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IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, ISSN 0093-3813, 06/2011, Volume 39, Issue 6, pp. 1336 - 1343
Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, ISSN 0093-3813, 08/2015, Volume 43, Issue 8, pp. 2247 - 2252
A fresh attempt is made to clarify the physics of the diffuse, or spotless, mode of current transfer that may occur on cathodes of vacuum arcs if the average cathode surface temperature is high enough, about 2000 K... 
electrodes | Ionization | Plasma temperature | Vacuum arcs | Arc discharges | Cathodes | vacuum arcs | PLASMA | PHYSICS, FLUIDS & PLASMAS | STATIONARY VACUUM-ARC | LAYER | Research
Journal Article
Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, ISSN 0022-3727, 01/2018, Volume 51, Issue 3, p. 35203
.... The results show that when the vacuum arc burns in the diffuse mode, the metallic vapor density maxima occur near the electrodes during the arcing period... 
high current | plasma diagnosis | vacuum arc | optical absorption spectroscopy | PHYSICS, APPLIED | LASER-INDUCED FLUORESCENCE | CATHODE SPOTS | COPPER | DENSITY | DISCHARGE | MODES | PLASMA | CURRENT ZERO | PLUME | ANODE
Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, ISSN 0093-3813, 08/2017, Volume 45, Issue 8, pp. 2366 - 2374
Journal Article
Journal of physics. D, Applied physics, ISSN 1361-6463, 2017, Volume 50, Issue 18, p. 185203
This paper presents time and space resolved results of spectroscopic measurements during the formation of an anode plume in the late current pulse phase of a high- current vacuum arc... 
anode spot | anode plume | high current anode phenomena | vacuum arc | optical emission spectroscopy | HIGH-CURRENT INTERRUPTION | CIRCUIT-BREAKERS | MODES | VAPOR | PHYSICS, APPLIED | SPOT FORMATION
Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation, ISSN 1070-9878, 02/2019, Volume 26, Issue 1, pp. 120 - 128
Journal Article
Vacuum, ISSN 0042-207X, 10/2018, Volume 156, pp. 351 - 356
The variation of the arc area in DC interruption was investigated. By the use of the vacuum interrupter with glass shielded, DC interruptions were carried out to obverse the arc appearance in the situation of axial magnetic... 
Arc area | Commutation frequency | Arcing time | Pre-charged voltage | DC vacuum arc | CONTACT | PHYSICS, APPLIED | MATERIALS SCIENCE, MULTIDISCIPLINARY | SPEED | TRANSITION | MODES | AXIAL MAGNETIC-FIELD | BREAKER | Capacitors
Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, ISSN 0093-3813, 06/2011, Volume 39, Issue 6, pp. 1370 - 1378
In order to understand the influence of the average opening velocity on the high-current vacuum arc anode phenomena, high-speed photography was used to observe the anode phenomena of the vacuum arc... 
vacuum interrupters | Interrupters | Discharges | Materials | Anode phenomena | high current | opening velocity | vacuum arc | Copper | Anodes | Vacuum arcs | CIRCUIT-BREAKERS | MODES | PHYSICS, FLUIDS & PLASMAS | Breakdown (Electricity) | Measurement | Technology application | Usage | Analysis | Voltage | Delay lines | Magnets, Permanent | Threshold currents | High speed | Springs | Contact
Journal Article
Surface & coatings technology, ISSN 0257-8972, 2016, Volume 291, pp. 365 - 375
Journal Article
Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, ISSN 0022-3727, 10/2015, Volume 48, Issue 44, pp. 442001 - 442005
...) operating in a mixed sputtering/arc mode. In this mode, short-lived cathode spots form in the magnetic racetrack and produce large numbers of carbon ions... 
Raman | tetrahedral amorphous carbon | arcs | HiPIMS sputtering | EELS | RAMAN-SPECTRA | VACUUM | ENERGY | PHYSICS, APPLIED | DEPOSITION | DLC FILMS | ARC | SP FRACTION | Raman spectra | Correlation | Synthesis | Spots | Formations | Argon | Carbon | Sputtering
Journal Article
COATINGS, ISSN 2079-6412, 04/2017, Volume 7, Issue 4, p. 50
Thin, hard cathodic arc evaporated (CAE) metal nitride coatings are known to contain defects such as macro-particles, pinholes, voids and increased porosity, leading to reduced corrosion resistance... 
cathodic arc evaporation | THIN-FILMS | pulsed arc current | VACUUM-ARC | metal nitride | potentiodynamic scanning | characterisation | PERFORMANCE | DEPOSITION | THICKNESS | CRN | MATERIALS SCIENCE, COATINGS & FILMS | Corrosion resistance | Surface roughness | Chemical composition | Porosity | Low carbon steels
Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, ISSN 0093-3813, 06/2011, Volume 39, Issue 6, pp. 1418 - 1426
.... There fore, it has a big potential for high-current interruption with vacuum interrupters. The objective of this paper is to investigate the high-current vacuum arc phenomena of a nanocrystalline CuCr25 (Cr 25 wt%) contact material... 
vacuum interrupters | nanocrystalline | Interrupters | microcrystalline | Anodes | Nanostructured materials | Vacuum arcs | Cathodes | vacuum arcs | PHYSICS, FLUIDS & PLASMAS | SIZE | ANODE PHENOMENA | CATHODE | MODES | ALLOYS | INTERRUPTERS | MICROSTRUCTURE | Thermal properties | Measurement | Technology application | Transmission electron microscopes | Voltage | Copper compounds | Footprints | Research | Charge coupled devices | Electric potential | Nanocrystals | High speed | Contact
Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, ISSN 0093-3813, 05/2015, Volume 43, Issue 5, pp. 1806 - 1814
.... In this paper, arc ignition modes of vacuum arc under transverse magnetic field (TMF) were investigated in a demountable vacuum chamber with spiral-type and wan-type TMF contacts... 
vacuum interrupters | Heating | Bridge circuits | Ignition | high-speed videos | Cameras | Arc ignition mode | transverse magnetic field (TMF) | Vacuum arcs | Magnetic circuits | Surface treatment | DESIGN | PHYSICS, FLUIDS & PLASMAS | BEHAVIOR | TMF CONTACTS | Usage | Electric arc | Research | Magnetic fields
Journal Article
Plasma science & technology, ISSN 1009-0630, 2018, Volume 20, Issue 9, p. 095505
.... In addition, it was found that the current significantly influenced the arc mode and duration in the instability stage... 
instability stage | vacuum arc | arc characteristic | transverse magnetic field (TMF) contact | VACUUM-ARC | MODES | MOTION | SPIRAL CONTACTS | PHYSICS, FLUIDS & PLASMAS | COLUMN | INTERMEDIATE-FREQUENCY
Journal Article
Journal of Nano- and Electronic Physics, ISSN 2077-6772, 2014, Volume 6, Issue 4, p. 4013-1
... (direct and high-voltage pulse) on the structure, substructure and mechanical properties of ZrN coatings obtained by vacuum arc evaporation... 
Mechanical characteristics of coatings | Vacuum-arc Deposition method | Bias potential | Zirconium nitride
Journal Article
IEEE transactions on plasma science, ISSN 0093-3813, 06/2020, Volume 48, Issue 6, pp. 2224 - 2236
Interelectrode phenomena related to intense-mode vacuum arc interruption were systematically compared between CuCr and AgWC electrodes by using various optical techniques mainly including two-color... 
Temperature measurement | CuCr | Metals | plasma diagnostics | Optical variables measurement | Optical imaging | Anodes | AgWC | intense-mode vacuum arc | Vacuum arcs
Journal Article
IEEE Transactions on Plasma Science, ISSN 0093-3813, 10/2016, Volume 44, Issue 10, pp. 2462 - 2469
.... During the transition from low-current mode to different high-current modes, including footpoint, anode spot, and intense arc mode, the intensity of Cu I, Cu II, and Cu III line radiation is examined... 
Spectroscopy | high-current anode phenomena | optical emission spectroscopy | Ions | vacuum arc | Copper | Anodes | Vacuum arcs | Anode spot | Cathodes | intense mode | HIGH-CURRENT INTERRUPTION | CIRCUIT-BREAKERS | SPOT FORMATION | PHYSICS, FLUIDS & PLASMAS | Usage | Electric arc | Research | Spectrum analysis
Journal Article
IEEE transactions on plasma science, ISSN 1939-9375, 2019, Volume 47, Issue 8, pp. 3554 - 3562
The motion of arc between the transverse magnetic field (TMF) contacts gradually slows down and transits to the diffusion mode before the current zero crossing... 
axial magnetic component | Spirals | transverse magnetic field (TMF) contacts | Magnetic separation | Capacitors | Ignition | Cameras | vacuum arc | Arcing time | Vacuum arcs | Surface treatment | diffuse mode | CONTACTS | MOTION | PHYSICS, FLUIDS & PLASMAS | FREQUENCY
Journal Article
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