, Neoplasm - drug effects | Care and treatment | Gene mutations | Melanoma | Diagnosis | Research | Gene expression | Identification and classification | Skin cancer | Proteins | Cell growth | Mutation | Cell cycle | Index Medicus
Journal Article
Journal of Clinical Oncology, ISSN 0732-183X, 12/2013, Volume 31, Issue 34, pp. 4333 - 4342
Purpose The Group for Research in Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (GRAALL) recently reported a significantly better outcome in T-cell acute lymphoblastic... 
REGRESSION | ACTIVATION | THERAPY | NOTCH1 | PRETHYMIC PHENOTYPE | ONCOLOGY | PATHWAY | GENES | PTEN | MUTATIONS | EXPRESSION | F-Box-WD Repeat-Containing Protein 7 | Multivariate Analysis | Predictive Value of Tests | ras Proteins - genetics | Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras) | Humans | Male | Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma - mortality | Young Adult | Time Factors | DNA Mutational Analysis | Gene Deletion | Cell Cycle Proteins - genetics | Adult | Female | Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma - therapy | PTEN Phosphohydrolase - genetics | Genetic Predisposition to Disease | Membrane Proteins - genetics | Risk Factors | Kaplan-Meier Estimate | Proportional Hazards Models | Proto-Oncogene Proteins - genetics | Disease-Free Survival | Phenotype | GTP Phosphohydrolases - genetics | Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma - genetics | Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma - classification | Mutation | Receptor, Notch1 - genetics | Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases - genetics | F-Box Proteins - genetics | Index Medicus | GTP Phosphohydrolases | ras Proteins | Innate immunity | Life Sciences | F-Box Proteins | Immunology | PTEN Phosphohydrolase | Proto-Oncogene Proteins | Membrane Proteins | Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases | Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma | Receptor, Notch1 | Cell Cycle Proteins
Journal Article
Nature, ISSN 0028-0836, 06/2009, Volume 459, Issue 7248, pp. 852 - 856
Cells normally grow to a certain size before they enter mitosis and divide. Entry into mitosis depends on the activity of Cdk1, which is inhibited by the Wee1... 
FISSION YEAST | WEE1 | PHOSPHORYLATION | NIM1/CDR1 MITOTIC INDUCER | PROTEIN-KINASE | NEGATIVE REGULATION | MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES | GROWTH | DIVISION PLANE | DUAL-SPECIFICITY KINASE | SCHIZOSACCHAROMYCES-POMBE | Protein Kinases - metabolism | Cell Polarity | Phosphorylation | Mitosis | Protein-Tyrosine Kinases - metabolism | Cell Cycle Proteins - metabolism | Nuclear Proteins - metabolism | Protein Transport | Cell Cycle Proteins - antagonists & inhibitors | Schizosaccharomyces - metabolism | Nuclear Proteins - antagonists & inhibitors | ras-GRF1 - metabolism | Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases - antagonists & inhibitors | Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins - metabolism | Cell Cycle - physiology | G2 Phase | Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases - metabolism | Schizosaccharomyces - cytology | Fungal Proteins - metabolism | Protein-Tyrosine Kinases - antagonists & inhibitors | Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins - antagonists & inhibitors | Arctic research | Cell cycle | Physiological aspects | Cell physiology | Genetic aspects | Research | Protein kinases | Proteins | Cell growth | Kinases | Molecular biology | Monitoring systems | Index Medicus | ras-GRF1 | Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases | Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins | Fungal Proteins | Cellular Biology | Nuclear Proteins | Life Sciences | Cell Cycle | Protein Kinases | Protein-Tyrosine Kinases | Cell Cycle Proteins | Schizosaccharomyces
Journal Article
Journal of Biological Chemistry, ISSN 0021-9258, 02/2015, Volume 290, Issue 8, pp. 4908 - 4927
synGAP is a neuron-specific Ras and Rap GTPase-activating protein (GAP) found in high concentrations in the postsynaptic density (PSD) fraction from the... 
NMDA RECEPTOR | DOMAIN | STIMULATION | INHIBITION | CALPAIN | CLONING | CRYSTAL-STRUCTURE | BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY | MUTATIONS | HIPPOCAMPAL-NEURONS | PLASTICITY | Oncogene Proteins - genetics | ras Proteins - genetics | Phosphorylation | ras GTPase-Activating Proteins - chemistry | rap1 GTP-Binding Proteins - chemistry | Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras) - genetics | Humans | Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate - metabolism | ras Proteins - metabolism | Neurons - cytology | GTPase-Activating Proteins - metabolism | Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate - genetics | Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 5 - chemistry | Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 5 - genetics | ras GTPase-Activating Proteins - genetics | Receptors, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate - chemistry | ras Proteins - chemistry | Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras) - chemistry | Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase Type 2 - metabolism | Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras) - metabolism | rap1 GTP-Binding Proteins - metabolism | ras GTPase-Activating Proteins - metabolism | Oncogene Proteins - chemistry | Cells, Cultured | Oncogene Proteins - metabolism | Rats | Synapses - enzymology | GTPase-Activating Proteins - chemistry | Cyclin-Dependent Kinase 5 - metabolism | Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase Type 2 - genetics | Animals | Calcium-Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase Type 2 - chemistry | Neurons - enzymology | GTPase-Activating Proteins - genetics | rap1 GTP-Binding Proteins - genetics | rap GTP-Binding Proteins | Index Medicus | Ras Protein | Ras-related Protein 1 (Rap1) | Postsynaptic Density | Ca2 | Synaptic Plasticity | Small GTPase | Neurobiology | Mass Spectrometry (MS) | Cyclin-dependent Kinase 5 (CDK5) | Protein Kinase | Calmodulin-dependent Protein Kinase II (CaMKII) | Synaptic GTPase-activating Protein (synGAP)
Journal Article
2002, Methods in molecular biology, ISBN 089603934X, Volume 189, xi, 267
Small GTPase binding proteins (GTPases) are an ancient group of proteins that play key roles in almost every aspect of cell biology, from cell proliferation to... 
Ras proteins | Guanosine triphosphatase | Laboratory manuals | Biochemistry, general | Biochemistry | Life Sciences
Book
Journal Article
Journal of Biological Chemistry, ISSN 0021-9258, 2017, Volume 292, Issue 29, pp. 12220 - 12231
First messenger-dependent activation of MAP kinases in neuronal and endocrine cells is critical for cell differentiation and function and requires guanine... 
R-RAS | CYCLIC-AMP | COCAINE ADDICTION | SPECIFICITY | PATHWAY | MAP KINASE | BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY | P38 MAPK | PC12 CELLS | SIGNAL-REGULATED KINASE | RECEPTOR TYROSINE KINASE | rap GTP-Binding Proteins - antagonists & inhibitors | ras Proteins - genetics | Phosphorylation | ras Proteins - metabolism | Green Fluorescent Proteins - genetics | GTP-Binding Proteins - genetics | Neurogenesis | Protein Prenylation | MAP Kinase Signaling System | rap GTP-Binding Proteins - agonists | Neuroendocrine Cells - cytology | RNA Interference | Guanine Nucleotide Exchange Factors - metabolism | rap GTP-Binding Proteins - genetics | Neuroendocrine Cells - metabolism | Cyclic AMP - metabolism | Recombinant Proteins - metabolism | Green Fluorescent Proteins - metabolism | Nerve Tissue Proteins - antagonists & inhibitors | GTP-Binding Proteins - chemistry | Nerve Tissue Proteins - agonists | ras Proteins - antagonists & inhibitors | Rats | Neurites - metabolism | Monomeric GTP-Binding Proteins - genetics | Nerve Tissue Proteins - genetics | Monomeric GTP-Binding Proteins - antagonists & inhibitors | Nerve Tissue Proteins - metabolism | Animals | Monomeric GTP-Binding Proteins - metabolism | Cell Line, Tumor | Ligands | Protein Processing, Post-Translational | Enzyme Activation | rap GTP-Binding Proteins - metabolism | GTP-Binding Proteins - metabolism | Index Medicus | Signal Transduction | p38 | cAMP | p38 MAPK | small GTPase | ERK | guanine nucleotide exchange factor (GEF)
Journal Article
Nature Structural & Molecular Biology, ISSN 1545-9993, 06/2010, Volume 17, Issue 6, pp. 718 - 725
Synergism between the RAS and Hedgehog (HH) pathways has been suggested for carcinogenesis in the pancreas, lung and colon. We investigated the molecular... 
GLI1 EXPRESSION | SUPPRESSOR | PANCREATIC DUCTAL ADENOCARCINOMA | ONCOGENIC KRAS | BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY | ADULT MICE | INDUCTION | CELL BIOLOGY | CANCER-CELL | BIOPHYSICS | K-RAS | PATHWAY | PRIMARY CILIA | NIH 3T3 Cells | RNA, Small Interfering - genetics | ras Proteins - genetics | Proto-Oncogene Proteins p21(ras) | Pancreatic Neoplasms - metabolism | Protein-Tyrosine Kinases - metabolism | Humans | Zinc Finger Protein Gli2 | Zinc Finger Protein Gli3 | Hedgehog Proteins - metabolism | ras Proteins - metabolism | RNA, Messenger - metabolism | RNA, Neoplasm - metabolism | Protein-Tyrosine Kinases - genetics | Adenocarcinoma - metabolism | Hedgehog Proteins - genetics | Kruppel-Like Transcription Factors - metabolism | Base Sequence | Adenocarcinoma - genetics | Nuclear Proteins - genetics | Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases - metabolism | Disease Models, Animal | Proto-Oncogene Proteins - metabolism | Proto-Oncogene Proteins - antagonists & inhibitors | RNA, Messenger - genetics | Paracrine Communication - genetics | Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases - genetics | ras Proteins - antagonists & inhibitors | Nuclear Proteins - metabolism | Pancreatic Neoplasms - genetics | Proto-Oncogene Proteins - genetics | Transcription Factors - genetics | Nerve Tissue Proteins - genetics | Cilia - metabolism | Autocrine Communication - genetics | Nerve Tissue Proteins - metabolism | Transcription Factors - metabolism | Animals | Models, Biological | RNA, Neoplasm - genetics | Mice | Zinc Finger Protein GLI1 | Mutation | Genes, ras | Kruppel-Like Transcription Factors - genetics | Ras genes | Pancreatic cancer | Physiological aspects | Cellular signal transduction | Genetic aspects | Research | Health aspects | Risk factors | Signal transduction | Molecular biology | Kinases | Cancer | Index Medicus
Journal Article
Nature, ISSN 0028-0836, 08/2009, Volume 460, Issue 7257, pp. 904 - 908
Acquired uniparental disomy (aUPD) is a common feature of cancer genomes, leading to loss of heterozygosity. aUPD is associated not only with loss-of-function... 
TRANSFORMATION | PROTEIN | RETROVIRAL VECTOR GCDNSAP | NEGATIVE REGULATION | MULTIDISCIPLINARY SCIENCES | HEMATOPOIETIC STEM-CELLS | V-CBL | MUTATIONS | UBIQUITIN LIGASES | MYELODYSPLASTIC SYNDROMES | P53 | NIH 3T3 Cells | Neoplasm Transplantation | ras Proteins - genetics | Phosphorylation | Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-cbl - metabolism | Humans | Leukemia, Myeloid - genetics | Molecular Sequence Data | ras Proteins - metabolism | Male | Leukemia, Myeloid - pathology | Allelic Imbalance | Ubiquitination | Base Sequence | Female | Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-cbl - deficiency | Genes, Tumor Suppressor | Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-cbl - genetics | Amino Acid Sequence | Oncogenes - genetics | Mutant Proteins - genetics | Models, Molecular | Mutant Proteins - metabolism | Chromosomes, Human, Pair 11 - genetics | Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-cbl - chemistry | Mice, Knockout | Animals | Uniparental Disomy - genetics | Leukemia, Myeloid - metabolism | Mice, Nude | Mutant Proteins - chemistry | Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-cbl - antagonists & inhibitors | Protein Conformation | Mice | Mutation | Gene mutations | Myelocytic leukemia | Physiological aspects | Tumor suppressor genes | Development and progression | Genetic aspects | Nonlymphoid leukemia | Research | Protein kinases | Proteins | Genes | Amino acids | Kinases | Cells | Clinical outcomes | Crystal structure | Index Medicus
Journal Article