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Nuclear Fusion, ISSN 0029-5515, 03/2017, Volume 57, Issue 5, p. 56018
The potential for damage, the magnitude of the extrapolation, and the importance of the atypical-incidents that occur once in a thousand shots-make theory and... 
runaway electrons | magnetic helicity | tokamaks | fast magnetic reconnection | ITER | disruptions | AVALANCHE | PLASMA | MAGNETIC-FIELDS | PHYSICS, FLUIDS & PLASMAS | PHYSICS | 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY
Journal Article
Nuclear Fusion, ISSN 0029-5515, 10/2017, Volume 57, Issue 12, p. 125002
This overview covers recent developments in the theory of runaway electrons in tokamaks. Its main purpose is to outline the intuitive basis for first-principle... 
runaway electrons | knock-on collisions | synchrotron losses | thermal quench | AVALANCHE | PHYSICS, FLUIDS & PLASMAS | BEAMS | PLASMAS | TOKAMAK | Physics
Journal Article
Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, ISSN 0148-0227, 09/2011, Volume 116, Issue A9, p. n/a
This paper investigates the production of low‐energy (few eV) electrons by relativistic runaway electron avalanches. This work is motivated by a growing body... 
lightning | runaway electrons | thunderclouds | LIGHTNING INITIATION | AVERAGE ENERGY | KINETIC-EQUATION | ION PAIR | ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS | THUNDERSTORM | MONTE-CARLO SIMULATIONS | BETA-PARTICLES | GAMMA-RAY FLASHES | DISCHARGES | BREAKDOWN | Theoretical physics | Atmospheric sciences | Lightning
Journal Article
Physical Review Letters, ISSN 0031-9007, 04/2015, Volume 114, Issue 15, p. 155001
This Letter presents a rigorous kinetic theory for relativistic runaway electrons in the near critical electric field in tokamaks. The theory provides a... 
AVALANCHE | ION RUNAWAY | PHYSICS, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | FULLY IONIZED GAS | Thresholds | Time | Electron avalanche | Tokamaks | Kinetic theory | Electric fields | Hysteresis | Distribution functions
Journal Article
Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, ISSN 0741-3335, 01/2019, Volume 61, Issue 1, p. 14036
Post-disruption runaway electron (RE) beams in tokamaks with large current can cause deep melting of the vessel and are one of the major concerns for ITER... 
runaways | plasma control system | magnetic confinement | PHYSICS, FLUIDS & PLASMAS | FTU
Journal Article
Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion, ISSN 0741-3335, 01/2017, Volume 59, Issue 1, p. 14044
We present an overview of FTU experiments on runaway electron (RE) generation and control carried out through a comprehensive set of real-time (RT)... 
runaway electrons | tokamak | synchrotron radiation | SYSTEM | DESIGN | MARTE | PHYSICS, FLUIDS & PLASMAS | FTU | ARCHITECTURE | PHYSICS, NUCLEAR | FRASCATI TOKAMAK UPGRADE
Journal Article
Nuclear Fusion, ISSN 0029-5515, 01/2018, Volume 58, Issue 3, p. 36006
The transfer of the plasma current from thermal to relativistic electrons is a threat to ITER achieving its mission. This danger is significantly greater in... 
runaway electrons | tokamak disruptions | thermal quench | current spike | AVALANCHE | LIMITS | MAGNETIC-FIELDS | PHYSICS, FLUIDS & PLASMAS | TOKAMAKS | 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY
Journal Article
Physics of Plasmas, ISSN 1070-664X, 08/2016, Volume 23, Issue 8, p. 82514
The breakup of magnetic surfaces is a central feature of ITER planning for the avoidance of damage due to runaway electrons. Rapid thermal quenches, which lead... 
runaway electrons | 70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY | magnetic islands | turnstiles
Journal Article
Computer Physics Communications, ISSN 0010-4655, 03/2017, Volume 212, pp. 269 - 279
Journal Article
NUCLEAR FUSION, ISSN 0029-5515, 08/2019, Volume 59, Issue 8, p. 83001
Of all electrons, runaway electrons have long been recognized in the fusion community as a distinctive population. They now attract special attention as a part... 
ENERGY | runaway avalanche | CYCLOTRON EMISSION | PHYSICS, FLUIDS & PLASMAS | current quench | FIELD | SYNCHROTRON-RADIATION | MAGNETIC RECONNECTION | thermal quench | MHD STABILITY | TRANSPORT | PLASMA | hot tail | GENERATION | disruption mitigation
Journal Article
Nuclear Fusion, ISSN 0029-5515, 07/2018, Volume 58, Issue 9, p. 96030
In this paper we show that the kinetic instabilities associated with runaway electron beams play an essential role for the production of high-level non-thermal... 
runaway electron | electron cyclotron emission | kinetic instability | synthetic diagnostic | AVALANCHE | PHYSICS, FLUIDS & PLASMAS | Physics - Plasma Physics | NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS
Journal Article
Nuclear Fusion, ISSN 0029-5515, 07/2016, Volume 56, Issue 11, pp. 112009 - 112018
Journal Article
Fusion Engineering and Design, ISSN 0920-3796, 09/2019, Volume 146, pp. 316 - 319
A novel application of strip and pixel silicon radiation detectors for study and characterization of run-away electron events in tokamaks is presented. Main... 
Runaway electrons | Semiconductor detectors | Tokamaks | NUCLEAR SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY | Vacuum chambers | Radiation detectors | Pinhole cameras | Tokamak devices | Pixels | Strip | Pinholes | Spatial data | Silicon radiation detectors | Diagnostic systems | Sensors | Electrons
Journal Article
Nuclear Fusion, ISSN 0029-5515, 05/2016, Volume 56, Issue 6, pp. 64002 - 64008
Journal Article
Physical Review Letters, ISSN 0031-9007, 06/2017, Volume 118, Issue 25, p. 255001
We analyze the dynamics of fast electrons in plasmas containing partially ionized impurity atoms, where the screening effect of bound electrons must be... 
ACCELERATION | RUNAWAY ELECTRONS | ENERGY | PHYSICS, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | EQUATION | Physics - Plasma Physics
Journal Article
Geophysical Research Letters, ISSN 0094-8276, 01/2011, Volume 38, Issue 2, pp. np - n/a
Terrestrial Gamma‐ray Flashes (TGFs) are brief pulses of energetic radiation observed in low‐earth orbit. They are associated with thunderstorms and lightning... 
lightning | gamma‐rays | terrestrial gamma‐ray flashes | TGFs | BURST MONITOR | THUNDERSTORM | RUNAWAY ELECTRONS | GEOSCIENCES, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | AIR | GAMMA-RAY FLASHES | Atmospheric sciences | Lightning | Beams (radiation) | Positrons | Spacecraft | Monitors | Orbits | Gamma ray bursts | Earth environment
Journal Article
Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, ISSN 0148-0227, 04/2012, Volume 117, Issue A4, p. n/a
Journal Article